The Towering Inferno
Theatrical release poster by John Berkey[1]
Directed byJohn Guillermin
Screenplay byStirling Silliphant
Based onThe Tower
by Richard Martin Stern
The Glass Inferno
Produced byIrwin Allen
Edited by
Music byJohn Williams
Distributed by
  • 20th Century Fox (United States and Canada)
  • Warner Bros. (International)
Release date
  • December 16, 1974 (1974-12-16)[2]
Running time
165 minutes
CountryUnited States
Budget$14 million[3]
Box office$203.3 million[4]

The Towering Inferno is a 1974 American disaster film directed by John Guillermin and produced by Irwin Allen,[5] featuring an ensemble cast led by Paul Newman and Steve McQueen.[6][7][8][9] It was adapted by Stirling Silliphant from the novels The Tower by Richard Martin Stern and The Glass Inferno by Thomas N. Scortia and Frank M. Robinson.[5][10][11][12][13] In addition to McQueen and Newman, the cast includes William Holden, Faye Dunaway, Fred Astaire, Susan Blakely, Richard Chamberlain, O. J. Simpson, Robert Vaughn, Robert Wagner, Susan Flannery, Gregory Sierra, Dabney Coleman and Jennifer Jones in her final role.[5][10]

The Towering Inferno was released theatrically December 16, 1974. The film received generally positive reviews from critics, and earned around $203.3 million, making it the highest-grossing film of 1974. It was nominated for eight Academy Awards, including Best Picture, winning three: Best Song, Best Cinematography and Best Editing.


Architect Doug Roberts returns to San Francisco for the dedication of The Glass Tower, a mixed-use skyscraper that he designed for developer James Duncan. The tower, 1,688 feet (515 m) tall and 138 stories, is the world's tallest building. During testing, an electrical short-circuit starts a fire on the 81st floor after another short occurs in the main utility room. While examining the latter short, Roberts sees the wiring is inadequate and suspects that Roger Simmons, the electrical subcontractor and Duncan's son-in-law, cut corners. Roberts confronts Simmons, who feigns innocence.

During the dedication ceremony, chief of public relations Dan Bigelow turns on all the tower's lights, but Roberts orders them shut off to reduce the load on the electrical system. Smoke is seen on the 81st floor, and the San Francisco Fire Department is summoned. Roberts and engineer Will Giddings go to that floor, where Giddings is fatally burned pushing a guard away from the fire. With the dedication party now in full swing in the tower's Promenade Room on the 135th floor, Roberts reports the fire to Duncan, who is courting Senator Gary Parker for an urban renewal contract and refuses to order an evacuation.

SFFD Chief Michael O'Hallorhan forces Duncan to evacuate the guests from the Promenade Room. Simmons admits to Duncan that he cut corners to bring the project back under budget, and suggests other subcontractors did likewise. Fire overtakes the express elevators, killing a group whose elevator stops on the engulfed 81st floor. Bigelow and his girlfriend Lorrie are killed when another fire traps them in the Duncan Enterprises offices on the 65th floor. Lisolette Mueller, a guest and resident of the tower being wooed by con man Harlee Claiborne, rushes to the 87th floor to check on a deaf mother and her two children. Security chief Jernigan rescues the mother, but a ruptured gas line explodes, destroying the stairwell and preventing Roberts and the rest from following. They traverse the wreckage of the stairwell to reach a service elevator that takes them to the 134th floor, but the door to the Promenade Room is blocked with hardened cement. Roberts uses a ventilation shaft to reach the room, while Lisolette and the children stay behind.

As firefighters begin to bring the fire under control on floor 65, the electrical system fails, deactivating the passenger elevators; O'Hallorhan abseils down the elevator shaft to safety. As firemen ascend to free the blocked door at the Promenade Room, another explosion destroys part of the remaining stairwell, blocking the last means of escape from the upper floors. After the stuck door is freed, reuniting Lisolette and the children with Roberts and the others, Simmons tries to escape down the stairwell, but is blocked by flames and retreats. Meanwhile, Claiborne reveals his true identity and intentions to Lisolette, who says she does not care and still wants to be with him.

