Flag information symbols are used by vexillologists to indicate certain characteristics of flags, such as where they are used, who uses them, and what they look like. The symbols were created by vexillologist Whitney Smith and then adopted by the International Federation of Vexillological Associations (FIAV) in the early 1970s.[1] Vexillologist Željko Heimer added the symbols for

Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
normal and
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
historical in the early 1990s.[2]

Vexillological symbols

Vexillological symbols describe information on a flag's recognition status and design.

List of symbols
Symbol Meaning
IFIS Normal.svg
Normal or de jure version of flag, or obverse side
IFIS Proposed.svg
Design was proposed in the past, but never officially adopted
IFIS Reconstruction.svg
Design is a reconstruction, based on past observation
IFIS Reverse.svg
Reverse side of flag
IFIS Variant.svg
An acceptable variant of the standard flag
IFIS Alternate.svg
One of several alternative versions a flag that can be displayed
IFIS De facto.svg
De facto flag, widely accepted and used
IFIS Two-sided.svg
Flag has different designs on its obverse side and its reverse side
IFIS Sinister.svg
Obverse side meant to be hoisted with pole to the observer's right
IFIS Authorised.svg
Design officially authorized to represent nation by government of that nation
(Not necessary to use when the de jure symbol is used)
IFIS Historical.svg
Design used in the past, but now abandoned
IFIS Mirror.svg
Reverse side is mirror image of obverse side
IFIS Equal.svg
Reverse side is congruent to the obverse side
IFIS No reverse info.svg
Information on reverse side is not available
IFIS Vertical normal.svg
Flag can be hung vertically by hoisting on a normal pole, then turning the pole 90°
IFIS Vertical rotated.svg
Flag can be hung vertically by rotating the design first
IFIS Vertical unknown.svg
Vertical hoist method of flag is unknown
IFIS Vertical inapplicable.svg
Design has no element which can be rotated
IFIS Vertical exclusive.svg
Flags can only be hoisted vertically
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Flag is not authorized to represent the group or country

Usage Symbols

The usage symbols are based on a grid of two rows representing use on land and use on water, and three columns representing private use, public use, and military use. Each circle in the grid indicates the flag has one or more of the following six basic usages:

Private Public Military
Land Civil flag

Flown by private citizens on land

State flag

Flown by the government on land

War flag

Flown by the military on land

Water Civil ensign

Flown by private vessels

State ensign

Flown by government vessels

Naval ensign

Flown by military vessels

A single design may be associated with no usages or multiple usages. Heimer suggested an additional row for air ensigns, but it has not been adopted by FIAV.[2]

List of symbols
Symbol Meaning Symbol Meaning
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil flag
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
National flag
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State flag
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
National ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
War flag
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State and war flag, war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State flag, civil and war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and state flags and ensigns
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
War ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State and war flags and ensigns
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and state flag
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
National flag, civil ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State and war flag
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
National flag, state ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and state ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
National flag, civil and state ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State and war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
National flag, state and war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil flag and ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State and war flag, national ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State flag and ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and state flag, national ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
War flag and ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
National flag and ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil flag, war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil flag, state ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil flag, state and war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil flag, civil and war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil flag, civil and state ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil flag, national ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and war flag
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and war flag, war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and war flag, state ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and war flag, state and war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and war flag, civil ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and war flags and ensigns
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and war flag, civil and state ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and war flag, national ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and state flag, war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and state flag, state ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and state flag, state and war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and state flag, civil ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Civil and state flag, civil and war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State flag, war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State flag, state and war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State flag, civil ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State flag, state and civil ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State flag, national ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State flag and ensign, war flag
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State and war flag, civil ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State and war flag, civil and war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
State and war flag, civil and state ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
War flag, state ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
War flag, state and war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
War flag, civil ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
War flag, civil and war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
War flag, civil and state ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
War flag, national ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
National flag, war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
National flag, civil and war ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Other

See also

References

  1. ^ "FIAV Flag Information Symbols". www.crwflags.com. Retrieved 2022-10-20.
  2. ^ a b "The FAME: Symbols and Abbreviations". zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr. Retrieved 2022-10-21.