Gran Torino
Theatrical release poster
Directed byClint Eastwood
Screenplay byNick Schenk
Story by
  • Dave Johannson
  • Nick Schenk
Produced by
StarringClint Eastwood
CinematographyTom Stern
Edited by
Music by
Distributed byWarner Bros. Pictures
Release date
  • December 12, 2008 (2008-12-12)
Running time
116 minutes[2]
CountryUnited States
Budget$25–33 million[3][1]
Box office$270 million[1]

Gran Torino is a 2008 American drama film directed and produced by Clint Eastwood, who also starred in the film. This was Eastwood's first starring role since 2004's Million Dollar Baby. The film features a large Hmong-American cast (the first time for an American mainstream film),[4] as well as one of Eastwood's younger sons, Scott. Eastwood's oldest son of record, Kyle, composed the film's score with Michael Stevens, while Jamie Cullum and Clint Eastwood (in-character as Kowalski) provide the theme song.

Set in Highland Park, Michigan, the story follows Walt Kowalski, a recently widowed Korean War veteran alienated from his family and angry at the world, whose young neighbor, Thao Vang Lor, is pressured by his cousin into stealing Walt's prized Ford Torino for his initiation into a gang. Walt thwarts the theft and subsequently develops a relationship with the boy and his family.

Gran Torino opened with a limited theatrical release in the United States on December 12, 2008, before expanding wide on January 9, 2009.[5] It grossed $270 million worldwide, making it Eastwood's second highest-grossing film to date.[6] The film received generally positive reviews from critics for Eastwood's direction and performance; within the Hmong community in the United States, the film was generally praised but also received criticism for its cultural inaccuracies.


Recently widowed Walt Kowalski is a cantankerous and prejudiced Korean War combat veteran and retired Ford factory worker. His Rust Belt neighborhood in Metro Detroit has become ridden with gang violence and poor Hmong immigrants, including Walt's next-door neighbors, the Vang Lor family. Walt is estranged from his family, angrily rejecting his son's suggestion that he move to a retirement community in favor of living alone with his elderly labrador Daisy. A chronic tobacco user, Walt suffers from coughing fits, occasionally spitting up blood. As requested by Walt's late wife, her priest, Father Janovich, tries to comfort Walt and persuade him to go to confession. Despite being harshly rejected by Walt, Father Janovich repeatedly tries to get through to him.

Fifteen-year-old Thao Vang Lor is coerced by a Hmong gang led by his cousin, "Spider", to steal Walt's 1972 Ford Torino as an initiation. Walt catches Thao and thwarts the theft; Thao escapes after Walt nearly shoots him. When the gang tries to forcefully abduct Thao, Walt scares them off with his M1 Garand rifle, earning the local Hmong community's respect. Thao's mother makes him work for Walt as penance, who has him do different tasks to improve the local neighborhood. The two soon form a grudging mutual respect; Walt mentors Thao, helping him obtain a construction job. Walt also rescues Thao's sister, Sue, from the unwanted advances of three African-American gangsters. Despite his initial prejudices, Walt bonds with the Vang Lor family. With his cough worsening, Walt consults a doctor who gives him a gloomy prognosis that he conceals.

After the gang assaults Thao on his way home from work, Walt physically assaults a member as a warning. In retaliation, the gang beats and rapes Sue and then injures Thao in a drive-by shooting. The family refuses to report the crimes out of fear. The following day, an enraged Thao seeks Walt's help to exact revenge; Walt convinces him to return later that day. Walt buys a suit, gets a haircut, and finally makes his confession to Father Janovich.

When Thao arrives, Walt takes him to his basement and gives him his Silver Star, telling him that he is haunted by the memory of killing an enemy child soldier that was trying to surrender to him and he wants to spare Thao from shedding blood. He locks Thao in the basement and departs to the gang's residence.

When Walt arrives, the gang draws their guns on him as he berates them for their crimes, drawing the attention of the neighbors. Walt puts a cigarette in his mouth, slowly reaches into his jacket pocket and pulls his hand out quickly. Thinking Walt is brandishing a pistol, the gang members shoot and kill him. Walt's hand opens to reveal his Zippo lighter with the 1st Cavalry insignia. Sue, following Walt's directions, frees Thao and they arrive at the scene. A police officer tells Thao and Sue that Walt was unarmed and that the gang members have been arrested for murder. The officer goes on to tell them that the gang members will be going to prison for a very long time thanks to the fact that witnesses have come forward.