An attempt at a helicopter rescue fails when two women run up to the aircraft; the pilot tries to evade them and crashes, setting the roof ablaze. A Navy rescue team attaches a breeches buoy between the Promenade Room and the roof of the adjacent 102-story Peerless Building, and rescues guests, including Patty Simmons, Duncan's daughter. Roberts rigs a "gravity brake" (fall arrest) on the scenic elevator, allowing one trip down for 12 people, including Roberts' fiancée Susan Franklin, Lisolette, and the children. An explosion near the 110th floor throws Lisolette from the elevator to her death, and leaves the elevator hanging by a single cable. O'Hallorhan rescues the elevator with a Navy helicopter.

As fire reaches the Promenade Room, a group led by Simmons attempts to commandeer the breeches buoy, which is destroyed in an explosion, killing Simmons, Senator Parker and others. In a last-ditch strategy, O'Hallorhan and Roberts blow up water tanks atop the Tower with plastic explosives. Most of the remaining partygoers survive as water rushes through the building, extinguishing the flames.

Claiborne, in shock upon hearing of Lisolette's death, is given her cat by Jernigan. Duncan consoles his grieving daughter, and promises such a disaster will never happen again. Roberts accepts O'Hallorhan's offer of guidance on how to build a fire-safe skyscraper. O'Hallorhan drives away, exhausted.




In April 1973, it was announced that Warner Bros. production chief John Calley paid $350,000 for the rights to Richard Martin Stern's The Tower, prior to that book's publication.[15][16] This amount was larger than originally reported. The book had been the subject of a bidding war between Warner Bros., 20th Century Fox and Columbia Pictures; Columbia dropped out when the price reached $200,000 and Warner Bros. offered $390,000. Irwin Allen, who recently had a big success with a disaster movie, The Poseidon Adventure, was at Fox, and persuaded that studio to make a higher offer when the book was sold to Warner Bros.[17]

Eight weeks later, Fox was submitted a novel, Thomas N. Scortia and Frank M. Robinson's The Glass Inferno, which was published the following year, and which Allen says had "the same sort of characters, the same locale, the same story, the same conclusion". They bought the novel for a reported fee of $400,000.[17]

Allen was concerned that two films about a tall building on fire might cannibalize each other, remembering what happened in the 1960s when rival biopics about Oscar Wilde (with Oscar Wilde and The Trials of Oscar Wilde in 1960) and Jean Harlow (with Magna Media Distribution's Harlow and Paramount Pictures's Harlow in 1965) were released.[17] He convinced executives at both studios to join forces to make a single film on the subject. The studios issued a joint press release announcing the single film collaboration in October 1973.[18] Stirling Silliphant, who had written The Poseidon Adventure, would write the script and Allen would produce.[19] It was decided to split costs equally between the studios, but the film would be made at Fox, where Allen was based. Fox would distribute in the United States and Canada, and Warner Bros. outside those territories. Warner Bros. also handled the worldwide television distribution rights. Incidents and character names were taken from both novels.[17]

The total cost for the film was US$14,300,000.[20]


Several actors who appeared in small roles, including John Crawford, Erik Nelson, Elizabeth Rogers, Ernie Orsatti and Sheila Matthews (Allen's wife) had previously appeared in The Poseidon Adventure, which Allen also produced. Additionally, Paul Newman's son, Scott, played the acrophobic fireman afraid to rappel down the elevator shaft.

