Fred Russell
Fred Russell c. 1975
Fred Russell c. 1975
BornFrederick McFerrin Russell
(1906-08-27)August 27, 1906
Wartrace, Tennessee
DiedJanuary 26, 2003(2003-01-26) (aged 96)
Nashville, Tennessee
Alma materVanderbilt University
SpouseKatherine Wyche Early (Kay)
Childrenfour girls

Fred Russell (August 27, 1906 – January 26, 2003) was an American sportswriter from Tennessee who served as sports editor for the Nashville Banner for 68 years (1930–1998). Beginning in the 1960s he served for nearly three decades as chairman of the Honors Court of the College Football Hall of Fame, a group responsible for selecting College Football Hall of Fame members. He was a member of the National Sportscasters and Sportswriters Association Hall of Fame and the Tennessee Sports Hall of Fame.

Russell's sports column, "Sideline Sidelights" along with his cadre of reporters, was in a fierce rivalry with Nashville's better-funded paper, The Tennessean, for decades until the Banner closed in 1998. He was a long-time friend and protégé of fellow sportswriter and Vanderbilt alumnus Grantland Rice. Vanderbilt established the "Fred Russell–Grantland Rice Sportswriting Scholarship" in their honor. For over fifty years, the scholarship has attracted some of the nation's top journalistic talent to Vanderbilt.

Russell was known for his sense of humor and story-telling ability. He authored several books about sports and sports humor. As a young reporter he interviewed Babe Ruth, Ty Cobb, and Lou Gehrig. Outliving most of his contemporaries, he counted as friends many sports greats of the twentieth century including Jack Dempsey, Bobby Jones, Red Grange, Sparky Anderson, Bobby Knight, Bear Bryant, Archie Manning and George Steinbrenner. He was a member of the Heisman Trophy Committee and president of the Football Writers Association of America. Russell's active sportswriting career spanned 70 years during which he wrote over 12,000 columns. He died in 2003 at age 96.

Early life

Born in 1906, Russell grew up in Wartrace, Tennessee, about 50 miles southeast of Nashville on the main line of the railroad to Chattanooga.[1] His parents were John E. Russell and Mable Lee McFerrin Russell, who in 1920 moved the family to Nashville.[2][3] John E. Russell Jr. was his older brother, who died in 1961.[2] Russell's father started a newspaper, the Wartrace Tribune but it was short-lived; he became a salesman for a wholesale grocery company and traveled the middle Tennessee territory with a horse and buggy in his early career.[1] Russell’s mother was a music composer[a] and author of the "Vanderbilt University Waltz".[3][5] Russell attended Nashville's Duncan College Preparatory School for Boys,[6] which was located at a site now occupied by Vanderbilt University's Memorial Gymnasium.[7] Even since his youngest days, he had loved the sports pages.[8]: 6  He wanted a job as a newspaper office boy but it only paid three dollars per week and he could make much more by working at a soda fountain downtown at the United Cigar Store.[1] One of his best friends around the cigar store was Phil Harris, whose father was a musician at the adjacent Knickerbocker Theater.[1] Russell saved enough over a year to enter Vanderbilt in the fall of 1923.[8]: 6  He was a member of Kappa Sigma Fraternity, and a varsity baseball player.[9] He played second base and pitched.[10]: 227  He attended Vanderbilt Law School, passed the state bar exam, and was listed in the class of 1929.[8]: 6  He did legal work at a title company for 18 months and found out pretty quickly that "it was not the most exciting kind of work".[8]: 18  He was offered a job at the Nashville Banner ; first writing obituaries, then working the police beat, then covering Vanderbilt football.[8]: 18  Regarding the football coverage Russell said, “I got the luckiest break in the world in June of '29. . . in weeks, I knew that I never wanted to do anything else."[8]: 18  The following year, he became the sports editor of the Banner, replacing Ralph McGill who left to go to the Atlanta Constitution.[4] Russell would be a member of the Banner staff until the paper closed in 1998. Over the next 68 years, Russell wrote over 12,000 columns, most of them in his weekly column "Sideline Sidelights " later shortened to simply "Sidelines".

