This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may interest only a particular audience. Please help by spinning off or relocating any relevant information, and removing excessive detail that may be against Wikipedia's inclusion policy. (April 2024) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This article is written like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor's personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic. Please help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style. (October 2023) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This article contains wording that promotes the subject in a subjective manner without imparting real information. Please remove or replace such wording and instead of making proclamations about a subject's importance, use facts and attribution to demonstrate that importance. (October 2023) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Chelsea
The Tobin Bridge, linking Chelsea and Boston
The Tobin Bridge, linking Chelsea and Boston
Flag of Chelsea
Official seal of Chelsea
Location in Suffolk County and the state of Massachusetts
Location in Suffolk County and the state of Massachusetts
Chelsea is located in Greater Boston area
Chelsea
Chelsea
Chelsea is located in Massachusetts
Chelsea
Chelsea
Chelsea is located in the United States
Chelsea
Chelsea
Coordinates: 42°23′30″N 71°02′00″W / 42.39167°N 71.03333°W / 42.39167; -71.03333
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountySuffolk
Settled1624
Incorporated (town)1739
Incorporated (city)1857
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager
 • City managerFidel Maltez
Area
 • Total2.47 sq mi (6.39 km2)
 • Land2.22 sq mi (5.75 km2)
 • Water0.25 sq mi (0.64 km2)
Elevation
10 ft (3 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total40,787
 • Density18,380.80/sq mi (7,097.87/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
02150
Area code617/857
FIPS code25-13205
GNIS feature ID0612723
Websitewww.chelseama.gov

Chelsea is a city in Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States, directly across the Mystic River from Boston. At the 2020 census, Chelsea had a population of 40,787, making it the second most densely populated city in Massachusetts, behind Somerville.[2] With a total area of 2.46 square miles (6.4 km2),[3] Chelsea is the smallest city in Massachusetts in terms of total area.[4] It is the city with the second-highest percentage of Latino residents in Massachusetts, behind Lawrence.

History

Prehistory

Old Pratt House in 1908
The Fitz Public Library in 1905

The area of Chelsea was first called Winnisimmet, possibly meaning "swamp hill",[5] by the Naumkeag tribe, which had lived there for thousands of years.

17th and 18th centuries

Samuel Maverick became the first European to settle permanently in Winnisimmet in 1624. His palisaded trading post is considered the first permanent settlement by Boston Harbor. In 1635, Maverick sold all of Winnisimmet, except for his house and farm, to Richard Bellingham. The community remained part of Boston until it was set off and incorporated in 1739, when it was named after Chelsea, a neighborhood in London, England.

In 1775, the Battle of Chelsea Creek was fought in the area, the second battle of the Revolution. During the battle, American forces made one of their first captures of a British ship. Part of George Washington's army was stationed in Chelsea during the Siege of Boston.

19th century

On February 22, 1841, part of Chelsea was annexed by Saugus. On March 19, 1846, North Chelsea, which consists of present-day Revere and Winthrop, was established as a separate town.[6] Reincorporated as a city in 1857, Chelsea developed as an industrial center and by mid-century had become a powerhouse in wooden sailing ship construction. As the century wore on, steam power began to overtake the age of the sail and industry in the town began to shift toward manufacturing. Factories making rubber and elastic goods, boots and shoes, stoves, and adhesives began to appear along the banks of Boston Harbor. It became home to the Chelsea Naval Hospital designed by Alexander Parris and home for soldiers.[7]

According to local historical records, Nathan Morse, the first Jewish resident of Chelsea, arrived in 1864, and by 1890 there were only 82 Jews living in the city. However, Chelsea was a major destination for the "great wave" of Russian and Eastern European immigrants, especially Russian Jews, who came to the United States after 1890. By 1910 the number of Jews had grown to 11,225, nearly one third of the entire population of the city. In the 1930s there were about 20,000 Jewish residents in Chelsea out of a total population of almost 46,000. Given the area of the city, Chelsea may well have had the most Jewish residents per square mile of any city outside of New York City.[8]

