Academy Award for Best Film Editing
CountryUnited States
Presented byAcademy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS)
First awarded1935
Most recent winnerJennifer Lame
Oppenheimer (2023)
Thelma Schoonmaker (left) and Columba Powell (right) at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival. Schoonmaker is among the deans of film editing; Powell is the son of Michael Powell, a prominent film director to whom Schoonmaker was married until his death in 1990.
Conrad A. Nervig was the inaugural winner, winning for Eskimo (1933). He also won for King Solomon's Mines (1950).

The Academy Award for Best Film Editing is one of the annual awards of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Nominations for this award are closely correlated with the Academy Award for Best Picture. For 33 consecutive years, 1981 to 2013, every Best Picture winner had also been nominated for the Film Editing Oscar, and about two thirds of the Best Picture winners have also won for Film Editing.[1][2] Only the principal, "above the line" editor(s) as listed in the film's credits are named on the award; additional editors, supervising editors, etc. are not currently eligible.[3]

The nominations for this Academy Award are determined by a ballot of the voting members of the Editing Branch of the academy; there were 220 members of the Editing Branch in 2012.[4] The members may vote for up to five of the eligible films in the order of their preference; the five films with the largest vote totals are selected as nominees.[3] The Academy Award itself is selected from the nominated films by a subsequent ballot of all active and life members of the academy. This process is essentially the reverse of that of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA); nominations for the BAFTA Award for Best Editing are done by a general ballot of academy voters, and the winner is selected by members of the editing chapter.[5]


This award was first given for films released in 1934. The name of this award is occasionally changed; in 2008, it was listed as the Academy Award for Achievement in Film Editing.

Four film editors have won this award three times in their career:

To date, two film directors have won this award, James Cameron and Alfonso Cuarón for the films Titanic and Gravity, respectively. Directors David Lean, Steve James, Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (under the alias "Roderick Jaynes"), Michel Hazanavicius, Jean-Marc Vallée (under the alias "John Mac McMurphy") and Chloé Zhao have been nominated for editing their own films, with Cameron, Cuarón, and the Coens each being nominated for the award twice. Additionally, Best Film Editing winner, Walter Murch, although known for film editing and sound, directed the Oscar nominated Return to Oz and is, to date, the only person with Oscars for both sound engineering and film editing, winning them in the same year for his work on The English Patient. Also, nominated editors Robert Wise, Francis D. Lyon, winner for Body and Soul and Hal Ashby, winner for In the Heat of the Night, became directors whose films were in turn nominated for Best Film Editing, namely Somebody Up There Likes Me, I Want to Live!, West Side Story, The Sound of Music, The Sand Pebbles and The Andromeda Strain for Wise, Crazylegs for Lyon and Bound for Glory and Coming Home for Ashby.


Category Name Superlative Year Notes
Most awards Thelma Schoonmaker 3 awards[6] 2006 Awards resulted from 9 nominations
Michael Kahn 1998 Awards resulted from 8 nominations
Daniel Mandell 1960 Awards resulted from 5 nominations
Ralph Dawson 1938 Awards resulted from 4 nominations
Most nominations Thelma Schoonmaker 9 nominations 2023 Nominations resulted in 3 awards[6]
Most nominations without a win Frederic Knudtson 6 nominations 1963 Nominations resulted in no awards
Gerry Hambling 1996
Oldest winner Michael Kahn Age 68 1998
Oldest nominee Thelma Schoonmaker Age 84 2023
Youngest winner David Brenner Age 27 1989 Co-edited with Joe Hutshing[7]

Superlatives taken from a document published by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.[8]

Winners and nominees

These listings are based on the Awards Database maintained by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.[9]

  indicates the winner


Year Film Nominees
Eskimo Conrad A. Nervig
Cleopatra Anne Bauchens
One Night of Love Gene Milford
A Midsummer Night's Dream Ralph Dawson
David Copperfield Robert J. Kern
The Informer George Hively
Les Misérables Barbara McLean
The Lives of a Bengal Lancer Ellsworth Hoagland
Mutiny on the Bounty Margaret Booth
Anthony Adverse Ralph Dawson
Come and Get It Edward Curtiss
The Great Ziegfeld William S. Gray
Lloyd's of London Barbara McLean
A Tale of Two Cities Conrad A. Nervig
Theodora Goes Wild Otto Meyer
Lost Horizon Gene Havlick and Gene Milford
The Awful Truth Al Clark
Captains Courageous Elmo Veron
The Good Earth Basil Wrangell
One Hundred Men and a Girl Bernard W. Burton
The Adventures of Robin Hood Ralph Dawson
Alexander's Ragtime Band Barbara McLean
The Great Waltz Tom Held
Test Pilot
You Can't Take It with You Gene Havlick
Gone with the Wind Hal C. Kern and James E. Newcom
Goodbye, Mr. Chips Charles Frend
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington Gene Havlick and Al Clark
The Rains Came Barbara McLean
Stagecoach Otho Lovering and Dorothy Spencer


