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One of the 17,000 workers at the Kombinat Robotron in the German Democratic Republic in 1987 working to produce typewriters

Combine (Russian: Комбинат, romanizedKombinat) is a term for industrial business groups, conglomerates or trusts in the former socialist countries. Examples include VEB Kombinat Robotron, an electronics manufacturer, and IFA, a manufacturer of vehicles, both in East Germany, and the Erdenet copper combine in Mongolia.


The model of the kombinat was an influence on the development of the Chinese danwei.[1]: 32 

See also


  1. ^ Russo, Alessandro (2019). "Class Struggle". In Sorace, Christian; Franceschini, Ivan; Loubere, Nicholas (eds.). Afterlives of Chinese Communism: Political Concepts from Mao to Xi. Acton, Australia: Australian National University Press. ISBN 9781760462499.