Gerald Bernard "Jerry" Greenberg (July 29, 1936 – December 22, 2017)[1] was an American film editor with more than 40 feature film credits.[2] Greenberg received both the Academy Award for Best Film Editing and the BAFTA Award for Best Editing for the film The French Connection (1971). In the 1980s, he edited five films with director Brian De Palma.

Greenberg began his career as an assistant to Dede Allen on the film America America (1963), directed by Elia Kazan.[3] Allen has been called "the most important film editor in the most explosive era of American film".[4] She helped develop the careers of several editors known as "Dede's boys", and Greenberg was the first.[5]

Greenberg was Allen's assistant again on Bonnie and Clyde (1967), which was directed by Arthur Penn. The editing of the ambush scene in this film in which Bonnie and Clyde are killed has been very influential, and Allen credited Greenberg with its actual "cutting".[6][7] Greenberg was the associate editor for Alice's Restaurant (1969), again directed by Penn and edited by Allen. By that time Greenberg's independent editing career had commenced with Bye Bye Braverman (1968), which was directed by Sidney Lumet. Greenberg later co-edited Penn's The Missouri Breaks (1976) with Allen and Stephen A. Rotter.

Early career

A native of New York, as a youth, Greenberg learned to edit music and began familiarizing himself with the moviola, splicers, synchronizers and recorders.[1] In 1960, he was offered an apprenticing job for Dede Allen on Elia Kazan’s America America (1963).[1] By 1967, when he and Allen were on Bonnie and Clyde, he was given the task of editing a couple of the shootout scenes, working closely with Allen and director Arthur Penn. He cut his first solo feature, Bye Bye Braverman, for director Sidney Lumet in 1968.[1]

Collaboration with William Friedkin

Greenberg edited two films with director William Friedkin, The Boys in the Band (1970) and The French Connection (1971). The French Connection was a success at the box-office and won the Academy Award for Best Picture. Friedkin attributed much of the film's success to its editing, writing "I can't say too much about the importance of editing. When I looked at the first rough cut of the chase, it was terrible. It didn't play. It was formless, in spite of the fact that I had a very careful shooting plan that I followed in detail. It became a matter of removing a shot here or adding a shot there, or changing the sequence of shots, or dropping one frame, or adding one or two frames. And here's where I had enormous help from Jerry Greenberg, the editor. As I look back on it now, the shooting was easy. The cutting and the mixing were enormously difficult. It was all enormously rewarding."[8]

The car chase sequence in The French Connection has been called "the finest example of montage editing since Battleship Potemkin (1925)";[9] this early film, directed and edited by Sergei Eisenstein, was seminal in the development of film editing.[10] Greenberg won the Academy Award for Best Film Editing and the BAFTA Award for Best Editing for the film. In 2012, The French Connection was selected as the tenth best edited film of all time in a listing compiled by the Motion Picture Editors Guild.[11]

Apocalypse Now (1979)

Francis Ford Coppola produced, directed, and co-wrote Apocalypse Now, which was released in 1979. Filming had taken over a year in 1976 and 1977. Editing took place over two years prior to its release, and involved several editors; the supervising editor was Richard Marks, another of "Dede's boys".[12] Greenberg described his own role in an interview with Vincent LoBrutto.[13] The film is now remembered as one of the most important to have emerged from American involvement in the long Vietnam War that had ended in 1975. Writing in 1999, critic Roger Ebert said "Apocalypse Now is the best Vietnam film, one of the greatest of all films, because it pushes beyond the others, into the dark places of the soul. It is not about war so much as about how war reveals truths we would be happy never to discover".[14] In the 2012 critics' poll conducted by the British Sight & Sound magazine, Apocalypse Now was rated the fourteenth best film ever made.[15] The editing of Apocalypse Now was rated third best of all films in the 2012 listing of the Motion Picture Editors Guild.[11] With Marks, Walter Murch, and Lisa Fruchtman, Greenberg shared in the film's nominations for the Academy Award, the BAFTA Award, and the ACE Eddie.

