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Controlled Drugs and Substances Act
Parliament of Canada
CitationS.C. 1996, c. 19
Royal assent20 May 1996
Repeals
Narcotic Control Act, Food and Drugs Act
Amended by
Safe Streets and Communities Act, Cannabis Act
Status: Amended

The Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (French: Loi réglementant certaines drogues et autres substances) is Canada's federal drug control statute. Passed in 1996 under Prime Minister Jean Chrétien's government, it repeals the Narcotic Control Act and Parts III and IV of the Food and Drugs Act, and establishes eight Schedules of controlled substances and two Classes of precursors. It provides that "The Governor in Council may, by order, amend any of Schedules I to VIII by adding to them or deleting from them any item or portion of an item, where the Governor in Council deems the amendment to be necessary in the public interest."

The Act serves as the implementing legislation for the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, the Convention on Psychotropic Substances, and the United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances.

Amendments to the act

In November 2007, the Justice Minister Rob Nicholson introduced Bill C-26, which proposed a number of mandatory minimum penalties imposed on those who commit drug offences.

On 27 February 2009, Bill C-15, a re-introduction of C-26 received first reading in the second session of the 40th Parliament of Canada.[1] On 9 June 2009, the House of Commons passed Bill C-15 and it went to the Senate for study and approval. On 14 December 2009, the Senate passed Bill C-15, with some amendments, for approval by the House of Commons. When the Canadian Parliament dissolved in a prorogation on 31 January 2010, Bill C-15, along with all unpassed legislation then tabled before the Commons, fell.

Early in 2012, the next parliament passed the Safe Streets and Communities Act, which received Royal Assent in March. The final legislation sees changes made to four areas of the Act, outlining mandatory minimum sentences for offences relating to the trafficking and production of various controlled substances. Mandatory minimum sentencing does not apply to simple possession and trafficking in smaller amounts.[citation needed]

On 17 October 2018, the federal Cannabis Act came into effect, legalizing the possession, sale and production of cannabis. Everyone with a criminal record for cannabis possession became eligible to apply for a pardon on this date.[citation needed]

List of drugs

This section's factual accuracy is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help to ensure that disputed statements are reliably sourced. (May 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this message)

The list below reflects the list of drugs scheduled in Canada's Controlled Drugs and Substances Act.[2]

