Clay County
South side of the Clay County Courthouse (designed by Wight and Wight) in Liberty
South side of the Clay County Courthouse (designed by Wight and Wight) in Liberty
Clay County
Map of Missouri highlighting Clay County
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°19′N 94°25′W / 39.31°N 94.42°W / 39.31; -94.42
Country United States
State Missouri
FoundedJanuary 2, 1822
Named forHenry Clay
SeatLiberty
Largest cityKansas City
Area
 • Total409 sq mi (1,060 km2)
 • Land397 sq mi (1,030 km2)
 • Water11 sq mi (30 km2)  2.8%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total253,335
 • Estimate 
(2019)
249,948
 • Density620/sq mi (240/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts5th, 6th
Websitewww.claycountymo.gov

Clay County is located in the U.S. state of Missouri and is part of the Kansas City metropolitan area. As of the 2020 census, the county had a population of 253,335,[1] making it the fifth-most populous county in Missouri. Its county seat is Liberty.[2] The county was organized January 2, 1822, and named in honor of U.S. Representative Henry Clay from Kentucky, later a member of the United States Senate and United States Secretary of State.[3][4]

Clay County contains many of the area's northern suburbs, along with a substantial portion of the city of Kansas City, Missouri. It also owns and operates the Midwest National Air Center in Excelsior Springs.

History

Clay County was settled primarily from migrants from the Upper Southern states of Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia. They brought enslaved persons and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. Clay was one of several counties settled mostly by Southerners to the north and south of the Missouri River. Given their culture and traditions, this area became known as Little Dixie. In 1860, enslaved persons made up 25% or more of the county's population.[5]

The 1828 execution of Annice, a slave owned by Jeremiah Prior, was the first to occur in Clay County.[6] She was also the first female slave executed in the state of Missouri.[7]

Many members of the Latter Day Saint movement found refuge in Clay County in November 1833. In 1836, mobs and the Missouri State militia viciously drove the members of the church from the county.[8] Leaders of this church, most notably Joseph Smith, were imprisoned for some months in Clay County in the jail at Liberty. In May 2012, the LDS Church opened a Kansas City Missouri Temple six miles southwest of the Liberty Jail site at 7001 Searcy Creek Parkway in Kansas City, Missouri.[9]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 409 square miles (1,060 km2), of which 397 square miles (1,030 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (2.8%) is covered by water.[10] It is the fourth-smallest county in Missouri by area.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18305,338
18408,28355.2%
185010,38225.3%
186013,02325.4%
187015,56419.5%
188015,5710.0%
189019,85627.5%
190018,903−4.8%
191020,3027.4%
192020,4550.8%
193026,81131.1%
194030,41713.4%
195045,22148.7%
196087,47493.4%
1970123,32241.0%
1980136,48810.7%
1990153,41112.4%
2000184,00619.9%
2010221,93920.6%
2020253,33514.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2019[15]

As of the census[16] of 2010, 221,939 people, 72,558 households, and 50,137 families resided in the county. The population density was 558 people per square mile (216/km2). The 93,918 housing units averaged 236 per square mile (91/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.46% White, 5.18% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 2.05% Asian, 0.26% Pacific Islander, 1.77% from other races, and 2.75% from two or more races. About 5.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. As of the census[17] of 2000, 23.3% were of German, 14.5% American, 11.0% English, 10.8% Irish, and 5.6% Italian ancestry.

Of the 72,558 households, 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were not families. About 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was distributed as 25.80% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 32.30% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males.

In 2015 the median income for a household in Clay County was $62,099. The income per capita in Clay county was $29,793. [18]

In 2010 the median income for a household in the county was $48,347, and for a family was $56,772. Males had a median income of $40,148 versus $27,681 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,144. About 3.80% of families and 5.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.40% of those under age 18 and 5.50% of those age 65 or over.

Registered voters number 151,042.[19]

Education

Public schools

Private schools

Postsecondary

Libraries, archives, museums

Libraries

Archives

Museums

Politics

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Local

The three-person Clay County Commission oversees the issues of Clay County. The current makeup of the commissioners is two Republicans and one Democrat.

Clay County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Tracy Baldwin Republican
Auditor Victor S. Hurlbert Republican
Circuit Clerk Lee Bucksath Republican
County Clerk Megan Thompson Republican
Collector Lydia McEvoy Republican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Jerry Nolte Republican
Commissioner
(Eastern District)
Megan Thompson Republican
Commissioner
(Western District)
Jon Carpenter Democratic
Prosecuting Attorney Dan White Democratic
Public Administrator Sarah Mills Rottgers Republican
Recorder Katee Porter Republican
Sheriff Will Akin Republican
Treasurer Bob Nance Republican

State

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2020 51.38% 64,682 46.25% 58,224 2.36% 2,972
2016 48.97% 53,883 47.65% 52,429 3.37% 3,712
2012 41.53% 43,398 55.47% 57,962 3.00% 3,138
2008 38.64% 41,518 58.95% 63,341 2.40% 2,583
2004 46.70% 44,763 51.72% 49,573 1.58% 1,520
2000 46.57% 36,983 51.31% 40,747 2.12% 1,689
1996 34.29% 23,524 63.54% 43,593 2.18% 1,493

Clay County is divided into eight legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, five of which are held by Republicans and three by Democrats.

