General George Joulwan
George Joulwan
Born (1939-11-16) November 16, 1939 (age 81)
Pottsville, Pennsylvania
AllegianceUnited States of America
Service/branch
United States Army
Rank
General
Commands held
Battles/warsVietnam War
Awards
General George Joulwan visiting Bosnia and Herzegovina during his tenure as Supreme Allied Commander Europe.
General George Joulwan visiting Bosnia and Herzegovina during his tenure as Supreme Allied Commander Europe.

George Alfred Joulwan (born November 16, 1939, Pottsville, Pennsylvania) is a retired United States Army general who served for 36 years. He finished his military career as the Commander-in-Chief, United States European Command and Supreme Allied Commander (SACEUR) in 1997.[1]

As the Supreme Allied Commander, he conducted over 20 operations in the Balkans, Africa, and the Middle East.[1] When the United States sent forces into Bosnia in the 1990s, General Joulwan played the leading role in troop deployment, earning praise by President Clinton upon Joulwan's retirement.[2]

As SACEUR, General Joulwan created a strategic policy for the United States military engagement in Africa, which was the first time in U.S. history that such a policy had been crafted.[1]

Post-military career

General Joulwan sits on the board of directors of Emergent BioSolutions, a biotechnology company, after a referral to the post by Allen Shofe, an executive at Emergent.[3]

His other post-military positions have included:[3]

He has also served as a military analyst for Fox News Channel. Notably, he appeared on Fox News Sunday a few weeks after September 11, 2001, with White House Chief of Staff Andrew Card and Senate Armed Forces chairman Carl Levin to discuss his experience in war planning and the American military's planning with regards to Afghanistan.[2]

Military career

His efforts have built a foundation for a Europe that is safe, secure, and democratic well into the 21st century. . . . General Joulwan's leadership and wise counsel will truly be missed in the senior decision-making ranks of our national security structure.

President William J. Clinton's statement
on the retirement of General Joulwan
December 23, 1996[4]

West Point

George Joulwan earned his college degree at the United States Military Academy at West Point. At West Point, he played football and basketball, earning two varsity letters as a football lineman.[1] Later in his career, General Joulwan earned a master's degree from Loyola University (Chicago) in political science.[3]

Vietnam

General Joulwan served from June 1966 to November 1967 and from June 1971 to January 1972 in Vietnam. He attended the Army War College, and served on the Staff and Faculty until 1979. He commanded the 2nd Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division (Mechanized), from June 1979 to September 1981, when he became Chief of Staff, 3rd Infantry Division.

White House

Major George Joulwan (Seated, far left) while serving as special assistant to The White House Chief of Staff General Alexander Haig at Haig's office in the White House with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, August 8, 1974.
Major George Joulwan (Seated, far left) while serving as special assistant to The White House Chief of Staff General Alexander Haig at Haig's office in the White House with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, August 8, 1974.

Joulwan served as special assistant to General Alexander Haig while still a Major within the U.S. Army, when Haig was serving as White House Chief of Staff from May 4, 1973 – September 21, 1974.[5]

National leadership

He served in various functions at the Pentagon from 1982 until June 1986, when he became the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations, United States Army Europe and U.S. Seventh Army, Germany.

In March 1988 he was given command of the 3rd Armored Division and in 1989 he became Commanding General, U.S. V Corps.

From November 1990 until October 1993 he was Commander in Chief of United States Southern Command.

International leadership

He served as the Supreme Allied Commander, Europe (SACEUR) from 1993 to 1997, when he was succeeded by General Wesley Clark.

Highlights of General George Joulwan's military assignments[1][6]
Year Assignment Emblem Location
1963 Commander in the Infantry: First Battalion, 30th Infantry, 3rd Division
Europe
1964 Battalion Operations Officer (S-3): First Battalion, 26th Infantry of the First Division
Vietnam
1968 Assistant professor of Military Sciences: Loyola University Chicago Chicago, IL
1971 101st Airborne Division
Vietnam
1972 Department of Tactics, United States Military Academy at West Point
West Point, NY
1973 Aide-de-Camp to the Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army
Washington
1973 Special Assistant to the President of the United States, Richard M. Nixon
Washington
1975 Special Assistant to the Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Europe
1975 Commander of the First Battalion of the 26th Infantry
Various
1977 Student (and later staff and faculty) at United States Army War College
Pennsylvania
1979 Commanded the 2nd Brigade of the 3rd Infantry Division
Germany
1981 Division Chief of Staff, 3rd Infantry Division
Various
1982 Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Arlington, VA
1983 Director of Force Development, Department of the Army
Pentagon, Washington, D.C.
1985 Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations, U.S. Army Europe and Seventh Army
Germany
1988 Commander of the 3rd Armored Division
Various
1989 Commanding General of the V Corps
Various
1990 Commander-in-Chief, United States Southern Command
Panama, El Salvador and other locations
1993–1997 Commander-in-Chief, United States European Command and Supreme Allied Commander
Europe, worldwide