Schedule I

  1. Opium
  2. Codeine (methylmorphine)
  3. Morphine (7,8-didehydro-4,5-epoxy-17-methylmorphinan-3,6-diol)
  4. Thebaine (paramorphine)
    and the salts, derivatives and salts of derivatives of the substances set out in subitems (1) to (4), including:
  5. Acetorphine (acetyletorphine)
  6. Acetyldihydrocodeine (4,5-epoxy-3-methoxy-17-methylmorphinan-6-ol acetate)
  7. Benzylmorphine (7,8-didehydro-4,5-epoxy-17-methyl-3-(phenylmethoxy) morphinan-6-ol)
  8. Codoxime (dihydrocodeinone O-(carboxymethyl) oxime)
  9. Desomorphine (dihydrodeoxymorphine)
  10. Diacetylmorphine (heroin)
  11. Dihydrocodeine (4,5-epoxy-3-methoxy-17-methylmorphinan-6-ol)
  12. Dihydromorphine (4,5-epoxy-17-methylmorphinan-3,6-diol)
  13. Ethylmorphine (7,8-didehydro-4,5-epoxy-3-ethoxy-17-methylmorphinan-6-ol)
  14. Etorphine (tetrahydro-7α-(1-hydroxy-1-methyl-butyl)-6,14-endo-ethenooripavine)
  15. Hydrocodone (dihydrocodeinone)
  16. Hydromorphinol (dihydro-14-hydroxymorphine)
  17. Hydromorphone (dihydromorphinone)
  18. Methyldesorphine (Δ6-deoxy-6-methylmorphine)
  19. Methyldihydromorphine (dihydro-6-methylmorphine)
  20. Metopon (dihydromethylmorphinone)
  21. Morphine-N-oxide (morphine oxide)
  22. Myrophine (benzylmorphine myristate)
  23. Nalorphine (N-allylnormorphine)
  24. Nicocodine (6-nicotinylcodeine)
  25. Nicomorphine (dinicotinylmorphine)
  26. Norcodeine (N-desmethylcodeine)
  27. Normorphine (N-desmethylmorphine)
  28. Oxycodone (dihydrohydroxycodeinone)
  29. Oxymorphone (dihydrohydroxymorphinone)
  30. Pholcodine (3-[2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl]morphine)
  31. Thebacon (acetyldihydrocodeinone)
    but not including:
  1. Apomorphine (5,6,6a,7-tetrahydro-6-methyl-4H-dibenzo[de,g]quinoline-10,11-diol) and its salts
  2. Cyprenorphine (N-(cyclopropylmethyl)-6,7,8,14-tetrahydro-7α-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-6,14-endo-ethenonororipavine) and its salts
  3. Nalmefene (17-(cyclopropylmethyl)-4,5α-epoxy-6-methylenemorphinan-3,14-diol) and its salts
    1. Naloxone (4,5α-epoxy-3,14-dihydroxy-17-(2-propenyl)morphinan-6-one) and its salts
    2. Naltrexone (17-(cyclopropylmethyl)-4,5α-epoxy-3,14-dihydroxymorphinan-6-one) and its salts
    3. Methylnaltrexone (17-(cyclopropylmethyl)-4,5α-epoxy-3,14-dihydroxy-17-methyl-6-oxomorphinanium) and its salts
    4. Naloxegol (4,5α-epoxy-6α-(3,6,9,12,15,18,21-heptaoxadocos-1-yloxy)-17-(2-propenyl)morphinan-3,14-diol) and its salts
  4. Narcotine (6,7-dimethoxy-3-(5,6,7,8-tetra-hydro-4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3-dioxolos [4,5-g]isoquinolin-5-yl)-1(3H)-isobenzofuranone) and its salts
  5. Papaverine (1-[(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)methyl]-6,7-dimethoxyisoquinoline) and its salts
  6. Poppy seed
  1. Coca leaves
  2. Cocaine (benzoylmethylecgonine)
  3. Ecgonine (3-hydroxy-2-tropane carboxylic acid)
    but not including:
  4. 123l-ioflupane
  1. Allylprodine (3-allyl-1-methyl-4-phenyl-4-piperidinol propionate)
  2. Alphameprodine (α-3-ethyl-1-methyl-4-phenyl-4-piperidinol propionate)
  3. Alphaprodine (α-1,3-dimethyl-4-phenyl-4-piperidinol propionate)
  4. Anileridine (ethyl 1-[2-(p-aminophenyl)ethyl]-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate)
  5. Betameprodine (β-3-ethyl-1-methyl-4-phenyl-4-piperidinol propionate)
  6. Betaprodine (β-1,3-dimethyl-4-phenyl-4-piperidinol propionate)
  7. Benzethidine (ethyl 1-(2-benzyloxyethyl)-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate)
  8. Diphenoxylate (ethyl 1-(3-cyano-3,3-diphenylpropyl)-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate)
  9. Difenoxin (1-(3-cyano-3,3-diphenylpropyl)-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate)
  10. Etoxeridine (ethyl 1-[2-(2-hydroxyethoxy) ethyl]-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate)
  11. Furethidine (ethyl 1-(2-tetrahydrofurfury loxyethyl)-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate)
  12. Hydroxypethidine (ethyl 4-(m-hydroxyphenyl)-1-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylate)
  13. Ketobemidone (1-[4-(m-hydroxyphenyl)-1-methyl-4-piperidyl]-1-propanone)
  14. Methylphenylisonipecotonitrile (4-cyano-1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine)
  15. Morpheridine (ethyl 1-(2-morpholinoethyl)-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate)
  16. Norpethidine (ethyl 4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate)
  17. Pethidine (ethyl 1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate)
  18. Phenoperidine (ethyl 1-(3-hydroxy-3-phenylpropyl)-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate)
  19. Piminodine (ethyl 1-[3-(phenylamino)propyl]-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate)
  20. Properidine (isopropyl 1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate)
  21. Trimeperidine (1,2,5-trimethyl-4-phenyl-4-piperidinol propionate)
  22. Pethidine Intermediate C (1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate)
    but not including:
  1. Carbamethidine (ethyl 1-(2-carbamylethyl)-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate) and its salts
  2. Oxpheneridine (ethyl 1-(2-hydroxy-2-phenylethyl)-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate) and its salts
  1. Proheptazine (hexahydro-1,3-dimethyl-4-phenyl-1H-azepin-4-ol propionate)
    but not including:
  1. Ethoheptazine (ethyl hexahydro-1-methyl-4-phenyl-azepine-4-carboxylate) and its salts
  2. Metethoheptazine (ethyl hexahydro-1,3-dimethyl-4-phenylazepine-4-carboxylate) and its salts
  3. Metheptazine (methyl hexahydro-1,2-dimethyl-4-phenylazepine-4-carboxylate) and its salts
  1. Dimethylaminodiphenylbutanonitrile (4-cyano-2-dimethylamino-4,4-diphenylbutane)
  2. Dipipanone (4,4-diphenyl-6-piperidino-3-heptanone)
  3. Isomethadone (6-dimethylamino-5-methyl-4,4-diphenyl-3-hexanone)
  4. Methadone (6-dimethylamino-4,4-diphenyl-3-heptanone)
  5. Normethadone (6-dimethylamino-4,4-diphenyl-3-hexanone)
  6. Norpipanone (4,4-diphenyl-6-piperidino-3-hexanone)
  7. Phenadoxone (6-morpholino-4,4-diphenyl-3-heptanone)
  1. Acetylmethadol (6-dimethylamino-4,4-diphenyl-3-heptanol acetate)
  2. Alphacetylmethadol (α-6-dimethylamino-4,4-diphenyl-3-heptanol acetate)
  3. Alphamethadol (α-6-dimethylamino-4,4-diphenyl-3-heptanol)
  4. Betacetylmethadol (β-6-dimethylamino-4,4-diphenyl-3-heptanol acetate)
  5. Betamethadol (β-6-dimethylamino-4,4-diphenyl-3-heptanol)
  6. Dimepheptanol (6-dimethylamino-4,4-diphenyl-3-heptanol)
  7. Noracymethadol (α-6-methylamino-4,4-diphenyl-3-heptanol acetate)
  1. Dimenoxadol (dimethylaminoethyl 1-ethoxy-1,1-diphenylacetate)
  2. Dioxaphetyl butyrate (ethyl 2,2-diphenyl-4-morpholinobutyrate)
  3. Dextropropoxyphene ([S-(R*,S*)]-α-[2-(dimethylamino)-1-methylethyl]-α-phenylbenzeneethanol, propanoate ester)
  1. Diethylthiambutene (N,N-diethyl-1-methyl-3,3-di-2-thienylallylamine)
  2. Dimethylthiambutene (N,N,1-trimethyl-3,3-di-2-thienylallylamine)
  3. Ethylmethylthiambutene (N-ethyl-N,1-dimethyl-3,3-di-2-thienylallylamine)