20th century

Chelsea Square after the Great Fire of 1908

On April 12, 1908, nearly half the city was destroyed in the first of two great fires. The fire left 18,000 people, 56 percent of the population, homeless. It would take the city about two and a half years to rebuild and five years to surpass the extent of 1908's infrastructure. The city was also laid out differently after the fire, with wider streets and more access for emergency vehicles. Many of the city's residents left and never returned, which allowed Boston's West End, East and South Ends people to immigrate.[9]

By 1919, Chelsea's population had reached 52,662, with foreign-born residents comprising 46 percent of the population. Fully transitioned from a suburb to an industrial city, the waterfront flourished, with shipbuilding, lumberyards, metalworks and paint companies lined Marginal Street.[7] Between 1940 and 1980, the population declined by 38 percent. Chelsea lost more population than other urban areas after the 1950s because of the construction of the elevated Northeast Expressway built to connect the North Shore suburbs to Boston, via the Mystic River Bridge (later renamed for Boston Mayor Maurice J. Tobin). Hundreds of homes were lost to make way for the expressway as it cut the city in half. The resulting out-migration took with it many small, local businesses. Historic homes were abandoned, along with industrial buildings, brownfields, salt piles and gas storage tanks dotting the cityscape.[citation needed]

In 1973, disaster struck again when the Second Great Chelsea Fire burned 18 city blocks, leaving nearly a fifth of the city in ashes. Both fires originated in Chelsea's "rag shop district," cluttered streets filled with junk shops hawking scraps, metal, and combustible items. Wood-frame buildings and three- to six-family houses were built tightly together, and quickly caught fire.[10]

By 1990, Chelsea had collapsed economically and socially. Crime was rampant, even among the police and local government officials. The population drain made way for more immigrants, but depleted the city's tax base. The cost of running the city and maintaining its infrastructure did not decrease correspondingly so, in 1991, the city suffered fiscal collapse.

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts enacted special legislation to place Chelsea into receivership. For the first time since the Great Depression, a Massachusetts city surrendered home rule and allowed a state-appointed receiver to control all aspects of city government. Governor William Weld named James Carlin as the first receiver followed by Lewis "Harry" Spence. City Hall was eviscerated, the police and fire departments reorganized, management of the public schools given to Boston University, and indictments handed down. Mayor John "Butchie" Brennan and two former mayors were found guilty of federal crimes.

By the summer of 1995, when the state returned City Hall to the people of Chelsea, a new government had been born, brought to life by a panel of citizens charged with drafting a new city charter. The new charter eliminated the position of mayor, converting management of the city from a mayor to a council–manager government system, where a city manager is selected by City Council members. As such, municipal government focused on improving the quality of services provided to residents and businesses, while establishing financial policies that have significantly improved the city's financial condition. With their leaders more accountable and efficient, Chelsea reversed its long decline and entered a period of population growth and economic development.[citation needed]

21st century

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (April 2024)

Geography

Downtown Chelsea
City Hall in Bellingham Square

Located on a small peninsula in Boston Harbor covering 2.21 square miles (6 km2), Chelsea is the smallest city by area in Massachusetts. Chelsea is bordered on three sides by water. The Mystic River borders Chelsea to the southwest, the Chelsea Creek and Mill Creek and the Island End River border it to the west.

The topography of Chelsea consists primarily of coastal lowlands, punctuated by four drumlins formed during the last Ice Age. These drumlins are located in the southwest (Admirals Hill), southeast (Mount Bellingham), northeast (Powderhorn Hill) and northwest (Mount Washington). A smaller drumlin (Mill Hill) is located on the east side of Chelsea, adjacent to Mill Creek. This sloped and hilly landscape helps to divide the city into discernible neighborhoods, each with its own character, thereby giving the city a manageable sense of scale and orientation.

