Edmund Stafford
Bishop of Exeter
Face EdmundStafford Died1419 BishopOfExeter ExeterCathedral.xcf
Detail from alabaster effigy of Edmund Stafford in Exeter Cathedral
Appointed15 January 1395
Term ended3 September 1419
PredecessorThomas Brantingham
SuccessorJohn Catterick
Orders
Consecration20 June 1395
Personal details
Born1344
Died3 September 1419
BuriedExeter Cathedral
DenominationCatholic
Previous post(s)Dean of York
Monument to Edmund Stafford, Bishop of Exeter, in the Lady Chapel of Exeter Cathedral, Devon
Monument to Edmund Stafford, Bishop of Exeter, in the Lady Chapel of Exeter Cathedral, Devon
Arms of Stafford: Or, a chevron gules
Arms of Stafford: Or, a chevron gules

Edmund Stafford (1344 – 3 September 1419) was Bishop of Exeter from 1395 to his death in 1419.

Origins

Main article: Feudal barony of Stafford

He was the second son of Sir Richard Stafford (born post 1301-d.1381) "of Clifton Campville" in Staffordshire (the second son of Edmund Stafford, 1st Baron Stafford (1272/3-1308) of Stafford Castle in Staffordshire and the younger brother of Ralph Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, 2nd Baron Stafford (1301-1372) of Stafford Castle). His father is stated in some sources to have been "Baron Stafford of Clifton", but no such title is listed in the authoritative The Complete Peerage. His mother was Isabel de Vernon (d.1356), a daughter of Richard de Vernon (d.1323) (son and heir apparent of Richard de Vernon of Haddon Hall in Derbyshire, whom he predeceased)[1] by his wife Maud de Camville, a daughter and co-heiress of William de Camville, 2nd Baron Camville (1268-1338), of Clifton Campville.[2][3][4][5]

Career

Stafford attended Oxford University, graduating BA in 1363; in the same year he was appointed a canon of Lichfield. He obtained a BCL in 1369 and a DL in 1385, the same year he became dean of York. He also held the Rectorship of Clifton Campville, his family lands. Whilst dean of York, he was named keeper of the Privy Seal on 4 May 1389, keeping that role until February 1396.[6] Later that year, he was appointed Lord Chancellor of England, holding it until 1399 when, on the accession of Henry IV, he was replaced. Two years later he again took up the role, appointed as part of a reaction against Henry's dependence on Lancastrians. He was replaced by Henry Beaufort in February 1403.[7] Edmund continued to serve the King, trying petitions in Parliaments in 1404 and 1406 and being appointed one of the King's councillors in the parliament of 1406.

Stafford was nominated to the see of Exeter on 15 January 1395 and consecrated on 20 June 1395.[8] Visits to his diocese were few when he was on government office; he did visit extensively in the time between appointments as Chancellor and after 1403 he became more involved, with extensive vistas in 1404, 1411 and 1414.[3]

Death and burial

Stafford died on 3 September 1419[3][8] and was buried in the Lady Chapel of Exeter Cathedral, where survives his elaborate monument with recumbent alabaster effigy. His family lands and the barony passed to Thomas Stafford. His executors are named in 1421.[9]

Citations

  1. ^ G. E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage, n.s., vol.III, pp.3-5; Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, "Edmund Stafford" gives Isabel's father as "Richard de Vernon of Haddon Hall"
  2. ^ G. E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage, n.s., vol.III, pp.3-5, Baron Camville
  3. ^ a b c Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Edmund Stafford
  4. ^ "Baron Stafford of Clifton" not mentioned in The Complete Peerage. George Oliver, Lives of the Bishops of Exeter, 1861: "His parents, as is evident from the ordinatio or foundation-deed of his chantry, dated 1st October, 1408, were Sir Richard de Stafford, knight (who was summoned to parliament among the barons of the realm from 44th Edward III. to 3rd Richard II.), and Isabella, daughter of Sir Richard Vernon of Haddon, knight, by Hand his wife, eldest daughter and coheir of William Lord Camville."
  5. ^ The church at Clifton Campville: lordship and community[1]
  6. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 95
  7. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 87
  8. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 247
  9. ^ second entry http://aalt.law.uh.edu/H5/CP40no641/bCP40no641dorses/IMG_1041.htm

References

Political offices Preceded byJohn Waltham Lord Privy Seal 1389–1396 Succeeded byGuy Mone Preceded byThomas Arundel Lord Chancellor 1396–1399 Succeeded byThomas Arundel Preceded byJohn Scarle Lord Chancellor 1401–1403 Succeeded byHenry Beaufort Catholic Church titles Preceded byThomas Brantingham Bishop of Exeter 1395–1419 Succeeded byJohn Catterick Peerage of England Preceded byRichard Stafford Baron Stafford of Clifton 1380–1419 Succeeded byThomas Stafford