|Cameroon Armed Forces|
|Forces armées camerounaises (FAC)|
|Deputy Commander-in-Chief||Joseph Ngute|
|Minister of Defense||Joseph Beti Assomo|
|Chief of the Defence Staff||René Claude Meka|
|Percent of GDP||1.6|
|Foreign suppliers|| France|
CAR Civil War
Boko Haram insurgency
|Ranks||Military ranks of Cameroon|
The Cameroon Armed Forces (French: Forces armées camerounaises (FAC)) are the military of the Republic of Cameroon. The armed forces number 14,200 personnel in ground, air, and naval forces. There are approximately 12,500 troops in the army across three military regions. Approximately 1,300 troops are part of the Cameroonian Navy, which is headquartered at Douala. Under 400 troops are part of the Air Force. There is an additional 9,000 paramilitary troops that serve as a gendarmerie (policing force) or reconnaissance role.
The Cameroonian armed forces have bases spread all over Cameroon, including in Ngaoundéré. Air Force bases are located in Garoua, Yaoundé, Douala and Bamenda.
It generally has been an apolitical force where civilian control of the military predominates. Traditional dependence on the French defense capability, although reduced, continues to be the case as French military advisers remain closely involved in preparing the Cameroonian forces for deployment to the contested Bakassi Peninsula.
"China has an ongoing military-military relationship with Cameroon, which includes training for Cameroonian military students each year in China, technical advisors to assist in repairing Cameroonian military vehicles and naval vessels, and Chinese military sales."
With 12,500 troops the Army remains the most important component in terms of numbers. The Army is under the responsibility of the Chief of Staff, Major-General Nkoa Atenga, whose staff is in Yaoundé.
Currently the organization dates from 2001 with a distribution in several types of units: combat units, response units (unités d'intervention), unités de soutien et d'appui, and finally special reserve units as part of 3 joint military régions (interarmées) and the 10 military land sectors.
Army units have been trained and equipped to fight in the swampy coastal terrain facing the Bakassi peninsula. Although prepared for an armed conflict with Nigeria in recent years, the Cameroon Army does not have operational experience against other forces, therefore, it is not possible to assess its ability to respond to changing threats and opposing tactics.
Combat units of the army include:
The territory is divided into 5 combined arms military regions (RMIA):
Note that this list shows acquired equipment and not the equipment that are currently in service. some of listed equipment are out of service.
|WMA301 Assaulter||China||Tank destroyer||12|
|Type 07P||China||Infantry fighting vehicle||20|
|Ratel IFV||South Africa||Infantry fighting vehicle||12|
|Panhard AML-90||France||Armoured car||31||31 AML-90 Delivered via Bosnian Army in 2002|
|M8 Greyhound||United States||Armoured car||10||Delivered from France|
|M5 Half-track||United States||Armoured personnel carrier||5|
|M3 Half-track||United States||Armoured personnel carrier||3|
|Véhicule Blindé Léger||France||Armoured scout car||5|
|ACMAT Bastion||France||Armoured personnel carrier||38||23 arrived 2015-2016 and 15 in 2017|
|Gaia Automotive Industries Thunder Mk-1 APC||Israel||Armoured personnel carrier||18|
|RAM-2000||Israel||Armoured personnel carrier||5|
|Ferret armoured car||United Kingdom||Armoured car||8||Probably out of service|
|Panthera T6||United Arab Emirates||Armoured car||At least 2||Used by Rapid Intervention Battalion|
|Cadillac Gage Commando||United States||Armoured car||51||Including 20mm Autocannon and 81mm Mortar Carrier versions|
|Cougar (MRAP)||United States||Infantry mobility vehicle||6|
|General Dynamics Land Systems PKSV||United States||MRAP||27|
|ACMAT VLRA (Liaison, Reconnaissance and Support Vehicle) TPK-BL||France||Truck||30|
|130 mm towed field gun M1954 (M-46)|| Egypt
|M101 howitzer||United States||Howitzer||16|
|M116 howitzer||United States||Howitzer||5|
|BM-21 Grad||Romania||Multiple rocket launcher||20+?||20 delivered from Romania in 1995. Some more from an unknown source in the 2010s.|
|Mortier 120mm Rayé Tracté Modèle F1||France||Mortar||16|
|Cardom||Israel||Self-propelled mortar||8 to 18|
|BGM-71 TOW||United States||Anti-tank missile||24||250 missiles and 24 launchers delivered in 1990|
|MILAN||France||Anti-tank missile||6||6 launchers and 60 missiles delivered in 1982|
|HOT (missile)||France||Anti-tank missile||40||40 missiles delivered for SA-342L Helicopters|
|M40 recoilless rifle||United States||Recoilless rifle||40||M40A2 Version in service|
|M20 recoilless rifle||United States||Recoilless rifle||13||Type 56 Version in use|
|Plessey Radar Limited/BAE Systems Watchman||United Kingdom||Air search radar||1||1 radar delivered from UK in 1984|
|ZPU-2||Soviet Union||Anti-aircraft gun||16|
|Type 63 anti-aircraft gun||People's Republic of China||Anti-aircraft gun||18||Used on ground mount|
|37 mm automatic air defense gun M1939 (61-K)||People's Republic of China||Anti-aircraft gun||18|
|Oerlikon GDF||Switzerland||Anti-aircraft gun||21|
Main article: Cameroon Air Force
The air force has bases in Garoua, Koutaba, Yaoundé, Douala and Bamenda. The Cameroonian Air Force was founded in 1960, the year of independence from France. There are under 400 troops in the air force. Cameroon's Air Force has 9 combat-capable aircraft.
The Gendarmerie is a paramilitary force composed of about 9,000 soldiers as of 2016. It performs both law enforcement and national security responsibilities across the country. (See Gendarmerie)
After an initial period of development, training requirements were formalized in an April 1967 per government decree. There was a shortage of Cameroonian instructors at that time. The two educational institutions of the nation are the following:
Both commissioned and noncommissioned officers were sent to various military schools in France, Greece, and the Soviet Union. The total number of Cameroonian military cadets with a Russian educational background were few.