The Saturday Evening Post

Russell's career began in the so-called Golden Age of sports—a period beginning about the 1920s when newspapers and radio were a prominent form of media and news.[11][12] The events Russell regularly covered were: college football; amateur and pro baseball; the Masters Golf Tournament; the Kentucky Derby; championship boxing; college football bowl games, including The Sugar Bowl and The Rose Bowl; and The Olympic Games (1960–1976). Russell gained national exposure in the mid-twentieth century for writing a widely-read annual college football article, the "Pigskin Preview", for The Saturday Evening Post. His relationship with the Post began when the magazine wanted to do a story on the University of Tennessee's new football coach, Bob Neyland, who had in 1939 created arguably one of the greatest football teams ever assembled: undefeated, untied, and un-scored-upon in the regular season.[8]: 67  The magazine wanted a southern writer, and chose Russell. His article, "Touchdown Engineer" appeared in the issue leading up to the highly anticipated 1940 Rose Bowl (Tennessee vs. USC) and put Russell on the national scene in sportswriting. The article's reception led the Post to hire him to write the Pigskin Preview series each year from 1949 to 1962.[8]: 67 

Sportswriting scholarship

Grantland Rice was an influential pioneer of the sportswriting world[13] and he was Russell's boyhood idol.[8]: 52  They first met in the 1930s and remained longtime friends even though Rice was 26 years older. They were both raised in Nashville and both graduates of Vanderbilt University. Rice worked for about three years at the Tennessean from 1907 to 1910.[14]: 200 

In May of 1954, when Rice was in declining health, Russell recalled a memorable lunch with him at Rice's regular corner table at Toots Shor's restaurant in New York.[8]: 51  With sportswriter Bill Corum, they swapped stories extending all afternoon until five o'clock with Schor himself in on some of them.[8]: 61  When Rice died two months later, Russell and Corum developed the idea of creating a Rice scholarship and, in 1956, the Grantland Rice Scholarship at Vanderbilt was begun. [8]: 205  Endowed by the Thoroughbred Racing Association (TRA),[b] the scholarship is awarded annually to an incoming first-year student with an interest in sportswriting. The rules do not require recipients to be sportswriters and Vanderbilt did not have a school of journalism.[8]: 210  From the beginning, Russell was involved in the administration and selection process of the scholarship. In 1986, after Russell had been closely managing the endeavor for 30 years, Charles J. Cella, a past president of the TRA, further endowed the scholarship with a $500,000 gift in honor of Russell,[4] changing its name to the Fred Russell-Grantland Rice Sportswriting Scholarship.[8]: 210  For over fifty years, the scholarship has attracted some of the nation's top journalistic talent coming out of high school.[8]: 205  Some of the more well-known recipients have included Skip Bayless, Roy Blount, and Andrew Maraniss.[8]: 206  The scholarship fell on hard times in the 1990s when the university reduced the award to $10,000 yearly to prolong the life of scholarship.[8]: 214  With rising tuition costs, the later scholarship was roughly one quarter of the full package earlier recipients received.[8]: 214 

College Football Hall of Fame

For nearly three decades, Russell was the chairman of the National Football Foundation (NFF)'s "Honors Court" which oversees the College Football Hall of Fame.[15] The organization was founded in 1947, and Russell became involved in it in the 1960s, becoming its president in 1964. According to author Andrew Derr, the Honors Court is the most powerful group in college football.[8]: 80  Russell served its chairman from 1964 to 1991, a role perfectly suited for him because he had, according to Derr, "an instinctive sense of fairness and prudence" along with significant experience in college football and relationships with the coaches and administrators. [8]: 80  Derr said, "From Paul Bryant to Archie Manning, Frank Broyles to Lee Corso, Johnny Majors to Lou Holtz, Russell had relationships with all of them."[8]: 81  A difficult decision came to Russell and the committee in 1959, when LSU's Heisman-Trophy winner Billy Cannon was scheduled to be inducted into the Hall of Fame, but pleaded guilty to a counterfeiting operation after FBI agents recovered $5 million in bogus $100 bills buried on Cannon's property.[16] Russell chose to rescind the hall of fame invitation. Cannon was eventually inducted in 2008.[16]

