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This is a tracking category for CS1 citations without |title=, |chapter=, |article=, or |booktitle=, etc.

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This error occurs for Citation Style 1 and Citation Style 2 templates when all of |title=, |trans-title=, and |script-title= are omitted or left blank. At least one of these title parameters must be provided for each citation.

((cite episode)) will show this error if |series= is omitted or left blank (even if a |title= is provided).

((cite encyclopedia)) will show this error if |encyclopedia= has a value but |entry= (or another |chapter= alias) is omitted or left blank.

Sometimes this error occurs because an editor has used a CS1|2 citation as a shortened footnote when ((sfn)) or one of the ((harv)) family of templates would have been more appropriate. This error also occurs when an editor used ((citation)) but intended to use ((citation needed)).

To resolve this error, provide a value for |title=, |trans-title=, and/or |script-title= or replace the CS1|2 template with a more appropriate template. If you are listing a periodical or an issue of a periodical in a bibliography rather than within <ref>...</ref> tags, ((List journal)) may be more appropriate.

Pages with this error are automatically placed in Category:CS1 errors: missing title.[a]


  1. ^ Pages in the Category talk, Draft talk, File talk, Help talk, MediaWiki talk, Module talk, Portal talk, Talk, Template talk, User, User talk, and Wikipedia talk namespaces are not included in the tracking categories. In addition, pages with names matching the patterns '/[Ss]andbox', '/[Tt]estcases', '/[^/]*[Ll]og', and '/[Aa]rchive' are not included in the tracking categories.