Diana Nyad
Nyad in 2016
Born
Diana Sneed

(1949-08-22) August 22, 1949 (age 74)
New York City, New York, U.S.[1]
EducationLake Forest College (BA)
New York University
Occupation(s)Author, journalist, swimmer
Known forChampionship swimming; endurance swimming; journalism; motivational speaking
Websitewww.diananyad.com

Diana Nyad /ˈnˌæd/ (née Sneed; born August 22, 1949) is an American author, journalist, motivational speaker, and long-distance swimmer.[2] Nyad gained national attention in 1975 when she swam around Manhattan (28 mi or 45 km) in record time, and in 1979 when she swam from Bimini, The Bahamas, to Juno Beach, Florida (102 mi or 164 km).[3]

She has written four books and articles for various publications, hosted the public radio program The Savvy Traveler, appeared on the television shows CBS News Sunday Morning and Dancing with the Stars, and been a long-time contributor to the public radio programs All Things Considered and Marketplace.

In 2013, on her fifth attempt and at age 64, she swam from Havana, Cuba, to Key West, Florida, a journey of 110 mi (180 km), allegedly completing the third known swim crossing of the Florida Straits after Walter Poenisch in 1978 and Susie Maroney in 1997. Both of those earlier efforts involved a shark cage and, in Poenisch's case, fins and several short rests on his escort craft.[4] Nyad used a protective jellyfish suit, shark divers, and electronic shark repellent devices, and claimed to have achieved an "unassisted" swim.[5][6] Her crossing from Cuba to Florida was not conducted under the supervision of an organized sporting association, and ratification of the accomplishment was later denied by the World Open Water Swimming Association (WOWSA) for various reasons including incomplete observer logs with a 9-hour undocumented gap in observations, conflicting crew reports, nearly a decade of delay in providing documentation to seek formal ratification, dubious claims about the rules followed for the swim, and "backdated and falsified documentation".[6][7] Guinness World Records initially certified Nyad's achievement, but revoked its certification after considering the findings by WOWSA.[8]

Her 2013 swim and partnership with athlete and businesswoman Bonnie Stoll were dramatized in the 2023 film Nyad, based on her 2015 memoir Find a Way.[8][9]

Early life and education

Nyad was born in New York City on August 22, 1949, to Lucy Winslow Curtis (1925–2007)[10] and stockbroker William L. Sneed Jr. Her mother was a great-granddaughter of Charlotte N. Winslow, the inventor of Mrs Winslow's Soothing Syrup, a popular morphine-based medicine for children's teething pain that was manufactured from 1849 until the 1930s.[11] She is also a great-grandniece of women's-rights activist Laura Curtis Bullard.[12]

The Sneeds divorced in 1952, after which Lucy Sneed married a man known as Aristotle Z. Nyad, who later was revealed to be Aris Notaras, an individual with multiple aliases.[13][14] Notaras, who had a complex history involving legal issues and a conviction for smuggling, adopted Diana following the marriage.[15][16][17][1] The family moved to Fort Lauderdale, Florida, where she began swimming seriously in seventh grade.

She was enrolled at the private Pine Crest School in the mid-1960s, swimming under the tutelage of Olympian and Hall of Fame coach Jack Nelson who, she has said, molested her beginning when she was age 14 and continued until she graduated from high school.[11][18][19] She has also said she learned several years later that another girl who trained under Nelson had also been molested, and said the two of them had brought their accusation to the headmaster of the school, but that no clear action was taken and Nelson resigned at the end of that school year.[20] She won two Florida state high school championships in the backstroke at 100 yards.[21] She dreamed of swimming in the 1968 Summer Olympics, but in 1966 she spent three months in bed with endocarditis, an infection of the heart,[22] and when she began swimming again she had lost speed.

