Cypriot Turkish
Kıbrıs Türkçesi, Kıbrıs ağzı
Native toCyprus
RegionNorthern Cyprus
Native speakers
177,000
Altaic (disputed)
Latin
Official status
Official language in
Northern Cyprus
Language codes
ISO 639-1tr
ISO 639-2tur
ISO 639-3tur

Cypriot Turkish is a dialect of Turkish spoken by 177,000 people in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.

Sounds

Differences from Turkish

Cypriot Turkish is distinguished by a number of sound alternations not found in standard Turkish:

Standard Turkish kurt ↔ Cypriot Turkish gurd "worm"
Standard Turkish hiç ↔ Cypriot Turkish hiş "no, none"
Standard Turkish son ↔ Cypriot Turkish soñ "end, last"
Standard Turkish bin ↔ Cypriot Turkish biñ "thousand"

Consonants

Consonant phonemes
  Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Plosive p b t d     k g q ɢ    
Affricate         ʧ ʤ            
Fricative f v s z ʃ   x ɣ     h  
Nasal m n     ŋ        
Flap/Tap     r                
Lateral     l                
Approximant       j            

Vowels

front central back
unrounded rounded unrounded rounded unrounded rounded
high i y (ü)   ɯ (ı) u
mid e (

ẹ)||œ (ö)||colspan="2"| || ||o

low æ (e)   a  

Writing System

Cypriot Turkish is usually written as standard Turkish, using the Turkish latin alphabet. When it is necessary to express sounds not represented in the Turkish alphabet, the following symbols are used:

ḳ(q),

ġ(ɢ),

ḥ or

ḫ(x),

ñ(ŋ).

References