Year Film Nominees
North West Mounted Police Anne Bauchens
The Grapes of Wrath Robert L. Simpson
The Letter Warren Low
The Long Voyage Home Sherman Todd
Rebecca Hal C. Kern
Sergeant York William Holmes
Citizen Kane Robert Wise
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Harold F. Kress
How Green Was My Valley James B. Clark
The Little Foxes Daniel Mandell
The Pride of the Yankees Daniel Mandell
Mrs. Miniver Harold F. Kress
The Talk of the Town Otto Meyer
This Above All Walter Thompson
Yankee Doodle Dandy George Amy
Air Force George Amy
Casablanca Owen Marks
Five Graves to Cairo Doane Harrison
For Whom the Bell Tolls Sherman Todd and John F. Link Sr.
The Song of Bernadette Barbara McLean
Wilson Barbara McLean
Going My Way LeRoy Stone
Janie Owen Marks
None but the Lonely Heart Roland Gross
Since You Went Away Hal C. Kern and James E. Newcom
National Velvet Robert J. Kern
The Bells of St. Mary's Harry Marker
The Lost Weekend Doane Harrison
Objective, Burma! George Amy
A Song to Remember Charles Nelson
The Best Years of Our Lives Daniel Mandell
It's a Wonderful Life William Hornbeck
The Jolson Story William A. Lyon
The Killers Arthur Hilton
The Yearling Harold F. Kress
Body and Soul Francis Lyon and Robert Parrish
The Bishop's Wife Monica Collingwood
Gentleman's Agreement Harmon Jones
Green Dolphin Street George White
Odd Man Out Fergus McDonell
The Naked City Paul Weatherwax
Joan of Arc Frank Sullivan
Johnny Belinda David Weisbart
Red River Christian Nyby
The Red Shoes Reginald Mills
Champion Harry W. Gerstad
All the King's Men Robert Parrish and Al Clark
Battleground John Dunning
Sands of Iwo Jima Richard L. Van Enger
The Window Frederic Knudtson


Year Film Nominees
King Solomon's Mines Ralph E. Winters and Conrad A. Nervig
All About Eve Barbara McLean
Annie Get Your Gun James E. Newcom
Sunset Boulevard Arthur P. Schmidt and Doane Harrison
The Third Man Oswald Hafenrichter
A Place in the Sun William Hornbeck
An American in Paris Adrienne Fazan
Decision Before Dawn Dorothy Spencer
Quo Vadis Ralph E. Winters
The Well Chester Schaeffer
High Noon Elmo Williams and Harry W. Gerstad
Come Back, Little Sheba Warren Low
Flat Top William Austin
The Greatest Show on Earth Anne Bauchens
Moulin Rouge Ralph Kemplen
From Here to Eternity William A. Lyon
Crazylegs Irvine "Cotton" Warburton
The Moon Is Blue Otto Ludwig
Roman Holiday Robert Swink
The War of the Worlds Everett Douglas
On the Waterfront Gene Milford
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea Elmo Williams
The Caine Mutiny William A. Lyon and Henry Batista
The High and the Mighty Ralph Dawson
Seven Brides for Seven Brothers Ralph E. Winters
Picnic Charles Nelson and William A. Lyon
Blackboard Jungle Ferris Webster
The Bridges at Toko-Ri Alma Macrorie
Oklahoma! Gene Ruggiero and George Boemler
The Rose Tattoo Warren Low
Around the World in 80 Days Gene Ruggiero and Paul Weatherwax
The Brave One Merrill G. White
Giant William Hornbeck, Philip W. Anderson and Fred Bohanan
Somebody Up There Likes Me Albert Akst
The Ten Commandments Anne Bauchens
The Bridge on the River Kwai Peter Taylor
Gunfight at the O.K. Corral Warren Low
Pal Joey Viola Lawrence and Jerome Thoms
Sayonara Arthur P. Schmidt and Philip W. Anderson
Witness for the Prosecution Daniel Mandell
Gigi Adrienne Fazan
Auntie Mame William H. Ziegler
Cowboy William A. Lyon and Al Clark
The Defiant Ones Frederic Knudtson
I Want to Live! William Hornbeck
Ben-Hur Ralph E. Winters and John D. Dunning
Anatomy of a Murder Louis R. Loeffler
North by Northwest George Tomasini
The Nun's Story Walter Thompson
On the Beach Frederic Knudtson