After graduating from Pine Crest School in 1967, she entered Emory University, but was expelled for jumping out a fourth-floor dormitory window wearing a parachute.[23] She then enrolled at Lake Forest College in Illinois, where she resumed swimming, concentrating on distance events.[24] She soon came to the attention of Buck Dawson, director of the International Swimming Hall of Fame in Florida, who introduced her to marathon swimming. She began training at his Camp Ak-O-Mak in Magnetawan, Ontario and set a women's course record of 4 hours and 23 minutes in her first race, a 10-mile (16 km) swim in Lake Ontario in July 1970, finishing 10th overall.[25] After graduating from Lake Forest College in 1973 with a degree in English and French, Nyad then enrolled in a PhD program for Comparative Literature at New York University in 1973 and also pursued her marathon swimming career.

Career

Nyad has written four books:[26] Other Shores (1978) about her life and distance swimming, Basic Training for Women (1981) describing a physical fitness program for women, Boss of Me: The Keyshawn Johnson Story (1999) about NFL wide receiver Keyshawn Johnson, and Find a Way (2015) about her quest to swim across the Florida Straits. She has also written for The New York Times,[26] Newsweek, and other publications. Nyad and former professional racquetball player Bonnie Stoll formed a company called BravaBody which is aimed at providing online exercise advice to women over 40.[27]

Nyad succeeded Rudy Maxa as host of the public radio program The Savvy Traveler, produced by Minnesota Public Radio, in July 2001 and remained host until the show ended in 2004.[28]

Nyad was the subject of a short documentary "Diana" by the digital channel WIGS in 2012.[29][30] As of 2006, she was a (long-time) weekly contributor to the National Public Radio afternoon news show All Things Considered (appearing on Thursdays), as well as the "business of sport" commentator for the American Public Media public radio program Marketplace business news. She was also a regular contributor to the CBS News television show Sunday Morning.

An analysis of Nyad's ability to dissociate during her marathon swims was covered by James W. Pipkin.[31]

The documentary film The Other Shore was released in early 2013, some months before Nyad's swim from Cuba to Florida.[32] In her 1978 autobiography, Nyad described marathon swimming as a battle for survival against a brutal foe—the sea—and the only victory possible is to "touch the other shore".

Squash

Nyad played in the 1979 Women's World Open Squash Championship, where she lost in the first round to Swedish player Katarina Due-Boje. The same year, she was part of U.S. national team at the World Team Championships. They finished, without winning a match, as 6th.[33][34]

Distance swimming in the 1970s

Cuba to Florida swim attempts in 2011–2013

Nyad's Havana to Key West swimming routes since 1978

Preparations

By early January 2010 Nyad began training for a summer attempt to swim from Cuba to Florida, a distance of over 110 miles (180 km) which is the equivalent of five English Channel swims via the Strait of Dover.[37] Taking up residence in the Caribbean island of St. Maarten from January through June, she went for 8-, 10-, 12-, and 14-hour-long swims every other week. She then moved her training to Key West and, while waiting for favorable weather conditions, she embarked on a 24-hour swim. On July 10, she reserved a 35-foot fishing vessel to take her 40 miles (64 km) out to sea. At 8:19 AM she jumped overboard and began swimming back towards Key West, with the boat following her. At 8:19 AM the next day her handlers helped her back on board, still about 10 miles (16 km) from land: she said she felt "tired and dehydrated" but still "strong" and "easily able to swim another 20 hours without any problem."[38]

On July 10, 2010, at the age of 60, she began open water training in preparation for a 60-hour, 103-mile (166 km) swim from Cuba to Florida, a task she had failed to accomplish thirty years prior. When asked about her motivation, she answered "Because I'd like to prove to the other 60-year-olds that it is never too late to start your dreams." She was scheduled to make the swim in August/September 2010, but bad weather forced her to cancel; she rescheduled for July 2011.[39][40] In an October 15, 2010, interview with CNN, Nyad said she was trained and would be ready to swim by July 23,[41]

