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Coldspring, New York
Coldspring is located in New York
Coordinates: 42°6′7″N 78°55′3″W / 42.10194°N 78.91750°W / 42.10194; -78.91750
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
 • TypeTown Council
 • Town SupervisorCathie H. Van Sickle (D, R)
 • Town Council
Members' List
 • Total52.02 sq mi (134.73 km2)
 • Land51.46 sq mi (133.29 km2)
 • Water0.55 sq mi (1.43 km2)
1,413 ft (431 m)
 • Total661
 • Estimate 
 • Density12.67/sq mi (4.89/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST)
ZIP code
14783 (Steamburg)
FIPS code36-009-16903

Coldspring is a town in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. As of the 2020 census it had a population of 661.[2] It is located in the southwest part of the county, west of the city of Salamanca.


The first settler arrived circa 1818. The Town of Coldspring was established in 1837 from a part of the town of Napoli. In 1847 and 1848, part of the town was added to the town of South Valley.

In 1965, the town of Coldspring voted 45–0 to annex the former town of Elko (also known as Quaker Bridge) after it was flooded in the Allegheny Reservoir and dissolved.[3] Elko had been formed in 1890 from part of the town of South Valley and is now the south part of Coldspring. Elko had first been settled by Quakers, acting as missionaries to the local natives in 1798 at the invitation of Cornplanter, a local Seneca diplomat. It currently has no permanent population, as virtually all of Elko's territory is now either under the reservoir or within the bounds of Allegany State Park. The absorption of Elko and relocation of former residents in the Reservoir's floodplain (including a 160-acre resettlement area for the Seneca) helped boost the town's population.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Coldspring has a total area of 52.0 square miles (134.7 km2), of which 51.5 square miles (133.3 km2) is land and 0.54 square miles (1.4 km2), or 1.06%, is water.[4]

The south town line is the boundary of Pennsylvania, and the Allegheny River, impounded as the Allegheny Reservoir, divides the town into northern and southern sections. Mount Tuscarora rises in the southern part of the town within Allegany State Park.

New York State Route 394 and Interstate 86 pass through the town.

Adjacent towns and areas

To the north is the town of Napoli. Coldspring shares its western border with the towns of South Valley and Randolph. The east border is formed by the towns of Salamanca and Red House. Corydon Township in McKean County, Pennsylvania, is at the south town line.


Historical population
2021 (est.)656[2]−0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 751 people, 278 households, and 205 families residing in the town. The population density was 14.6 people per square mile (5.6/km2). There were 371 housing units at an average density of 7.2 per square mile (2.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.20% White, 0.27% African American, 1.60% Native American, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.40% of the population.

There were 278 households, out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 18.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 27.0% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $31,063, and the median income for a family was $35,938. Males had a median income of $29,479 versus $16,458 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,568. About 10.2% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Coldspring


  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Bureau, US Census. "City and Town Population Totals: 2020-2021". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2022.
  3. ^ "Coldspring annexation of Elko set for Sept. 1". Unknown newspaper, possibly Salamanca Press. August 25, 1965.
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Coldspring town, Cattaraugus County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved October 23, 2014.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.