City of Stonnington
Victoria
MelbLGA-Stonnington.gif
Population116,207 (2018)[1]
 • Density4,522/km2 (11,711/sq mi)
Established1994
Area25.7 km2 (9.9 sq mi)[1]
Council seatMalvern
State electorate(s)
Federal division(s)Higgins
City of Stonnington Logo.svg
WebsiteCity of Stonnington
LGAs around City of Stonnington:
Yarra Boroondara Monash
Melbourne City of Stonnington Monash
Port Phillip Glen Eira Monash

The City of Stonnington is a local government area located within the metropolitan area of Melbourne, Australia. It comprises the inner south-eastern suburbs, between 3 and 13 km (2 and 8 mi), from the Melbourne CBD. The city covers an area of 25.7 km2 (9.9 sq mi).[1]

Within twenty years of the settlement of Melbourne in 1835, the Prahran Municipality (later City of Prahran) was formed in 1855, followed by the Gardiner Road Board (later City of Malvern) in 1856.[citation needed]

The late 19th century saw substantial residential and commercial development such that by 1891 Prahran had a population of almost 40,000 and Malvern 11,000.[citation needed] Following the election of the Kennett government in the Spring of 1992, as part of a comprehensive reorganisation of local government in Victoria, the Cities of Malvern and Prahran were amalgamated to form the City of Stonnington.

The logo of the City of Stonnington features two interlocking celebratory ribbons representing the coming together of the two former cities of Malvern and Prahran.[2]

Following the amalgamation of the cities the Malvern Town Hall was renamed the Stonnington City Centre and it became the corporate headquarters of the new Stonnington City Council. In 2015, the new Stonnington City Centre, opposite at 311 Glenferrie Road, was opened and the Malvern Town Hall reverted to its original name.

The name Stonnington comes from Stonington mansion, the Charles D'Ebro-designed mansion built in 1890 for a founding partner of Cobb & Co, John Wagner, who named the house after his wife's birthplace in Stonington, Connecticut, USA.[2] The house is located in Glenferrie Road, Malvern.[2]

The City of Stonnington had a population of 116,207 in June 2018.[1]

The City of Stonnington is the richest local government area in Victoria.[3]

History

Stonington mansion after which the City of Stonnington was named
Stonington mansion after which the City of Stonnington was named
Malvern Town Hall
Malvern Town Hall
Prahran Town Hall now houses a library and council offices
Prahran Town Hall now houses a library and council offices

Prior to European settlement, the land of the City of Stonnington was occupied by the Wurundjeri, an Indigenous Australian Woiwurrung speaking people of the Kulin nation.

The establishment of European settlers in what was then the Port Phillip District of New South Wales in 1835, was soon followed by pastoralist John Gardiner, together with Joseph Hawdon and John Hepburn, driving cattle south from Yass to Kooyong Koot (later named Gardiner's) Creek, in the area now known as Malvern and establishing a homestead and grazing property.

The year 1840 was the beginning of Crown land auctions of land to the east of Melbourne and south of the Yarra River and Gardiners Creek. The high ground between Gardiner's Creek Road (now Toorak Road) and the river returned the best prices and it was here that most of the grand mansions of the period were built. Much of the land south of Toorak Road was swampy. This area was subdivided into much smaller blocks, for workman's cottages and later to house gold-rush immigrants. The distinction between the two areas remains today in the suburbs of Toorak and South Yarra. Further auctions of land in the Prahran area took place in 1849 and 1850.

The early 1850s saw the return of many miners from the gold diggings to Prahran, resulting in increased development and the gazetting as a municipality in 1855. The population of Prahran at the time of the first council elections was about 8,000. Meanwhile, Government land sales within the area bounded by Kooyong Road, Gardiners Creek and Wattletree Road were held in 1854 and a small settlement grew around Malvern and Glenferrie Roads. The area known as Gardiner (later Malvern) was proclaimed a Roads Board District in 1856 and became a municipality in 1871, taking the name Malvern in 1878.

The 1880s and 1890s saw substantial residential and commercial development in the City of Prahran, such that by 1891 Prahran had a population of almost 40,000. The development of Malvern followed from 1900 onwards and by 1921 Malvern's population was almost 33,000.

Geography

The western part of the city, around South Yarra, Prahran and Windsor, were originally part of the Yarra River flood plain and much of the area was covered by swamps, bogs, and creeks, formed from the run-off from the Malvern Hills to the east. The Albert Park Lake to the west is a remnant of the original flood plain.

The City of Stonnington is bounded by the Yarra River and Gardiners Creek to the north, Warrigal Road to the east, Dandenong Road and Queens Way to the south and Punt Road to the west. Stonnington has numerous tree-lined streets and 126 parks and gardens as well as 27 off-leash parks . Many public reserves occur along the Gardiners Creek valley. The city has some of Melbourne's major shopping precincts in Chapel Street, Glenferrie Road, High Street, Malvern Road and Toorak Road, as well as the Chadstone Shopping Centre. Local sporting venues include Malvern Valley Golf Club, Kooyong Lawn Tennis Club and Harold Holt Memorial Swimming Centre.