Father Janovich conducts Walt's funeral, which is attended by his family and the Hmong community. Afterward, Walt's last will and testament is read. Much to the dismay of Walt's family, Walt leaves his house to the church and his cherished Gran Torino to Thao, on the condition that Thao does not modify the car. Sometime later, Thao drives the Torino along Detroit's Jefferson Avenue with Daisy at his side.


See also: List of Gran Torino characters

After holding casting calls in Fresno, California; Detroit, Michigan; and Saint Paul, Minnesota, Eastwood selected ten Hmong lead actors and supporting actors. Of them, only one was not a first-time actor.[7] Of the Hmong cast, five, including Bee Vang,[4] one of the principal actors,[8] were from the state of Minnesota.[4] Ahney Her comes from Lansing, Michigan. The casting agency Pound & Mooney recruited thirty actors and over five hundred extras. The firm recruited many Hmong actors from a Hmong soccer tournament in Macomb County, Michigan.[8] Sandy Ci Moua, a Hmong actress based in the Twin Cities, assisted with the film's casting of Hmong actors.[9]


Gran Torino was written by Nick Schenk and directed by Clint Eastwood.[7] It was produced by Village Roadshow Pictures, Media Magik Entertainment and Malpaso Productions for film distributor Warner Bros. Eastwood co-produced with his Malpaso partners Robert Lorenz and Bill Gerber.[10] Eastwood has stated he enjoyed the idea "that it dealt with prejudice, that it was about never being too old to learn".[11]

Shooting began in July 2008.[12] Hmong crew, production assistants, consultants, and extras were used.[7][13] The film was shot over five weeks. Editors Joel Cox and Gary D. Roach cut the film so it was under two hours long.[14] The crew spent over $10 million while shooting the film in Detroit.[8]

In the early 1990s, Schenk had become acquainted with the history and culture of the Hmong while working in a factory in Minnesota.[15] He had learned how they had sided with the South Vietnamese forces and its US allies during the Vietnam War, only to wind up in refugee camps, at the mercy of North Vietnamese Communist forces, when US troops pulled out and the government forces were defeated.[15] Years later, he was deciding how to develop a story involving a widowed Korean War veteran trying to handle the changes in his neighborhood when he decided to place a Hmong family next door and create a culture clash.[15] He and Dave Johannson, Schenk's brother's roommate, created an outline for the story.[15] According to Schenk, each night he used a pen and paper to write the script while in Grumpy's, a bar in Northeast Minneapolis, while not working at his day jobs. He recalled writing twenty-five pages within a single night in the bar. He recalled asking the bartender, who was his friend, questions about the story's progress.[16] Some industry insiders told Schenk that a film starring an elderly main character could not be produced, as the story could not be sold,[15] especially with an elderly main character who used language suggesting that he held racist views.[16] Through a friend, Schenk sent the screenplay to Warner Bros. producer Bill Gerber.[15] Eastwood was able to direct and star on the project as filming for Invictus was delayed to early 2009, leaving sufficient time for filming Gran Torino during the previous summer.[15] Eastwood said that he had a "fun and challenging role, and it's an oddball story."[15]

According to Schenk, aside from changing Minneapolis references to Detroit references, the production headed by Eastwood "didn't change a single syllable" in the script.[17] Schenk added that the concept of the producers not making any substantial revisions to a submitted script "never happens."[18] Eastwood said that he stopped making significant revisions after attempting to change the script of Unforgiven and later deciding to return to the original revision, believing that his changes were "emasculating" the product.[18]

Selection of Detroit for production and setting

The original script was inspired by the Northeast community of Minneapolis, Minnesota, but filmmakers chose to shoot in Michigan, becoming one of the first productions to take advantage of the state's new law that provided lucrative incentive packages to film productions.[19] Bill Huizenga, from Zeeland, Michigan, who once served in the Michigan House of Representatives, helped write and coordinate the State of Michigan's incentive package to the film creators.[20] The film ultimately received a 42-percent tax credit. Bruce Headlam of The New York Times wrote: "That helped make it easy for Warner Bros. to sign off on bankrolling the movie, something that hasn't always been a given in the studio's relationship with the director."[18]