While training in St. Maarten, she sat for an interview that was published March 25, 2011, by the island's online news agency, The Daily Herald, remarking that "It's a large operation, like an expedition. We've got about 25 people, navigators, managers, boat crew, weather routers, medical people, shark experts, you name it. That's the time also when the water starts to get to its hottest. I need the hottest possible ocean. As soon as we hit the right forecast, we'll be off to Havana. We won't know the exact starting point probably until the night before. And we don't know exactly where landfall will be...I'd love to wind up in Key West, but it will depend on trajectory of the Gulf Stream."[42] Nyad estimated that the cost of her "expedition" was about $500,000.[40]

Nyad moved her training site from the Caribbean island of St. Maarten to Key West, Florida in June 2011. She was joined by key members of her support team on June 28, to wait for ideal weather conditions that typically occur only during the summer doldrums in July and August. For the marathon swim to be feasible, two main weather conditions needed to come together at the same time: a combination of low-to-light winds (to minimize sea chop), and water temperatures in the high 80s °F (high 20s/low 30s °C). These relatively "high" water temperatures produce a twin challenge: in the first half of her swim, the warm water would dehydrate her body, while in the second half, her body temperature would drop and she would face potential hypothermia. Nyad had bulked up her physique to about 150 pounds/70 kg (15 pounds/7 kg more than she weighed in 2010) to help counter the loss of body mass during her grueling swim.

Nyad was to be escorted by a paddler in a kayak equipped with an electronic shark repellent known as a Shark Shield.[43][44]

To keep Nyad swimming in a straight line, her specially designed, slow-moving catamaran support boat deployed a 10-foot (3.0 m) streamer: a long pole keeps the streamer several yards away from the boat, and the streamer was designed to remain about 5 feet underwater, so that Nyad can swim above it, much like following a lane line in a swimming pool. At night, the white streamer was replaced by a string of red LED lights.[45] Writing in her blog in July 2011, Nyad stated that the development of the submerged guide streamer, in early summer 2011, may be the single greatest aid to her marathon swim. In all of her previous swims, she had trouble keeping the support boat in sight and was prone to veer off-course. Keeping a boat headed in a straight line, in the ocean, while moving at only 1 to 2 knots is very difficult, and her catamaran was equipped with thrusters and a special sea anchor (in case of following seas) to stabilize its course.

Several experts who attended the 2011 Global Open Water Swimming Conference in New York City on June 17–19, 2011, expressed their strong belief that Nyad had both the physical ability and the positive mental stamina to be able to complete the Cuba-to-Florida swim.[46] However, a record stretch of high winds and dropping water temperatures prevented her from making the attempt at the time.

Second attempt

Thirty-three years after her first attempt in 1978, Nyad entered the water again at Havana on August 7, 2011, at 7:45PM, with a CNN news team on board her support ship to provide live coverage of her swim, which involved electronic "Shark Shields" but no shark cage.[47] Nyad stopped her attempt early in the morning on August 9 at 12:45AM after 29 hours in the water, after encountering strong currents and winds that pushed her miles off course to the east. Nyad also said she had been suffering shoulder pain since her third hour in the water, but what made her abandon the effort was a flare-up of her asthma, such that, throughout the final hour, she could only swim a few strokes before repeatedly having to roll on her back to catch her breath.

Third attempt

On September 23, 2011, Nyad began a third attempt at the Cuba-to-Florida swim, again without a shark cage, but stopped after 41 hours, about 67 nautical miles (124 km) through the 103 nautical miles (191 km) passage, because of jellyfish and Portuguese man-of-war stings and after currents pushed her off course.[48] Nyad's October 2011 TED talk described how box jellyfish stings on her forearm and neck caused respiratory distress that eventually caused the swim to end.[49]

Fourth attempt

On August 18, 2012, Nyad began her fourth attempt, without a protective shark cage.[50] Nyad and her team ended the swim at 12:55 a.m. on August 21, 2012, reportedly because of two storms and nine jellyfish stings, after having covered more distance than her three previous attempts.[50]

