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Republic of Croatia
Flag of Croatia
Trobojnica
(The Tricolour)
UseNational flag Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flagSmall vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flagReverse side is mirror image of obverse side Flag can be hung vertically by rotating the design first
Proportion1:2
Adopted21 December 1990; 33 years ago (1990-12-21)
DesignA horizontal tricolour of red, white, and blue with the coat of arms of Croatia in the centre.
Designed byMiroslav Šutej[1]
UseCivil and state ensign Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flagSmall vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flagReverse side is mirror image of obverse side
Proportion2:3
Adopted1992
DesignThree equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue superimposed by the Croatian coat of arms.
UseNaval ensign Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flagSmall vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flagReverse side is mirror image of obverse side
Proportion2:3
Adopted1992
DesignThree equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue superimposed by the emblem of the Croatian Navy.

The national flag of Croatia (Croatian: Zastava Hrvatske, Hrvatska zastava) or The Tricolour (Trobojnica) is one of the state symbols of Croatia. It consists of three equal size, horizontal stripes in colours red, white and blue. In the middle is the coat of arms of Croatia.

History

The flag combines the colours of the flags of the Kingdom of Croatia (red and white), the Kingdom of Slavonia (blue and white) and partially of the Kingdom of Dalmatia (blue and yellow).[citation needed]

The red-white-blue tricolour has been used as the Croatian flag since 1848, and the pan-Slavic colours are widely associated with romantic nationalism. While the Banovina of Croatia existed within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, it had a similar flag without the modern crown above the chequy. After the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was invaded and Croatia became the Independent State of Croatia, the crown was removed and a "U" was placed at the top left of the flag. Also, the first field of the Croatian chequy was white. After Nazi Germany collapsed and the SFR Yugoslavia was created, Croatia's flag had a five-pointed red star with a yellow border in place of the coat of arms. The star was replaced by the coat of arms in May 1990, shortly after the first multiparty elections. The current flag and the coat of arms were officially adopted on 21 December 1990, about six (de facto) or ten (de jure) months before the proclamation of independence from Yugoslavia and a day before the Constitution of Croatia on 22 December 1990.[citation needed]

Shield

The shield depicts the red and white checkerboard of Croatia. Above the shield is a crown consist of shields of its various regions. From dexter to sinister they are the historical arms of Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria and Slavonia.[citation needed]

Colours

Flag of Croatia on the top of the Vukovar water tower
Flag of Croatia on Knin Fortress
The largest flying flag in Croatia, atop the Srđ mountain over the city of Dubrovnik

The following colours are specified for use in the flag:[2]

Scheme Red White Cyan Blue Yellow Black
Pantone 186 C Transparent white Process Cyan C Reflex Blue C 108 C Process Black C
CMYK 0-100-100-0 0-0-0-0 100-0-0-0 100-82-0-2 0-6-95-0 0-0-0-100
RGB 255-0-0 255-255-255 0-147-221 23-23-150 247-219-23 0-0-0
Hex #ff0000 #ffffff #0093dd #171796 #f7db17 #000000

Unicode

The national flag of Croatia is represented as the Unicode emoji sequence U+1F1ED 🇭 REGIONAL INDICATOR SYMBOL LETTER H and U+1F1F7 🇷 REGIONAL INDICATOR SYMBOL LETTER R.[3]

Historical flags

For a more comprehensive list, see List of Croatian flags § Historical flags.

Other official flags in Croatia

Naval and other official flags

Commemoration

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Flag of the Republic of Croatia". Croatian Parliament. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  2. ^ "Hrvatski sabor - Grafički standardi zastave RH". Sabor.hr. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  3. ^ "🇭🇷 Flag for Croatia Emoji". Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  4. ^ Jelena Boršak-Marijanović, Zastave kroz stoljeća, Croatian History Museum, Zagreb, 1996, p. 110
  5. ^ "175 years of Croatian Flag: Commemorative stamps unveiled in honour". Croatia Week. 2 June 2023.