Producer Robert Lorenz said that while the script was originally set in Minnesota, he chose Michigan as the actual setting because Kowalski is a retired car plant worker.[21] Metro Detroit was the point of origin of the Ford Motor Company.[18] Schenk said that sometimes the lines in the movie feel out of place with the Detroit setting; for instance a line about one of Walt's sons asks if Walt still knows a person who has season tickets for Minnesota Vikings games was changed to being about a person with Detroit Lions tickets. Schenk said: "They don't sell out in Detroit. And so that bothered me. It seemed really untrue to me."[17]

Shooting locations

Saint Ambrose Roman Catholic Church in Grosse Pointe Park served as a shooting location

Locations, all within Metro Detroit, included Highland Park, Center Line,[22] Warren, Royal Oak, and Grosse Pointe Park.[23] The house depicting Walt Kowalski's house is on Rhode Island Street in Highland Park. The Hmong gang house is located on Pilgrim Street in Highland Park. The house depicting the residence of one of Walt's sons is on Ballantyne Road in Grosse Pointe Shores. The church used in the film, Saint Ambrose Roman Catholic Church, is in Grosse Pointe Park. The hardware store, Pointe Hardware, is also in Grosse Pointe Park. VFW Post 6756, used as the location where Walt meets friends to drink alcohol, is in Center Line.[8]

Widgren's Barber Shop in Royal Oak was another shooting location

The barber shop, Widgren's Barber Shop, is along 11 Mile Road,[8] near Center Street, in Royal Oak. The shop, founded in 1938, in a space now occupied by another business, moved to its current location, west of its original location, in 1970. The film producers selected that shop out of sixty candidates in Metro Detroit. According to Frank Mills, the son-in-law of owner Ted Widgren, the producers selected it because they liked "the antique look inside."[24] Eastwood asked Widgren to act as an extra in the barber shop scene. In the area around the barbershop, vehicle traffic had to be stopped for three to five minutes at a time, so traffic in the area slowed down.[24]

Shooting and acting

Of the entire cast, only a few were established actors; the Hmong actors had relatively little experience,[25] and some were not proficient in English.[18] Jeff Baenen said that Eastwood used a "low-key approach to directing."[25] Eastwood said that "I'd give them little pointers along the way, Acting 101. And I move along at a rate that doesn't give them too much of a chance to think."[18] Bee Vang said that he originally felt frightened but was able to ease into the acting.[25] Baenen said that Eastwood was a "patient teacher" of the first-time actors.[25] According to Vang, Eastwood did not say "action" whenever filming a particular shoot began.[25]

Vang said that he had studied the script as if it were a textbook. According to Vang, after the first film cut ended, Vang did not hear a response from Eastwood. When Vang asked if something was wrong, other people told Vang that if Eastwood did not make a comment, then his performance was satisfactory.[26] Vang added that Eastwood encouraged ad libbing with the Hmong actors.[25] Ahney Her said that she liked the improvisation work, even when she was required to translate between the English and Hmong languages.[27] When asked if the in-character racial slurs offended the actors in real life, Ahney said that she did not feel offense. Vang said, "I was called so many names that I can't say here because of how vulgar they were. It disturbed me quite a lot, but at the end of the day it was just a script."[26]

Vang said in a 2011 program that Eastwood did not allow the Hmong actors to change their lines, despite what he said in the earlier interviews.[28]

Hmong people and culture during the production

Nick Schenk said that he became friends with many Hmong coworkers while employed at a VHS factory in Bloomington, Minnesota. In regard to Schenk's stories of his interactions with the Hmong people, Laura Yuen of Minnesota Public Radio said: "That sense of humor and curiosity permeate the script, even though the Gran Torino trailers make the movie look like, by all measures, a drama."[17]

Eastwood wanted Hmong as cast members, so casting director Ellen Chenoweth enlisted Hmong organizations and set up calls in Detroit, Fresno, and Saint Paul; Fresno and Saint Paul have the two largest Hmong communities in the United States, while Detroit also has an appreciable population of Hmong.[21] Chenoweth recruited Bee Vang in St. Paul and Ahney Her in Detroit.[15]

