Principality of Liechtenstein
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg
UseCivil and state flag
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Reverse side is mirror image of obverse side
Design has no element that can be rotated
Proportion3:5[1]
Adopted30 June 1982; 40 years ago (1982-06-30)
DesignA horizontal bicolour of blue and red, charged with a gold crown in the canton

The national flag of the Principality of Liechtenstein (German: Flagge Liechtensteins) consists of two horizontal bands, one blue and one red, charged with a gold crown in the canton. In use since 1764 and officially enshrined into the nation's constitution in 1921, it has been the flag of the principality since that year. The crown was added to the flag in 1937 after the country found out at the Summer Olympics held the previous year that their flag was identical to the civil flag of Haiti.[citation needed]

History

When flown vertically, the crown on the flag is rotated so that it always faces upwards.
When flown vertically, the crown on the flag is rotated so that it always faces upwards.

Liechtenstein was formed in 1719 as a principality within the Holy Roman Empire and gained complete independence in 1866.[2] Within this period, the colours blue and red were selected to feature on the flag, instead of the gold and red on the coat of arms that would have customarily been employed instead. These new livery colours were first utilized by Prince Joseph Wenzel I in 1764.[1]

A new constitution for the Principality was formulated and proclaimed in October 1921.[1][3] It made the blue and red banner the national flag by granting it "official status".[1] Fifteen years later, during the 1936 Summer Olympics, the country came to the realization that its flag was identical to the flag of Haiti (Haiti took part in the Opening Ceremony but its sole athlete did not compete). Because of this finding, the government added the prince's crown to the canton.[1][4][5] This change served two purposes – to signify Liechtenstein's position as a principality, and to distinguish its flag from Haiti's.[4][6] This modified design was adopted on 24 June 1937.[6]

Design

Construction

Construction sheet for the flag of Liechtenstein
Construction sheet for the flag of Liechtenstein

Symbolism

The colours and symbols of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. The blue represents the sky, while red alludes to the "evening fires" that are lit inside houses throughout the country.[1] The crown is gold[4][5] or yellow[1] in colour.[6]

Color scheme

Flag of Liechtenstein.svg

Colors scheme
Blue Red Yellow Black
RAL 5010 3020 1016 9005
CMYK 100-70-0-50 0-96-84-19 0-15-77-0 0-0-0-100
HEX #002780 #CF0921 #FFD93B #000000
RGB 0-39-128 207-9-33 255-217-59 0-0-0

Other flags of Liechtenstein

Government flags

Flag Duration Use Description
Liechtenstein princelystandard 1912.png
1912-1957 Standard of the Prince of Liechtenstein
Flag of Liechtenstein (1719–1852).svg
1957-1982 Standard of the Prince of Liechtenstein
Standard of the Prince of Liechtenstein.svg
1982-present Standard of the Prince of Liechtenstein
Flag of Liechtenstein (state).svg
1982-present Standard of the Government of Liechtenstein
Flag of Liechtenstein princely house.svg
Banner of the Princely House of Liechtenstein
Flag of Liechtenstein princely house pennant.svg
Pennant
Flag of Liechtenstein princely house vertical.svg
Vertical

Municipal flags

Each of the eleven municipalities has its own flag.

Flag Municipality Adopted Description
Flag of Balzers Liechtenstein-1.svg
Balzers in Liechtenstein.svg
Balzers
Flag of Eschen Liechtenstein-1.svg
Eschen in Liechtenstein.svg
Eschen
Flag of Gamprin Liechtenstein-1.svg
Gamprin in Liechtenstein.svg
Gamprin
Flag of Mauren Liechtenstein-1.svg
Mauren in Liechtenstein.svg
Mauren
Flag of Planken Liechtenstein-1.svg
Planken in Liechtenstein.svg
Planken
Flag of Ruggell Liechtenstein-1.svg
Ruggell in Liechtenstein.svg
Ruggell
Flag of Schaan Liechtenstein-1.svg
Schaan in Liechtenstein.svg
Schaan
Flag of Schellenberg Liechtenstein-1.svg
Schellenberg in Liechtenstein.svg
Schellenberg
Flag of Triesen Liechtenstein-1.svg
Triesen in Liechtenstein.svg
Triesen
Flag of Triesenberg Liechtenstein-1.svg
Triesenberg in Liechtenstein.svg
Triesenberg
Flag of Vaduz Liechtenstein-1.svg
Vaduz in Liechtenstein.svg
Vaduz

Historical flags

Flag Duration Use Description
Flag of Liechtenstein (unknown-1719) 1.svg
Unknown-1719 Flag of the Lordship of Schellenberg
Flag of Liechtenstein (unknown-1719) 2.svg
Unknown-1719 Flag of the County of Vaduz
Flag of Liechtenstein (1719–1852).svg
1719–1852 Flag of the Principality of Liechtenstein Two horizontal gold and red bands at 3:5 proportions
Flag of Liechtenstein (1852–1921).svg
1852–1921 Flag of the Principality of Liechtenstein Two vertical blue and red bands at 3:5 proportions
Flag of Liechtenstein (1921–1937).svg
1921–1937 Flag of the Principality of Liechtenstein Two horizontal blue and red bands at 3:5 proportions
Flag of Liechtenstein (1937–1982).svg
1937–1982 Flag of the Principality of Liechtenstein Two horizontal blue and red bands at 3:5 proportions, and princely crown in the canton

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Smith, Whitney (July 17, 2013). "Flag of Liechtenstein". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved June 26, 2014. (subscription required)
  2. ^ "Liechtenstein profile". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  3. ^ "History of Liechtenstein". Lonely Planet. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c "Liechtenstein". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  5. ^ a b Rainey, Venetia (July 24, 2012). "Flag bearing: a potted history". Reuters. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  6. ^ a b c Kindersley, Dorling (November 3, 2008). Complete Flags of the World. Dorling Kindersley Ltd. p. 148. ISBN 9781405338615. Retrieved June 26, 2014.