  1. Dextromoramide (d-1-(3-methyl-4-morpholino-2,2-diphenylbutyryl)pyrrolidine)
  2. Diphenylmorpholinoisovaleric acid (2-methyl-3-morpholino-1,1-diphenylpropionic acid)
  3. Levomoramide (l-1-(3-methyl-4-morpholino-2,2-diphenylbutyryl)pyrrolidine)
  4. Racemoramide (d,l-1-(3-methyl-4-morpholino-2,2-diphenylbutyryl) pyrrolidine)
  1. Buprenorphine (17-(cyclopropylmethyl)-α-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4,5-epoxy-18,19-dihydro-3-hydroxy-6-methoxy-α-methyl-6,14-ethenomorphinan-7-methanol)
  2. Drotebanol (6β,14-dihydroxy-3,4-dimethoxy-17-methylmorphinan)
  3. Levomethorphan (l-3-methoxy-17-methylmorphinan)
  4. Levorphanol (l-3-hydroxy-17-methylmorphinan)
  5. Levophenacylmorphan (l-3-hydroxy-17-phenacylmorphinan)
  6. Norlevorphanol (l-3-hydroxymorphinan)
  7. Phenomorphan (3-hydroxy-17-(2-phenylethyl)morphinan)
  8. Racemethorphan (d,1-3-methoxy-17-methylmorphinan)
  9. Racemorphan (d,l-3-hydroxy-N-methylmorphinan)
    but not including:
  1. Dextromethorphan (d-1,2,3,9,10,10a-hexahydro-6-methoxy-11-methyl-4H-10,4a-iminoethano-phenanthren) and its salts
  2. Dextrorphan (d-1,2,3,9,10,10a-hexahydro-11-methyl-4H-10,4a-iminoethanophenanthren-6-ol) and its salts
  3. Levallorphan (l-11-allyl-1,2,3,9,10,10a-hexahydro-4H-10,4a-iminoethanophenanthren-6-ol) and its salts
  4. Levargorphan (l-11-propargyl-1,2,3,9,10,10a-hexahydro-4H-10,4a-iminoethanophenanthren-6-ol) and its salts
  5. Butorphanol (17-(cyclobutylmethyl)morphinan-3,14-diol) and its salts
  6. Nalbuphine (17-(cyclobutylmethyl)-4,5α-epoxymorphinan-3,6α, 14-triol) and its salts
  1. Phenazocine (1,2,3,4,5,6-hexahydro-6,11-dimethyl-3-phenethyl-2,6-methano-3-benzazocin-8-ol)
  2. Metazocine (1,2,3,4,5,6-hexahydro-3,6,11-trimethyl-2,6-methano-3-benzazocin-8-ol)
  3. Pentazocine (1,2,3,4,5,6-hexahydro-6,11-dimethyl-3-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-2,6-methano-3-benzazocin-8-ol)
    but not including:
  1. Cyclazocine (1,2,3,4,5,6-hexahydro-6,11-dimethyl-3-(cyclopropylmethyl)-2,6-methano-3-benzazocin-8-ol) and its salts
  1. Diampromide (N-[2-(methylphenethylamino)propyl] propionanilide)
  2. Phenampromide (N-(1-methyl-2-piperidino) ethyl) propionanilide)
  3. Propiram (N-(1-methyl-2-piperidinoethyl)-N-2-pyridylpropionamide)
  1. Clonitazene (2-(p-chlorobenzyl)-1-diethylaminoethyl-5-nitrobenzimidazole)
  2. Etonitazene (2-(p-ethoxybenzyl)-1-diethylaminoethyl-5-nitrobenzimidazole)
  3. Bezitramide (1-(3-cyano-3,3-diphenylpropyl)-4-(2-oxo-3-propionyl-1-benzimidazolinyl)-piperidine)
  1. Ketamine (2-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)cyclohexanone)
  1. Acetyl-α-methylfentanyl (N-[1-(α-methylphenethyl)-4-piperidyl] acetanilide)
  2. Alfentanil (N-[1-[2-(4-ethyl-4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-1H-tetrazol-1-yl)ethyl]-4-(methoxymethyl)-4-piperidyl]propionanilide)
  3. Carfentanil (methyl 4-[(1-oxopropyl)phenylamino]-1-(2-phenethyl)-4-piperidinecarboxylate)
  4. p-Fluorofentanyl (4′fluoro-N-(1-phenethyl-4-piperidyl) propionanilide)
  5. Fentanyl (N-(1-phenethyl-4-piperidyl) propionanilide)
  6. β-Hydroxyfentanyl (N-[1-(β-hydroxyphenethyl)-4-piperidyl] propionanilide)
  7. β-Hydroxy-3-methylfentanyl (N-[1-(β-hydroxyphenethyl)-3-methyl-4-piperidyl] propionanilide)
  8. α-Methylfentanyl (N-[1-(α-methylphenethyl)-4-piperidyl] propionanilide)
  9. α-Methylthiofentanyl (N-[1-[1-methyl-2-(2-thienyl) ethyl]-4-piperidyl] propionanilide)
  10. 3-Methylfentanyl (N-(3-methyl-1-phenethyl-4-piperidyl) propionanilide)
  11. 3-Methylthiofentanyl (N-[3-methyl-1-[2-(2-thienyl) ethyl]-4-piperidyl] propionanilide)
    1. Remifentanil (dimethyl 4-carboxy-4-(N-phenylpropionamido)-1-piperidinepropionate)
  12. Sufentanil (N-[4-(methoxymethyl)-1-[2-(2-thienyl)ethyl]-4-piperidyl] propionanilide)
  13. Thiofentanyl (N-[1-[2-(2-thienyl)ethyl]-4-piperidyl] propionanilide)
  1. Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), its salts, derivatives, isomers and analogues and salts of derivatives, isomers and analogues
  1. Amphetamine (α-methylbenzene-ethanamine)
  2. N-ethylamphetamine (N-ethyl-α-methylbenzeneethanamine)
  3. 4-methyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (STP) (2,5-dimethoxy-4,α-dimethylbenzeneethanamine)
  4. 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) (α-methyl-1,3-benzodioxole-5-ethanamine)
  5. 2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (2,5-dimethoxy-α-methylbenzene-ethanamine)
  6. 4-methoxyamphetamine (4-methoxy-α-methylbenzeneethanamine)
  7. 2,4,5-trimethoxyamphetamine (2,4,5-trimethoxy-α-methylbenzeneethanamine)
  8. N-methyl-3,4-methylenedioxy- amphetamine (N,α-dimethyl-1,3-benzodioxole-5-ethanamine)
  9. 4-ethoxy-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (4-ethoxy-2,5-dimethoxy-α-methylbenzeneethanamine)
  10. 5-methoxy-3,4-methylenedioxy- amphetamine (7-methoxy-α-methyl-1,3-benzodioxole-5-ethanamine)
  11. N,N-dimethyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (N,N, α-trimethyl-1,3-benzodioxole-5-ethanamine)
  12. N-ethyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (N-ethyl-α-methyl-1,3-benzodioxole-5-ethanamine)
  13. 4-ethyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOET) (4-ethyl-2,5-dimethoxy-α-methylbenzeneethanamine)
  14. 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxy-α-methylbenzeneethanamine)
  15. 4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxy-α-methyl-benzeneethanamine)
  16. 4-ethoxyamphetamine (4-ethoxy-α-methylbenzeneethanamine)
  17. Benzphetamine (N-benzyl-N,α-dimethylbenzeneethanamine)
  18. N-Propyl-3,4-methylenedioxy- amphetamine (α-methyl-N-propyl-1,3-benzodioxole-5-ethanamine)
  19. N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-α-meth-ylbenzeneethanamine
  20. N-hydroxy-3,4-methylenedioxy- amphetamine (N-[α-methyl-3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenethyl]hydroxylamine)
  21. 3,4,5-trimethoxyamphetamine (3,4,5-trimethoxy-α-methylbenzeneethanamine)
  1. Diphenidine (DEP) (1-(1,2-diphenylethyl)piperidine)
  2. Methoxphenidine (2-MeO-Diphenidine, MXP) (1-[1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-2-phenylethyl]piperidine)
  3. Ephenidine (NEDPA, EPE) (N-ethyl-1,2-diphenylethylamine)
  4. Isophenidine (NPDPA) (N-isopropyl-1,2-diphenylethylamine)
    but not including:
  1. Lefetamine ((-)-N,N-dimethyl-α-phenylbenzeneethanamine), its salts, derivatives and isomers and salts of derivatives and isomers
  1. Bromadoline (4-bromo-N-(2-(dimethylamino)cyclohexyl)benzamide)
  2. U-47109 (3,4-dichloro-N-(2-(dimethylamino)cyclohexyl)benzamide)
  3. U-48520 (4-chloro-N-(2-(dimethylamino)cyclohexyl)-N-methylbenzamide)
  4. U-50211 (N-(2-(dimethylamino)cyclohexyl)-4-hydroxy-N-methylbenzamide)
  5. U-77891 (3,4-dibromo-N-methyl-N-(1-methyl-1-azaspiro[4.5]decan-6-yl)benzamide)
  1. O-desmethyltramadol (3-[2-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-1-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol)
  2. N,O-didesmethyltramadol (3-[1-hydroxy-2-[(methylamino)methyl]cyclohexyl]-phenol)

