This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (February 2020) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the German article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 8,682 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Orkan Quimburga]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|de|Orkan Quimburga)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Cyclone Quimburga
TypeEuropean windstorm
Extratropical cyclone
Formed11 November 1972[1]
DissipatedUnknown
Highest gust245 km/h (152 mph)[1]
Lowest pressure953 hPa (28.1 inHg)[2]
Fatalities54[3][4]
Areas affectedNewfoundland, British Isles, France, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Denmark, Poland

Cyclone Quimburga, also referred to as the Lower Saxony Storm[5] was a deadly European windstorm that struck northern and central Europe between 12–14 November 1972.[1] The storm has been described as one of the most devastating storm events during the 20th century.[5]

The storm developed over the UK where it caused some localised damage in the south, before moving across the North Sea where it underwent explosive cyclogenesis dropping from 969 hPa to 953 hPa.[6] This development was fuelled by the contrast between cold air in the parent low and the warm water of the North Sea.[6] The storm brought wind gusts of over 35 metres per second (130 km/h) to large areas of the Netherlands, with gusts over 40 m/s (140 km/h) across northern Germany.[6] The greatest damage was reported across the German state of Lower Saxony, after which it is known in German as the Lower Saxony storm.[6]

The storm destroyed the Königs Wusterhausen Central Tower, a 243 m (797 ft) communications tower to the southwest of Berlin [7] and the church steeple in Berlin-Friedrichshagen.

Damaged steeple of St. Christopher Church in Berlin-Friedrichshagen (Germany)
Damaged steeple of St. Christopher Church in Berlin-Friedrichshagen (Germany)

The courtyard of the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute headquarters in De Bilt features a representation of the pressure map of the Quimburga storm.[8]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Niedersachsen-Orkan 1972". Saevert. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
  2. ^ "De storm van 13 november 1972" (PDF) (in Dutch). KNMI. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  3. ^ "54 Dead as Gale Winds Rake Europe, British Isles". The Milwaukee Sentinel. 14 November 1972. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
  4. ^ "Storm 1972" (in Dutch). meteotuitjenhorn. Archived from the original on 21 May 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  5. ^ a b Donat, Markus G.; Gregor C. Leckebusch; Simon Wild; Uwe Ulbrich (9 December 2010). "Benefits and limitations of regional multi-model ensembles for storm loss estimations" (PDF). Climate Research. 44: 211–225. Bibcode:2010ClRes..44..211D. doi:10.3354/cr00891. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  6. ^ a b c d Holland, Peter (30 November 2017). "Starting with a Bang: Autumn Windstorms in Europe". www.rms.com. RMS Blog. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  7. ^ "Mittelturm Königs Wusterhausen". skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  8. ^ "Virtual tour: Look around at KNMI". KNMI. Archived from the original on 19 January 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2013.