Missouri House of Representatives — District 8 — Clay County (2020)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Randy Railsback 1,657 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 8 — Clay County (2018)[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican James W. (Jim) Neely 1,102 67.94%
Democratic Caleb McKnight 518 31.94%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 8 — Clay County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican James W. (Jim) Neely 1,603 100.00% +25.52
Missouri House of Representatives — District 8 — Clay County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican James W. (Jim) Neely 686 74.48% +9.46
Democratic Ted Rights 235 25.52% -9.46
Missouri House of Representatives — District 8 — Clay County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican James W. (Jim) Neely 1,106 65.02%
Democratic James T. (Jim) Crenshaw 595 34.98%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 12 — Clay County (2020)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Josh Hurlbert 11,313 64.70%
Democratic Wade Hugh Kiefer 6,172 35.30%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 12 — Clay County (2018)[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kenneth Wilson 7,725 59.63%
Democratic Sandy Van Wagner 5,221 40.30%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 12 — Clay County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kenneth Wilson 8,930 60.90% -4.80
Democratic Sandy Van Wagner 5,307 36.19% +1.89
Libertarian Glenn Gustitus 427 2.91% +2.91
Missouri House of Representatives — District 12 — Clay County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kenneth Wilson 5,077 65.70% -34.30
Democratic Sandy Van Wagner 2,651 34.30% +34.30
Missouri House of Representatives — District 12 — Clay County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kenneth Wilson 11,540 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 14 — Clay County (2020)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Ashley Aune 508 64.63%
Republican Eric Holmes 278 35.37%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 14 — Clay County (2018)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Corlew 185 35.92% -10.05
Democratic Matt Sain 330 64.08% +10.05
Missouri House of Representatives — District 14 — Clay County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Corlew 211 45.87% -5.24
Democratic Martin T. Rucker II 249 54.13% +5.24
Missouri House of Representatives — District 14 — Clay County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Corlew 92 51.11% -0.41
Democratic Stephanie Isaacson 88 48.89% +0.41
Missouri House of Representatives — District 14 — Clay County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Ron Scheiber 204 51.52%
Democratic Eric Pendell 192 48.48%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 15 — Clay County (2020)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Maggie Nurrenbern 10,581 58.12%
Republican Steve West 7,624 41.88%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 15 — Clay County (2018)[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jon Carpenter 9,281 62.91%
Republican Steve West 5,411 36.68%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 15 — Clay County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jon Carpenter 12,835 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 15 — Clay County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jon Carpenter 5,541 100.00% +43.83
Missouri House of Representatives — District 15 — Clay County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jon Carpenter 9,294 56.17%
Republican Kevin Corlew 7,251 43.83%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 16 — Clay County (2020)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Chris Brown 15,638 57.48%
Democratic James Shackelford 11,567 42.52%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 16 — Clay County (2018)[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Noel J. Shull 10,771 55.11%
Democratic Tom Gorenc 8,746 44.75%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 16 — Clay County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Noel J. Shull 16,969 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 16 — Clay County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Noel J. Shull 7,010 100.00% +38.73
Missouri House of Representatives — District 16 — Clay County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Noel J. Shull 11,290 61.27%
Democratic Jim Sweere 7,138 38.73%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 17 — Clay County (2020)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Mark Ellebracht 10,497 55.61%
Republican Brandt Vircks 8,378 44.39%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 17 — Clay County (2018)[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Mark Ellebracht 8,649 56.58%
Republican Mary Hill 6,612 43.26%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 17 — Clay County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Mark Ellebracht 8,979 50.52% +0.92
Republican Mary Hill 8,146 45.83% -4.57
Libertarian Erik S. Buck 649 3.65% +3.65
Missouri House of Representatives — District 17 — Clay County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Mark Ellebracht 4,504 49.60% +0.22
Republican S. Nick King 4,576 50.40% -0.22
Missouri House of Representatives — District 17 — Clay County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Mark Ellebracht 8,500 49.38%
Republican Myron Neth 8,713 50.62%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 18 — Clay County (2020)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Wes Rogers 13,737 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 18 — Clay County (2018)[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Wes Rogers 8,358 56.87%
Republican Sarah Mills 6,316 42.98%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 18 — Clay County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Lauren Arthur 12,734 100.00% +43.80
Missouri House of Representatives — District 18 — Clay County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Lauren Arthur 4,284 56.20% -43.80
Republican Robert Rowland 3,339 43.80% +43.80
Missouri House of Representatives — District 18 — Clay County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jay Swearingen 12,694 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 38 — Clay County (2020)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Doug Richey 16,385 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 38 — Clay County (2018)[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Doug Richey 9,341 57.72%
Democratic Abby Zavos 6,823 42.16%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 38 — Clay County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican T.J. Berry 13,391 77.03% -22.97
Libertarian Brian Lautenschlager 3,993 22.97% +22.97
Missouri House of Representatives — District 38 — Clay County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican T.J. Berry 7,044 100.00% +40.65
Missouri House of Representatives — District 38 — Clay County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican T.J. Berry 10,215 59.35%
Democratic Kevin Morgan 6,997 40.65%