Neighborhoods and districts

There are several distinct neighborhoods in Chelsea:

Demographics

Statistics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1790472—    
1800849+79.9%
1810594−30.0%
1820642+8.1%
1830771+20.1%
18402,390+210.0%
18506,701+180.4%
186013,395+99.9%
187018,547+38.5%
188021,782+17.4%
189027,909+28.1%
190034,072+22.1%
191032,452−4.8%
192043,184+33.1%
193045,816+6.1%
194041,259−9.9%
195038,912−5.7%
196033,749−13.3%
197030,625−9.3%
198025,431−17.0%
199028,710+12.9%
200035,080+22.2%
201035,177+0.3%
202040,787+15.9%
202238,637−5.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[13][14]

As of the 2010 United States Census,[15] there were 35,177 people, 11,888 households, and 7,614 families residing in the city. The population density was 16,036.8 inhabitants per square mile (6,191.8/km2), placing it among the highest in population density among U.S. cities.[16] There were 12,337 housing units at an average density of 5,639.9 per square mile (2,177.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 47.8% White,[17] 8.5% Black or African American, 3.1% Asian, 1.1% Native American, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 33.6% from other races, and 5.9% were multiracial. In addition, 62.1% of residents identified as Hispanic or Latino (of any race), which includes 18.2% Salvadoran, 12.7% Puerto Rican, 8.4% Honduran, 7.3% Guatemalan, 2.8% Mexican, 2.2% Dominican, 0.5% Cuban, 0.5% Costa Rican, 0.4% Nicaraguan, 0.4% Panamanian, 1.4% other Central American countries, 2.5% other South American countries, 5.3% other Hispanic/Latino.[18]

There were 11,888 households, out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.9% were married couples living together, 20.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36% were non-families. Of all households 28.8% were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.5.

The population has 27.3% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,161, and the median income for a family was $32,130. Males had a median income of $27,280, versus $26,010 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,628. About 20.6% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.8% of those under age 18 and 20.9% of those age 65 or over.

Foreign-born population

In 2010, 38% of Chelsea residents were born outside of the United States. This is the highest percentage of foreign-born residents in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.[19] Its "Interfaith Alliance" brings members of the Jewish, Christian, and Muslim communities together to promote inclusiveness, diversity, and tolerance. The 2007 Sanctuary City Resolution aims to support all foreign born residents.[20]

Government

Main article: Government of Chelsea, Massachusetts

Local

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of February 1, 2017
Party Number of voters Percentage
Democratic 8,370 52.24%
Republican 848 5.29%
Libertarian 19 0.12%
Unenrolled 6,597 41.18%
Total no. registered voters 16,021 100%
2024–2025 Council Members
Name Title
Leo Robinson Councilor At-Large
Kelly Garcia Councilor At-Large
Roberto Jimenez Rivera Councilor At-Large
Todd Taylor District 1 Councilor
Melinda Vega District 2 Councilor
Norieliz DeJesus District 3 Councilor, President
Tanairi Garcia District 4 Councilor
Lisa Anne Santagate District 5 Councilor
Giovanni A. Recupero District 6 Councilor
Manuel Teshe District 7 Councilor
Calvin T. Brown District 8 Councilor, Vice President

Economy

Top employers

According to Chelsea's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[21] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 City of Chelsea 1,254
2 Massachusetts Information Technology Center 1,150
3 Market Basket 900
4 Massachusetts Water Resources Authority 568
5 Kayem Foods 328
6 Massachusetts General Hospital 246
7 Paul Revere Transportation 220
8 Signature Breads 202
9 Metropolitan Credit Union 178
10 Stop & Shop 120

Economic development

Under City Manager Ambrosino, Chelsea has implemented several innovative data analysis and tracking programs. Many of these programs are led and administered in conjunction with fellows from the Harvard Kennedy School's Innovation Field Lab. According to Chelsea's 2017 "State of the City" report, "this partnership allows the city to benefit from the questions and suggestions of [domestic and] international graduate students." In 2016, the City Council approved a $5.2 million grant for infrastructure improvements in the district. The project has been supported by a newly hired Downtown Coordinator and aims to engage residents and local businesses in a collective effort to advance the economic prosperity and quality of life in the district.