Year Film Nominees
The Apartment Daniel Mandell
The Alamo Stuart Gilmore
Inherit the Wind Frederic Knudtson
Pepe Viola Lawrence and Al Clark
Spartacus Robert Lawrence
West Side Story Thomas Stanford
Fanny William H. Reynolds
The Guns of Navarone Alan Osbiston
Judgment at Nuremberg Frederic Knudtson
The Parent Trap Philip W. Anderson
Lawrence of Arabia Anne V. Coates
The Longest Day Samuel E. Beetley
The Manchurian Candidate Ferris Webster
The Music Man William H. Ziegler
Mutiny on the Bounty John McSweeney Jr.
How the West Was Won Harold F. Kress
The Cardinal Louis R. Loeffler
Cleopatra Dorothy Spencer
The Great Escape Ferris Webster
It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World Frederic Knudtson (posthumously), Robert C. Jones and Gene Fowler Jr.
Mary Poppins Cotton Warburton
Becket Anne V. Coates
Father Goose Ted J. Kent
Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte Michael Luciano
My Fair Lady William H. Ziegler
The Sound of Music William H. Reynolds
Cat Ballou Charles Nelson
Doctor Zhivago Norman Savage
The Flight of the Phoenix Michael Luciano
The Great Race Ralph E. Winters
Grand Prix Fredric Steinkamp, Henry Berman, Stewart Linder and Frank Santillo
Fantastic Voyage William B. Murphy
The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming Hal Ashby and J. Terry Williams
The Sand Pebbles William H. Reynolds
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Sam O'Steen
In the Heat of the Night Hal Ashby
Beach Red Frank P. Keller
The Dirty Dozen Michael Luciano
Doctor Dolittle Samuel E. Beetley and Marjorie Fowler
Guess Who's Coming to Dinner Robert C. Jones
Bullitt Frank P. Keller
Funny Girl Robert Swink, Maury Winetrobe and William Sands
The Odd Couple Frank Bracht
Oliver! Ralph Kemplen
Wild in the Streets Fred R. Feitshans Jr. and Eve Newman
Z Françoise Bonnot
Hello, Dolly! William H. Reynolds
Midnight Cowboy Hugh A. Robertson
The Secret of Santa Vittoria William A. Lyon and Earle Herdan
They Shoot Horses, Don't They? Fredric Steinkamp


Year Film Nominees
Patton Hugh S. Fowler
Airport Stuart Gilmore
M*A*S*H Danford B. Greene
Tora! Tora! Tora! James E. Newcom, Pembroke J. Herring and Inoue Chikaya
Woodstock Thelma Schoonmaker
The French Connection Gerald B. Greenberg
The Andromeda Strain Stuart Gilmore (posthumously) and John W. Holmes
A Clockwork Orange Bill Butler
Kotch Ralph E. Winters
Summer of '42 Folmar Blangsted
Cabaret David Bretherton
Deliverance Tom Priestley
The Godfather William H. Reynolds and Peter Zinner
The Hot Rock Frank P. Keller and Fred W. Berger
The Poseidon Adventure Harold F. Kress
The Sting William H. Reynolds
American Graffiti Verna Fields and Marcia Lucas
The Day of the Jackal Ralph Kemplen
The Exorcist Jordan Leondopoulos, Bud S. Smith, Evan A. Lottman and Norman Gay
Jonathan Livingston Seagull Frank P. Keller and James Galloway
The Towering Inferno Harold F. Kress and Carl Kress
Blazing Saddles John C. Howard and Danford B. Greene
Chinatown Sam O'Steen
Earthquake Dorothy Spencer
The Longest Yard Michael Luciano
Jaws Verna Fields
Dog Day Afternoon Dede Allen
The Man Who Would Be King Russell Lloyd
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Richard Chew, Lynzee Klingman and Sheldon Kahn
Three Days of the Condor Fredric Steinkamp and Don Guidice
Rocky Richard Halsey and Scott Conrad
All the President's Men Robert L. Wolfe
Bound for Glory Robert C. Jones and Pembroke J. Herring
Network Alan Heim
Two-Minute Warning Eve Newman and Walter Hannemann
Star Wars Paul Hirsch, Marcia Lucas and Richard Chew
Close Encounters of the Third Kind Michael Kahn
Julia Walter Murch
Smokey and the Bandit Walter Hannemann and Angelo Ross
The Turning Point William H. Reynolds
The Deer Hunter Peter Zinner
The Boys from Brazil Robert E. Swink
Coming Home Don Zimmerman
Midnight Express Gerry Hambling
Superman Stuart Baird
All That Jazz Alan Heim
Apocalypse Now Richard Marks, Walter Murch, Gerald B. Greenberg and Lisa Fruchtman
The Black Stallion Robert Dalva
Kramer vs. Kramer Gerald B. Greenberg
The Rose Robert L. Wolfe and Carroll Timothy O'Meara


