United States Army Training Center & Fort Jackson
Columbia, South Carolina
USATC Fort Jackson.png
USATC & Fort Jackson distinctive unit insignia
Coordinates34°2′21″N 80°49′20″W / 34.03917°N 80.82222°W / 34.03917; -80.82222Coordinates: 34°2′21″N 80°49′20″W / 34.03917°N 80.82222°W / 34.03917; -80.82222
Site information
Controlled by United States Army
Site history
In use1917–present
Garrison information
GarrisonChaplain Center and School
Soldier Support Institute
Drill Sergeant School
U.S. Army Basic Training Center of Excellence

Fort Jackson is a United States Army installation, which TRADOC operates on for Basic Combat Training (BCT), and is located within the city of Columbia, South Carolina. This installation is named for Andrew Jackson, a United States Army general and the seventh president of the United States (1829–1837) who was born in the border region of North and South Carolina.[1][a]

History

ARNG recruits arriving at Fort Jackson for BCT[2]
Reception battalion barracks after being renovated in 2020
Reception battalion barracks latrines and showers

Fort Jackson was created in 1917 at Camp Jackson as the U.S. entered World War I. At the conclusion of World War I, Camp Jackson was shut down and the Camp was abandoned 25 April 1922 pursuant to General Orders No. 33, War Department, 27 July 1921. Camp Jackson was reactivated for World War II. At the conclusion of World War II, the post was to have been deactivated by 1950; however, the outbreak of the Korean War caused the post to remain active and it is still functioning in the early 21st Century.

Fort Jackson is the largest and most active initial entry training center in the U.S. Army, training 50 percent of all soldiers entering the Army each year.[3] Providing the Army with new soldiers is the post's primary mission. 35,000 potential soldiers attend basic training and 8,000 advanced individual training soldiers train at Fort Jackson annually.[4] The training is provided by the 165th and 193rd Infantry Brigades Monday through Sunday for a ten-week period.[5]

The post has other missions as well. While some military installations have experienced downsizing and closure in past years, Fort Jackson has added several new schools and training institutions since 1995 including the U.S. Army Soldier Support Institute, the Department of Defense Chaplain Center and School, and the National Center for Credibility Assessment, part of the Defense Intelligence Agency.[6] In 2007 the Army consolidated all of its training facilities for drill sergeants at Fort Jackson, and in 2009 Command Sergeant Major Teresa King became the first woman to head what is now the sole drill sergeant school for the U.S. Army.[7]

Fort Jackson encompasses more than 52,000 acres (210 km2) of land, including 100 ranges and field training sites and more than 1,000 buildings.[8] Soldiers, civilians, retirees and family members make up the Fort Jackson community that continues to grow in numbers and facilities. An additional 10,000 soldiers attend courses at the Soldier Support Institute, Chaplain Center and School, and Drill Sergeant School annually.[6] An estimated 3,500 active duty personnel and their 12,000 military family members make the Fort Jackson area their home with about one-third of that total population residing on-post.[9] Close to 3,500 civilians are employed at Fort Jackson and 46,000-plus retirees and their families receive services from this base.[8]

On base, visitors can visit the U.S. Army Basic Combat Training Museum, previously known as Fort Jackson Museum when it opened in 1974. The museum helps visitors learn the history of Fort Jackson since it was created in 1917. Admission into the Basic Combat Training Museum is open Monday through Friday, except for federal holidays, and admission is free.[10]

Located in the heart of the midlands region of South Carolina, Fort Jackson was incorporated into the city of Columbia in October 1968 and is midway between New York and Miami. Columbia has direct access to three interstate highways, I-20, I-26 and I-77, and indirect access to two additional interstates within 100 miles (160 km), I-95 and I-85.[11] Average temperatures in the region range from a high of 90+ °F (32 °C) in July to a low of 34 °F (1 °C) in January. Annual rainfall averages around 48 inches (1,200 mm).

The fort has a significant economic impact on the local area. Annual expenditures by Fort Jackson exceed $716.9 million for salaries, utilities, contracts and other services. In addition, over 100,000 family members visit the Midlands area each year to attend basic training graduation activities, using local hotels, restaurants and shopping areas.[12]

In the 1994 film Renaissance Man, starring Danny DeVito, Mark Wahlberg, and Stacey Dash, basic training scenes from the fictional "Fort McClane" were filmed at Fort Jackson in 1993.[13]

In 2020, the reception battalion barracks were renovated.[14]

On 6 May 2021, 23-year-old Jovan Collazo who was three weeks into basic training, fled his basic training dorm in an attempt to make it back to his home state of New Jersey.[15] Authorities would later say he slipped away after a morning exercise session had ended. While his fellow trainees were showering, he had taken his army-issued M4 carbine[16] and fled. He eventually made his way onto a school bus carrying 18 children and threatened the driver at gunpoint. He instructed the driver to take him to the nearest town and that he did not want to hurt anyone. After a short while, Collazo became flustered with both the driver and kids and allowed everyone to exit the bus unharmed. He then attempted to drive the bus himself but stopped after driving roughly a mile. He then abandoned the bus, the rifle, and proceeded to try and make it on foot. He was apprehended by South Carolina police shortly after. Brigadier General Milford Beagle, the installation commander for Fort Jackson, later put out a statement saying that Collazo did not possess any ammunition for the M4 he was carrying, but both the bus driver and children on board would not be aware of that. Collazo is now facing multiple charges including 19 federal counts of kidnapping, armed robbery, and carjacking. In the aftermath of the incident, Collazo has attempted to escape jail twice. Once while at the Richland County Jail, and a second attempt at a hospital where he was recovering from his previous attempt.[17] In addition, as of 14 May 2021, Fort Jackson has "paused weapons immersion training" for soldiers in training "unless they are needed for a specific training event".[16]

