Provincia Augusta Euphratensis
ἐπαρχία Εὑφρατησίας
Province of the Byzantine Empire
c. 341–7th Century
Dioecesis Orientis 400 AD.png

Diocese of Orient circa 400, showing Euphratensis
CapitalCyrrus or Hierapolis Bambyce
History
Historical eraLate Antiquity
• Established
c. 341
• Division of the empire by Theodosius I
395
7th Century
Succeeded by
Rashidun Caliphate
Today part ofSyria
Turkey

Euphratensis (Latin for "Euphratean"; Greek: Εὑφρατησία, Euphratēsía), fully Augusta Euphratensis, was a late Roman and then Byzantine province in Syrian region, part of the Byzantine Diocese of the East.

History

Sometime between 330 and 350 (likely c. 341), the Roman province of Euphratensis was created out of the territory of Coele Syria along the western bank of the Euphrates.[1] It included the territories of Commagene and Cyrrhestice. Its capital was Cyrrus[2] or perhaps Hierapolis Bambyce.[1] It remained within the Byzantine Empire following the 395 division of the empire by Theodosius I.

The province is listed in the Laterculus Veronensis from around 314.

The Roman Catholic and Orthodox saints Sergius and Bacchus were supposedly martyred in the city of Resafa in Euphratensis, and the city was later renamed Sergiopolis. Other cities in the province were Samosata and Zeugma.

References

  1. ^ a b Kazhdan, Alexander, ed. (1991). Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford University Press. p. 748. ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6.
  2. ^ Edmund Spenser Bouchier, Syria as a Roman Province, 1916, p. 155