Schedule II

  1. Synthetic cannabinoid receptor type 1 agonists, their salts, derivatives, isomers, and salts of derivatives and isomers — with the exception of any substance that is identical to any phytocannabinoid and with the exception of ((3S)-2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-(4-morpholinylmethyl)pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl)-1-naphthalenyl-methanone (WIN 55,212-3) and its salts — including those that fall within the following core chemical structure classes:
    1. Any substance that has a 2-(cyclohexyl)phenol structure with substitution at the 1-position of the benzene ring by a hydroxy, ether or ester group and further substituted at the 5-position of the benzene ring, whether or not further substituted on the benzene ring to any extent, and substituted at the 3’-position of the cyclohexyl ring by an alkyl, carbonyl, hydroxyl, ether or ester, and whether or not further substituted on the cyclohexyl ring to any extent, including
      1. Nabilone ((±)-trans-3-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)-6,6a,7,8,10,10a-hexahydro-1-hydroxy-6,6-dimethyl-9H-dibenzo[b,d]pyran-9-one)
      2. Parahexyl (3-hexyl-6,6,9-trimethyl-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6H-dibenzo[b,d]pyran-1-ol)
      3. 3-(1,2-dimethylheptyl)-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,6,9-trimethyl-6H-dibenzo[b,d]pyran-1-ol (DMHP)
      4. 5-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)-2-(5-hydroxy-2-(3-hydroxypropyl)cyclohexyl)phenol (CP 55,940)
      5. 5-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)-2-(3-hydroxycyclohexyl)phenol (CP 47,497)
    2. Any substance that has a 3-(1-naphthoyl)indole structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring, whether or not further substituted on the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted on the naphthyl ring to any extent, including
      1. 1-pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-018)
      2. 1-butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-073)
      3. 1-pentyl-3-(4-methyl-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-122)
      4. 1-hexyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-019)
      5. 1-(4-pentenyl)-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-022)
      6. 1-butyl-3-(4-methoxy-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-080)
      7. 1-pentyl-3-(4-methoxy-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-081)
      8. 1-(2-morpholin-4-ylethyl)-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-200)
      9. 1-pentyl-3-(4-ethyl-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-210)
      10. 1-pentyl-3-(2-methoxy-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-267)
      11. 1-[(N-methylpiperidin-2-yl)methyl]-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (AM-1220)
      12. 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (AM-2201)
      13. 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(4-methyl-1-naphthoyl)indole (MAM-2201)
      14. 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(4-ethyl-1-naphthoyl)indole (EAM-2201)
      15. ((3R)-2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-(4-morpholinylmethyl)pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl)-1-naphthalenyl-methanone (WIN 55,212-2)
    3. Any substance that has a 3-(1-naphthoyl)pyrrole structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the pyrrole ring, whether or not further substituted on the pyrrole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted on the naphthyl ring to any extent, including
      1. 1-pentyl-5-(2-fluorophenyl)-3-(1-naphthoyl)pyrrole (JWH-307)
    4. Any substance that has a 3-phenylacetylindole structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring, whether or not further substituted on the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted on the phenyl ring to any extent, including
      1. 1-pentyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (JWH-250)
      2. 1-pentyl-3-(2-methylphenylacetyl)indole (JWH-251)
      3. 1-pentyl-3-(3-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (JWH-302)
    5. Any substance that has a 3-benzoylindole structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring, whether or not further substituted on the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted on the phenyl ring to any extent, including
      1. 1-(1-methylpiperidin-2-ylmethyl)-3-(2-iodobenzoyl)indole (AM-2233)
    6. Any substance that has a 3-methanone(cyclopropyl)indole structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring, whether or not further substituted on the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted on the cyclopropyl ring to any extent, including
      1. (1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)-methanone (UR-144)
      2. (1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indol-3-yl)(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)-methanone (5F-UR-144)
      3. (1-(2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl)-1H-indol-3-yl)(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)-methanone (A-796,260)
    7. Any substance that has a quinolin-8-yl 1H-indole-3-carboxylate structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring, whether or not further substituted on the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted on the quinolin-8-yl ring to any extent, including
      1. 1-pentyl-8-quinolinyl ester-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid (PB-22)
      2. 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-8-quinolinyl ester-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid (5F-PB-22)
    8. Any substance that has a 3-carboxamideindazole structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indazole ring, whether or not further substituted on the indazole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted at the carboxamide group to any extent, including
      1. N-(adamantan-1-yl)-1-pentyl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AKB48)
      2. N-(adamantan-1-yl)-1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (5F-AKB48)
      3. N-(1-(aminocarbonyl)-2-methylpropyl)-1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AB-FUBINACA)
      4. N-(1-amino-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-pentyl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AB-PINACA)
    9. Any substance that has a 3-carboxamideindole structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring, whether or not further substituted on the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted at the carboxamide group to any extent, including
      1. N-(adamantan-1-yl)-1-fluoropentylindole-3-carboxamide (STS-135)
      2. N-(adamantan-1-yl)-1-pentylindole-3-carboxamide (APICA)