Sense of humor

One of Russell's trademarks was his humorous and entertaining style in his columns, books, speeches and stories. He was a ringleader of a group of friends who engaged in practical jokes, often ingeniously planned.[17]: 170 [8]: 1  New York Times sports columnist Red Smith said, "He is the first practical joker who never hurt anybody with his practical jokes".[4] Many of these are chronicled in a book about Russell, Confessions of a Practical Joker, written by Jim Harwell.[17] One of the famous ones was an April Fools joke in 1965 in which Russell published a story on the front page of the Banner sports page on April 1st (April Fool's Day) reporting that newly-passed legislation would mean that the Natchez Trace Parkway would be extended directly across the golf course of a Nashville country club of which Russell was a member.[8]: 170  There was a large map and details with quotes from city officials.[8]: 170  Russell authored three sports humor books, I'll Go Quietly (1944), I'll Try Anything Twice (1945) and Funny Thing About Sports (1948). During World War II, the American military distributed I'll Try Anything Twice to soldiers as one of 1300 titles in its Armed Services Editions.[18][19]

The Banner vs. the Tennessean

An example of Russell's column in the Nashville Banner, October 29, 1936
An example of Russell's column in the Nashville Banner, October 29, 1936

In a two-newspaper town, competition between the journalists can be stiff. In Nashville, The Tennessean was the morning paper including Sundays; the Nashville Banner was the afternoon paper. In 1937, the two papers formed a Joint Operating Agreement to reduce costs by putting both in the same building and using the same printing presses.[8]: 146  The result was that the competitors kept their separate editorial identities but worked in close proximity; the tension was palpable.[8]: 146  Russell, the Banner sports editor, had sources on the inside happenings of Vanderbilt athletics and many more contacts nationally than did the Tennessean. Writing out his columns on his gray manual Royal typewriter,[20]: 24  Russell's objectives were clear: get the story, protect your sources, and make sure nothing leaked from Saturday afternoon until Monday morning after the Tennessean hit the stands.[8]: 153  If there was going to be a new coach hired, Russell knew it first, and possibly had a role in determining who the candidates would be.[8]: 153  Tennessean reporter Jimmy Davy, who endured the underdog status longer than anyone at the Tennessean, said "That kind of influence drove us crazy. . . that he was so inside with everything."[8]: 152 

Influence in various sports

In 1955, on Russell’s 25th Anniversary of writing at the Nashville Banner, the newspaper held an invitation-only gala for him that included more than 600 guests.[21] The celebration included a host of sports personalities, writers and stars such as Bear Bryant, Red Smith, Bobby Jones, Jack Dempsey, Red Grange; the latter three gave speeches.[8]: 89  Invitees included a senator, two congressmen, the mayor, General Neyland, the general manager of the Cincinnati Reds, the president of the Sugar Bowl, the commissioner of the Southeastern Conference, and many coaches and athletes.[21] As for the secret of Russell's success in having friendships with top sports figures, biographer Andrew Derr said, "Confidentiality was the foundation for that type of friendship, and Russell was unwavering in his ability to keep his word".[8]: 137  College hall of fame player and coach Johnny Majors said, "You could talk off the record with him and you knew you wouldn't be reported unless he cleared it with you. I would tell something to him that I didn't want anybody else to know at the time. . ."[8]: 137 

Boxing, horse racing, and golf

Russell covered major championship boxing and was a long-time friend of heavyweight champion Jack Dempsey. He covered more than 50 consecutive runnings of the Kentucky Derby.[8]: 33  Russell covered the first Masters golf tournament in 1934 in Augusta, Georgia and over 40 subsequent Masters'. He was a close friend friend of Bobby Jones (who preferred to be called "Bob").[8]: 43 [1] Russell got to know him before Jones' golfing success, when Jones was a part owner of the Atlanta Crackers, a minor league baseball team.[8]: 44  Like Russell, Jones was a great storyteller and this trait was part of the foundation for their friendship.[8]: 44 


Paul "Bear" Bryant was a friend of Russell's for close to a half-century.[8]: 133  They first met in 1937 on a four-day train ride from Birmingham to Pasadena when University of Alabama went to play in the 1937 Rose Bowl.[8]: 133  Bryant was an unknown at the time who had only recently graduated from the University of Alabama and had stayed on as an assistant coach there.[8]: 133  They talked for hours on the trip and Bryant basically told his life story to Russell, who years later said, "I was never more favorably impressed by a young coach as I was by Bryant."[8]: 133  Russell helped Bryant get a job as assistant coach at Vanderbilt in 1940.[20]: 24  From this initial acquaintance, a friendship developed between the two men and they became trusted confidants over the years.[8]: 136  Their wives became close and the couples visited their respective cities in the summer through the 1960s and 1970s.[8]: 136  Bryant and his wife usually dined with the Russells before the annual Vanderbilt-Alabama games.[8]: 136 