Citizenship and philanthropy

General Joulwan has also served the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital as the Chair Emeritus of the Gourmet Gala Committee.[7] A public park in Pottsville, Pennsylvania was named in his honor.[8]

Personal life

General Joulwan had a twin brother, James Joseph Joulwan, who died in 2013. General Joulwan is of Syrian heritage.[9] He is married and has eight grandchildren.

Awards and decorations

Combat Infantryman Badge
Expert Infantry Badge
Parachutist Badge
Ranger Tab
Presidential Service Badge
Army Staff Identification Badge
Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge
SACEUR Badge
26th Infantry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia
Defense Distinguished Service Medal (with two oak leaf clusters)
Army Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star (with oak leaf cluster)
Legion of Merit (with oak leaf cluster)
Bronze Star (with valor device and two oak leaf clusters)
Meritorious Service Medal (with three oak leaf clusters)
Air Medal (with award numeral 14)
Joint Service Commendation Medal
Army Commendation Medal (with oak leaf cluster)
Valorous Unit Award
National Defense Service Medal
Vietnam Service Medal (with four bronze service star)
Army Service Ribbon
Overseas Service Ribbon (with award numeral 5)
Legion of Honor (Bolivia)
Military Order of the White Lion, Second Class (Czech Republic)[10]
Gold Medal for Distinguished Service (El Salvador)
Légion d'Honneur, Officier (France)
Knight Commanders' Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (Germany)
Hesse Order of Merit (Germany)
Cross of Merit of the Armed Forces (Honduras)
Commander Cross with Star of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary[11]
Grand Officer of the Order of Vasco Núñez de Balboa (Panama)
Commander Cross with Star of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
Romanian Emblem of Honor
Honour of Merit (Venezuela)
Vietnam Gallantry Cross with three gold stars (Vietnam)
Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation (Vietnam)
Civil Actions Medal Unit Citation (Vietnam)
Vietnam Campaign Medal with "1960–"-device (Vietnam)

[6]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Dyer, Thomas B. "2002 Distinguished Graduate Award: GEN George A. Joulwan '61". West Point Association of Graduates. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Text: Andrew Card on 'Fox News Sunday'". The Washington Post. September 30, 2011. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "People: Emergent BioSolutions Inc (EBS.N)". Reuters. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  4. ^ "Statement on the Retirement of General George A. Joulwan, USA". The American Presidency Project. Gerhard Peters – The American Presidency Project. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  5. ^ Haig, Alexander (September 1, 1992). Inner Circles: How America Changed the World : A Memoir. Grand Central Publisher.
  6. ^ a b "Resume of Service Career of George Alfred Joulwan, General". BosniaLINK. Defense Technical Information Center, U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  7. ^ "2014 Gourmet Gala Committee". St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. Memphis, Tennessee. Archived from the original on June 6, 2014. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  8. ^ "Governor Rendell Makes Investment In Pottsville; Delivers On Promise to Redevelop Downtown". Free Online Library. Huntingdon Valley, Pennsylvania: Farlex, Inc. October 14, 2005. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  9. ^ "James Joseph Joulwan". Obituaries. Republican Herald. Pottsville, Pennsylvania: The Republican & Herald. November 15, 2013. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  10. ^ "Order of the White Lion". old.hrad.cz/index_uk.html. President of the Czech Republic. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  11. ^ "NATO'S EUROPEAN COMMANDER DECORATED IN HUNGARY". Friends & Partners; Linking US-Russia Across the Internet. Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
Military offices
Preceded by
Gen. Maxwell R. Thurman
United States Southern Command
1991—1993
Succeeded by
Gen. Barry R. McCaffrey
Preceded by
Gen. John Shalikashvili
Supreme Allied Commander Europe
1993—1997
Succeeded by
Gen. Wesley Clark