Schedule III

  1. Methylphenidate (α-phenyl-2-piperidineacetic acid methyl ester) and any salts, derivatives, isomers, and analogues and salts of derivatives, isomers, and analogues, including:
    1. Ethylphenidate (ethyl 2-phenyl-2-(piperidin-2-yl)acetate)
    2. Isopropylphenidate (isopropyl 2-phenyl-2-(piperidin-2-yl)acetate)
    3. Propylphenidate (propyl 2-phenyl-2-(piperidin-2-yl)acetate)
    4. 3,4-Dichloromethylphenidate (methyl 2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-(piperidin-2-yl)acetate)
    5. 4-Methylmethylphenidate (methyl 2-(4-methylphenyl)-2-(piperidin-2-yl)acetate)
    6. 4-Fluoromethylphenidate (methyl 2-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(piperidin-2-yl)acetate)
    7. Methylnaphthidate (methyl 2-(naphthalen-2-yl)-2-(piperidin-2-yl)acetate)
    8. Ethylnaphthidate (ethyl 2-(naphthalen-2-yl)-2-(piperidin-2-yl)acetate)
  2. Methaqualone (2-methyl-3-(2-methylphenyl)-4(3H)-quinazolinone) and any salt thereof
  3. Mecloqualone (2-methyl-3-(2-chlorophenyl)-4(3H)-quinazolinone) and any salt thereof 11
  4. LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) (N,N-diethyllysergamide) and any salt thereof
  5. DET (N,N-Diethyltryptamine) (3-[(2-diethylamino) ethyl]indole) and any salt thereof
  6. DMT (N,N-Dimethyltryptamine) (3-[(2-dimethylamino) ethyl]indole) and any salt thereof
  7. JB-336 (N-Methyl-3-piperidyl benzilate or LBJ) (3-[(hydroxydiphenylacetyl)oxy]-1-methylpiperidine) and any salt thereof
  8. Harmaline (4,9-dihydro-7-methoxy-1-methyl-3H-pyrido(3,4-b)indole) and any salt thereof
  9. Harmalol (4,9-dihydro-1-methyl-3H-pyrido(3,4-b)indol-7-ol) and any salt thereof
  10. Psilocin (3-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-4-hydroxyindole) and any salt thereof
  11. Psilocybin (3-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-4-phosphoryloxyindole) and any salt thereof
  12. PCE (N-(1-phenylcyclohexyl)ethylamine) and any salt thereof
  13. TCP (1-[1-(2-Thienyl) cyclohexyl]piperidine) and any salt thereof
  14. PCPr (1-Phenyl-N-propylcyclohexanamine) and any salt thereof
  15. Rolicyclidine (1-(1-phenylcyclohexyl) pyrrolidine) and any salt thereof
  16. Mescaline (3,4,5-trimethoxybenzeneethanamine) and any salt thereof, but not peyote (lophophora)
  17. 4-Methylaminorex (4,5-dihydro-4-methyl-5-phenyl-2-oxazolamine) and any salt thereof
  18. Cathinone ((-)-α-aminopropiophenone) and any salt thereof
  19. Fenetylline (d,l-3,7-dihydro-1,3-dimethyl-7-(2-[(1-methyl-2-phenethyl)amino]ethyl)-1H-purine-2, 6-dione) and any salt thereof
  20. Methcathinone (2-Methylamino-1-phenyl-1-propanone) and any salt thereof
  21. Benzylcyclidine (1-[1-(Phenylmethyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine) and any salt thereof
  22. 4-Methyl-PCP (1-[1-(4-Methylphenyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine) and any salt thereof
  23. [Repealed, SOR/2016-73, s. 1]
  24. [Repealed, 2012, c. 1, s. 46]
  25. [Repealed, 2012, c. 1, s. 46]
  26. Aminorex (4,5-dihydro-5-phenyl-2-oxazolamine) and any salt thereof
  27. Etryptamine (3-(2-aminobutyl)indole) and any salt thereof
  28. Lefetamine ((-)-N,N-dimethyl-α-phenylbenzeneethanamine) and any salt thereof
  29. Mesocarb (3-(α-methylphenethyl)-N-(phenylcarbamoyl)sydnone imine) and any salt thereof
  30. Zipeprol (4-(2-methoxy-2-phenylethyl)-α-(methoxyphenylmethyl)-1-piperazineethanol) and any salt thereof
  31. Amineptine (7-[(10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5-yl)amino]heptanoic acid) and any salt thereof
  32. BZP (Benzylpiperazine) (1-benzylpiperazine) and its salts, isomers and salts of isomers
  33. TFMPP (Trifluoromethylphenylpiperazine) (1-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine) and its salts, isomers and salts of isomers
  34. 2C-phenethylamines and their salts, derivatives, isomers and salts of derivatives and isomers that correspond to the following chemical description:
    any substance that has a 1-amino-2-phenylethane structure substituted at the 2' and 5' or 2' and 6' positions of the benzene ring by an alkoxy or haloalkoxy group, or substituted at two adjacent carbon atoms of the benzene ring which results in the formation of a furan, dihydrofuran, pyran, dihydropyran or methylenedioxy group—whether or not further substituted on the benzene ring to any extent, whether or not substituted at the amino group by one or two, or a combination of, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, hydroxyl, benzyl (or benzyl substituted to any extent) or benzylene (or benzylene substituted to any extent) groups and whether or not substituted at the 2-ethyl (beta carbon) position by a hydroxyl, oxo or alkoxy group—and its salts and derivatives and salts of derivatives, including:
  1. 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxy-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)phenethylamine (25B-NBOMe)
  2. 4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxy-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)phenethylamine (25C-NBOMe)
  3. 4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxy-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)phenethylamine (25I-NBOMe)
  4. 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxybenzeneethanamine (2C-B)