As a baseball writer for 30 years in the middle of the 20th century, Russell often spent an entire month covering spring training each year. He and fellow sportswriters such as Red Smith would often travel together to Florida and stay with players at venues such as the Soreno Hotel in St. Petersburg.[22] After the games, their wives drove to the next town while the two men sat in the back seat with typewriters crafting their columns.[23] Sports Illustrated reported that in the 1930s, Russell interviewed Babe Ruth as Ruth played bridge with Lou Gehrig.[20]: 24  Russell as a young reporter also interviewed Ty Cobb.[24][8]: 35  He spent the majority of his time covering the Yankees[8]: 35  and said "Casey Stengel was better than any show anywhere".[8]: 35 

Track and field

Russell was one of the primary journalists who covered Tennessee State University, whose women's track team, the "Tigerbelles", achieved international acclaim in the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome.[25] Wilma Rudolph, coached by TSU's Ed Temple, became the first American woman to win three gold medals in a single Olympics.[26] Temple spent the 1950s building his program[27]: 309  even though the historically black college had run-down facilities[8]: 98  and lacked scholarships.[c] After Rudolph's olympic stardom, Temple said, "The biggest disappointment in all my 44 years was when we came back from Rome and [the university] didn't get a cent [for scholarships and facilities]"[8]: 99  He confided his frustration with Russell who personally called the Governor of Tennessee, Buford Ellington and arranged for Temple to go downtown and meet with the governor. With Temple sitting in his office, Ellington phoned the commissioner of colleges and conditions at the university began to improve rapidly. When Wilma Rudolph died in 1980, Russell delivered her eulogy.[20]: 24 [28]

Awards and honors

Russell received numerous honors from sports organizations throughout his life.[29] He was elected to the National Sports Media Association Hall of Fame[30] and was a charter member of the Tennessee Sportswriters Hall of Fame.[31] He received the Distinguished American Award[29] given by the National Football Foundation (NFF).[15] Two previous recipients were Vince Lombardi and Bob Hope.[32]

Russell is a past president of the Football Writers Association of America.[29] He was a member of the Heisman Trophy Committee for 46 years[15] and served as the Heisman's Southern chairman for 30 years.[29] He received the Amos Alonzo Stagg Award from the American Football Coaches Association.[33] Other winners of this award were Bear Bryant and Woody Hayes.[33] In the same year he was awarded the Bert McGrane Award from the Football Writers Association of America.[34]

In 1983, The National Turf Writers Association (horse-racing) awarded Russell the Walter Haight Award for Excellence in Turf Writing.[35] He received the Associated Press Editor's Red Smith Award for “extended meritorious labor in the art of sportswriting.”[36] He received the first annual "Grantland Rice Memorial Award" (1957) by an organization of journalists, the Sportsmanship Brotherhood, Inc.[36][37] for "writing in the Grantland Rice Tradition".[1][38]

Russell was a member of the Tennessee Sports Hall of Fame.[36] He was named to the Vanderbilt Athletics Hall of Fame as part of its inaugural class.[39] Russell was awarded the Distinguished Journalism Award by the U.S. Olympic Committee.[40]


Russell's legacy includes the following items named in his honor:

Personal life and final years

Russell and his wife, Katherine Wyche Early Russell, were married for 63 years until her death in 1996. They had four daughters, Katherine Early, Ellen Fall, Elizabeth Lee, Carolyn Evans. Russell worked past the age of 90 and lived until the age of 96. Two personal tragedies that Russell endured in his life were the death of his wife Kay in 1996 and the demise of the Nashville Banner in 1998.[8]: 232 Kay died at age 87 when Russell was 90. He lived for six more years. The demise of the Banner came swiftly and painfully on February 16, 1998, when 100 staffers were called together by publisher and co-owner Irby Simpkins who told them that the Banner had been sold to the Gannett Company, who already owned the Tennessean.[8]: 223  Gannett would then immediately shut down the 122 year-old Banner which had slowly been losing subscribers.[8]: 222  Its last issue would be that Friday, four days hence. The news took an unexpected mental toll on the 92 year-old Russell.[8]: 228 His daughter Carolyn said, "When mother died, he still had the column; when the Banner left, he had nothing."[8]: 228  Russell went into a deep depression, but over time recovered enough to take a writing job with his longtime rival, the Tennessean, after being respectfully approached by the publisher John Siegenthaler and sports editor John Bibb.[8]: 229  Russell wrote a few articles for them, enough to make his 70th year as a journalist, then retired. Long-time Tennessean writer Jimmy Davy said, "You know, he just didn't have his heart in it— he was a Banner man."[8]: 230  Russell's final sports column is published in the multi-author book, Nashville: An American Self-Portrait (2001).[48]: 35  He died in 2003 at age 96.[4]

