City of San Francisco
Union Pacific train 101, the City of San Francisco, near Cheyenne, Wyoming on December 4, 1948
Overview
Service typeInter-city rail
StatusDiscontinued
LocaleWestern United States
First serviceJune 14, 1936; 85 years ago (1936-06-14)
Last serviceJune 10, 1972; 49 years ago (1972-06-10)
SuccessorSan Francisco Zephyr
Former operator(s)
Route
StartChicago, Illinois
Stops
  • 37 (westbound)
  • 38 (eastbound)
EndOakland, California
San Francisco, California
Average journey time
  • 45 hours 45 minutes (westbound)
  • 43 hours 44 minutes (eastbound)
Train number(s)
  • 103-101 (westbound)
  • 102-104 (eastbound)
Line(s) usedOverland Route
Technical
Track gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm)
Operating speed
  • 49.5 mph (westbound)
  • 51.8 mph (eastbound)

The City of San Francisco was a streamlined through passenger train which ran from 1936 to 1971 on the Overland Route between Chicago, Illinois and Oakland, California, with a ferry connection on to San Francisco. It was owned and operated jointly by the Chicago and North Western Railway (1936–55), Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad (1955–71), the Union Pacific Railroad, and the Southern Pacific Railroad. It provided premium extra fare service from Chicago to San Francisco when introduced in 1936 with a running time of 39 hours and 45 minutes each way.

Overview

Southern Pacific SDP45 leads City of San Francisco west at SN overpass .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}38°17′24″N 121°57′35″W / 38.29°N 121.9597°W / 38.29; -121.9597, Cannon CA, in April 1971— just before Amtrak
Southern Pacific SDP45 leads City of San Francisco west at SN overpass 38°17′24″N 121°57′35″W / 38.29°N 121.9597°W / 38.29; -121.9597, Cannon CA, in April 1971— just before Amtrak

As with the City of Los Angeles, many of the train's cars bore the names of locales around its namesake city, including Mission Dolores, the nickname given to San Francisco's Mission San Francisco de Asís.

Competing streamlined passenger trains were, starting in 1949, the California Zephyr on the Western Pacific (WP), Denver and Rio Grande Western (D&RGW), and Chicago, Burlington and Quincy (CB&Q) Railroads, and starting in 1954, the San Francisco Chief on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (AT&SF).

In October 1955 the Milwaukee Road replaced the Chicago and North Western between Chicago and Omaha; in 1960 the City of San Francisco was combined with the City of Los Angeles east of Ogden.

Timeline and equipment consists

This section is in list format but may read better as prose. You can help by converting this section, if appropriate. Editing help is available. (March 2022)

A consist is the group of rail vehicles (cars plus locomotives) making up a train.

The M-10004 trainset at Reno, Nevada on a trial run
The M-10004 trainset at Reno, Nevada on a trial run
City of San Francisco baggage label 1936
City of San Francisco baggage label 1936
First run of the new (l) and last of the original (r) City train sets, January 2, 1938.  Note the lower and tapered profile of the older cars.
First run of the new (l) and last of the original (r) City train sets, January 2, 1938. Note the lower and tapered profile of the older cars.
The new 17-car City consist crossing over the Great Salt Lake (Lucin Cutoff) c. 1939
The new 17-car City consist crossing over the Great Salt Lake (Lucin Cutoff) c. 1939

The City of San Francisco (TR 101-102) made its inaugural run between Chicago and Oakland/San Francisco on June 14, 1936 as streamline through service. It operated with a dedicated Pullman-built 11-car articulated lightweight streamline consist made up of a set of two 1,200 hp (890 kW) diesel-electric power unit cars (M-10004A/B), a baggage-mail car, a baggage-dormitory-kitchen car, a diner-lounge car, four named sleeper cars, a 48-seat chair car, and a 38-seat coach-buffet-blind end observation car.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