The screenplay was written entirely in English. Therefore, the actors of Gran Torino improvised the Hmong used in the film. Louisa Schein, author of Hmong Actors Making History Part 2: Meet the Gran Torino Family, said before the end of production that "some of the lines actors ad-libbed in Hmong on camera will be tricky to translate back for subtitles."[27] Schenk had input from Hmong people when writing the script.[29] Dyane Hang Garvey served as a cultural consultant, giving advice on names, traditions, and translations.[4]

Vang later argued that the use of the Hmong people did not seem relevant to the overall plot. He said "there is no real reason for us to be Hmong in the script" and that even though Walt Kowalski had fought in Korea, he had still confused the Hmong with Koreans and other Asian ethnic groups.[30] In a 2011 program Vang said that Hmong actors were treated unfairly on the set, and that Eastwood did not give tips on how to build the characters.[28] Vang also claimed other white cast members made Hmong actors feel excluded by assuming the Hmong speakers did not understand English.[28] Vang said that some important lines that the Hmong characters said in the Hmong language were not subtitled, so audiences developed a skewed perception of the Hmong people.[28][26]

Cultural accuracies and inaccuracies

Bee Vang, as paraphrased by Jeff Baenen of the Associated Press, said in 2009 that the film's portrayal of the Hmong is "generally accurate."[25] Regarding the result, Vang said "[t]his film is not a documentary. We can't expect 101 percent correctness."[25]

During the filming, Hmong cast members addressed what they believed to be cultural inaccuracies that were being introduced. Cedric Lee,[26] a half-Hmong[31] who worked as a production assistant and a cultural consultant, said that "Some things were over-exaggerated for dramatic purposes. Whether it was our job or not, I still felt some responsibility to speak our mind and say something, but at the same time, the script was what it was. We didn't make the final decision."[26]

In 2011, Vang said while many Hmong had objected to some elements, the producers selected the viewpoints of the Hmong cultural consultants which "had the most amenable take on the matter and would lend credence to whatever Hollywood stereotypes the film wanted to convey."[32] Vang further said that "this was a white production, that our presence as actors did not amount to control of our images."[32]

Louisa Schein and Va-Megn Thoj, authors of "Gran Torino's Boys and Men with Guns: Hmong Perspectives", said "Perhaps the most commonly voiced Hmong objections to the film concern its myriad cultural inaccuracies, exaggerations and distortion."[33] Schein also said that "[t]he [Hmong] actors struggle, too, with their culture being made into spectacle."[7] Even though a real Hmong shaman acts as a Hmong shaman in the film, Schein said that "his expertise was overridden by the screenplay and the filming, which distorted the ceremonial scenes by making them inaccurately exotic."[7] Vang said that the tea ceremonies depicted in the film were not correctly performed.[28] Even though, in the film, Hmong characters feel offense when Walt touches a girl on the head, Schein said that in real life in Hmong culture it is okay to touch a person on the head.[26] In other segments of the film, the Hmong shaman touches a baby's head without any negative criticism. Schein adds that Spider touches Thao Vang Lor's head "without consequence."[33] Christine Wilson Owens, author of "Hmong Cultural Profile", said: "Most traditional Hmong elders, especially men, do not want strangers to touch their heads, or those of their children, due to their religious beliefs and personal values."[34]

Thao and Sue Lor wear Hmong clothing to Walt Kowalski's funeral. Hmong do not ordinarily wear traditional Hmong clothing to funerals.[26] Grandma Lor spits a betel nut she had been chewing to show contempt for Walt Kowalski, even though the Hmong do not chew betel nuts.[35] The Hmong shaman reads Walt's personal character, when in real life he would communicate with the spirit world. In the film the shaman himself does a sacrifice of a chicken in a manner that Schein and Thoj say is "in dramatic ceremonial fashion," when in real life an assistant would do this "perfunctorily."[33] The authors said that the hu plis ceremony done in honor of the baby has an incorrect spatial layout, that the clothing and grooming of the Hmong gangs is not correct, and "the obsequious making of offerings on doorstep" are not accurate.[33] While Thao himself cleans dishes, Schein and Thoj add that he would not do this alone because he is in a house with other female family members.[33] Schein and Thoj also add that there is "inconsistent use of the two Hmong dialects within one family."[33] They also argue that members of a Hmong clan would not show aggression towards a member of a fellow clan and that they would not rape a member of their own clan, like the gang in the film rapes Sue.[33] Sharon Her, a Hmong writer from New York, argued that the film had "confusion of Asian customs" and that "Hmong people do not use favors as a method of atonement nor do they endlessly shower individuals with gifts out of gratitude."[36] Her added, "An early draft of the script even had names misspelled and referenced Chinese surnames, a sloppy mistake that was easily corrected."[36]