Lead actors Steve McQueen and Paul Newman were each paid $1 million.[21]

Although famed for his dancing and singing in musical movies, Fred Astaire received his only Oscar nomination for this film.[22] He also won both a BAFTA Award and a Golden Globe Award for his performance.[23]


Principal photography took place over 14 weeks. Guillermin says that Newman and McQueen were very good to work with, and added considerably to their roles.[24]


The score was composed and conducted by John Williams, orchestrated by Herbert W. Spencer and Al Woodbury, and recorded at the 20th Century Fox scoring stage October 31 and November 4, 7 and 11, 1974. The original recording engineer was Ted Keep.[citation needed]

Source music in portions of the film includes instrumental versions of "Again" by Lionel Newman and Dorcas Cochran, "You Make Me Feel So Young" by Josef Myrow and Mack Gordon, and "The More I See You" by Harry Warren and Mack Gordon.[25]

A snippet of a cue from Williams' score to Cinderella Liberty, entitled "Maggie Shoots Pool", is heard in a scene in which William Holden's character converses on the phone with Paul Newman's character. It is not the recording on the soundtrack album, but a newer arrangement recorded for The Towering Inferno.[citation needed]

One of the most sought-after unreleased music cues from the film is the one in which Williams provides low-key lounge music during a party prior to the announcement of a fire. O'Hallorhan orders Duncan to evacuate the party; the music becomes louder as Lisolette and Harlee are seen dancing and Duncan lectures son-in-law Roger. Entitled "The Promenade Room" on the conductor's cue sheet, the track features a ragged ending, as Duncan asks the house band to stop playing. Because of this, Film Score Monthly did not add this cue to the expanded soundtrack album.[citation needed]

The Academy Award-winning song, "We May Never Love Like This Again", was composed by Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn, and performed by Maureen McGovern, who appears in a cameo as a lounge singer, and on the score's soundtrack album, which features the film recording, plus the commercially released single version. Additionally, the theme tune is interpolated into the film's underscore by Williams. The song's writers collaborated on "The Morning After" from The Poseidon Adventure, an Oscar-winning song that was also recorded by McGovern, although hers was not the vocal used in that film.[citation needed]

The first release of portions of the score from The Towering Inferno was on Warner Bros. Records in early 1975 (Catalog No. BS-2840).

  1. "Main Title" (5:00)
  2. "An Architect's Dream" (3:28)
  3. "Lisolette And Harlee" (2:34)
  4. "Something For Susan" (2:42)
  5. "Trapped Lovers" (4:28)
  6. "We May Never Love Like This Again" – Kasha/Hirschhorn, performed by Maureen McGovern (2:11)
  7. "Susan And Doug" (2:30)
  8. "The Helicopter Explosion" (2:50)
  9. "Planting The Charges – And Finale" (10:17)

A near-complete release was issued on the Film Score Monthly label April 1, 2001, and was produced by Lukas Kendall and Nick Redman. Film Score Monthly's was an almost completely expanded version, remixed from album masters at Warner Bros. archives and the multi-track 35mm magnetic film stems at 20th Century Fox. Placed into chronological order and restoring action cues, it became one of the company's biggest sellers; only 4,000 copies were pressed, and it is now out of print.

Reports that this soundtrack and that of the film Earthquake, also composed by Williams, borrowed cues from each other are inaccurate. The version of "Main Title" on the Film Score Monthly disc is the film version. It differs from the original soundtrack album version. There is a different balance of instruments in two spots, and in particular, the snare drum is more prominent than the album version, which also features additional cymbal work. Although the album was not a re-recording, the original LP tracks were recorded during the same sessions, and several cues were combined. The film version sound was reportedly better than the quarter-inch Warner Bros. two-track album master. Although some minor incidental cues were lost, some sonically "damaged" cues — so called due to a deterioration of the surviving audio elements — are placed at the end of the disc's program time following the track, "An Architect's Dream", which is used over the end credits sequence.[26]