The City's original train set was replaced on January 2, 1938 with an all new 14-mile-long (400 m), semi-articulated 17-car lightweight streamline consist made up of one EMC-E2A and two EMC-E2B 1,800 hp (1,300 kW) diesel-electric power unit cars (SF 1-2-3) built by the Electro-Motive Corporation (now EMD), and 14 aluminum-alloy girder-type Pullman-built cars consisting of an auxiliary power-baggage-dormitory car, a 54-seat chair car, a 32-seat coffee shop-kitchen car, a 72-seat diner, a dormitory-buffet-lounge car, eight named sleeper cars, and an 84-foot 6-inch buffet-lounge-observation car (NOB HILL) said to be the "longest passenger car built in the United States" to that time.[7][8][9]

While costing over $2 million to build, operating costs (fuel, crew, etc) for the train were less than two cents per passenger-mile.[10] The extra fare on the City over the full run was $15 for open section Pullman accommodations, $5 in the chair car, and $22.50 for a roomette.[10] After both the original and new train sets made a joint run from Oakland to Chicago on that date, the older 11-car consist was shopped for a seven-month rebuild and then used variously over the next decade as the City of Los Angeles, City of Denver, and City of Portland before being withdrawn from service in the spring of 1948 and eventually scrapped.[4][11]

The new and subsequent City of San Francisco train sets were jointly owned by the C&NW, UP and SP with the exception of the sleepers which were Pullman-owned until 1945 when two of those cars were acquired by the C&NW and a dozen by the UP.[12][13][14] The new train was capable of speeds up to 110 miles per hour (180 km/h) and accommodated 222 passengers.[15] Sleeping car space was double that of conventional trains with 168 berths compared to 84 while chair car space was increased to 54.[10] The new City consist had 60 compartments, drawing rooms, bedrooms, and "roomettes" instead of the regular nine for a larger variety of sleeping accommodations to choose from than on any train in America.[10] Among the premium services provided on the train were stewardess-nurses, a barber shop, a shower bath, and an internal telephone system. All regularly assigned cars were also air-conditioned.[16] Frequency remained at five trips per month each way.

SP mailer, Oct. 1, 1946
SP mailer, Oct. 1, 1946

Incidents

The City of San Francisco derailed in Nevada in 1939. The incident was ruled an act of sabotage, but, despite years of investigation, remains unsolved.

A blizzard in the Sierra Nevada trapped the train for six days in January 1952, on Track #1 at Yuba Pass (39°19′34″N 120°35′35″W / 39.3262°N 120.593°W / 39.3262; -120.593), 17 miles (27 km) west of Donner Pass. Snow drifts from 100-mile-per-hour (160 km/h) winds blocked the train, burying it in 12 feet (3.7 meters) of snow and stranding it from January 13 to 19. The event made international headlines.

During the effort to reach the train, the railroad's snow-clearing equipment and snow-blowing rotary plows became frozen to the tracks near Emigrant Gap. Hundreds of workers and volunteers, including escaped German POW Georg Gärtner, rescued stranded passengers by clearing nearby Route 40 to reach the train.

The 196 passengers and 30 crewmembers were evacuated within 72 hours of rescuers reaching the train. Upon evacuation, they traveled on foot to vehicles that carried them the few highway miles to Nyack Lodge. The train itself was extricated three days later on January 19.[32]

Other railroad uses of the name City of San Francisco

The City of San Francisco name has been applied to a 10/6 sleeping car built by Pullman Standard in the early 1950s. The car is now owned by the Boone and Scenic Valley Railroad and operates on the line's dinner and first class trains. Union Pacific itself has a dome lounge car used on excursion and executive trains which carries the City of San Francisco name.