Year Film Nominees
Raging Bull Thelma Schoonmaker
Coal Miner's Daughter Arthur Schmidt
The Competition David Blewitt
The Elephant Man Anne V. Coates
Fame Gerry Hambling
Raiders of the Lost Ark Michael Kahn
Chariots of Fire Terry Rawlings
The French Lieutenant's Woman John Bloom
On Golden Pond Robert L. Wolfe (posthumously)
Reds Dede Allen and Craig McKay
Gandhi John Bloom
Das Boot Hannes Nikel
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial Carol Littleton
An Officer and a Gentleman Peter Zinner
Tootsie Fredric Steinkamp and William Steinkamp
The Right Stuff Glenn Farr, Lisa Fruchtman, Stephen A. Rotter, Douglas Stewart and Tom Rolf
Blue Thunder Frank Morriss and Edward M. Abroms
Flashdance Bud S. Smith and Walt Mulconery
Silkwood Sam O'Steen
Terms of Endearment Richard Marks
The Killing Fields Jim Clark
Amadeus Nena Danevic and Michael Chandler
The Cotton Club Barry Malkin and Robert Q. Lovett
A Passage to India David Lean
Romancing the Stone Donn Cambern and Frank Morriss
Witness Thom Noble
A Chorus Line John Bloom
Out of Africa Fredric Steinkamp, William Steinkamp, Pembroke J. Herring and Sheldon Kahn
Prizzi's Honor Rudi Fehr and Kaja Fehr
Runaway Train Henry Richardson
Platoon Claire Simpson
Aliens Ray Lovejoy
Hannah and Her Sisters Susan E. Morse
The Mission Jim Clark
Top Gun Billy Weber and Chris Lebenzon
The Last Emperor Gabriella Cristiani
Broadcast News Richard Marks
Empire of the Sun Michael Kahn
Fatal Attraction Michael Kahn and Peter E. Berger
RoboCop Frank J. Urioste
Who Framed Roger Rabbit Arthur Schmidt
Die Hard Frank J. Urioste and John F. Link
Gorillas in the Mist Stuart Baird
Mississippi Burning Gerry Hambling
Rain Man Stu Linder
Born on the Fourth of July David Brenner and Joe Hutshing
The Bear Noëlle Boisson
Driving Miss Daisy Mark Warner
The Fabulous Baker Boys William Steinkamp
Glory Steven Rosenblum