Fifth attempt

On the morning of August 31, 2013, Nyad began her fifth bid to swim from Havana, Cuba, to Florida, a distance of about 110 miles (180 km), accompanied by a 35-person support team, swimming without a shark cage[51] but protected from jellyfish by a silicone mask, a full bodysuit, gloves and booties.[52] She was also accompanied by vessels using electronic 'Shark Shield' deterrent devices, and at times by shark divers.[6] At approximately 1:55 pm EDT on September 2, 2013, Nyad reached the beach in Key West, about 53 hours after she began her journey.[3][52]

While not directly questioning the authenticity of her story, some skeptics, including experienced marathon swimmers, requested the swim's GPS history, surface current, weather, and Nyad's eating and drinking data.[53][54] The swim's published GPS data were analyzed and graphed on September 8 by The New York Times.[55] After Nyad's September 10 response to questions and her publishing path data and notes from her navigator and two observers, a University of Miami oceanography professor, Tamay Ozgokmen, confirmed the navigator's statement that favorable Gulf Stream currents explained Nyad's apparently incredible total velocity during certain portions of the swim.[56] On September 10, 2013, Nyad appeared on The Ellen DeGeneres Show explaining that while she swims she remembers Stephen Hawking books, sings, counts numbers, and has vivid hallucinations of The Wizard of Oz and the yellow brick road.[57] On September 12, 2013, Nyad said, "We swam fair and square, squeaky clean across that thing".[58] The New York Times public editor observed on September 19 that the focus had shifted from serious questions about possibly resting aboard a boat, to more technical issues relating to whether her crew members touching her, and her wearing a protective suit, rendered the swim "assisted".[59] Nyad has expressed her belief that wearing the jellyfish-protection suit was a life-and-death measure that for her superseded the traditions of the sport.[56]

Her crossing from Cuba to Florida has never been formally ratified due to the lack of independent observers and incomplete records. In 2022 the World Open Water Swimming Association (WOWSA) issued a comprehensive report, updated in 2023, amassing a trove of information available detailing Nyad's 2013 crossing.[6] In September 2023, WOWSA renewed an investigation into her 2013 swim and once again declined to certify the swim. This further investigation considered assertions and documentation purporting that the swim had been completed using the rules and procedures of an organization called the Florida Straits Open Water Swimming Association (FSOWSA), but the organization and its alleged rules did not exist at the time of the swim. Additionally, the observer logs for the swim were incomplete, with over 9 hours of the critical overnight period undocumented, and there were conflicting accounts from crew members regarding events that transpired during these hours.[7] Guinness World Records revoked their initial recognition of Nyad's swim as a certified world record.[8]

October 2013 charity swim

From October 8 to 10, 2013, Nyad participated in "Swim for Relief" by doing a 48-hour continuous swim in New York City's Herald Square in a specially constructed, 120-foot long, two lane pool.[60] It raised $105,001.00[61] for AmeriCares to benefit the victims of Hurricane Sandy.[26][60]

Dancing with the Stars performances

On March 4, 2014, Nyad was announced as one of the celebrities to compete on the 18th season of Dancing with the Stars, in which she finished in last place. She was partnered with professional dancer Henry Byalikov.[62]

Week # Dance/song Judges' score Result
Inaba Goodman Tonioli
1 Foxtrot / "Beyond the Sea" 6 6 6 No Elimination
2 Cha-cha-cha / "Move Your Feet" no score given Eliminated

Other media appearances

In 1989, Nyad was a guest correspondent on an episode of Unsolved Mysteries about Alcatraz. She assisted on a segment that detailed real-life, current reenactments of both kayakers and a swimmer attempting to traverse San Francisco Bay.[63]

Nyad appeared in the Macy Gray music video for the song "Bang, Bang" in 2014.[64]