In the film's opening weekend of wide release in the US, it grossed $29.5 million. As of 2021, it has taken in $269,958,228 worldwide.[6][37]

Home media

The film was released on June 9, 2009, in the United States in both standard DVD format and Blu-ray.[38] The disc includes bonus materials and extra features.[38] A featurette is included and a documentary about the correlation of manhood and the automobile.[39] The Blu-ray version presents the film in 2.40:1 ratio format, a digital copy, and the audio in multiple languages.[39][40]

About four million DVD units have been sold as of 2012, generating $67.4 million in revenue. Another 332,000 Blu-rays were sold, for $4.9 million, bringing the total to $72.3 million in home video sales.[1]


Critical response

Rotten Tomatoes reports that 81% of 237 surveyed critics gave the film positive write-ups; the average score is 7.10/10. The site's consensus states: "Though a minor entry in Eastwood's body of work, Gran Torino is nevertheless a humorous, touching, and intriguing old-school parable."[41] At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the film has received an average score of 72 based on 34 reviews.[42] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale.[43]

After seeing the film, The New York Times described the requiem tone captured by the film, calling it as "a sleek, muscle car of a movie made in the USA, in that industrial graveyard called Detroit". Manohla Dargis compared Eastwood's presence on film to Dirty Harry and the Man with No Name, stating: "Dirty Harry is back, in a way, in Gran Torino, not as a character, but as a ghostly presence. He hovers in the film, in its themes and high-caliber imagery, and of course, most obviously, in Mr. Eastwood's face. It is a monumental face now, so puckered and pleated that it no longer looks merely weathered, as it has for decades, but seems closer to petrified wood."[44]

The Los Angeles Times also praised Eastwood's performance and credibility as an action hero at the age of 78. Kenneth Turan said of Eastwood's performance, "It is a film that is impossible to imagine without the actor in the title role. The notion of a 78-year-old action hero may sound like a contradiction in terms, but Eastwood brings it off, even if his toughness is as much verbal as physical. Even at 78, Eastwood can make 'Get off my lawn' sound as menacing as 'Make my day', and when he says 'I blow a hole in your face and sleep like a baby', he sounds as if he means it".[45]

Roger Ebert wrote that the film is "about the belated flowering of a man's better nature. And it's about Americans of different races growing more open to one another in the new century."[46] Sang Chi and Emily Moberg Robinson, editors of Voices of the Asian-American and Pacific Islander Experience: Volume 1, said that within the mainstream media, the film received "critical acclaim" "for its nuanced portrayal of Asian Americans."[47] Louisa Schein and Va-Megn Thoj, authors of "Gran Torino's Boys and Men with Guns: Hmong Perspective," said that the mainstream critical response was "centered on Eastwood's character and viewed the film mainly as a vision of multicultural inclusion and understanding."[48]

Nicole Sperling, columnist for Entertainment Weekly, called it a drama with "the commercial hook of a genre film" and described it further as "a meditation on tolerance wrapped in the disguise of a movie with a gun-toting Clint Eastwood and a cool car".[49] Chi and Robinson said that within the Asian-American community, some criticized "depictions of Hmong men" and "the archetypical white savior trope that permeated the film".[47]

Reception in relation to the Hmong

Clint Eastwood's decision to cast Hmong actors, including amateur actors, received a positive reception in Hmong communities.[50] Tou Ger Xiong, a Hmong storyteller and performance artist from the Minneapolis-St. Paul area who had auditioned for a role in the film, said that he had respect for the film because the producers actually cast Hmong instead of asking other Asian-Americans to mimic Hmong.[4] Xiong also argued "First things first, let's get our foot in the door. Complain later."[4] Dyane Hang Garvey, who served as a cultural consultant for the film production, said that the film was not intended to be a documentary on the Hmong people and that it positively highlights, as paraphrased by Laura Yuen of Minnesota Public Radio, "the close-knit nature of the Hmong community in Detroit".[4] Doua Moua, a Hmong actor in the film, said that he had no regrets in playing a gang member, because, in Yuen's words, "gangs consumed his brother's life while they were growing up in Saint Paul".[4] Moua added that many first generation Hmong are affected by gangs and drift into gangs due to a lack of father figures.[4]