  1. "Main Title" (5:01)
  2. "Something For Susan" (2:42)
  3. "Lisolette and Harlee" (2:35)
  4. "The Flame Ignites" (1:01)
  5. "More For Susan" (1:55)
  6. "Harlee Dressing" (1:37)
  7. "Let There Be Light" (:37)
  8. "Alone At Last" (:51)
  9. "We May Never Love Like This Again (Film Version)" – Maureen McGovern (2:04)
  10. "The First Victims" (3:24)
  11. "Not A Cigarette" (1:18)
  12. "Trapped Lovers" (4:44)
  13. "Doug's Fall/Piggy Back Ride" (2:18)
  14. "Lisolette's Descent" (3:07)
  15. "Down The Pipes/The Door Opens" (2:59)
  16. "Couples" (3:38)
  17. "Short Goodbyes" (2:26)
  18. "Helicopter Rescue" (3:07)
  19. "Passing The Word" (1:12)
  20. "Planting The Charges" (9:04)
  21. "Finale" (3:57)
  22. "An Architect's Dream" (3:28)
  23. "We May Never Love Like This Again (Album Version)" – Maureen McGovern (2:13)
  24. "The Morning After (Instrumental)" (2:07)
  25. "Susan And Doug (Album Track)" (2:33)
  26. "Departmental Pride and The Cat (Damaged)" (2:34)
  27. "Helicopter Explosion (Damaged)" (2:34)
  28. "Waking Up (Damaged)" (2:39)


The Towering Inferno was released in theaters December 14, 1974, in United States and Canada by 20th Century Fox, and internationally by Warner Bros.

Top billing

Steve McQueen, Paul Newman and William Holden all wanted top billing. Holden was refused, his long-term standing as a box-office draw having been eclipsed by both McQueen and Newman. To provide dual top billing, the credits were arranged diagonally, with McQueen lower left and Newman upper right. Thus, each appeared to have "first" billing, depending on whether the credit was read left-to-right or top-to-bottom.[27] This was the first time this "staggered but equal" billing was used in a movie,[citation needed] although it had been considered earlier for the same two actors regarding Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, until McQueen turned down the Sundance Kid role. McQueen is mentioned first in the film's trailers. In the cast list rolling from top to bottom at the film's end, however, McQueen and Newman's names were arranged diagonally as at the beginning; as a consequence, Newman's name is fully visible first.[citation needed]


Critical response

The Towering Inferno received generally positive reviews from critics and audiences alike on its release. The film has an approval rating of 68% based on 37 reviews with an average rating of 6.50/10 on Rotten Tomatoes. The site's consensus states: "Although it is not consistently engaging enough to fully justify its towering runtime, The Towering Inferno is a blustery spectacle that executes its disaster premise with flair."[28] Metacritic gave the film a score of 69 based on 11 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[29]

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three stars out of four, and praised it as "the best of the mid-1970s wave of disaster films".[30]

Variety praised the film as "one of the greatest disaster pictures made, a personal and professional triumph for producer Irwin Allen. The $14 million cost has yielded a truly magnificent production which complements but does not at all overwhelm a thoughtful personal drama."[31]

Vincent Canby of The New York Times wrote that the film is "overwrought and silly in its personal drama, but the visual spectacle is first rate. You may not come out of the theater with any important ideas about American architecture or enterprise, but you will have had a vivid, completely safe nightmare."[32]

Pauline Kael, writing for The New Yorker, panned the writing and characters as retreads from The Poseidon Adventure, and further wrote, "What was left out this time was the hokey fun. When a picture has any kind of entertainment in it, viewers don't much care about credibility, but when it isn't entertaining we do. And when a turkey bores us and insults our intelligence for close to three hours, it shouldn't preen itself on its own morality."[33]

Gene Siskel of Chicago Tribune gave the film two-and-a-half stars out of four, calling it "a stunt and not a story. It's a technical achievement more concerned with special effects than with people. That's why our attitude toward the film's cardboard characters is: let 'em burn."[34]

FilmInk called it "brilliant fun".[35]

Box office

The film was one of the biggest-grossing films of 1975, with theatrical rentals of $48,838,000 in the United States and Canada.[36] In January 1976, it was claimed that the film had attained the highest foreign film rental for any film in its initial release, with $43 million,[37] and went on to earn $56 million.[38] When combined with the rentals from the United States and Canada, the worldwide rental is $104,838,000.