Collaboration with Brian De Palma

With the film Dressed to Kill (1980), Greenberg began a 7-year collaboration with director Brian De Palma. Greenberg edited five films with De Palma, with the last being The Untouchables (1987). Greenberg's assistant editor on Dressed to Kill, Bill Pankow, worked on all these films, and was his co-editor for The Untouchables; Pankow subsequently became De Palma's principal editor.

The period of De Palma's collaboration with Greenberg has been described as follows: De Palma's "early lower-budget thrillers, although superbly manufactured, were too bloody and garish for the average taste and infuriated many critics. But De Palma began gaining respectability with Dressed to Kill (1980) and following several critical setbacks, reached the apex in the late 80s with such high-powered productions as The Untouchables (1987) and Casualties of War (1989). A superb technician, he was finally crafting material worthy of his bold, often dazzling, visual flair."[16]

Honors and influence

Greenberg won the Oscar and the BAFTA awards for The French Connection (1971), and was nominated for the ACE Eddie. With his co-editors, he was nominated again for the Oscar, BAFTA, and Eddie for Apocalypse Now (1979). In the same year, he was nominated for the Oscar and BAFTA for Kramer vs. Kramer (1979), which was the first of his two films with director Robert Benton.

Greenberg has been elected to membership in the American Cinema Editors,[17] and in 2015 that organization honored him with its Career Achievement Award.[3] Writing after the ceremony at which Greenberg received the Career Achievement Ward, Ross Lincoln and Erik Pedersen said, "if editing is the most important part of completing a film, he is one of the most quantifiably influential people in the past 40 years."[18] On the 2012 list of "best edited films of all time", Greenberg worked on three of the top ten: Bonnie and Clyde, The French Connection, and Apocalypse Now.[11]


Greenberg died on December 22, 2017, at the age of 81

Partial filmography (editor)

This filmography of feature films is based on the listing at the Internet Movie Database.[2]

Year Film Director Notes
1966 The Steps Leonard Hirschfield
1968 Bye Bye Braverman Sidney Lumet
The Subject Was Roses Ulu Grosbard
1970 The Boys in the Band William Friedkin First collaboration with William Friedkin
1971 They Might Be Giants Anthony Harvey
The French Connection William Friedkin Second collaboration with William Friedkin
1972 Come Back, Charleston Blue Mark Warren
The Stoolie
1973 Electra Glide in Blue James William Guercio
1974 The Taking of Pelham One Two Three Joseph Sargent
1975 The Happy Hooker Nicholas Sgarro
1976 The Missouri Breaks Arthur Penn
1979 Apocalypse Now Francis Ford Coppola
Kramer vs. Kramer Robert Benton First collaboration with Robert Benton
1980 Dressed to Kill Brian De Palma First collaboration with Brian De Palma
Heaven's Gate Michael Cimino
1982 Still of the Night Robert Benton Second collaboration with Robert Benton
1983 Scarface Brian De Palma Second collaboration with Brian De Palma
1984 Body Double Third collaboration with Brian De Palma
1985 Savage Dawn Simon Nuchtern
1986 Wise Guys Brian De Palma Fourth collaboration with Brian De Palma
No Mercy Richard Pearce
1987 The Untouchables Brian De Palma Fifth collaboration with Brian De Palma
1988 The Accused Jonathan Kaplan
1989 Collision Course Lewis Teague
Christmas Vacation Jeremiah S. Chechik
1990 Awakenings Penny Marshall
1991 For the Boys Mark Rydell
1992 School Ties Robert Mandel
1998 American History X Tony Kaye
Reach the Rock William Ryan
1999 Inspector Gadget David Kellogg
2000 Duets Bruce Paltrow
Get Carter Stephen Kay
2001 Angel Eyes Luis Mandoki First collaboration with Luis Mandoki
2002 Trapped Second collaboration with Luis Mandoki
2003 Bringing Down the House Adam Shankman
2005 Havoc Barbara Kopple
2006 Invincible Ericson Core First collaboration with Ericson Core
2009 The Answer Man John Hindman
2010 Privileged Jonah Salander Direct-to-video
2015 Point Break Ericson Core Second collaboration with Ericson Core
Editorial department
Year Film Director Role
1969 Alice's Restaurant Arthur Penn Associate film editor
1973 The Seven-Ups Philip D'Antoni Supervising editor
1981 Reds Warren Beatty Additional film editor
1998 Gunshy Jeff Celentano Additional editor
Music department
Year Film Director Role
1965 A Thousand Clowns Fred Coe Music editor
Year Film Director Credit
1973 The Seven-Ups Philip D'Antoni Associate producer
Additional crew
Year Film Director Role Notes
1967 Bonnie and Clyde Arthur Penn Assistant editor
Year Film Director Role
1987 Spaceballs Mel Brooks The producer wishes to give special thanks to


