Bleu de France
About these coordinates     Colour coordinates
Hex triplet#318CE7
sRGBB (r, g, b)(49, 140, 231)
HSV (h, s, v)(210°, 79%, 91%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(57, 90, 250°)
SourcePourpre[1][better source needed]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Bleu de France (Blue of France) is a colour traditionally used to represent France. Blue has been used in the heraldry of the French monarchy since at least the 12th century, with the golden fleurs-de-lis of the kings always set on a blue (heraldic "azure") background. A brighter version, based on the blue of the French Tricolour, is used in modern times, particularly in a sporting context. French national teams in all sports will normally use blue as their main colour.

Blue is France's national racing colour;[2] therefore, several French motorsport teams have used it, including Alpine, Amilcar, Ballot, Bugatti, Delage, Delahaye, Gordini, Ligier, Mathis, Matra, Panhard, Pescarolo Sport, Peugeot, Prost Grand Prix, Rondeau, Salmson, Talbot-Lago, and Voisin.[3]

The two notable exceptions are Citroën and Renault: the former has used red and white, whereas the latter has used yellow and black. Between the 2002 and 2006 seasons Renault F1 cars wore a blue colour not as the national racing colour of France but due to the team's title sponsor the Japanese cigarette brand Mild Seven. Blue de France appeared on the Enstone team's car again for the 2021 season, when the team rebranded to Alpine F1 Team, continuing the Alpine marque's association with the colour across motorsport.

Since a country is represented in the motorsport through a team and not through a constructor,[4] French privateer teams entering cars built by constructors from another country before the 1968 season painted cars in the bleu de France blue, e.g. the French Guy Ligier's privateer team entered cars painted in bleu de France blue in 1966 and 1967 seasons despite the fact that they were built by the British constructor Cooper.[5]

"French blue" has also been in use by the Massachusetts State Police, in uniform and livery, since June 1933, to render troopers immediately recognizable to the public.[6] Since 1944 it has also been in use by Delaware State Police on their uniforms.[7]

Race cars in Bleu de France

See also


  1. ^ Bilik, Yan. "Couleur bleu France : définition et codes couleur". (in French). Archived from the original on 2022-08-12. Retrieved 2022-08-27.
  2. ^ Baime, A. J. (2011-08-31). Go Like Hell: Ford, Ferrari and their Battle for Speed and Glory at Le Mans. Transworld. ISBN 978-1-4464-9746-3.
  3. ^ Venables, David (2009). French Racing Blue: Drivers, Cars and Triumphs of French Motor Racing. Ian Allan. ISBN 978-0-7110-3369-6.
  4. ^ "1970 Austrian Grand Prix Entry list".
    "1970 United States Grand Prix Entry list".
    "1971 Austrian Grand Prix Entry list".
  5. ^ "Guy Ligier in Cooper-Maserati (1966 Dutch Grand Prix)". Getty Images.
  6. ^ "Police cruisers tighten up". The Boston Globe. Boston. May 19, 2002. p. 21. In June of 1933, the Massachusetts State Police changed from forest green uniforms like a forest ranger's to French blue shirts and electric blue pants...The French blue and electric blue transferred from uniform to sheetmetal. The colors allow troopers to be identified, even when inside their cars...
  7. ^ Kidd, R Spencer (23 November 2012). Uniforms of the U.S. State Police & Highway Patrols. p. 28. ISBN 9781471777295. OCLC 929822564.