The film grossed $116 million in the United States and Canada[39] and $203 million worldwide.[4]

Awards and nominations

Award Category Recipient Result Ref.
Academy Awards Best Picture Irwin Allen Nominated [40]
Best Supporting Actor Fred Astaire Nominated
Best Art Direction Art Direction: William J. Creber and Ward Preston;
Set Decoration: Raphaël Bretton
Best Cinematography Fred J. Koenekamp and Joseph Biroc Won
Best Film Editing Harold F. Kress and Carl Kress Won
Best Original Dramatic Score John Williams Nominated
Best Song "We May Never Love Like This Again"
Music and Lyrics by Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn
Best Sound Theodore Soderberg and Herman Lewis Nominated
American Cinema Editors Awards Best Edited Feature Film Harold F. Kress and Carl Kress Nominated [41]
British Academy Film Awards Best Actor in a Supporting Role Fred Astaire Won [42]
Best Art Direction William J. Creber, Ward Preston, and Raphaël Bretton Nominated
Best Cinematography Fred J. Koenekamp Nominated
Best Original Music John Williams (also for Jaws) Won
David di Donatello Awards Best Foreign Film Irwin Allen Won [43]
Golden Globe Awards Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Fred Astaire Won [44]
Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Jennifer Jones Nominated
New Star of the Year – Actress Susan Flannery Won
Best Screenplay – Motion Picture Stirling Silliphant Nominated
Best Original Song – Motion Picture "We May Never Love Like This Again"
Music and Lyrics by Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn
Golden Reel Awards Best Sound Editing – Dialogue Won [45]
Goldene Kamera Golden Screen Nominated [46]
Kinema Junpo Awards Best Foreign Language Film Irwin Allen and John Guillermin Won [47]
National Board of Review Awards Outstanding Special Effects Won [48]
Satellite Awards (2006) Best DVD Extras Nominated [49]
Satellite Awards (2009) Best Classic DVD The Towering Inferno
(as part of Paul Newman: The Tribute Collection)
Nominated [50]