Also in 2014, Nyad performed a solo play (which she had also written) called Onward – The Diana Nyad story, which premiered that year at the NoHo Arts Centre Theater in Los Angeles, directed by Josh Ravetch.[65][66]

Controversy

Investigations over 2013 swim

As discussed above, Nyad's 2013 crossing from Cuba to Florida has never been formally ratified due to the lack of independent observers, incomplete records, and other irregularities. WOWSA issued extensive reports on the matter, and Guinness World Records revoked its initial certification of the swim as a world record.[67][8]

In September 2023, WOWSA renewed its investigation into her swim and again declined to certify it. Remarking on the upcoming release of a film that dramatizes the event, WOWSA said "It is important for viewers to understand that this film is based on Diana Nyad's book, which has not been rigorously fact-checked."[68][8] WOWSA was also critical of actions previously taken by Steven Munatones, the former owner and founder of WOWSA, saying "His shifting roles have contributed to a decade-long controversy surrounding Nyad's swim".[8]

Embellishment allegations

Retired marathon swimmer Daniel Slosberg accused Nyad of having a long history of embellishing her accomplishments, usually self-servingly.[69] In 2023 she responded by admitting to the Los Angeles Times: "Am I embarrassed to have inflated my own record when my record is pretty good on its own? Yes, it makes me cringe."[70]

"Maybe I had too much hubris, she said, "like, 'I don't need to prove this to anybody.' That's my bad".[70]

Accolades

Nyad was inducted into the United States National Women's Sports Hall of Fame in 1986. She is also an International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame Honoree (1978) and an ISHOF Al Schoenfield Media Award recipient (2002).[71] She is a Hall of Famer at her Lake Forest College in Illinois and at Pine Crest School in Fort Lauderdale.[72]

2014

2015

Personal life

Nyad has said that overcoming her childhood sexual abuse was a factor in her determination while swimming,[81][82][83][84] and she has spoken publicly about this issue.[85][18]

In popular culture

Annette Bening portrayed Nyad in 2023's Nyad, directed by Elizabeth Chai Vasarhelyi and Jimmy Chin. When questioned in relation to the accuracy and controversy surrounding Nyad's Cuba-to-Florida swim, Vasarhelyi responded "Our film is not about a record [...] It's about how a woman woke up at 60 and realized she wasn't finished, even though the world may be finished with her."[86] Bening was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance as Nyad.[87]