Schedule IV

  1. Allobarbital (5,5-diallylbarbituric acid)
  2. Alphenal (5-allyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid)
  3. Amobarbital (5-ethyl-5-(3-methylbutyl)barbituric acid)
  4. Aprobarbital (5-allyl-5-isopropylbarbituric acid)
  5. Barbital (5,5-diethylbarbituric acid)
  6. [Repealed, SOR/2017-13, s. 7]
  7. Butabarbital (5-sec-butyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid)
  8. Butalbital (5-allyl-5-isobutylbarbituric acid)
  9. Butallylonal (5-(2-bromoallyl)-5-sec-butylbarbituric acid)
  10. Butethal (5-butyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid)
  11. Cyclobarbital (5-(1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-5-ethylbarbituric acid)
  12. Cyclopal (5-allyl-5-(2-cyclopenten-1-yl)barbituric acid)
  13. Heptabarbital (5-(1-cyclohepten-1-yl)-5-ethylbarbituric acid)
  14. Hexethal (5-ethyl-5-hexylbarbituric acid)
  15. Hexobarbital (5-(1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-1,5-dimethylbarbituric acid)
  16. Mephobarbital (5-ethyl-1-methyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid)
  17. Methabarbital (5,5-diethyl-1-methylbarbituric acid)
  18. Methylphenobarbital (5-ethyl-1-methyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid)
  19. Propallylonal (5-(2-bromoallyl)-5-isopropylbarbituric acid)
  20. Pentobarbital (5-ethyl-5-(1-methylbutyl)barbituric acid)
  21. Phenobarbital (5-ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid)
  22. Probarbital (5-ethyl-5-isopropylbarbituric acid)
  23. Phenylmethylbarbituric acid (5-methyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid)
  24. Secobarbital (5-allyl-5-(1-methylbutyl)barbituric acid)
  25. Sigmodal (5-(2-bromoallyl)-5-(1-methylbutyl) barbituric acid)
  26. Talbutal (5-allyl-5-sec-butylbarbituric acid)
  27. Vinbarbital (5-ethyl-5-(1-methyl-1-butenyl)barbituric acid)
  28. Vinylbital (5-(1-methylbutyl)-5-vinylbarbituric acid)
    but not including:
  29. Barbituric acid (2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-pyrimidinetrione) and its salts
  30. 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid (1,3-dimethyl-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-pyrimidinetrione) and its salts
  1. Thialbarbital (5-allyl-5-(2-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2-thiobarbituric acid)
  2. Thiamylal (5-allyl-5-(1-methylbutyl)-2-thiobarbituric acid)
  3. Thiobarbituric acid (2-thiobarbituric acid)
  4. Thiopental (5-ethyl-5-(1-methylbutyl)-2-thiobarbituric acid)
  1. Alprazolam (8-chloro-1-methyl-6-phenyl-4H-s-triazolo[4,3-a][1,4] benzodiazepine)
  2. Bromazepam (7-bromo-1,3-dihydro-5-(2-pyridyl)-2H-1, 4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  3. Brotizolam (2-bromo-4-(o-chlorophenyl)-9-methyl-6H-thieno[3,2-f]-s-triazolo[4,3-a][1,4]diazepine)
  4. Camazepam (7-chloro-1,3-dihydro-3-(N,N- dimethylcarbamoyl)-1-methyl-5-phenyl-2H-1, 4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  5. Chlordiazepoxide (7-chloro-2-(methylamino)-5-phenyl-3H-1,4-benzodiazepine-4-oxide)
  6. Clobazam (7-chloro-1-methyl-5-phenyl-1H-1,5-benzodiazepine-2,4(3H,5H)-dione)
  7. Clonazepam (5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  8. Clorazepate (7-chloro-2,3-dihydro-2,2-dihydroxy-5-phenyl-1H-1,4-benzodiazepine-3-carboxylic acid)
  9. Cloxazolam (10-chloro-11b-(o-chlorophenyl)-2,3, 7,11b-tetrahydrooxazolo[3,2-d][1,4]benzodiazepin 6-(5H)-one)
  10. Delorazepam (7-chloro-5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  11. Diazepam (7-chloro-1,3-dihydro-1-methyl-5-phenyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  12. Estazolam (8-chloro-6-phenyl-4H-s-triazolo [4,3-a][1,4]benzodiazepine)
  13. Ethyl Loflazepate (ethyl 7-chloro-5-(o-fluorophenyl)-2,3-dihydro-2-oxo-1H-1,4-benzodiazepine-3-carboxylate)
  14. Fludiazepam (7-chloro-5-(o-fluorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-1-methyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  15. [Repealed, SOR/98-173, s. 2]
  16. Flurazepam (7-chloro-1-[2-(diethylamino) ethyl]-5-(o-fluorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  17. Halazepam (7-chloro-1,3-dihydro-5-phenyl-1-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  18. Haloxazolam (10-bromo-11b-(o-fluorophenyl)-2,3,7,11b-tetrahydrooxazolo[3,2-d][1,4]benzodiazepin-6(5H)-one)
  19. Ketazolam (11-chloro-8,12b-dihydro-2,8-dimethyl-12b-phenyl-4H-[1,3]-oxazino-[3,2-d][1,4] benzodiazepine-4,7(6H)-dione)
  20. Loprazolam (6-(o-chlorophenyl)-2,4-dihydro-2-[(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)methylene]-8-nitro-1H-imidazo[1,2-a][1,4]benzodiazepin-1-one)
  21. Lorazepam (7-chloro-5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-3-hydroxy-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  22. Lormetazepam (7-chloro-5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-3-hydroxy-1-methyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  23. Medazepam (7-chloro-2,3-dihydro-1-methyl-5-phenyl-1H-1,4-benzodiazepine)
    1. Midazolam (8-chloro-6-(o-fluorophenyl)-1-methyl-4H-imidazo[1,5-a][1,4]benzodiazepine)