Clay County is divided into two districts in the Missouri Senate, both of which are held by Republicans.

Missouri Senate — Senate 12 — Clay County (2018)[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Dan Hegeman 12,666 63.50%
Democratic Terry Richard 7,253 36.36%
Missouri Senate — Senate 12 — Clay County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Dan Hegeman 9,718 100.00%
Missouri Senate — District 17 — Clay County (2020)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Lauren Arthur 51,690 53.38%
Republican Mickey Younghanz 45,141 46.62%
Missouri Senate — District 17 — Clay County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Ryan Silvey 51,262 61.26% +8.47
Democratic J. Ranen Bechthold 32,422 38.74% -8.47
Missouri Senate — District 17 — Clay County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Ryan Silvey 42,491 52.79%
Democratic Sandra Reeves 37,997 47.21%

Federal

U.S. Senate — Missouri — Clay County (2018)[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Claire McCaskill 48,096 49.43%
Republican Josh Hawley 45,947 47.22%
Independent Craig O'Dear 1,513 1.55%
Libertarian Japheth Campbell 1,117 1.15%
Green Jo Crain 523 0.54%
U.S. Senate — Missouri — Clay County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Roy Blunt 49,173 44.66% +8.24
Democratic Jason Kander 55,322 50.25% -5.05
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 3,507 3.19% -5.09
Green Johnatan McFarland 1,197 1.09% +1.09
Constitution Fred Ryman 896 0.81% +0.81
U.S. Senate — Missouri — Clay County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Todd Akin 37,967 36.42%
Democratic Claire McCaskill 57,654 55.30%
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 8,631 8.28%

Clay County is split between the 5th and 6th congressional districts of Missouri. The southern 30% of the county is represented by Emanuel Cleaver (D-Kansas City).

U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 5th Congressional District — Clay County (2020)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Emanuel Cleaver II 19,072 54.16%
Republican Ryan Derks 15,000 42.59%
Libertarian Robin Dominick 1,142 3.24%
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 5th Congressional District — Clay County (2018)[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Emanuel Cleaver II 16,101 56.42%
Republican Jacob Turk 11,381 39.88%
Libertarian Alexander Copeland 713 2.50%
Green Alexander Copeland 224 0.78%
Constitution E.C. Fredland 94 0.33%
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 5th Congressional District — Clay County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Emanuel Cleaver II 17,151 52.94% +8.73
Republican Jacob Turk 13,804 42.60% -7.67
Libertarian Roy Welborn 1,445 4.46% -1.06
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 5th Congressional District — Clay County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Emanuel Cleaver II 6,711 44.21% -10.50
Republican Jacob Turk 7,631 50.27% +8.99
Libertarian Roy Welborn 838 5.52% +1.51
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 5th Congressional District — Clay County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Emanuel Cleaver II 17,449 54.71%
Republican Jacob Turk 13,163 41.28%
Libertarian Randy Langkraehr 1,278 4.01%

The northern 70% of the county is represented by Sam Graves (R-Tarkio).

U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri’s 6th Congressional District — Clay County (2020)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sam Graves 52,532 59.00%
Democratic Gena L. Ross 34,575 38.83%
Libertarian Jim Higgiins 1,930 2.17%
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri’s 6th Congressional District — Clay County (2018)[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sam Graves 39,598 58.35%
Democratic Henry Robert Martini 26,440 38.96%
Libertarian Dan Hogan 1,777 2.62%
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri’s 6th Congressional District — Clay County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sam Graves 47,760 63.14% -1.00
Democratic David M. Blackwell 25,056 33.12% +1.70
Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 1,943 2.57% -1.87
Green Mike Diel 886 1.17% +1.17
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 6th Congressional District — Clay County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sam Graves 23,092 64.14% +1.12
Democratic Bill Hedge 11,311 31.42% -3.05
Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 1,599 4.44% +1.93
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 6th Congressional District — Clay County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sam Graves 44,573 63.02%
Democratic Kyle Yarber 24,385 34.47%
Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 1,777 2.51%

