Esther and the King
Estherandthekingposter.jpg
Theatrical poster
Directed by
Screenplay by
Based onBook of Esther
Produced byRaoul Walsh
Starring
CinematographyMario Bava
Edited byJerry Webb
Music by
Color processDeLuxe Color
Production
companies
Distributed by20th Century Fox
Release dates
  • December 14, 1960 (1960-12-14) (U.S.)
  • February 17, 1961 (1961-02-17) (Italy)
Running time
109 minutes
Countries
LanguageEnglish

Esther and the King (Italian: Ester e il re) is a 1960 American-Italian religious epic film produced and directed by Raoul Walsh and starring Joan Collins as Esther, Richard Egan as Ahasuerus, and Denis O'Dea as Mordecai. Walsh and Michael Elkins wrote the screenplay, which was based on the Book of Esther of the Hebrew Bible and the Old Testament. It recounts the origin of the Jewish celebration of Purim.

An international co-production released by 20th Century Fox, Esther and the King was filmed in Italy in the CinemaScope format (although not signed as such) and the Technicolor color process. Mario Bava, the film's cinematographer, was credited as a co-director on Italian prints of the film.[1]

Plot

In Persia in the 5th century BC, a Jewish woman named Esther comes to the attention of the recently widowed King Ahasuerus. The king has been trying to defeat the campaign of hatred against the Jews by his evil minister Haman. Before the king pairs with Esther to defeat Haman, there are several intervening adventures and an attractive other woman who competes for attention.[2]

Cast

The film's on-screen credits list the cast in the following order and sections:

Starring
With
Also starring

Production

In December 1950, 20th Century Fox studio executive Darryl F. Zanuck announced his intention to produce The Story of Esther as a follow-up to David and Bathsheba, which he was producing at the time.[4] He entrusted Frank and Doris Hursley with the task of writing the screenplay.[5] George Jessel expressed interest in producing the film.[5]

In February 1951, Henry King was assigned to direct the film. In October, producers Joseph Bernhard and Anson Bond purchased the script from the Hursleys and were planning the film as a 20th Century Fox release.[5]

In February 1952, Hedy Lamarr bought the Hursley script for $25,000; Arthur B. Krim of United Artists negotiated the deal for her.[6] Lamarr wanted to portray Esther and produce the story as an independent feature and United Artists release, with the possibility of filming it in Italy.[6] She eventually decided to produce it in Rome as the first episode of a British television series titled The Great Love Stories, but the project changed and the story was not filmed.[7]

The 1960 Writers Guild of America strike, which began in January, forced 20th Century Fox to cease production temporarily.[8] Fox president Spyros Skouras and producer Buddy Adler asked director Raoul Walsh if he could "make a film very quickly for them, because they had nothing at all, the studios were practically shut. That's why we made Esther in Italy."[8]

Release

Esther and the King premiered in New York City at the RKO Palace Theatre on November 18, 1960.[9][10]

The film grossed 126% and was considered a hit film of the 1960-61 season.[11]

Critical response

James D. Ivers, writing for Motion Picture Daily, was enthusiastically positive: "All the trappings of a Biblical spectacle, exotic sets and costumes, a moving and dramatic story, and the skilled and experienced hand of Raoul Walsh make this a worthy and potentially successful entry in the present cycle of historical epics."[12] Ivers also commended the performances of the leading actors: "Joan Collins plays Esther with beauty and some depth, Richard Egan is properly virile as a soldierly but unstatesmanlike King Ahasuerus, and Denis O'Dea is dignified and devout as Mordecai."[12] The supporting actors who earned notice were a "satisfactory" Rik Battaglia, a "sufficiently menacing" Sergio Fantoni and a "somewhat overly voluptuous" Daniela Rocca.[12] Ivers also admired the technical aspects of the film: "Color by DeLuxe and excellent camera work by Mario Bava give an eye-filling background to the straightforward story."[12]

Some critics disliked the film. Bosley Crowther of The New York Times wrote that the "beautiful Bible story of Esther" had "been thumped into a crude costume charade."[10] Harrison's Reports found that the film "has a hackneyed script and two incompetent lead players [Collins and Egan]," but it praised O'Dea's portrayal of Mordecai.[13]

In recent years, Rosalba Neri's performance has been evaluated as "memorable."[14]

Home media

In 2014, 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment released Esther and the King on DVD as part of the manufactured-on-demand Cinema Archives line.[15]

References

  1. ^ Mario Bava: All the Colors of the Dark by Tim Lucas, Published by Video Watchdog
  2. ^ Plot Synopsis by Eleanor Mannikka from allmovie.com website
  3. ^ Lucas 2013, p. 341.
  4. ^ "Studio Size-Ups: 20th Century Fox - Zanuck Announces Busy Work Plan For New Year". Film Bulletin: 26. December 18, 1950.
  5. ^ a b c "Esther and the King - Notes". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Hedy Another Indie Set at UA as Krim Negotiates Story Buy". Variety. 185 (11): 5. February 20, 1952.
  7. ^ Shearer, Stephen Michael (2010). Beautiful: The Life of Hedy Lamarr. Macmillan. ISBN 9781429908207.
  8. ^ a b Moss 2011, p. 374.
  9. ^ "RKO Palace To Open 'Esther' on Nov. 18". Motion Picture Daily. 88 (71): 2. October 11, 1960.
  10. ^ a b Crowther, Bosley (November 19, 1960). "Screen: Costume Charade:' Esther and the King' Is New Film at Palace". The New York Times. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  11. ^ "Grosses: The Hits of '60-'61". Boxoffice Barometer: 31. March 26, 1962.
  12. ^ a b c d Ivers, James D. (November 21, 1960). "Review: Esther and the King". Motion Picture Daily. 88 (97): 6.
  13. ^ ""Esther and the King" with Joan Collins, Richard Egan and Denis O'Dea". Harrison's Reports. XLII (48): 190. November 26, 1960. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  14. ^ Hughes 2011, p. 69.
  15. ^ "Esther and the King DVD". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved November 10, 2018.

Bibliography