  24. Nimetazepam (1,3-dihydro-1-methyl-7-nitro-5-phenyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  25. Nitrazepam (1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-5-phenyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  26. Nordazepam (7-chloro-1,3-dihydro-5-phenyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  27. Oxazepam (7-chloro-1,3-dihydro-3-hydroxy-5-phenyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  28. Oxazolam (10-chloro-2,3,7,11b-tetrahydro-2-methyl-11b-phenyloxazolo[3,2-d] [1,4]benzodiazepin-6(5H)-one)
  29. Pinazepam (7-chloro-1,3-dihydro-5-phenyl-1-(2-propynyl)-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  30. Prazepam (7-chloro-1-(cyclopropylmethyl)-1, 3-dihydro-5-phenyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
    1. Quazepam (7-chloro-5-(o-fluorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-1-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)-2H-1,4-benzodiazepine-2-thione)
  31. Temazepam (7-chloro-1,3-dihydro-3-hydroxy-1-methyl-5-phenyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  32. Tetrazepam (7-chloro-5-(cyclohexen-1-yl)-1,3-dihydro-1-methyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one)
  33. Triazolam (8-chloro-6-(o-chlorophenyl)-1-methyl-4H-s-triazolo[4,3-a][1,4]benzodiazepine)
    but not including:
  34. Clozapine (8-chloro-11-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-5H-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepine) and any salt thereof
  35. Flunitrazepam (5-(o-fluorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-1-methyl-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one) and any salts or derivatives thereof
  36. Olanzapine (2-methyl-4-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-10H-thieno[2,3-b][1,5]benzodiazepine) and its salts
  37. Clozapine N-oxide (8-chloro-11-(4-methyl-4-oxido-1-piperazinyl)-5H-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepine) and its salts
  1. Cathine (d-threo-2-amino-1-hydroxy-1-phenylpropane)
  1. Androisoxazole (17ß-hydroxy-17α-methylandrostano [3,2-c]isoxazole)
  2. Androstanolone (17ß-hydroxy-5α-androstan-3-one)
  3. Androstenediol (androst-5-ene-3ß,17ß-diol)
  4. Bolandiol (estr-4-ene-3ß,17ß-diol)
  5. Bolasterone (17ß-hydroxy-7α,17-dimethylandrost-4-en-3-one)
  6. Bolazine (17ß-hydroxy-2α-methyl-5α-androstan-3-one azine)
  7. Boldenone (17ß-hydroxyandrosta-1,4-dien-3-one)
  8. Bolenol (19-nor-17α-pregn-5-en-17-ol)
  9. Calusterone (17ß-hydroxy-7ß,17-dimethylandrost-4-en-3-one)
  10. Clostebol (4-chloro-17ß-hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one)
  11. Drostanolone (17ß-hydroxy-2α-methyl-5α-androstan-3-one)
  12. Enestebol (4, 17ß-dihydroxy-17-methylandrosta-1,4-dien-3-one)
  13. Epitiostanol (2α, 3α-epithio-5α-androstan-17ß-ol)
  14. Ethylestrenol (19-nor-17α-pregn-4-en-17-ol)
  15. 4-Hydroxy-19-nor testosterone (4-HO-Nandrolone)
  16. Fluoxymesterone (9-fluoro-11ß,17ß-dihydroxy-17-methylandrost-4-en-3-one)
  17. Formebolone (11α, 17ß-dihydroxy-17-methyl-3-oxoandrosta-1,4 di-en-2-carboxaldehyde)
  18. Furazabol (17-methyl-5α-androstano[2,3-c] furazan-17ß-ol)
  19. Mebolazine (17ß-hydroxy-2α,17-dimethyl-5α-androstan-3-one azine)
  20. Mesabolone (17ß-[(1-methoxycyclohexyl)oxy]-5α-androst-1-en-3-one)
  21. Mesterolone (17ß-hydroxy-1α-methyl-5α-androstan-3-one)
  22. Metandienone (17ß-hydroxy-17-methylandrosta-1,4-dien-3-one)
  23. Metenolone (17ß-hydroxy-1-methyl-5α-androst-1-en-3-one)
  24. Methandriol (17α-methylandrost-5-ene-3ß,17ß-diol)
  25. Methyltestosterone (17ß-hydroxy-17-methylandrost-4-en-3-one)
  26. Metribolone (17ß-hydroxy-17-methylestra-4, 9,11-trien-3-one)
  27. Mibolerone (17ß-hydroxy-7α,17-dimethylestr-4-en-3-one)
  28. Nandrolone (17ß-hydroxyestr-4-en-3-one)
  29. Norboletone (13-ethyl-17ß-hydroxy-18, 19-dinorpregn-4-en-3-one)
  30. Norclostebol (4-chloro-17ß-hydroxyestr-4-en-3-one)
  31. Norethandrolone (17α-ethyl-17ß-hydroxyestr-4-en-3-one)
  32. Oxabolone (4,17ß-dihydroxyestr-4-en-3-one)
  33. Oxandrolone (17ß-hydroxy-17-methyl-2-oxa-5α-androstan-3-one)
  34. Oxymesterone (4,17ß-dihydroxy-17-methylandrost-4-en-3-one)
  35. Oxymetholone (17ß-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethylene)-17-methyl-5α-androstan-3-one)
  36. Prasterone (3ß-hydroxyandrost-5-en-17-one)
  37. Quinbolone (17ß-(1-cyclopenten-1-yloxy) androsta-1,4-dien-3-one)
  38. Stanozolol (17ß-hydroxy-17-methyl-5α-androstano [3,2-c]pyrazole)
  39. Stenbolone (17ß-hydroxy-2-methyl-5α-androst-1-en-3-one)
  40. Testosterone (17ß-hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one)
  41. Tibolone ((7α,17α)-17-hydroxy-7-methyl-19-norpregn-5(10) en-20-yn-3-one)
  42. Tiomesterone (1α,7α-bis(acetylthio)-17ß -hydroxy-17-methylandrost-4-en-3-one)
  43. Trenbolone (17ß-hydroxyestra-4,9,11-trien-3-one)
  1. Pemoline (2-amino-5-phenyl-oxazolin-4-one) and any salt thereof
  1. Salvinorin A ((2S,4aR,6aR,7R,9S,10aS,10bR)-9-(acetyloxy)-2-(3-furanyl)dodecahydro-6a,10b-dimethyl-4,10-dioxo-2H-naphtho[2,1-c]pyran-7-carboxylic acid methyl ester)

