Excepting those of the Europe-wide safety assessment programme Euro NCAP, vehicle segments in Europe do not have formal characterization or regulations.[1] Although the definition is vague, there is little overlap between segments A–F based on weight and size parameters.[2]

Models segments tend to be based on comparison to well-known brand models. For example, a car such as the Volkswagen Golf might be described as being in the Ford Focus size class, or vice versa. The VW Polo is smaller, so it belongs one segment below the Golf, while the bigger Passat is one segment above.[3]

The names of the segments were mentioned, but not defined, in 1999 in an EU document titled Case No COMP/M.1406 HYUNDAI / KIA REGULATION (EEC) No 4064/89 MERGER PROCEDURE.[1]

Code Meaning Example Image
A mini Fiat 500
2010 Fiat 500 Lounge 1.2 Front.jpg
B small Renault Clio
Renault Clio TCe 90 Luxe (IV) – Frontansicht, 17. Mai 2013, Münster.jpg
C medium Toyota Corolla
Toyota Corolla Hybrid (E210) IMG 4338.jpg
D large Opel Insignia
Opel Insignia B FL IMG 4456.jpg
E executive BMW 5 Series
BMW G30 FL IMG 5351.jpg
F luxury Mercedes-Benz S-Class
Mercedes-Benz W223 IAA 2021 1X7A0206.jpg
J sport utility Jeep Wrangler
2018 Jeep Wrangler Sahara Unlimited Multijet 2.1 Front.jpg
M multi-purpose Volkswagen Sharan
2018 Volkswagen Sharan SEL BlueMotion Technology 2.0.jpg
S sports Audi TT
2019 Audi TT Sport 40 TFSi S-A 2.0 Front.jpg

See also


  1. ^ a b "Regulation (EEC) No 4064/89 - Merger Procedure" (PDF). Office for Official Publications of the European Communities L-2985 Luxembourg. exact market definition was left open .. boundaries between segments are blurred by factors other than the size or length of cars
  2. ^ Christian Thiel; Johannes Schmidt; Arnold Van Zyl; Erwin Schmid (16 February 2014). "Cost and well-to-wheel implications of the vehicle fleet CO2 emission regulation in the European Union". ResearchGate. Transportation Research Part A 63 (2014) 25–42. 63: 27+28. doi:10.1016/j.tra.2014.02.018. Retrieved 25 August 2016. There is no or very little overlap between the traditional segments A to F PDF EU headliner
  3. ^ "Car Classes Simplified: The Euro-standard Car Segments". AutoIndustriya.com. 9 March 2016. Retrieved 25 August 2016.