The F-segment is the 6th category and largest of the European segments for passenger cars, and always belongs to "luxury cars".
The equivalent categories are full-size luxury sedan (or "large luxury sedan") in the United States, luxury saloon (or "luxury limousine") in the United Kingdom, and Oberklasse in Germany. Extended-wheelbase limousines and armored sedans are also considered as F-segment.
F-segment is a niche of the European market (approximately 0.2–0.3% in the 2010s) and the range is limited to only a few models.
Most F-segment cars use a sedan body style; however, some have been produced as wagons/estates or have a hatchback rear door.
Extended wheelbase variants of these cars are common, as many of the luxury features are placed for the rear-seat occupants. In some markets (depending on the manufacturer), short wheelbase models are excluded completely, and only long wheelbase variants are sold.
Ultra-luxury cars are also included in F-segment.
In 2020, the highest selling F-segment cars in Europe were the BMW 8 Series, BMW 7 Series, Mercedes-Benz S-Class, Porsche Panamera and Audi A8 / S8.
1000–10.000 sales (best-selling)
BMW 8 Series
2nd generation (2018–present)
BMW 7 Series
6th generation (2015-present)
7th generation (2020-present)
2nd generation (2017–present)
4th generation (2018–present)
Less than 1000 sales
Less than 1000 sales (ultra-luxury models)
Bentley Flying Spur (2005)
3rd generation (2019–present)
2nd generation (2020–present)
Rolls-Royce Phantom VIII
8th generation (2017-present)
|5||Audi||A8 / S8||5,486||6,556||6,717||5,372||5,887||5,791||4,477||3,648||–19%|
(Ceased production in 2020)
|11||Bentley||Mulsanne (Ceased production in 2020)||156||185||209||227||186||108||112||69||–38%|
|13||Aston Martin||Rapide (Ceased production in 2020)||250||165||197||108||124||74||86||34||–60%|
In China, Hongqi CA72 was launched in 1958, making it the oldest Chinese F-segment car.
The first F-segment car from an Asian manufacturer for an outside market was the 1989 Lexus LS400. Before the debut of luxury orientated Japanese manufacturers such as Lexus or Infiniti, most flagship models were limited for Japan only. Examples included the Toyota Century and Nissan President.
In South Korea, early F-segment cars were the result of partnerships with long-established manufacturers, for example the 1994 Daewoo Arcadia (a re-badged Honda Legend), the 1997 SsangYong Chairman (based on the Mercedes-Benz E-Class) and the 1999 Hyundai Equus (based on the Mitsubishi Proudia/Dignity). More recent F-segment cars from South Korea include the Genesis G90.
The lineage of Mercedes-Benz's current F-segment car begins with the 1951 Mercedes-Benz W187. The W187 was replaced by the Mercedes-Benz W180 (nicknamed "Ponton") in 1954, which was replaced by the Mercedes-Benz W111 in 1959, which was replaced by the Mercedes-Benz W108 in 1965. The W108 was replaced by the Mercedes-Benz S-Class in 1972, which has been produced for six generations and remains in production today.
Jaguar's first F-segment car was the 1951 Jaguar Mark VII. The Mark VII was replaced by the 1956 Jaguar Mark VIII, then the 1959 Jaguar Mark IX and the 1961 Jaguar Mark X, which was renamed the "Jaguar 420G" in 1966. The 420G was replaced by the Jaguar XJ in 1968, which has been produced for four generations and has just ceased production in 2020.
The 1952–1963 BMW 501/502 sedans are predecessors to BMW's current line of F-segment cars. The successor to the 501/502 was the BMW New Six (also known as E3), introduced in 1977. The E3 was replaced by the BMW 7 Series in 1978, which has been produced for six generations and remains in production today.
The Maserati Quattroporte was released in 1963 and is currently in its sixth generation.
The first F-segment car from Audi was the 1988 Audi V8. The Audi V8 was replaced by the Audi A8 in 1994, which has been produced for four generations and remains in production today.
Main article: Full-size car
F-segment cars are known as "full-size luxury cars" in the United States, and form part of the full-size car category (along with non-luxury large cars and the smaller E-segment cars).
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