References

  1. ^ a b Duncan, Joyce (2002). "Diana Sneed Nyad". Ahead of Their Time: A Biographical Dictionary of Risk-Taking women. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing. pp. 245–247. ISBN 978-1-280-90869-9. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
  2. ^ Garcia, Anne-Marie (September 2, 2013). "Diana Nyad completes Cuba-Florida swim". USA Today. Associated Press.
  3. ^ a b "Nyad 1st to Swim to Florida From Cuba Without Cage". The New York Times. Associated Press. September 2, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2013.[dead link]
  4. ^ Lost at Sea: Walter Poenisch, his Cuba-to-Florida swim, and his stolen honor
  5. ^ Alvarez, Lizette (September 2, 2013). "Nyad Completes Cuba-to-Florida Swim". The New York Times.
  6. ^ a b c d Vlasto, Tima (2022). "The Diana Nyad Cuba-Florida Swim 2013 Report". World Open Water Swimming Association. Retrieved September 9, 2023. (with addendum dated September 2023)
  7. ^ a b "WOWSA Advisory Board's Decision on Diana Nyad's 2013 Cuba to Florida Swim". World Open Water Swimming Association. Retrieved September 9, 2023.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "'Nyad' on Netflix: The Swim, The Scandal, The Silence". World Open Water Swimming Association (Press release). August 21, 2023.
  9. ^ Nyad at IMDb Edit this at Wikidata
  10. ^ U.S. Social Security Death Index, accessed online on February 16, 2014
  11. ^ a b Ariel Levy (February 10, 2014). "Breaking the Waves". The New Yorker. p. 29. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
  12. ^ "Diana Nyad: American Author, Journalist, and Long-distance Swimmer | Lesley University". lesley.edu. Retrieved March 4, 2024.
  13. ^ "Unsympathetic Police Bag Alleged Air Hero". Daily News. Los Angeles, Calif. January 14, 1943.
  14. ^ Kolivas, F. (May 28, 2015). "1948: Η ανώμαλη προσγείωση ενός αεροπλάνου στη Γύρα Και η αποκάλυψη μιας υπόθεσης λαθρεμπορίου χρυσού και συναλλάγματος που συγκλόνισε το πανελλήνιο" [1948: The Rough Landing of an Airplane in Gyra And the Revelation of a Smuggling Case of Gold and Currency that Shocked the Nation]. Λευκαδίτικα Νέα (in Greek). Retrieved November 14, 2023.
  15. ^ "Greeks Try 26 for Smuggling". The Stars and Stripes. January 28, 1949. p. 3.
  16. ^ "Greek Court Levies $2,450,000 in Fines on 25 Smugglers". The Stars and Stripes. February 3, 1949.
  17. ^ "Aris Z. Nyad and Mrs. Sneed Wed in Arizona". The Palm Beach Post. December 3, 1953. p. 20.
  18. ^ a b Nyad, Diana (November 9, 2017). "Opinion | Diana Nyad: My Life After Sexual Assault". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
  19. ^ Chavez, Chris (November 9, 2017). "Diana Nyad opens up about sexual assault". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved March 4, 2024.
  20. ^ Harrell, Ashley. "Jack and Diana" Archived October 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Broward-Palm Beach New Times, June 14, 2004. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
  21. ^ "Florida High School Athletic Association" (PDF). fhsaa.com. Retrieved April 23, 2024.
  22. ^ Osinski, Alison. "Diana Nyad, 1949–" (PDF). Aquatic Consulting Services. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
  23. ^ "Al Shoenfield Media Award – 2002 Diana Nyad". International Swimming Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 27, 2021.[dead link]
  24. ^ Thuma, Cynthia A. (2007). "Diana Nyad". Sport Lauderdale: Big Names and Big Games: A Sports Enthusiast's Guide to Broward County, Florida. Charleston, SC: The History Press. p. 62. ISBN 9781596291454. Retrieved May 15, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  25. ^ "Diana Nyad first woman, 10th overall, in Hamilton 10-miler". Fort Lauderdale News. July 27, 1970. p. 44. Retrieved April 23, 2024.
  26. ^ a b c d Harnick, Chris (March 4, 2014). "Diana Nyad on Dancing With the Stars: Will Swimming With Sharks Prepare Her for the Dance Floor?". Eonline. Archived from the original on April 9, 2014.
  27. ^ "Find A Way – Diana Nyad". Conacher Rosenfeld. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
  28. ^ "Say hello to Savvy Traveler host Diana Nyad..." Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
  29. ^ "'Diana', A WIGS Real documentary now playing!". Diana Nyad. Archived from the original on August 14, 2012. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