  1. ^ a b c d Giardina, Carolyn (December 22, 2017). "Jerry Greenberg, Oscar-Winning Editor Of 'The French Connection,' Dies at 81". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  2. ^ a b Gerald B. Greenberg at IMDb
  3. ^ a b "65th Eddie Award Honorees". American Cinema Editors. Archived from the original on April 24, 2015.
  4. ^ Carlson, Michael (June 3, 2010). "Dede Allen: Pioneering film editor who worked with Sidney Lumet and Arthur Penn". The Independent.
  5. ^ See Greenberg's remarks in "Dede Allen to Receive Guild's Fellowship and Service Award". Editors Guild Magazine. Motion Picture Editors Guild. January 2008. Archived from the original on October 7, 2016. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  6. ^ Luther, Claudia (April 18, 2010). "Dede Allen dies at 86; editor revolutionized imagery, sound and pace in U.S. films". The Los Angeles Times.
  7. ^ Biskind, Peter (2010). Star: How Warren Beatty Seduced America. Simon and Schuster. p. 305. ISBN 9780743246583.
  8. ^ Friedkin, William (Fall 2006). "Anatomy of a Chase". DGA Quarterly. Directors Guild of America.
  9. ^ LoBrutto, Vincent (2012). "Landmark Films in the Art of Motion Picture Editing". The Art of Motion Picture Editing: An Essential Guide to Methods, Principles, Processes, and Terminology. Skyhorse Publishing. p. 91. ISBN 9781581158816.
  10. ^ Levy, Emanuel (May 5, 2011). "Potemkin (aka Battleship Potemkin, 1925)".
  11. ^ a b c "The 75 Best Edited Films". Editors Guild Magazine. 1 (3). May 2012. Archived from the original on March 17, 2015.
  12. ^ Crittenden, Roger (1995). Film and Video Editing. Routledge. p. 162. ISBN 978-1-85713-011-9. Perhaps the outstanding graduate of the Dede Allen Academy is Richard Marks.
  13. ^ LoBrutto, Vincent (2012). "Landmark Films in the Art of Motion Picture Editing". The Art of Motion Picture Editing: An Essential Guide to Methods, Principles, Processes, and Terminology. Skyhorse Publishing. p. 108. ISBN 9781581158816.
  14. ^ Ebert, Roger (November 28, 1999). "Great Movies: Apocalypse Now". Chicago Sun-Times.
  15. ^ Christie, Ian (ed.). "The Top 50 Greatest Films of All Time". Sight & Sound (September 2012). British Film Institute. Archived from the original on August 2, 2012.
  16. ^ "Brian De Palma". MacMillan International Film Encyclopedia. MacMillan. 2001. OCLC 59545175. Quoted in "Brian De Palma". They Shoot Pictures, Don't They?.
  17. ^ "American Cinema Editors > Members", webpage archived by WebCite from this original URL on March 4, 2008.
  18. ^ Lincoln, Ross A.; Pedersen, Erik (January 30, 2015). "'Boyhood', 'Grand Budapest', 'Lego Movie' Score Big At 65th ACE Eddie Awards — Complete Winners List". Deadline Hollywood. Carol Littleton presented Greenberg with his career nod. The Oscar-winning editor of The French Connection has a résumé of required viewing spanning decades, but watching his tribute reel tonight, it stuck out that, if editing is the most important part of completing a film, he is one of the most quantifiably influential people in the past 40 years.