Clay County, like the rest of Missouri, has swung to the Republican Party in the 21st century, though the margins have been very close. In 2000, Al Gore famously won the county by one vote. The margins in favor of Republicans have only deepened as the social liberalism of the Democratic Party has cost them votes in white, rural states such as Missouri—though the county, holding Kansas City, is mainly suburban in culture and remains competitive. In 2016, Donald Trump won the county while Hillary Clinton failed to improve on Barack Obama's percentages with only 41% of the vote. Joe Biden, however, did improve on those margins, winning nearly 47% of the vote in 2020; Trump still carried the county by 4%.

United States presidential election results for Clay County, Missouri[23]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 64,605 51.04% 59,400 46.93% 2,564 2.03%
2016 57,476 51.70% 45,304 40.75% 8,390 7.55%
2012 56,191 52.99% 47,310 44.61% 2,542 2.40%
2008 54,516 49.55% 53,761 48.86% 1,748 1.59%
2004 51,193 53.07% 44,670 46.31% 597 0.62%
2000 39,083 48.75% 39,084 48.75% 2,006 2.50%
1996 28,935 41.85% 32,603 47.15% 7,609 11.00%
1992 23,798 31.40% 30,565 40.33% 21,415 28.26%
1988 30,293 50.26% 29,620 49.15% 357 0.59%
1984 36,529 61.79% 22,586 38.21% 0 0.00%
1980 28,521 50.65% 24,250 43.06% 3,543 6.29%
1976 24,962 47.71% 26,609 50.86% 744 1.42%
1972 33,017 69.43% 14,538 30.57% 0 0.00%
1968 19,643 44.48% 17,547 39.73% 6,972 15.79%
1964 13,997 36.84% 23,993 63.16% 0 0.00%
1960 18,955 52.26% 17,318 47.74% 0 0.00%
1956 13,436 49.69% 13,605 50.31% 0 0.00%
1952 13,043 50.95% 12,502 48.84% 53 0.21%
1948 6,408 35.01% 11,855 64.77% 41 0.22%
1944 6,724 43.53% 8,682 56.21% 40 0.26%
1940 6,159 38.83% 9,672 60.98% 30 0.19%
1936 4,491 31.89% 9,535 67.70% 58 0.41%
1932 3,117 24.71% 9,398 74.52% 97 0.77%
1928 5,584 49.92% 5,574 49.83% 27 0.24%
1924 2,998 31.69% 6,076 64.24% 385 4.07%
1920 2,804 30.75% 6,283 68.91% 31 0.34%
1916 1,307 24.83% 3,902 74.13% 55 1.04%
1912 592 12.47% 3,417 72.00% 737 15.53%
1908 1,166 24.63% 3,513 74.19% 56 1.18%
1904 1,077 26.70% 2,832 70.22% 124 3.07%
1900 921 20.04% 3,585 78.00% 90 1.96%
1896 924 18.25% 4,071 80.42% 67 1.32%
1892 738 16.73% 3,085 69.92% 589 13.35%
1888 1,103 22.62% 3,628 74.39% 146 2.99%


Communities

Cities and towns

Unincorporated communities

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 27, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 277.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 83.
  5. ^ T. J. Stiles, Jesse James: The Last Rebel of the Civil War, New York: Vintage Books, 2003, pp.10-11
  6. ^ "In 1828 a slave woman named Annice drowned two of her small children in a stream; she was put upon trial, convicted, and was hung in Liberty, August 23rd following, this being the first legal execution in the county." County History: Clay County, Missouri. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  7. ^ Frazier, Harriet C. (2001). Slavery and Crime in Missouri, 1773-1865. McFarland. p. 170. ISBN 9780786409778.
  8. ^ Jenson, Andrew. Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus-Christ of Latter-day Saints (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press, 1941) p. 144-145
  9. ^ "Kansas City Missouri LDS (Mormon) Temple". Ldschurchtemples.com. Retrieved July 10, 2013.
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
  15. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 25, 2011. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
  16. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  17. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  18. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/claycountymissouri/PST045216[dead link]
  19. ^ IT, Missouri Secretary of State -. "Registered Voters in Missouri". www.sos.mo.gov. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  20. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "North Kansas City Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Clay County 2020 Election Results" (PDF). Clay County Elections.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Clay County 2018 Election Results" (PDF). Clay County Elections.
  23. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 21, 2018.

Further reading

Coordinates: 39°19′N 94°25′W / 39.31°N 94.42°W / 39.31; -94.42