Schedule V

(Sections 2, 5 to 7.1, 10, 55 and 60.1)

1996, c. 19, Sch. V; SOR/2002-361, s. 1; SOR/2003-32, s. 7; 2017, c. 7, s. 50.

Schedule VI (Precursors)

PART 1

Class A Precursors[notes 1]

PART 2

Class B Precursors[notes 2]

PART 3

Preparations and Mixtures

Schedule VII

[Repealed, 2018, c. 16, s. 205]

Schedule VIII

[Repealed, 2018, c. 16, s. 205]

Schedule IX

  1. Manual, semi-automatic or fully automatic device that may be used to compact or mould powdered, granular or semi-solid material to produce coherent solid tablets
  2. Manual, semi-automatic or fully automatic device that may be used to fill capsules with any powdered, granular, semi-solid or liquid material

Laws – Penalties

Possession

If tried as an indictable offence, the defendant is liable to:

Schedule I: Maximum 3 years' imprisonment
Schedule II: Maximum 2 years' imprisonment
Schedule III: Maximum 1 years' imprisonment
Schedule IV: It is not an indictable offence to possess a Schedule IV substance for personal use.

If tried as a summary conviction offence, the defendant is liable to:

Schedule I, II, or III: Maximum $1000 fine for the first offence and/or a maximum 6-month term of imprisonment, increasing to a maximum fine of $2000 for each subsequent offense and/or a maximum of 1 year in prison.
Schedule IV: It is not a summary offence to possess a Schedule IV substance for personal use.

Section (4), Subsection (2) of the CDSA reads that any person who obtains or who makes any attempt to obtain a Schedule I through IV substance from a physician without fully disclosing the details of any previous instances of obtaining a Schedule I through IV substance in the preceding thirty (30) days, a practice often referred to as "doctor shopping",[3] is guilty of a summary or indictable offense, as per Section (4), Subsection (7)(a) and (b).[4]

These drugs are considered lawful (and thus without penalty) if the person from whom the substance, precursor or property was seized came into possession of it lawfully and continued to deal with it lawfully, such as through a prescription by a prescribing practitioner.[5]

Trafficking/Possession for the Purpose of

If tried as an indictable offence, the defendant is liable to:

Schedule I or Schedule II: Maximum 4 years' imprisonment
Schedule III: Maximum 4 years' imprisonment
Schedule IV: Maximum 2 years' imprisonment

Or, if tried as a summary conviction, the defendant is liable to:

Schedule III: Maximum 9 months' imprisonment
Schedule IV: Maximum 6 months' imprisonment

Smuggling/Possession for the Purpose of Distribution

If tried as an indictable offence, the defendant is liable to:

Schedule I or Schedule II: Maximum 4 years' imprisonment

Schedule III or Schedule IV: Maximum 4 years' imprisonment
Schedule V or Schedule VI: Maximum 2 years' imprisonment

Or, if tried as a summary conviction, the defendant is liable to:

Schedule III or Schedule IV: Maximum 9 months' imprisonment
Schedule V or Schedule VI: Maximum 6 months' imprisonment

Production

If tried as an indictable offence, the defendant is liable to:

Schedule I or Schedule II: Maximum 4 years imprisonment

Schedule III: Maximum 4 years' imprisonment
Schedule IV: Maximum 2 years' imprisonment

Or, if tried as a summary conviction, the defendant is liable to:

Schedule III: Maximum 9 months' imprisonment
Schedule IV: Maximum 6 months' imprisonment

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Each Class A precursor includes synthetic and natural forms.
  2. ^ Each Class B precursor includes synthetic forms.

References

  1. ^ "Bill C-15: An Act to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act and to make related and consequential amendments to other Acts". Archived from the original on 5 June 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2009.
  2. ^ "Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (S.C. 1996, c. 19)". 30 November 2016. Archived from the original on 3 April 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  3. ^ "'Doctor shopping' is a 'daily problem' - New Hampshire". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
  4. ^ Branch, Legislative Services (31 August 2022). "Consolidated federal laws of canada, Controlled Drugs and Substances Act". laws-lois.justice.gc.ca. Archived from the original on 1 October 2015. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
  5. ^ Branch, Legislative Services (19 September 2019). "Consolidated federal laws of canada, Controlled Drugs and Substances Act". laws-lois.justice.gc.ca. Archived from the original on 3 March 2021. Retrieved 20 March 2021.