Since the beginning of 2017 City officials kicked off Reimagining Broadway as a way to improve the downtown streets for motorists, pedestrians, and public transit.[22] On July 23, 2019, the Baker-Polito Administration announced the expansion of the Transformative Development Initiative (TDI), a MassDevelopment program for Gateway Cities designed to accelerate economic growth within focused districts. Lt. Governor Karyn Polito made the announcement with MassDevelopment President and CEO Lauren Liss, New Bedford Mayor Jon Mitchell, and members of the New Bedford legislative delegation at the WHALE Co-Creative Center in New Bedford. "Our administration is pleased to further expand this program, which represents an innovative, block-by-block approach to revitalizing local economies." said Governor Charlie Baker.[23]

Chelsea has programs such as "Re-Imagining Broadway" and "Chelsea Centro".[24] The project includes design and parking studies of the corridor from Chelsea Square through Bellingham Square to Fay Square. There are other similar projects like "Commonwealth Places", a collaborative initiative from MassDevelopment and the civic crowdfunding platform Patronicity, and "The Chelsea Business Foundation" are in progress and scheduled for spring/summer 2020.[25][23][needs update]

Capital Improvement Plan

As summarized by the "State of the City" report,[when?] Chelsea's Capital Improvement Plan will invest in "park development, building improvements, water and sewer upgrades, and neighborhood street/sidewalks improvements. Other specific investments in new graffiti removal and snow removal equipment will enhance the quality of life for residents." The expenditures for Fiscal Year 2018 and Fiscal Year 2018–2022 can be found to the right. Total expenditures are divided between utility enhancement, equipment acquisition, parks and open space, public buildings and facilities, public safety, and surface enhancement. For Fiscal Year 2018, almost 64% of the budget will be dedicated to surface enhancements, which includes citywide sidewalks, marginal street pre-engineering, Shurtleff Street roadway and sidewalks, casino mitigation/transportation, citywide traffic calming, Congress Avenue road and sidewalks, Downtown Broadway engineering and construction, and Highland Street Greenway Phase II.[26][27][full citation needed]

Residential development

Housing Composition: According to the 2011–2015 Community Survey, there are a total of 12,940 households in Chelsea, 27.9% of which are owner-occupied and 72.1% of which are renter-occupied. Although Chelsea has been known as the "City of Renters", there has been a push for home ownership. This has been pushed in particular by the Chelsea Restoration Corporation, which offers educational housing workshops and works in partnership with other state, municipal, and private partners to "rehabilitate properties and increase the stock of affordable housing."

Over half (55.4%) of the housing units in Chelsea use utility gas, 29.8% use electricity, 12.7% use fuel oil, kerosene, etc. and smaller portion (2.1%) of housing units use bottled, tank, or LP gas, as well as other fuel or no fuel at all. With these statistics in mind, Chelsea has started several initiatives towards renewable energy and sustainability. One includes a partnership with SolSmart, a team of individuals dedicated to implementation of Solar energy, by making solar panels accessible through zoning laws, offering affordable solar options and providing education and resources for those who are interested in these efforts.[28][29]

Reimagine Broadway

Reimagine Broadway was a six-month long planning effort that began in 2017 to transform downtown Chelsea, with the guidance of the Chelsea City Council, City Manager Ambrosino and several others. This effort ranges from supporting small business owners to re-designing the streetscape. The goals of this project were to "Enhance how public space is used and accessed downtown, support existing businesses and encourage new growth, beautify the area and create a consistent, vibrant look, improve overall safety for all users, establish a circulation pattern that works for cars, buses, pedestrians, transit riders, and bicyclists."[30][31]

Transportation

Roads

The Route 1 North Expressway is a limited access highway that cuts the City of Chelsea in half. The Tobin Bridge, a major regional transportation artery, carries Route 1 from Chelsea across the Mystic River to Charlestown.[32]

Train

Chelsea is served by the Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority's Commuter Rail. The Commuter Rail provides service from Boston's North Station with the Chelsea station on its Newburyport/Rockport Line. Chelsea does not have a link to the MBTA subway or light rail systems.

Bus

Chelsea is served by many MBTA bus routes providing local service to East Boston, Revere, Everett, and other nearby cities as well as bus rapid transit connections to Logan Airport and downtown Boston via the MBTA's Silver Line.