Works by Fred Russell


  1. ^ In the 1890s, she published "Violets So Blue", "I love You", and "The Vanderbilt University Waltz". The latter was featured on "Vanderbilt Day" in a ceremony at the Tennessee Centennial Exposition in 1897 when the statue of Commodore Cornelius Vanderbilt was presented to the university.[4]
  2. ^ TRA is the Thoroughbred Racing Association, an organization that funded the scholarship initially because of Grantland Rice's love of horse racing and writing about the industry.[8]: 207 
  3. ^ Rudolph paid for her education by working on the TSU campus two hours each day as part of a work-study program.[8]: 99 


  1. ^ a b c d e f Russell, Fred (2018). Bury Me In An Old Press Box : Good Times and Life of a Sportswriter. Chicago: Papamoa Press. p. ebook. ISBN 9781789125719. Retrieved September 1, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Russell, Fred McFerrin/Obituary". Vol. 99, no. 28. The Tennessean. January 28, 2003. p. 5–B. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Removed to Their Country Home". Vol. 31, no. 143. Nashville Banner. September 22, 1906. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Normand, Tom (January 28, 2003). "Mr. Russell: End of an Era". Vol. 99, no. 28. The Tennessean. pp. 1–A, 1–C, 3–C. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  5. ^ McFerrin, Mabel Lee (1898). "Vanderbilt University Waltz". H.A. French. Retrieved August 31, 2021. Johns Hopkins Sheridan Libraries & University Museums
  6. ^ "Duncan College Preparatory School for Boys". The Historical Marker Database. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
  7. ^ Fox, David (January 27, 2003). "Legendary Sports Reporter Fred Russell Dies". Nashville Post.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf Derr, Andrew (2012). Life of Dreams : The Good Times of Sportswriter Fred Russell (1st ed.). Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press. ISBN 9780881462784.
  9. ^ Traughber, Bill (August 23, 2006). "Fred Russell Was A Vanderbilt Man". Vanderbilt University. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
  10. ^ Simpson, John A. (2007). The Greatest Game Ever Played in Dixie" : the Nashville Vols, their 1908 season, and the championship game. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. ISBN 9780786430505. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
  11. ^ Summer, Jim (January 1, 2004). "Sports in the 1920s:The Golden age of Sports". NCpedia (State Library of North Carolina). Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  12. ^ Oriard, Michael (2001). King Football : Sport and spectacle in the golden age of radio and newsreels, movies and magazines, the weekly & the daily press. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. p. ix. ISBN 0807826502. Retrieved August 30, 2021.
  13. ^ "Grantland Rice/ Vanderbilt University Athletics". 13 May 2019. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  14. ^ Egerton, John (1979). Nashville: The Faces of Two Centuries, 1780–1980 (First ed.). PlusMedia.
  15. ^ a b c "National Football Foundation/ NFF Distinguished American Award Recipients/Fred Russell/Bio". Retrieved September 9, 2021.
  16. ^ a b Schudel, Matt (May 23, 2018). "Billy Cannon, 1959 Heisman Trophy winner later convicted of counterfeiting, dies at 80". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  17. ^ a b Harwell, Jim (2012). Confessions of a Practical Joker. Nashville, Tennessee: Bridge Books. ISBN 9780985594305.
  18. ^ Giaimo, Cara (22 September 2017). "How Books Designed for Soldiers' Pockets Changed Publishing Forever". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  19. ^ Manning, Molly Guptill (2014). When Books Went to War : the stories that helped us win World War II. Boston: First Mariner. p. ebook. ISBN 9780544535176.
  20. ^ a b c d "Byline for the Ages: Fred Russell's Banner Career". Sports Illustrated. 88:9 (March 2, 1998). Retrieved September 3, 2021.
  21. ^ a b Horick, Randy (March 26, 1998). "The Time of his Life: How Fred Russell Got the Story". The Nashville Scene. Retrieved September 3, 2021.
