A cross moline
A cross moline

The cross moline (also cross anchory, French croix ancrée "anchor cross") is a Christian cross, constituting a kind of heraldic cross.

History

The name derives from its shape, which resembles a millrind, the iron clamp of the upper millstone, moline being the Old French for a mill. It is very similar to one of the varieties of the "fer de moline" heraldic charge (literal French: "iron of a mill"), the forked tips of which, however, circle out slightly more, akin to the "cross recercelee". It is borne both inverted and rebated, and sometimes "saltirewise" (i.e. in the form of a saltire).

The cross moline is associated with St. Benedict of Nursia. As a result, it is widely used as an emblem by the monks and nuns of the Order of St. Benedict, which he founded.[1]

Examples

Canting arms of Molyneux: Azure, a cross moline or
Canting arms of Molyneux: Azure, a cross moline or
Templar cross moline
Templar cross moline

Crosses moline appear most notably in the arms of the following:

References

  1. ^ Bayne, William Wilfrid OSB ChLJ, Dom. "An American Benedictine Armorial: Part One". Order of St. Benedict. Archived from the original on 2013-12-19. Retrieved 2013-08-23.

Sources

Further reading