  30. ^ "Diana: A Documentary". WIGS Unscripted. 2013 – via YouTube.
  31. ^ Pipkin, James W (2008). Sporting Lives: Metaphor and Myth in American Sports Autobiographies. Columbia: University of Missouri Press. pp. 90–92. ISBN 9780826266415. Retrieved May 1, 2013.
  32. ^ King, Susan (July 18, 2013). "Outfest 2013: Diana Nyad swims to 'The Other Shore'". Los Angeles Times.
  33. ^ "$4,750 Women's Pretty Polly World Open 1979, Abbeydale Park Squash Club, Sheffield, England". Retrieved November 27, 2023.
  34. ^ "Women's Prodorite World Team Championship 1979, Edgbaston Priory Club, Birmingham, England". Retrieved November 27, 2023.
  35. ^ a b "Woman Swimmer Circles Manhattan on Her Second Attempt". The New York Times. October 7, 1975.
  36. ^ The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives: Sports Figures Vol. 2, edited by Arnie Markoe (New York: 2002)
  37. ^ "Diana Nyad Breaks the Waves". New Yorker. Retrieved November 14, 2023.
  38. ^ Matt Sloane (October 15, 2010). "Nyad delays attempt to break distance-swim record". CNN.
  39. ^ "Diana Nyad: Swimming the Dream". KCRW. July 2010. Archived from the original on September 26, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
  40. ^ a b Alvarez, Lizette (July 18, 2011). "Swimming With the Sharks, for 103 Miles". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2011.
  41. ^ "CNN.com - Transcripts". transcripts.cnn.com. Retrieved March 4, 2024.
  42. ^ Luckock, Robert (March 25, 2011). "Marathon swimmer poised for Cuba-Florida attempt". The Daily Herald. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved March 27, 2021.
  43. ^ "Shark". Diana Nyad Xtreme Dream. October 13, 2011. Archived from the original on March 27, 2012. Retrieved March 27, 2021.
  44. ^ "Historic 103-mile swim aided by electric shark shield". CNET. Retrieved March 5, 2024.
  45. ^ Yahoo! Sports, July 15, 2011, "World Record Holder Diana Nyad Set to Conquer Sharks, Distance and Time". Retrieved July 18, 2011.
  46. ^ "Can Diana Nyad Make from Cuba to Florida?". The Daily News of Open Water Swimming. July 14, 2011.
  47. ^ Sloane, Matt (August 8, 2011). "Nyad: Today's swim shows 60s not too late for goals". CNN.
  48. ^ "Jellyfish, currents cut short Cuba-to-Florida swim". CNN. September 26, 2011.
  49. ^ Diana Nyad (October 2011). "Extreme swimming with the world's most dangerous jellyfish". TED. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
  50. ^ a b Schilken, Chuck (August 21, 2012). "Diana Nyad ends her latest attempt to swim from Cuba to Florida". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
  51. ^ "Woman to brave sharks, jellyfish and storms in final Cuba-Florida swim attempt". The Washington Times. August 31, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
  52. ^ a b "US swimmer Diana Nyad, 64, makes historic Cuba-Florida crossing". BBC News. September 2, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
  53. ^ Skeptics question Diana Nyad's swim (1'36" video clip). CNN. September 9, 2013.
  54. ^ Holpuch, Amanda (September 10, 2013). "Skeptics debate the conditions of Diana Nyad's record swim from Cuba". The Guardian. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  55. ^ "A Swimmer's Path and a Derived Pace". The New York Times. September 8, 2013. Archived from the original on October 18, 2013. Contains graph depicting path and speed based on GPS data provided by Nyad's website developer Chris Moschini.
  56. ^ a b "Diana Nyad defends Cuba-to-Florida swim as skeptics question use of gear". The Guardian. Associated Press. September 11, 2013. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013.
  57. ^ Next Post » Diana Nyad on Her Mask. "Diana Nyad on How She Did It". The Ellen DeGeneres Show. Archived from the original on October 15, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  58. ^ "Diana Nyad to critics of her Cuba-Florida record-making swim: 'No one's going to take our joy and our moment'". CNN. September 12, 2013. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  59. ^ Sullivan, Margaret, ed. (September 19, 2013). "With a Swimmer's Honesty Questioned, The Times Should Follow Up". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 18, 2013.
  60. ^ a b "Nyad Swim for Relief". Huffington Post. October 7, 2013. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