Year Film Nominees
Dances with Wolves Neil Travis
Ghost Walter Murch
The Godfather Part III Barry Malkin, Lisa Fruchtman and Walter Murch
Goodfellas Thelma Schoonmaker
The Hunt for Red October Dennis Virkler and John Wright
JFK Joe Hutshing and Pietro Scalia
The Commitments Gerry Hambling
The Silence of the Lambs Craig McKay
Terminator 2: Judgment Day Conrad Buff, Mark Goldblatt and Richard A. Harris
Thelma & Louise Thom Noble
Unforgiven Joel Cox
Basic Instinct Frank J. Urioste
The Crying Game Kant Pan
A Few Good Men Robert Leighton
The Player Geraldine Peroni
Schindler's List Michael Kahn
The Fugitive Dennis Virkler, David Finfer, Dean Goodhill, Don Brochu, Richard Nord and Dov Hoenig
In the Line of Fire Anne V. Coates
In the Name of the Father Gerry Hambling
The Piano Veronika Jenet
Forrest Gump Arthur Schmidt
Hoop Dreams Frederick Marx, Steve James and William Haugse
Pulp Fiction Sally Menke
The Shawshank Redemption Richard Francis-Bruce
Speed John Wright
Apollo 13 Mike Hill and Daniel P. Hanley
Babe Marcus D'Arcy and Jay Friedkin
Braveheart Steven Rosenblum
Crimson Tide Chris Lebenzon
Seven Richard Francis-Bruce
The English Patient Walter Murch
Evita Gerry Hambling
Fargo Roderick Jaynes
Jerry Maguire Joe Hutshing
Shine Pip Karmel
Titanic Conrad Buff, James Cameron and Richard A. Harris
Air Force One Richard Francis-Bruce
As Good as It Gets Richard Marks
Good Will Hunting Pietro Scalia
L.A. Confidential Peter Honess
Saving Private Ryan Michael Kahn
Life Is Beautiful Simona Paggi
Out of Sight Anne V. Coates
Shakespeare in Love David Gamble
The Thin Red Line Billy Weber, Leslie Jones and Saar Klein
The Matrix Zach Staenberg
American Beauty Tariq Anwar and Christopher Greenbury
The Cider House Rules Lisa Zeno Churgin
The Insider William Goldenberg, Paul Rubell and David Rosenbloom
The Sixth Sense Andrew Mondshein


Year Film Nominees
Traffic Stephen Mirrione
Almost Famous Joe Hutshing and Saar Klein
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Tim Squyres
Gladiator Pietro Scalia
Wonder Boys Dede Allen
Black Hawk Down Pietro Scalia
A Beautiful Mind Mike Hill and Daniel P. Hanley
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring John Gilbert
Memento Dody Dorn
Moulin Rouge! Jill Bilcock
Chicago Martin Walsh
Gangs of New York Thelma Schoonmaker
The Hours Peter Boyle
The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Michael Horton
The Pianist Hervé de Luze
The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Jamie Selkirk
City of God Daniel Rezende
Cold Mountain Walter Murch
Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World Lee Smith
Seabiscuit William Goldenberg
The Aviator Thelma Schoonmaker
Collateral Jim Miller and Paul Rubell
Finding Neverland Matt Chessé
Million Dollar Baby Joel Cox
Ray Paul Hirsch
Crash Hughes Winborne
Cinderella Man Mike Hill and Dan Hanley
The Constant Gardener Claire Simpson
Munich Michael Kahn
Walk the Line Michael McCusker
The Departed Thelma Schoonmaker
Babel Douglas Crise and Stephen Mirrione
Blood Diamond Steven Rosenblum
Children of Men Alfonso Cuarón and Alex Rodríguez
United 93 Clare Douglas, Richard Pearson and Christopher Rouse
The Bourne Ultimatum Christopher Rouse
The Diving Bell and the Butterfly Juliette Welfling
Into the Wild Jay Cassidy
No Country for Old Men Roderick Jaynes
There Will Be Blood Dylan Tichenor
Slumdog Millionaire Chris Dickens
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button Kirk Baxter and Angus Wall
The Dark Knight Lee Smith
Frost/Nixon Mike Hill and Dan Hanley
Milk Elliot Graham
The Hurt Locker Chris Innis and Bob Murawski
Avatar James Cameron, John Refoua and Stephen E. Rivkin
District 9 Julian Clarke
Inglourious Basterds Sally Menke
Precious: Based on the Novel 'Push' by Sapphire Joe Klotz


