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In embedded systems, a board support package (BSP) is the layer of software containing hardware-specific boot firmware and device drivers and other routines that allow a given embedded operating system, for example a real-time operating system (RTOS), to function in a given hardware environment (a motherboard), integrated with the embedded operating system.[1][2][3]


Third-party hardware developers who wish to support a given embedded operating system must create a BSP that allows that embedded operating system to run on their platform. In most cases, the embedded operating system image and software license, the BSP containing it, and the hardware are bundled together by the hardware vendor.

BSPs are typically customizable, allowing the user to specify which drivers and routines should be included in the build based on their selection of hardware and software options. For instance, a particular single-board computer might be paired with several peripheral chips; in that case the BSP might include drivers for peripheral chips supported; when building the BSP image the user would specify which peripheral drivers to include based on their choice of hardware.

Some suppliers also provide a root file system, a toolchain for building programs to run on the embedded system, and utilities to configure the device (while running) along with the BSP. Many embedded operating system providers provide template BSP's, developer assistance, and test suites to aid BSP developers to set up an embedded operating system on a new hardware platform.


The term BSP has been in use since 1981 when Hunter & Ready, the developers of the Versatile Real-Time Executive (VRTX), first coined the term to describe the hardware-dependent software needed to run VRTX on a specific hardware platform. Since the 1980s, it has been in wide use throughout the industry. Virtually all RTOS providers now use the term BSP.

In modern systems, the term has been extended to refer to packages that only deal with one processor, not the whole motherboard.[1]


The Wind River Systems board support package for the ARM Integrator 920T single-board computer contains, among other things, these elements:

flashMem.c—the device driver for the board's flash memory
pciIomapShow.c—mapping file for the PCI bus
primeCellSio.c—TTY driver
sysLib.c—system-dependent routines specific to this board
romInit.s—ROM initialization module for the board; contains entry code for images that start running from ROM

Additionally the BSP is supposed to perform the following operations:

See also


  1. ^ a b Cohen, Alan (11 August 2015). Prototype to Product: A Practical Guide for Getting to Market. O'Reilly Media. ISBN 978-1-4493-6228-7.
  2. ^ Labrosse, Jean J. (14 September 2007). Embedded Software: Know It All. Newnes. ISBN 978-0-7506-8583-2.
  3. ^ Noergaard, Tammy (1 February 2018). Embedded Operating Systems and Board Support Packages: Demystifying Embedded Systems. Elsevier Science. ISBN 978-0-12-420082-1.