  61. ^ "Nyad ends NY swim, raises $105K for Sandy victims". MyFoxNY. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
  62. ^ "Dancing With the Stars Cast Revealed! Cody Simpson, Nene Leakes and James Maslow Are Among the Names—See the Full List!". E! Online. March 4, 2014.
  63. ^ "Diana Nyad". IMDB. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  64. ^ Bendix, Trish (July 29, 2014). "Morning Brew – Diana Nyad stars in Macy Gray's very lesbian music video". AfterEllen.com. Archived from the original on July 29, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2021.
  65. ^ "Global Truth Center". Archived from the original on August 25, 2014. Retrieved August 8, 2014.
  66. ^ a b Bendix, Trish (December 26, 2014). "Diana Nyad had the best year ever". AfterEllen.com. Archived from the original on December 31, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2021.
  67. ^ "Diana Nyad's Most Controversial Swim Inspired the New Netflix Movie Nyad". Biography. November 3, 2023. Retrieved November 3, 2023.
  68. ^ Walsh, Savannah (October 18, 2023). "Diana Nyad's Swimming-World Controversy Meets Oscar-Season Scrutiny". Vanity Fair. Retrieved November 3, 2023.
  69. ^ Funcheon, Deirdra (September 1, 2023). "On eve of major film about her life, swimmer Diana Nyad's past is questioned again". Axios. Retrieved November 3, 2023.
  70. ^ a b Rottenberg, Josh (August 30, 2023). "Netflix has Oscar hopes for Diana Nyad biopic. But the swimmer's exaggerations cast a pall". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 3, 2023.
  71. ^ "International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame / IMSHOF Honorees / 1978". International Swimming Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on March 20, 2013. Retrieved September 9, 2013."Al Schoenfield Media Award / 2002". International Swimming Hall of Fame. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
  72. ^ HickokSports.com, "Sports Biographies/Swimming: Nyad, Diana". Retrieved July 18, 2011.
  73. ^ Bendix, Trish (March 31, 2014). "Morning Brew – Tegan and Sara win big at the Junos". After Ellen. Archived from the original on April 4, 2014.
  74. ^ "Gay and Lesbian Sports Hall of Fame welcomes 15 new inductees this week". Outsports. July 9, 2014.
  75. ^ Diana Nyad [@diananyad] (August 14, 2014). "Unreal at 88, Elaine LaLanne honors me today with @Jack LaLanne Lifetime Fitness Award. Jack a National Treasure" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  76. ^ "IDEA Health & Fitness Association to Honor Diana Nyad with the Prestigious Jack LaLanne Award at the 2014 IDEA World Fitness Convention". Club Industry. May 28, 2014.
  77. ^ "Cuba concede la Orden al Mérito Deportivo a la nadadora Diana Nyad". Cubadebate.
  78. ^ "Key West installs plaque honoring Diana Nyad". TBO.com. Associated Press. September 1, 2014. Archived from the original on October 24, 2014. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  79. ^ Friedman, Megan. "Historic Moments in Female Sports – Athletic Women". Marieclaire.com. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  80. ^ Adrian Brooks (June 9, 2015). The Right Side of History: 100 Years of LGBTQ Activism. Cleis Press. pp. 224–. ISBN 978-1-62778-131-2.
  81. ^ Weil, Elizabeth (December 1, 2011). "Marathon Swimmer Diana Nyad Takes On the Demons of the Sea". The New York Times.
  82. ^ "The Swimmer | Out Magazine". Out.com. July 9, 2012. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
  83. ^ Ashley Harrell (June 14, 2007). "Jack and Diana – Page 1 – News – Fort Lauderdale and Palm Beach – New Times Broward-Palm Beach". Browardpalmbeach.com. Archived from the original on February 19, 2015. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
  84. ^ "Diana Nyad: Penn State Shocker. Really?". Huffingtonpost.com. December 1, 2011. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
  85. ^ Lipsyte, Robert (September 12, 1999). "Reflections on a Secret Life in Professional Sports". The New York Times. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
  86. ^ "'Nyad' vs. the True Story of Nyad's Cuba-to-Florida Swim". Retrieved March 12, 2024.
  87. ^ Kit, Borys (January 20, 2022). "Jodie Foster Joins Annette Bening in Biopic 'Nyad' for Black Bear, Netflix (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 15, 2022.