Year Film Nominees
The Social Network Kirk Baxter and Angus Wall
127 Hours Jon Harris
Black Swan Andrew Weisblum
The Fighter Pamela Martin
The King's Speech Tariq Anwar
The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo Kirk Baxter and Angus Wall
The Artist Anne-Sophie Bion and Michel Hazanavicius
The Descendants Kevin Tent
Hugo Thelma Schoonmaker
Moneyball Christopher Tellefsen
Argo William Goldenberg
Life of Pi Tim Squyres
Lincoln Michael Kahn
Silver Linings Playbook Jay Cassidy and Crispin Struthers
Zero Dark Thirty Dylan Tichenor and William Goldenberg
Gravity Alfonso Cuarón and Mark Sanger
12 Years a Slave Joe Walker
American Hustle Jay Cassidy, Crispin Struthers and Alan Baumgarten
Captain Phillips Christopher Rouse
Dallas Buyers Club John Mac McMurphy and Martin Pensa
Whiplash Tom Cross
American Sniper Joel Cox and Gary D. Roach
Boyhood Sandra Adair
The Grand Budapest Hotel Barney Pilling
The Imitation Game William Goldenberg
Mad Max: Fury Road Margaret Sixel
The Big Short Hank Corwin
The Revenant Stephen Mirrione
Spotlight Tom McArdle
Star Wars: The Force Awakens Maryann Brandon and Mary Jo Markey
Hacksaw Ridge John Gilbert
Arrival Joe Walker
Hell or High Water Jake Roberts
La La Land Tom Cross
Moonlight Nat Sanders and Joi McMillon
Dunkirk Lee Smith
Baby Driver Paul Machliss and Jonathan Amos
I, Tonya Tatiana S. Riegel
The Shape of Water Sidney Wolinsky
Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri Jon Gregory
Bohemian Rhapsody John Ottman
BlacKkKlansman Barry Alexander Brown
The Favourite Yorgos Mavropsaridis
Green Book Patrick J. Don Vito
Vice Hank Corwin
Ford v Ferrari Michael McCusker and Andrew Buckland
The Irishman Thelma Schoonmaker
Jojo Rabbit Tom Eagles
Joker Jeff Groth
Parasite Yang Jin-mo


Year Film Nominees
Sound of Metal Mikkel E. G. Nielsen
The Father Yorgos Lamprinos
Nomadland Chloé Zhao
Promising Young Woman Frédéric Thoraval
The Trial of the Chicago 7 Alan Baumgarten
Dune Joe Walker
Don't Look Up Hank Corwin
King Richard Pamela Martin
The Power of the Dog Peter Sciberras
tick, tick... BOOM! Myron Kerstein and Andrew Weisblum
Everything Everywhere All at Once Paul Rogers
The Banshees of Inisherin Mikkel E. G. Nielsen
Elvis Matt Villa and Jonathan Redmond
Tár Monika Willi
Top Gun: Maverick Eddie Hamilton
Oppenheimer Jennifer Lame
Anatomy of a Fall Laurent Sénéchal
The Holdovers Kevin Tent
Killers of the Flower Moon Thelma Schoonmaker
Poor Things Yorgos Mavropsaridis

Multiple wins and nominations

The following editors have received multiple nominations for the Academy Award for Best Film Editing. This list is sorted by the number of total awards won (with the number of total nominations listed in parentheses).

See also


  1. ^ Harris, Mark (January 6, 2008). "Which Editing is a Cut Above?". The New York Times. In 1980, Ordinary People won as Best Picture, but its editor Jeff Kanew was not nominated for Best Editing.
  2. ^ Dimond, Anna (December 13, 2013). "Why Editing Nominations Predict the Best Picture Oscar". Variety. Interviews with prominent film editors exploring the correlation between the Academy Awards for Best Film Editing and for Best Film.
  3. ^ a b "Rule Thirteen—Special Rules for the Film Editing Award". 79th Academy Awards Rules for Distinguished Achievements in 2006. Archived from the original on 2010-07-18. Rules are published for each year's awards. In earlier years, different rules applied; thus Robert Parrish was nominated for All the King's Men (1949) with a credit as an "editorial consultant".
  4. ^ "Academy Branches". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. February 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-02-24.
  5. ^ "Orange British Academy Film Awards: Rules and Guidelines 2008-2009" (PDF). British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-28.
  6. ^ a b "FILM EDITING FACTS: MOST NOMINATIONS AND AWARDS" (PDF). Retrieved 2020-01-27.
  7. ^ Tibbs, Ros (2023-02-08). "The youngest Oscar winner in every Academy Award category". Far Out. Retrieved 2023-02-23.
  8. ^ "Film Editing Facts" (PDF). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. March 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-13. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
  9. ^ "The Official Academy Awards Database". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 2022-03-20. Select all "film editing" awards.
  10. ^ "Academy Awards 2017: Complete list of Oscar winners and nominees". Los Angeles Times. February 26, 2017. Retrieved January 8, 2018.
  11. ^ Hipes, Patrick (January 23, 2018). "Oscar Nominations: 'The Shape Of Water' Leads Way With 13". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  12. ^ Hipes, Patrick (January 22, 2019). "Oscar Nominations – The Complete List Of Noms". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 22, 2019.