Bowland Forest Low

Browsholme Hall
Bowland Forest Low
Bowland Forest Low
Location in Ribble Valley
Bowland Forest Low
Bowland Forest Low
Location in the Forest of Bowland
Bowland Forest Low
Bowland Forest Low
Location within Lancashire
Area18.0135 km2 (6.9551 sq mi)
Population160  (2011 Census)
• Density9/km2 (23/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSD675455
Civil parish
  • Bowland Forest Low
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCLITHEROE
Postcode districtBB7
Dialling code01254/01200
PoliceLancashire
FireLancashire
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
53°54′36″N 2°29′24″W / 53.910°N 2.490°W / 53.910; -2.490Coordinates: 53°54′36″N 2°29′24″W / 53.910°N 2.490°W / 53.910; -2.490

Bowland Forest Low is a civil parish in the Ribble Valley district of Lancashire, England, covering some 5,500 acres (22 km2) of the Forest of Bowland. According to the 2001 census, the parish had a population of 168, falling to 160 at the 2011 Census.[1] The parish includes the hamlets of Whitewell and Cow Ark. From northwards clockwise, it borders the civil parishes of Newton, Bashall Eaves, Aighton, Bailey and Chaigley, Bowland-with-Leagram and Bowland Forest High. Before 1974, it formed part of Bowland Rural District in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

History

See also: Lordship of Bowland

Historic Bowland comprised a Royal Forest and a Liberty of ten manors spanning eight townships and four parishes and covered an area of almost 300 square miles (800 km2) on the historic borders of Lancashire and Yorkshire. The forest courts for the Forest of Bowland, the woodmote and swainmote, originally appear to have been held at Hall Hill near Radholme Laund before moving to Whitewell sometime in the 14th century.

Lower Lees, near Cow Ark, is believed to have been the centre of a medieval cattle farm (vaccary), although the extant buildings are of 1694 and later. They include Lower Lee House, which was extended in the early 18th- and early 19th centuries by a rear wing which now forms Lower Lees Farmhouse. An eight-bay barn, likely 18th century, albeit with no surviving internal fixtures, adjoins the houses.[2]

For much of the 20th century, experts thought that the Lordship of Bowland belonged to the Crown. In 1938, the Duchy of Lancaster had acquired some 6,000 acres (24 km2) of the Forest of Bowland, now known as the Whitewell Estate, and it was believed the Lordship of Bowland had been acquired with it. In 2008, however, Charles Towneley Strachey, 4th Baron O'Hagan, claimed the title, after a researcher discovered that the 1938 purchase, while including mineral, sporting and forestry rights, specifically excluded the Lordship itself, which had been retained by an extinct Towneley family trust. Strachey then went on to auction the title,[3] which was purchased by a Cambridge University don.[4][5][6][7]

Geography

The Roman road known as Watling Street, which runs from Manchester via Ribchester to Carlisle, passes in a NNE direction through the parish.

The River Hodder flows along the western and southern borders of the parish, and south of Burholme bridge, anciently formed the Lancashire – Yorkshire border.

East of the Hodder is a low-lying area known as the Lees. Nearby, higher up, are Browsholme Moor and Burholme Moor.[8]

Governance

The civil parish of Bowland Forst Low was created from the township (in the ancient parish of Whalley) with the same name in 1866. In 1938, two geographically non-contiguous areas, called Harrop and Countess Flat where transferred to Grindleton and Slaidburn.[9]

TD Whitaker writing in 1818 states: Harrop, Countess Flat, near Slaidburn, part of Burholme, and Browsholme, are within the parish of Whalley; and the same part of Burholme, with Browsholme and Little Bowland, constitute the Chapelry of Whitewell.[10]

Along with Slaidburn, Newton, Easington and Bolton-by-Bowland, the parish forms the Bowland, Newton and Slaidburn ward of Ribble Valley Borough Council. [11][12]

Media gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Bowland Forest Low Parish (1170215098)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  2. ^ "Lower Lee House, Farmhouse and barn, Over Wyresdale, Lancashire: Historic Buildings Record" – ARIADNE
  3. ^ Lancashire Telegraph, 31 October 2009: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 October 2012. Retrieved 4 November 2009.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Lord_of_Bowland_title_sold_at_auction
  4. ^ Lancashire Evening Post, 10 November 2009: http://www.lep.co.uk/news/Buyer-of-aristocratic-title-revealed.5809156.jp
  5. ^ Lancashire Telegraph, 13 November 2009: http://www.lancashiretelegraph.co.uk/news/4738892.New_Lord_of_Bowland_is_don_at_top_university/
  6. ^ "Keeping Up Traditions of Beautiful Bowland". Lancashire Evening Post. 22 April 2010.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "Lord of the Fells, Guardian of History" (PDF). Rural Life. November 2014.
  8. ^ A Forest in Transition: Bowland 1500–1650, John Porter, p. 40
  9. ^ "History of BOWLAND FOREST LOW". visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  10. ^ An history of the original parish of Whalley, and honor of Clitheroe, p234
  11. ^ "Bowland, Newton and Slaidburn". MARIO. Lancashire County Council. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  12. ^ "Bowland, Newton and Slaidburn". Ordnance Survey Linked Data Platform. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 25 March 2016.