  22. ^ Romano, John (June 6, 2020). "Once upon a time, St. Pete was the center of baseball's fight for civil rights". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
  23. ^ Biddle, Joe (January 28, 2003). "Missing an Old Friend on the Sidelines". Vol. 99, no. 28. The Tennessean. p. 1–C. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  24. ^ Bell, Rick C. (October 8, 2017). "Fred McFerrin Russell". The Tennessee Historical Society. Retrieved September 3, 2021.
  25. ^ "Heroines of the Track: TSU's Tigerbelles Bring Home the Gold". Nashville Public Library. July 25, 2021. Retrieved August 30, 2021.
  26. ^ "On this Day:1950–2005/11 September/1960: Rudolph takes third Olympic gold". BBC. 11 September 1960. Retrieved September 1, 2021.
  27. ^ Goudsouzian, Aram; Freeman, Sarah Wilkerson (Ed.); Bond, Beverly Greene (2009). Tennessee Women: Their Lives and Times. Volume 1. Athens: University of Georgia Press. ISBN 9780820339016. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  28. ^ "Russell, Frederic McFerrin 1906–2003". Retrieved September 3, 2021.
  29. ^ a b c d "Russell, Sports Columnist, Is Cited by Football Hall". The New York Times. April 27, 1980. p. S–9. Retrieved September 3, 2021.
  30. ^ "National Sports Media Association (NSMA)/Hall of Fame/". Retrieved September 9, 2021.
  31. ^ "Tennessee Sports Writers Hall of Fame features quotes, jokes". Williamson Herald (Franklin, Tennessee). July 27, 2006. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
  32. ^ "NFF Distinguished American Award Recipients". National Football Foundation (NFF). Retrieved September 9, 2021.
  33. ^ a b "Longtime College Head Coach Dick Tomey to Receive 2020 Amos Alonzo Stagg Award". American Football Coaches Association. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
  34. ^ "Bert McGrane Award". Football Writers Association of America. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
  35. ^ "Walter Haight Award". National Turf Writers and Broadcasters. Retrieved September 5, 2021.
  36. ^ a b c "Tennessee Sports Hall of Fame/Inductees/Fred Russell". Tennessee Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved September 4, 2021.
  37. ^ "The Sportsmanship Brotherhood". New York Times. November 4, 1925. p. 22. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  38. ^ Russell, Fred (May 4, 1959). "An Expert Defends the Sports Page". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved September 3, 2021. Here, by invitation, one of the ablest sports editors in America, Fred Russell of the 'Nashville Banner' proudly speaks for his profession
  39. ^ "Vanderbilt Athletics Announces Inaugural Hall of Fame Class". Vanderbilt University. 2008-06-26. Archived from the original on 2008-06-28. Retrieved 2008-06-26.
  40. ^ "Longtime Sports Editor Fred Russell Dies". Associated Press. January 27, 2003. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
  41. ^ a b "Fred Russell Distinguished American Award". The National Football Foundation & College Hall of Fame, Inc. (NFF). Retrieved September 5, 2021.
  42. ^ Kreager, Tom (June 28, 2021). "Fitzgerald earns Lifetime Achievement honor". Vol. 17, no. 79. The Tennessean. p. 1–B. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
  43. ^ "Hayes earns Fred Russell Lifetime Achievement Award". Murfreesboro Post. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  44. ^ Ammenhauser, Dave (May 23, 2016). "Legacy honors added to Middle Tennessee Sports Awards". Vol. 112, no. 144. The Tennessean. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  45. ^ "Young Gets Person of the Year Award". Vol. 103, no. 72. The Tennessean. March 13, 2007. p. 3–C. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  46. ^ Hopp, Jessica (February 14, 2006). "Cutler Is Given Pair of Awards". Vol. 102, no. 45. The Tennessean. p. 4–C. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  47. ^ 2010 Vanderbilt Baseball Media Guide, p. 14 at, URL accessed September 24, 2021. Archived 12-24-2010
  48. ^ Egerton, John; Wood, E. Thomas (2001). Nashville : an American self-portrait (1st ed.). Nashville, Tennessee: Beaten Biscuit Press. ISBN 0970670214.