South Australia
UseCivil and state flag Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flagSmall vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flagReverse side is mirror image of obverse side
Adopted1904; 120 years ago (1904)
DesignA British blue ensign with the state badge in the fly

The current state flag of South Australia, was officially adopted in 1904.

The flag is based on the defaced British Blue Ensign with the state badge located in the fly. The badge is a gold disc featuring a piping shrike with its wings outstretched. The badge is believed to have been originally designed by Robert Craig, a teacher at the School of Arts in Adelaide, and officially gazetted on 14 January 1904.[1]

Previous flags

The first flag of South Australia was adopted in 1870. It too was a defaced British Blue Ensign but with a black disc in the fly containing the Southern Cross and the two pointers (Alpha and Beta Centauri).

South Australia then adopted a second flag in 1876, also a Blue Ensign, with a new badge. The badge design was an artistic rendition of the arrival of Britannia (a white woman in flowing garb and holding a shield, representing the new settlers) meeting an Aboriginal sitting with a spear on a rocky shoreline. A kangaroo appears to be carved into the rocks behind the Aboriginal. This flag was adopted after a request from the Colonial Office for a new design over the old one due to its similarity to the flags of New Zealand and Victoria.

Proposal for a new flag

On 29 October 2016, a motion to adopt a new, "more multicultural" state flag was passed at the South Australian Labor Party conference.[2] The State Government did not act on this proposal before Labor lost office at the 2018 state election.

Governor's flag

The governor of South Australia, being the representative of the South Australian head of state, the king of Australia, is officially granted a flag for use on all official occasions. It is identical in design and construction to the flag of South Australia, except that it features a St. Edward's Crown above the badge to represent vice-regal power.

See also


  1. ^ Department of Premier & Cabinet > State Badge of South Australia Archived July 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Accessed 13 October 2011.
  2. ^ Langenberg, Adam (29 October 2016). "State Government considers adopting a "more multicultural" South Australian flag". The Advertiser. Retrieved 31 December 2020.