Main article: Silver Line (MBTA) § Extension to Chelsea

Map of the planned Silver Line Gateway route to Mystic Mall in Chelsea

The Silver Line's SL3 route to Chelsea has been in operation since 2018.[33] The new SL3 route begins at South Station and runs through the Waterfront Tunnel, along with the SL1 and SL2 routes, to Silver Line Way, continuing with the SL1 through the Ted Williams Tunnel. The new route diverges to meet the Blue Line at Airport Station, and follows the Coughlin Bypass Road (a half-mile commercial-use-only road which opened in 2012)[34] to the Chelsea Street Bridge. The Silver Line stops at the four stations in Chelsea: Eastern Avenue, Box District, Downtown Chelsea, and Mystic Mall. A new $20 million Chelsea commuter rail station and "transit hub" was constructed at the Mystic Mall terminus of the new Silver Line route, so that trains no longer block Sixth Street.[35][36] The new Silver Line and commuter rail stations are fully handicapped accessible.[37]

Additionally, a multi-use 0.75-mile (1.21 km) shared path 0.75-mile (1.21 km) linear park runs parallel to the Silver Line bus rapid transit busway utilizing the Boston & Albany Railroad's Grand Junction Branch right-of-way. Located within the Box District neighborhood, the path connects Downtown Chelsea and Eastern Avenue stations.[38]

Education

Chelsea Public Schools has four elementary schools, three middle schools, and one high school, Chelsea High School. The Chelsea school system has historically been towards the bottom of the state's test score rankings. It has a high turnover among students. A high percentage of students move in or out over the course of the year, and the dropout rate is high. In 1988, the school board delegated its authority for control of the school district to Boston University. In June 2008, a partnership with BU ended, and the schools returned to full local control. Chelsea has no private schools remaining with St. Rose closing in June 2020. In addition, there are two public charter schools, the Excel Academy and Phoenix Charter Academy. Bunker Hill Community College and the for-profit Everest Institute have satellite locations of their schools in Chelsea.

Fire department

Chelsea Fire Headquarters

The city of Chelsea has firefighters of the City of Chelsea Fire Department, operating from three fire stations across the city, each shift commanded by a Deputy Chief. Chelsea Fire operates an apparatus fleet of four engines, two ladders, two special operations units, a maintenance unit, a foam-tender unit, and several other special, support, and reserve units. Chelsea Fire responds to ~11,000 emergency calls annually.[39] The Chief of Department is John Quatieri who was sworn in on March 8, 2024.[40]

Emergency Medical Services are contracted to private ambulance provider Cataldo Ambulance Service,[41] which has serviced the city since 1982.[42]

Notable sites

Historic places

Chelsea has eight places on the National Register of Historic Places.

Chelsea Clock Company

Founded in 1897, the Chelsea Clock Company is an American clock manufacturing company still in existence. In 2015, the Chelsea Clock Company moved to a smaller building a few blocks away from the original location.[43] The old building is slated for demolition to make way for a new apartment building.

