The cent is a monetary unit of many national currencies that equals 1⁄100 of the basic monetary unit.
Etymologically, the word cent derives from the Latin centum meaning 'hundred'.
The cent sign is commonly a simple minuscule (lower case) letter c. In North America, the c is crossed by a diagonal stroke or a vertical line (depending on typeface), yielding the character ¢.
The United States one cent coin is generally known by the nickname "penny", alluding to the British coin and unit of that name. Australia ended production of their 1¢ coin in 1992, as did Canada in 2012. Some Eurozone countries ended production of the 1 euro cent coin, most recently Italy in 2018.
"¢" redirects here. For the musical symbol, see cut time.
|In Unicode||U+00A2 ¢ CENT SIGN (¢)|
U+0063 c LATIN SMALL LETTER C
|See also||U+FFE0 ￠ FULLWIDTH CENT SIGN|
The cent may be represented by the cent sign, written in various ways according to the national convention and font choice. Most commonly seen forms are a minuscule letter c crossed by a diagonal stroke or a vertical line or by a simple c, depending on the currency (see below). Cent amounts from 1 to 99 can be represented as one or two digits followed by the appropriate abbreviation (2¢, 5c, 75¢, 99c), or as a subdivision of the base unit ($0.75, €0.99) In some countries, longer abbreviations like "ct." are used. Languages that use other alphabets have their own abbreviations and conventions.
The use of the cent symbol has largely fallen into disuse since the mid-20th century as inflation has resulted in very few things being priced in cents in any currency. It was included on US typewriter keyboards, but has not been adopted on computers.
The cent sign appeared as the shift of the 6 key on American manual typewriters, but that position has been taken over by the freestanding circumflex on computer keyboards. The character (offset 162) can still be created in most common code pages, including Unicode and Windows-1252:
A2that can be used when there is no numeric keypad, as on many laptops. For the US International keyboard Right Alt⇧ ShiftC can be typed.
When written in English and Mexican Spanish, the cent sign (¢ or c) follows the amount (with no space between)—for example, 2¢ and $0.02, or 2c and €0.02. Conventions in other languages may vary.
|East India Company half cent (1845).|
|Obverse: Crowned head left with lettering Queen Victoria||Reverse: Face value, year and "East India Company" inscribed inside wreath.|
|18,737,498 coins minted in 1845.|
Examples of currencies around the world featuring centesimal (1⁄100) units called cent, or related words from the same root such as céntimo, centésimo, centavo or sen, are:
Examples of currencies featuring centesimal (1⁄100) units not called cent
|Major unit||Divided into|
|Bhutanese ngultrum||100 chhertum|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark||100 pfeniga|
|Botswanan pula||100 thebe|
|British pound||100 pence (singular: penny) since Decimal Day, 1971|
|Bulgarian lev||100 stotinki|
|Chinese yuan||100 fēn (分); in general usage, divided into 10 jiǎo (角).|
|Croatian kuna||100 lipa|
|Danish krone||100 øre|
|Egyptian pound||100 piastres|
|Estonian mark||100 penni (singular: penn)|
|Gambian dalasi||100 bututs|
|Ghanaian cedi||100 pesewas|
|Indian rupee||100 paise|
|Israeli new shekel||100 agorot|
|Macau pataca||100 avos; circulating coins are 10, 20, and 50 avos.|
|Macedonian denar||100 deni|
|Malawian kwacha||100 tambala|
|Mongolian tögrög||100 möngö|
|Nepalese rupee||100 paisa|
|Pakistani rupee||100 paise|
|Papua New Guinean kina||100 toea|
|Polish złoty||100 groszy (singular: grosz)|
|Qatari riyal||100 dirhams|
|Romanian and Moldovan leu||100 bani|
|Russian ruble||100 kopeks|
|Saudi riyal||100 halalas|
|Serbian dinar||100 paras|
|Swedish krona||100 öre|
|Swiss franc||German: 100 Rappen|
French: 100 centimes
Italian: 100 centesimi
Romansch: 100 raps
|Thai baht||100 satang|
|Turkish lira||100 kuruş|
|United Arab Emirates dirham||100 fils|
|Ukrainian hryvnia||100 kopiykas|
|Zambian kwacha||100 ngwee|
Examples of currencies which formerly featured centesimal (1⁄100) units but now have no fractional denomination in circulation:
|Major unit||Formerly divided into|
|Costa Rican colón||(until the 1980s) 100 céntimos|
|Czech koruna||100 haléřů|
|Hungarian forint||(until 1999) 100 fillér|
|Icelandic króna||100 eyrir (singular aurar)|
|Japanese yen||100 sen|
|Norwegian krone||100 øre|
|South Korean won||100 jeon|
|Swedish krona||(until 2010) 100 öre|
|Ugandan shilling||(until 2013) 100 cents.|
Examples of currencies which use the cent symbol for other purposes: