The Campaign for World Government
Campaign for World Government
Purposehumanitarian, activism, peacekeeping, world government
  • United States
FieldsWorld Federalism, Peace
Key people

The Campaign for World Government was established in 1937 by prominent feminists and peace activists Rosika Schwimmer and Lola Maverick Lloyd.[1] CWG emerged as the pioneering organization advocating for the establishment of a democratic federal world government.[2] From 1943 to 1990, Georgia Lloyd, daughter of Lola Maverick Lloyd, led the Campaign after Lola's passing.[3][4]


Lola Maverick Lloyd, co-founder of CWG
Rosika Schwimmer, co-founder of CWG

The Campaign utilized various strategies, including providing congressional testimony, lobbying lawmakers, conducting national letter-writing campaigns, and active participation in international conferences on world government. These efforts were instrumental in advancing the organization's agenda. Notable achievements included the introduction of a resolution by Hamilton Fish during the 1938 New York State Constitutional Convention, which urged President Roosevelt to convene a world constitutional convention, additionally, the introduction of several resolutions and bills in Congress, such as the "Alexander Peace Bill" (H.J.R. 610, 76th Cong. (1940)) and the "Tenerowicz Peace Bill" (H.J.R. 131, 77th Cong. (1941)).[5]

Split and Birth of the International Campaign for World Government

The Campaign operated from two distinct locations, with its international headquarters situated in New York City and its national office based in Chicago.[2]

After the passing of Lola Maverick Lloyd in 1944 and William Lloyd's departure for a civilian public service camp, disagreements over authority and mission arose, resulting in a rift between the Lloyd children and Rosika Schwimmer. These disagreements led to the formation of a separate organization in 1945. Edith Wynner, secretary to Rosika Schwimmer,[6] assumed leadership of the International Campaign for World Government (ICWG) based in New York, while Georgia Lloyd, daughter of Lola Maverick Lloyd, continued to lead the Campaign in Chicago, retaining its previous title.[2]

Later years

Mary Georgia Lloyd was later joinned by other american federalists and peace activist like Henry Philip Isely, Margaret Sheesley (later Margaret Isely) and Thane Read which lead to the call for a World Constitutional Convention for World Government which later developed into the World Constitution and Parliament Association (WCPA).[7][8][9]

World Federation Now

CWG published a newsletter 'World Federation Now'.[10][11] Georgia Lloyd succeeded her brother as editor of it.[7]

See also


  1. ^ " -- Campaign for World Government. Records of the New York office". Retrieved 2023-06-21.
  2. ^ a b c " -- Campaign for World Government. Records of the Chicago office". Retrieved 2023-06-21.
  3. ^ Young, Amanda Verdery (2017-02-09). "Georgia Lloyd". Women In Peace. Retrieved 2023-06-21.
  4. ^ "Georgia Lloyd". vtwilpfgathering. Retrieved 2023-06-22.
  5. ^ Ruttum, Laura (September 1, 2006). "Campaign for World Government. Records of the New York Office. 1917-1972" (PDF). The New York Public Library. Retrieved January 26, 2024.
  6. ^ " -- Edith Wynner papers". Retrieved 2023-06-21.
  7. ^ a b " -- Georgia Lloyd papers". Retrieved 2023-06-21.
  8. ^ "Remembering Henry Philip Isely". 2013-11-20. Retrieved 2023-06-21.
  9. ^ Martin, Dr Glen T. (2022-01-29). "Philip Isely – In Remembrance". one world renaissance. Retrieved 2023-06-21.
  10. ^ World Federation, Now: Official Organ of the Campaign for World Government (organized 1937). The Campaign. 1939.
  11. ^ Government (CHICAGO), Campaign for World (1946). World Federation - Now, etc. vol. 8. no. 1. Oct. 1946.