See also


  1. ^ "The Towering Inferno Movie Poster (#1 of 3)". Archived from the original on October 20, 2018. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  2. ^ The Towering Inferno at the AFI Catalog of Feature Films
  3. ^ "The Towering Inferno". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. Archived from the original on March 16, 2012. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
  4. ^ a b "It Towers $203,336,412 (advertisement)". Variety. June 2, 1976. pp. 8–9.
  5. ^ a b c "The Towering Inferno". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Archived from the original on November 22, 2016. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  6. ^ Schleier 2009, p. 273.
  7. ^ Mell 2005, p. 244.
  8. ^ Itzkoff 2014, p. 82.
  9. ^ Zimmerman, Dwight (2015). Steve McQueen: Full-Throttle Cool. Osceola, Wisconsin: Motorbooks International Publishers & Wholesalers. ISBN 978-0760347454. Archived from the original on April 24, 2021. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  10. ^ a b Green 2011, p. 190.
  11. ^ Pollock 2013, p. 199.
  12. ^ Santas et al. 2014, p. 522.
  13. ^ Seger 1992, p. 88.
  14. ^ "The Towering Inferno cast pictures". The Irwin Allen News Network. Archived from the original on June 14, 2020. Retrieved June 14, 2020.
  15. ^ Son of 'Seagull'?: Son of 'Seagull'? AFTER "GODSPELL" SELECTED SHORTS I DISMEMBER MAMA? By A. H. WEILER. New York Times 1 Apr 1973: 163.
  16. ^ Movies Vie, in 6 Figures, for Best Sellers: A Homespun Pair Time-Proven Subjects By ERIC PACE. New York Times 11 July 1973: 47.
  17. ^ a b c d A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Fire By ALJEAN HARMETZ. New York Times 18 Nov 1973: 157.
  18. ^ Collins, Andrew (January 1, 2000). "The Towering Inferno". Empire. Archived from the original on March 23, 2019. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
  19. ^ Major Firms Will Produce Film Jointly Los Angeles Times 10 Oct 1973: f15.
  20. ^ "production". Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
  21. ^ Crisis King Casts Another Peril: Movies King of the Crises Casts Another Peril Warga, Wayne. Los Angeles Times 21 July 1974: t1.
  22. ^ Higgins, Bill (July 12, 2018). "Hollywood Flashback: The Biggest Stars Battled a 'Towering Inferno' in 1974". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 28, 2019. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  23. ^ Levinson, Peter (2015). Puttin' On the Ritz: Fred Astaire and the Fine Art of Panache, A Biography. St. Martin's Press. pp. 371–372. ISBN 9781250091499. Archived from the original on April 24, 2021. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
  24. ^ Goldman, Lowell (November 1990). "Lord of Disaster". Starlog. p. 60.
  25. ^ Eldridge & Williams 2001, p. 13.
  26. ^ Additional notes by Geoff Brown – Melbourne, Australia.
  27. ^ " - Posters, Art Prints, Framed Art, and Wall Art Collection". Archived from the original on December 28, 2004. Retrieved November 26, 2004.
  28. ^ "The Towering Inferno (1974)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Archived from the original on December 12, 2016. Retrieved August 4, 2023.
  29. ^ "The Towering Inferno Reviews". Metacritic. Archived from the original on April 24, 2021. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
  30. ^ Ebert, Roger (January 1, 1974). "The Towering Inferno". Chicago: Ebert Digit LLC. Archived from the original on February 11, 2017. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  31. ^ Variety Staff (December 18, 1974). "Review: 'The Towering Inferno'". Variety. Archived from the original on July 4, 2018. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  32. ^ Canby, Vincent (December 20, 1974). "'The Towering Inferno' First-Rate Visual Spectacle". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 4, 2018. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  33. ^ Kael, Pauline (December 30, 1974). "A Magnetic Blur". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on July 4, 2018. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  34. ^ Siskel, Gene (December 23, 1974). "'Towering Inferno': Campfire of the '70s?" Chicago Tribune. Section 3, p. 11.
  35. ^ Vagg, Stephen (November 17, 2020). "John Guillermin: Action Man". Filmink. Archived from the original on January 21, 2021. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
  36. ^ "All-Time Top Film Rentals". Variety. October 7, 1999. Archived from the original on October 7, 1999.((cite magazine)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  37. ^ "Advertisement in The Hollywood Reporter". The Hollywood Reporter. January 27, 1976.
  38. ^ Pollock, Dale (May 9, 1979). "WB Adds To Its Record Collection". Daily Variety. p. 1.
  39. ^ "The Towering Inferno". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on October 14, 2019. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
  40. ^ "The 47th Academy Awards (1975) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
  41. ^ "Nominees/Winners". IMDb. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  42. ^ "BAFTA Awards: Film in 1976". British Academy Film Awards. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  43. ^ "1975 David di Donatello Awards". Mubi. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  44. ^ "The Towering Inferno". Golden Globe Awards. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  45. ^ "Nominees/Winners". IMDb. Retrieved June 17, 2019.
  46. ^ "The Towering Inferno – Awards". IMDb. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  47. ^ "1976 Kinema Junpo Awards". Mubi. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  48. ^ "1974 Award Winners". National Board of Review. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  49. ^ "2006 Satellite Awards". International Press Academy. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  50. ^ "2009 Satellite Awards". International Press Academy. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  51. ^ "DeepSoul: The Trammps - "Disco Inferno"". Archived from the original on March 27, 2012. Retrieved June 3, 2012.


Further reading