Louisa Schein, a Rutgers University anthropologist who is an expert on the Hmong culture, approved the concept of Hmong achieving visibility in the popular culture of the United States, but believed that the film may be promoting out of date stereotypes of the Hmong. Schein said that her Hmong friends were "touched" by the film's portrayal of Hmong culture redeeming and reaching out to Walt Kowalski.[50]

Schein further added that the film seemed to give little prominence to the history of the Hmong, and that only two male Hmong, Thao and a gang member, were given depth in the story. Schein said: "I feel a lot of the plot about the Eastwood character is driven by the fact that he is a veteran. Yet there is no possibility for representing the fact that the Hmong were veterans too."[50] An individual established a blog,, documenting what the author believed to be cultural inaccuracies of the film's depiction of the Hmong.[7]

David Brauer of MinnPost said that some Hmong liked Gran Torino and that many believed that the film was offensive.[32] In 2009, actor Bee Vang said that he was satisfied with the outcome of the film.[51] Brauer said that in an opinion editorial released in 2011, Vang "isn't kind to the Clint Eastwood film".[32] Krissy Reyes-Ortiz of The Bottom Line of the University of California Santa Barbara said, based on Vang's testimony in a 2011 program, that "Though many of the people who have seen the film may have gotten a sense of satisfaction and joy from seeing that Walt overcame his racism, the people who acted as the Hmong members in the movie did not" and that "They were offended by the traces of racism that were included in the movie and that they experienced themselves on set".[28] Some Hmong on internet message boards had posted criticisms of the film.[4] In 2020, Vang said, "Hmong around the country were furious about its negative stereotypes and cultural distortions" and that they confronted him when he spoke at events.[32] Vang added that he engaged in "explaining my obligation as an actor while also recognizing that, as a Hmong-American, I didn't feel that I could own the lines I was uttering."[32] Vang has stated that he was uncomfortable with the reaction of white audiences to the film, finding their laughter at the playing off of racial slurs as humor "unnerving" and "one more excuse for ignoring white supremacy and racism."[52]

Philip W. Chung of AsianWeek said that Eastwood, portraying a white man, was the "main weapon" of the film even though screenwriter Nick Schenk "does his best to portray Hmong culture and the main Hmong characters with both depth and cultural sensitivity".[53] Chung argued that "Gran Torino might have been another "'white man saves the day' story" but that "What Eastwood has really created is not a story about the white man saving the minority (though it can be read on that level and I'm sure some will) but a critical examination of an iconic brand of white macho maleness that he played a significant part in creating."[53]

Awards and nominations

Gran Torino was recognized by the American Film Institute as one of the Ten Best Films of 2008.[54] Clint Eastwood's performance has also garnered recognition. He won an award for Best Actor from the National Board of Review,[55] he was nominated for the Broadcast Film Critics Association (Critics' Choice Awards) and by the Chicago Film Critics Association Awards for Best Actor.[56][57] An original song from the film, "Gran Torino" (performed by Jamie Cullum), was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song.[58] The Art Directors Guild nominated Gran Torino in the contemporary film category.[59]

The film, however, was ignored by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences at the 81st Academy Awards when it was not nominated for a single Oscar, which led to heated criticism from many who felt that the Academy had also deliberately snubbed Revolutionary Road and Changeling (which Eastwood also directed) from the five major categories.[60][61]

In 2010, the film was named Best Foreign Film at the César Awards in France.[62]

Derivative works

Mark D. Lee and Cedric N. Lee, two Hmong filmmakers from Detroit, directed a documentary called Gran Torino: Next Door, about how Bee Vang and Ahney Her were chosen for their roles in the film and the Hmong actors' off-set activities. It was released on Blu-ray.[63] Vang acted in a YouTube parody of one scene in Gran Torino, titled "Thao Does Walt: Lost Scenes from Gran Torino."[64] The YouTube parody addresses a scene involving a barbershop, and the views of masculinity in the original scene.[65]