See also

References

  1. ^ Wayner 1972, p. 142
  2. ^ M-10004 CITY OF SAN FRANCISCO The Coach Yard.com
  3. ^ Schafer, Mike; Welsh, Joe (1997). Classic American Streamliners. Osceola, Wisconsin: MotorBooks International. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-7603-0377-1.
  4. ^ a b c d Heath, Erle (1945). Seventy-Five Years of Progress: Historical Sketch of the Southern Pacific. San Francisco: Southern Pacific Railroad. pp. 38–39.
  5. ^ Strack, Don (1999). Diesels of the Union Pacific, 1934-1982, The Classic Era, Volume 1. Halifax, PA: Withers Publishing Co.
  6. ^ A railroad train "consist" is defined by 49 CFR §210.7 as "one or more locomotives coupled to a rail car or rail cars." Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49, Parts 200 to 299, Transportation. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office (2005), p. 59
  7. ^ DeNevi 1977, pp. 9–13
  8. ^ Wayner 1972, pp. 139, 150
  9. ^ "Southern Pacific Passenger Trains: The City of San Francisco" Espee.Railfan.net
  10. ^ a b c d DeNevi 1977, p. 15
  11. ^ Wayner 1972, pp. 142–44
  12. ^ The Official Guide of the Railways and Steam Navigation Lines of the United States, Puerto Rico, Canada, Mexico and Cuba. Vol. 70. New York: National Railway Publication Company. 1938. p. 39.
  13. ^ "Railway Age" Vol. 111 (1941). New York: Simmons-Boardman Publishing Corporation. p. 305
  14. ^ Wayner 1972, p. 152–53
  15. ^ "NEW STREAMLINER FOR S.F.-CHICAGO RUN". San Francisco: Southern Pacific News Bureau. January 17, 1938
  16. ^ Dubin, Arthur D. (1964). Some Classic Trains. Milwaukee: Kalmbach Books. pp. 186–189.
  17. ^ Haine, Col. Edgar A. (1994). Train Wrecks. Cranbury, NJ: Cornwall Books. p. 107.
  18. ^ Wayner 1972, p. 150
  19. ^ "Railroads: The U.P. Trail". Time. July 30, 1945.
  20. ^ Wayner 1972, p. 157
  21. ^ President Franklin D. Roosevelt: "Executive Order 8989 Establishing the Office of Defense Transportation", December 18, 1941 The American Presidency Project, University of California, Santa Barbara
  22. ^ Eastman, Joseph B. "The Office of Defense Transportation" Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 230, Transportation: War and Postwar (Nov., 1943), pp. 1-4
  23. ^ 1942 Annual Report, The Chicago & Northwestern Railway Company, p. 7
  24. ^ Beebe, Lucius Morris (1963). The Overland Limited. Berkeley, CA: Howell-North Books. p. 50.
  25. ^ Wayner 1972, p. 163
  26. ^ "The Real Stories Database – book 15, story 4". (Real life events that inspired the Rev W Awdry). The Real Lives of Thomas the Tank Engine. Archived from the original on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2010.
  27. ^ "Now ... Service to all the West". The Milwaukee Road Magazine, Vol. 43, No. 7. October, 1955. pp. 4-6
  28. ^ ICC Financial Docket No. 21946 (Filed February 5, 1962, decided July 6, 1962, served July 16, 1962)
  29. ^ Southern Pacific Overland Route Time Tables (Form 4), July 16, 1962
  30. ^ "San Francisco Zephyr route guide, 1975". Amtrak A History of America's Railroad. http://history.amtrak.com Archived 2016-01-25 at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ "Last passenger trains rolling across Wyoming". Spokesman-Review. July 13, 1983.
  32. ^ Bull, Howard W. (January, 1953). "'The Case of the Stranded Streamliner' The rescue of SP's snowbound 'City of San Francisco' at Yuba Pass, January 13-19, 1952". Trains & Travel. Vol 13, #3.

Bibliography

  • DeNevi, Don (1977). Tragic Train: The City of San Francisco -- The Development and Historic Wreck of a Streamliner. Superior Publishing. ISBN 0875645259.
  • Solomon, Brian (2000). Union Pacific Railroad. Osceola, Wisconsin: MBI. ISBN 0-7603-0756-3.
  • Wayner, Robert J. (1972). Car Names, Numbers and Consists. New York: Wayner Publications.
External video
video icon Newsreel: Snowstorm strands dozens on Donner Pass - 1952