FreeBASIC
Fblogo.gif
FreeBasic help.png
ParadigmProcedural, object-oriented
Designed byAndre Victor[1]
DeveloperThe FreeBASIC Development Team
First appeared2004; 18 years ago (2004)
Stable release
1.09.0 / January 1, 2022; 5 months ago (2022-01-01)
Typing disciplineStatic
OSMS-DOS, FreeBSD, Linux, Microsoft Windows
LicenseGNU GPLv2+, Standard libraries licensed under the GNU LGPLv2+
Websitewww.freebasic.net
Influenced by
QuickBASIC, C

FreeBASIC is a free and open source multiplatform compiler and programming language based on BASIC licensed under the GNU GPL for Microsoft Windows, protected-mode MS-DOS (DOS extender), Linux, FreeBSD and Xbox. The Xbox version is no longer maintained.[2]

According to its official website,[3] FreeBASIC provides syntax compatibility with programs originally written in Microsoft QuickBASIC (QB). Unlike QuickBASIC, however, FreeBASIC is a command line only compiler, unless users manually install an external integrated development environment (IDE) of their choice.[4] IDEs specifically made for FreeBASIC include FBide and FbEdit,[5] while more graphical options include WinFBE Suite and VisualFBEditor.[6]

Compiler features

On its backend, FreeBASIC makes use of GNU Binutils in order to produce console and graphical user interface applications. FreeBASIC supports the linking and creation of C static and dynamic libraries and has limited support for C++ libraries. As a result, code compiled in FreeBASIC can be reused in most native development environments.

C style preprocessing, including multiline macros, conditional compiling and file inclusion, is supported. The preprocessor also has access to symbol information and compiler settings, such as the language dialect.

Syntax

Initially, FreeBASIC emulated Microsoft QuickBASIC syntax as closely as possible. Beyond that, the language has continued its evolution. As a result, FreeBASIC combines several language dialects for maximum level of compatibility with QuickBASIC and full access to modern features.[7] New features include support for concepts such as objects, operator overloading, function overloading, namespaces and others.[8]

Newline characters indicate the termination of programming statements. A programming statement can be distributed on multiple consecutive lines by using the underscore line continuation char (_), whereas multiple statements may be written on a single line by separating each statement with a colon (:).

Block comments, as well as end-of-line remarks are supported. Full line comments are made with an apostrophe ', while blocks of commented code begin with /' and end with '/.

FreeBASIC is not case-sensitive.

Graphics library

FreeBASIC provides built-in, QuickBASIC compatible graphics support through FBgfx, which is automatically included into programs that make a call to the SCREEN command. Its backend defaults to OpenGL on Linux and DirectX on Microsoft Windows. This abstraction makes FBgfx graphics code cross-platform compatible. However, FBgfx is not hardware accelerated.

Users familiar with external graphics utilities such as OpenGL or the Windows API can use them without interfering with the built-in graphics library.

Language dialects

As FreeBASIC has evolved, changes have been made that required breaking older-styled syntax. In order to continue supporting programs written using the older syntax, FreeBASIC now supports the following dialects:

Example code

Standard programs, such as the "Hello, World!" program are done just as they were in QuickBASIC.

Print "Hello, World!"

sleep:end 'Comment, prevents the program window from closing instantly

FreeBASIC adds to this with support for object-oriented features such as methods, constructors, dynamic memory allocation, properties and temporary allocation.

Type Vector
    Private:
        x As Integer
        y As Integer
    Public:
        Declare Constructor (nX As Integer = 0, nY As Integer = 0)
        Declare Property getX As Integer
        Declare Property getY As Integer
End Type

Constructor Vector (nX As Integer, nY As Integer)
    x = nX
    y = nY
End Constructor

Property Vector.getX As Integer
    Return x
End Property

Property Vector.getY As Integer
    Return y
End Property
Dim As Vector Ptr player = New Vector()

*player = Type<Vector>(100, 100)
Print player->getX
Print player->getY

Delete player

Sleep 'Prevents the program window from closing instantly

In both cases, the language is well suited for learning purposes.

References

  1. ^ "freeBASIC about page". freeBASIC compiler. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
  2. ^ FBWiki : FaqPgxbox
  3. ^ freeBASIC Programming Language: Official Web site
  4. ^ "freeBASIC official website downloads page". freeBASIC compiler. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  5. ^ FbEdit on sourceforge, retrieved 13 May 2017
  6. ^ FreeBASIC IDEs/Editors - FreeBASIC Forums
  7. ^ "freeBASIC dialects". coderJeff's home page. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
  8. ^ "Differences from QB". freeBASIC.net documentation. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
IDEs