From 2019 onwards, Gran Torino has been part of the focus topic "The Ambiguity of Belonging" in the German Abitur in Baden-Württemberg in the subject English.[66]

See also



  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Gran Torino – DVD Sales". The Numbers. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  2. ^ "GRAN TORINO (15)". British Board of Film Classification. December 17, 2008. Retrieved April 6, 2015.
  3. ^ Friedman, Roger (February 2, 2009). "Clint Eastwood's $110 Million Revenge". Fox News. Archived from the original on February 3, 2009. Retrieved February 2, 2009.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Yuen, Laura. "Hmong get a mixed debut in new Eastwood film Archived November 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine." Minnesota Public Radio. December 18, 2008. Retrieved on March 18, 2012.
  5. ^ McNary, Dave; McClintock, Pamela (October 23, 2008). "High School Musical 3 aims for No. 1". Variety. Retrieved October 24, 2008.
  6. ^ a b "Gran Torino (2008)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Schein, Louisa (October 3, 2008). "Eastwood's Next Film Features Hmong American Cast: Exclusive Interviews From the Set of Gran Torino". AsianWeek. Archived from the original on October 9, 2008. Retrieved October 28, 2008.
  8. ^ a b c d e Sternberg, Laura. "Information About Clint Eastwood's "Gran Torino" and Hmong in Detroit." (Archive) Retrieved on March 18, 2012.
  9. ^ Lee, Gary Yia and Nicholas Tapp. Culture and Customs of the Hmong. Greenwood Publishing Group. ABC-CLIO, 2010. 79. Retrieved from Google Books on April 14, 2012. ISBN 0-313-34526-0, 9780313345265.
  10. ^ Garrett, Diane; McClintock, Pamela (March 18, 2007). "Eastwood to direct Gran Torino". Variety. Retrieved October 24, 2008.
  11. ^ Whittey, Stephen (June 13, 2014). "Clint Eastwood on 'Jersey Boys,' taking risks and a life well lived". Retrieved October 10, 2015.
  12. ^ "Clint Eastwood begins shooting movie in Grosse Pointe Shores". The Detroit News. July 15, 2008.
  13. ^ Schein, Louisa (September 3, 2008). "Hmong Actors Making History: The Bad Guys Of Eastwood's Gran Torino". New America Media. Pacific News Service. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved October 28, 2008.
  14. ^ McCarthy, Todd. "Gran Torino." Variety. Thursday December 4, 2008. Retrieved on March 17, 2012.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i Longwell, Todd (December 9, 2008). "Eastwood recognizes Hmong immigrants with new film". Reuters. Archived from the original on August 30, 2009. Retrieved January 28, 2009.
  16. ^ a b Goldstein, Patrick and James Rainey. "Rookie screenwriter finds the right mentor: Clint Eastwood." Los Angeles Times. November 26, 2008. Retrieved on March 22, 2012.
  17. ^ a b c Yuen, Laura. "'Gran Torino' a movie made in Minnesota, almost." Minnesota Public Radio. January 9, 2009. Retrieved on May 14, 2012.
  18. ^ a b c d e f Headlam, Bruce. "The Films Are for Him. Got That?" The New York Times. December 10, 2008. Retrieved on May 14, 2012.
  19. ^ Graham, Adam (July 18, 2007). "Clint Eastwood attracts giddy gawkers". The Detroit News.
  20. ^ Recker, Rachel (January 9, 2009). "Gran Torino actress Ahney Her returns to Michigan for opening night". The Grand Rapids Press. Archived from the original on January 22, 2009. Retrieved January 11, 2009.
  21. ^ a b Donnelly, Francis (April 12, 2005). "Culture shock, poverty plague Hmong in Michigan". The Detroit News.
  22. ^ Allard, Maria (July 16, 2007). "Clint Eastwood films scene for new movie in Highland Park, Center Line". C & G News. C & G Publishing. Archived from the original on July 21, 2008. Retrieved December 19, 2007.
  23. ^ Hall, Christina (July 15, 2007). "The film set next door: Lights... camera... Clint Eastwood!". Detroit Free Press.
  24. ^ a b Carroll, Jeremy. "Hollywood legend films scenes in Royal Oak barber shop Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine." C&G News. July 16, 2008. Retrieved on March 18, 2012.
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