Demographics

The following demographic information is from the 2011 Census of Population and Housing, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Council

Stonnington City Council
Structure
Stonnington city council diagram.svg
Council political groups
  Independent (3)
  Greens (2)
  Liberal (3)
  Labor (1)
Party Councillors
  Independent 3
  Greens 2
  Liberal 3
  Labor 1
Total 9
Ward Councillor Party Notes
East   Polly Morgan Greens
  Jami Klisaris Labor
  Alexander Lew Liberal
North   Matthew Koce Liberal
  Marcia Griffin Liberal
  Kate Hely Independent
South   Melina Sehr Independent
  Mike Scott Greens
  Nicki Batagol Independent

Mayors

Main article: List of Mayors of Stonnington

From 1996 until 2004, the mayor was elected annually for the following 12 months in March. From 2004 the election took place in November or December. There was a truncated transitional term of office from March to November 2004.

The current mayor is Jami Klisaris.

Suburbs

Education

Australia has a system of public (state government) and private (independent) schools. Most public schools are co-educational. Most private schools are administered by their own boards and receive a government subsidy besides having their own fee structure.

Secondary education

Schooling is compulsory for students until the age of fifteen, although many students continue on to complete Year 12. The following are secondary colleges (high schools) in the City of Stonnington:

Additionally, Presentation College, Windsor operated from 1873 to 2020.

Tertiary education

Public transport

See also: Public transport in Melbourne

Stonnington is extremely well serviced by Melbourne's public transport system. Three suburban railway lines and eight tram services pass through the City of Stonnington, as well as a number of bus services, including 12 services to Chadstone Shopping Centre.

Railways

The Cranbourne, Pakenham and Frankston railway lines provide a regular service to South Yarra, Hawksburn, Toorak, Armadale and Malvern stations. The Sandringham railway line services South Yarra, Prahran and Windsor stations and the Glen Waverley line runs along the northern boundary of Stonnington to Heyington, Kooyong, Tooronga, Gardiner, Glen Iris, Darling, East Malvern and Holmesglen stations.

Trams

All major east-west roads in Stonnington have tram services. Route 3 runs along Balaclava Road and Waverly Road to East Malvern and tram route 5 services Dandenong Road and Wattletree Road and ends at Burke Road in Malvern. Route 6 runs along High Street and terminates at Malvern Road in Glen Iris, while route 72 services Commercial Road, Malvern Road and Burke Road and route 58 travels along Toorak Road and ends at Glenferrie Road in Toorak. Route 78 runs north-south along Chapel Street and Route 16 along Glenferrie Road.

Media

Stonnington has a commercial news website, the Stonnington Leader, which is operated as part of the Herald Sun. When in free newspaper form, the publication had a circulation of about 50,000.

Stonnington News[12] is the City of Stonnington's bi-monthly community newsletter that is delivered to all residents. It features a range of information to help keep residents informed of the latest Council news and views, as well as issues affecting the City. It was previously known as "InStonnington". In 2014 the publication became available online.

88.3 Southern FM is a local community radio station that includes Stonnington in its licence area.

The City maintains a list of newspapers that were previously based in the area.[13]

Stonnington is also covered by the media of Greater Melbourne.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18: Population Estimates by Local Government Area (ASGS 2018), 2017 to 2018". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019. Estimated resident population, 30 June 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "History of Stonnington". City of Stonnington. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  3. ^ Silva, Kristian. "The wealthy Melbourne suburbs lagging behind Victoria's COVID-19 vaccination rates". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Stonnington (Local Government Area)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 12 March 2015. Edit this at Wikidata
  5. ^ McKay, Holly (23 August 2012). "Staff and students march to save Swinburne Prahran". Progress Leader. Archived from the original on 25 August 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
  6. ^ Report of the Council of Public Education for the Period 1st July, 1966 to 30th June, 1967 (PDF). The Council of Public Education, Victoria. July 1967. p. 9.
  7. ^ "ACU Library". ACU Library.
  8. ^ a b School of Historical Studies, Department of History. "Mercer House - Entry - eMelbourne - The Encyclopedia of Melbourne Online". www.emelbourne.net.au.
  9. ^ Report of the Council of Public Education for the Period 1st July, 1966 to 30th June, 1967 (PDF). The Council of Public Education, Victoria. July 1967. p. 8.
  10. ^ "Sale of the Melbourne Campus at Toorak". Deakin University. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
  11. ^ Report of the Council of Public Education for the Period 1st July, 1966 to 30th June, 1967 (PDF). The Council of Public Education, Victoria. July 1967. p. 9.
  12. ^ "Stonnington News". www.stonnington.vic.gov.au.
  13. ^ "Stonnington's local newspapers". www.stonnington.vic.gov.au.

Coordinates: 37°51′22″S 145°01′46″E / 37.856245°S 145.029563°E / -37.856245; 145.029563 (City of Stonnington)