Open space

Notable people

See also: Category:People from Chelsea, Massachusetts

See also

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Chelsea city, Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  3. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Chelsea city, Massachusetts". Census Bureau QuickFacts. Archived from the original on May 1, 2018. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Chelsea city, Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2012.
  5. ^ Douglas-Lithgow, R. A. (1909). Dictionary of American Indian Place and Proper Names in New England. Salem MA: Salem Press. p. 179.
  6. ^ Wright, Carroll D. (1889). Report on the Custody and Condition of the Public Records of Parishes, Towns, and Counties. Boston: Wright & Potter Printing Company, State Printers. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
  7. ^ a b Margaret Harriman Clarke (2004). Chelsea in the 20th Century. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 29–, 85–. ISBN 978-0-7385-3628-6.
  8. ^ Levine, Yitzchok (August 20, 2004). "Harav Avigdor Miller's First Rabbanus: The Walnut Street Shul" (PDF). The Hamodia Magazine. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 15, 2014. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  9. ^ Conti, Katheleen (April 10, 2008). "When Chelsea burned". boston.com. The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on December 14, 2013. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  10. ^ Hanson, Melissa (October 14, 2013). "Chelsea recalls 1973 blaze that destroyed 18 blocks". bostonglobe.com. The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on December 14, 2013. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  11. ^ Bailou, Brian (November 26, 2007). "From industrial to desirable: rebuilding Chelsea". boston.com. Archived from the original on December 14, 2013. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  12. ^ McMorrow, Paul (February 12, 2013). "Chelsea reclaims its waterfront". bostonglobe.com. The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on December 14, 2013. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: United States". Census.gov. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  14. ^ "City and Town Population Totals: 2020−2022". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2023.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  16. ^ Demographics of the United States
  17. ^ "American FactFinder - Results". Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
  18. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
  19. ^ Sacchetti, Maria. "A melting pot stretches out to the suburbs." Boston Globe. September 15, 2010. p. 1 (Archive). Retrieved on September 23, 2014.
  20. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on July 22, 2017. Retrieved August 2, 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "City of Chelsea CAFR" (PDF). chelseama.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 12, 2016. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
  22. ^ "Split Decision:50/50 Night for Reimagining Broadway as Council Wrestles with Legalities – Chelsea Record".
  23. ^ a b https://www.mass.gov/news/baker-polito-administration-expands-transformative-development-initiative-for-gateway-cities [bare URL]
  24. ^ "Projects".
  25. ^ "User account | City of Chelsea MA".
  26. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on August 24, 2017. Retrieved August 23, 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ "Meet Google Drive – One place for all your files".
  28. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on August 24, 2017. Retrieved August 23, 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  29. ^ "Chelsea Restoration Corporation | Home Services". Archived from the original on August 24, 2017. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
  30. ^ "Re-imagining Broadway: Final Report" (PDF). City of Chelsea, Massachusetts. June 2018. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 26, 2019. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  31. ^ "Re-Imagining Broadway- Community Workshop | City of Chelsea MA". www.chelseama.gov. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  32. ^ "About the City of Chelsea". chelseama.gov. City of Chelsea. Archived from the original on December 14, 2013. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  33. ^ Authority, Massachusetts Bay Transportation. "New Silver Line 3-Chelsea Service between Chelsea and South Station | News | MBTA". www.mbta.com. Archived from the original on March 16, 2018. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  34. ^ Fox, Jeremy C. (November 28, 2012). "Martin A. Coughlin Bypass Road opens to route commercial traffic off East Boston streets". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on August 15, 2014. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  35. ^ State House News Surface (October 30, 2013). "More details announced on Silver Line expansion to Chelsea". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on November 2, 2013. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  36. ^ Guzman, Dan (October 30, 2013). "MBTA To Extend Silver Line To East Boston, Chelsea". 90.9 WBUR. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  37. ^ "Governor Patrick Announces MBTA Silver Line Expansion". Commonwealth Conversations: Transportation. Massachusetts Department of Transportation. October 30, 2013. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  38. ^ State House News Surface (October 30, 2013). "More details announced on Silver Line expansion to Chelsea". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on November 2, 2013. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  39. ^ Matrix Consulting Group, Performance and Management Study of the Fire Department, Chelsea, Massachusetts. November, 2012, p. 48.
  40. ^ https://chelsearecord.com/2024/02/22/quatieri-the-choice-as-next-fire-chief/#google_vignette
  41. ^ "Cataldo Ambulance Sees Drop in Overall Calls But More Potential COVID-19 Patients". Retrieved May 23, 2023.
  42. ^ "Cataldo Ambulance Service Inc. v. Chelsea". Retrieved May 23, 2023.
  43. ^ Seth Daniel, "Chelsea Clock Company Making Move to Second St. After 117 Years on Everett Ave." Archived 2016-03-07 at the Wayback Machine, Chelsea Record, May 7, 2015. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
  44. ^ "Bishop Miguel La Fay Bardi O. Carm". Order of the Carmelites. Archived from the original on August 24, 2012. Retrieved November 21, 2021.
  45. ^ "No. 1 In a Class of 78: William Bryden of Chelsea Appointed to Cadetship at West Point". The Boston Globe. Boston, MA. July 24, 1900. p. 2 – via Newspapers.com.

Further reading