Tenant units

As of December 2021

Education

Residents are zoned to Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) schools for elementary school, and Richland County School District Two for secondary school.[21] The DoDEA schools on-post are Pierce Terrace Elementary School (Pre-Kindergarten through Grade 1) and C.C. Pinckney Elementary School (grades 2-6).[22] Students are zoned to Dent Middle School and Richland Northeast High School, which are operated by the school district.[23]

Area tertiary schools include Midlands Technical College and Fort Jackson-based programs of University of South Carolina, Claflin University, and Webster University.[24]

Notable people

Notes

  1. ^ Fort Jackson is often said, erroneously, to be named after Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, an U.S. general who later joined the Confederate army during the American Civil War.

References

  1. ^ "Fort Jackson History". Archived from the original on 7 September 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  2. ^ "The Sounds of Basic Training". U.S. Army Training Center – Fort Jackson, SC.
  3. ^ "About Fort Jackson". Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  4. ^ "Visitors". Archived from the original on 22 April 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  5. ^ "Basic Combat Training". Archived from the original on 7 May 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Fort Jackson Community Resource Guide" (PDF). August 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 April 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  7. ^ U.S. Army Names 1st Female Drill Sergeant School Commandant At Fort Jackson Archived 10 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine, WJBF News, AP article, 9 July 2009. Retrieved 9 December 2009.
  8. ^ a b "Fort Jackson Community Resource Guide" (PDF). August 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 April 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  9. ^ "About Fort Jackson". August 2014. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Army Basic Combat Training Museum". Archived from the original on 24 April 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  11. ^ "Graduation". Archived from the original on 17 April 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  12. ^ "Fort Jackson PCS". columbiasouthcarolina.com. Archived from the original on 19 May 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  13. ^ "Filming Locations". IMDb.com. Archived from the original on 14 May 2018. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  14. ^ "Army Corps repairs aging reception battalion barracks on Fort Jackson".
  15. ^ Lemos, Gregory (6 May 2021). "A Fort Jackson trainee is in custody after a school bus full of students was hijacked in South Carolina, sheriff says". CNN. Archived from the original on 8 May 2021. Retrieved 15 December 2021. [Sheriff Leon] Lott said that at around 7 a.m., a trainee dressed in physical training clothes left the Army post with a rifle. According to Lott, the 23-year-old was in his third week of training. ... [Brig. Gen. Milford] Beagle described the trainee as "very quiet," and said he was from New Jersey. Beagle said he believes he was trying to get home.
  16. ^ a b Rempfer, Kyle (14 May 2021). "No guns for Fort Jackson trainees after school bus hijacking". Army Times. ISSN 0004-2595. OCLC 1097094871. The Army's largest basic training post paused weapons immersion training after one trainee escaped May 6 and hijacked a school bus with an unloaded M4 carbine, officials at Fort Jackson, in South Carolina, said Thursday evening. The pause "means simply that weapons are kept in the arms room unless they are needed for a specific training event," such as going to the range or practicing aiming techniques, post spokesman Patrick J. Jones told Army Times. The pause applies to all personnel in basic training, he added.
  17. ^ "Sheriff Lott: Fort Jackson trainee who hijacked bus tried to escape jail, hospital". Columbia, South Carolina: WCBD-TV. Associated Press. 21 May 2021. Archived from the original on 21 May 2021. Retrieved 21 May 2021. COLUMBIA, S.C. (AP) – Authorities say a South Carolina Army trainee charged with hijacking a school bus full of children will likely face new charges after failed escape attempts. Sheriff Leon Lott told The State newspaper Jovan Collazo assaulted a Richland County jail guard while he was being moved to a restraint chair and tried to escape. The sheriff says Collazo broke his ankle and was taken to a hospital, from which he also tried to escape.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h "Units & Partners in Excellence". U.S. Army Training Center & Fort Jackson. n.d. Archived from the original on 28 June 2021. Retrieved 14 December 2021.
  19. ^ a b c d e f "165TH INFANTRY BRIGADE". U.S. Army Training Center & Fort Jackson. 13 December 2021. Archived from the original on 19 October 2021. Retrieved 14 December 2021.
  20. ^ a b c d e f "193RD INFANTRY BRIGADE". U.S. Army Training Center & Fort Jackson. 14 December 2021. Archived from the original on 29 June 2021. Retrieved 14 December 2021.
  21. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Richland County, SC" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 5 February 2022. - Text list - The map refers to "Fort Jackson Schools", which are defined here as the on-post schools: "Fort Jackson Schools". Department of Defense Education Activity. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  22. ^ "Fort Jackson Schools". U.S. Army. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  23. ^ "Fort Jackson Schools". Department of Defense Education Activity. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  24. ^ "Fort Jackson Education". Military One Source. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  25. ^ @RepJasonCrow (17 May 2021). ""Last week I stood with Vanessa Guillén's family..."" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  26. ^ Plumeri, Joe (23 June 2002). "The Boss – An Accidental Start". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 1 October 2010. Retrieved 15 July 2010.