The Purple Rose of Cairo
Theatrical release poster
Directed byWoody Allen
Written byWoody Allen
Produced byRobert Greenhut
CinematographyGordon Willis
Edited bySusan E. Morse
Music byDick Hyman
Distributed byOrion Pictures
Release date
  • March 1, 1985 (1985-03-01)
Running time
82 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
Budget$15 million
Box office$10.6 million[2]

The Purple Rose of Cairo is a 1985 American fantasy-romantic film written and directed by Woody Allen, and starring Mia Farrow, Jeff Daniels, and Danny Aiello. Inspired by the films Sherlock Jr. (1924) and Hellzapoppin' (1941) and Pirandello's play Six Characters in Search of an Author (1921), it is the tale of a film character named Tom Baxter who leaves a fictional film of the same name and enters the real world.

The film was released on March 1, 1985. It won the BAFTA Award for Best Film, while Allen received several screenwriting nominations, including at the Academy Awards, the BAFTA Awards, and the Writers Guild of America Awards. Allen has ranked it among his best films, along with Husbands and Wives (1992) and Match Point (2005).[3]


In 1935 with the Great Depression in full swing, New Jersey waitress Cecilia struggles with her stressful job and abusive marriage to her unfaithful husband Monk, who she struggles to leave. After losing her job, she distracts herself by going to the movies, where she finds herself rewatching The Purple Rose of Cairo with a particular focus on archaeologist side character Tom Baxter, who falls in love with a Copacabana singer in the film's story.

Baxter notices Cecilia watching him and develops an attraction to the point where he addresses her directly and steps out of the film to run off with her, to the chagrin of the other, also sentient characters of the film. While Cecilia and Baxter grow closer as they spend an evening on the town together, the film's characters refuse to perform with him gone. The theater manager calls the film's producer and Baxter's actor Gil Shepherd is informed, who comes to town to fix the problem.

Shepherd runs into Cecilia and has her take him to Baxter, who refuses to return to the film as other versions of him across different screenings also start to rebel. Monk hears about Cecilia and Baxter's exploits and confronts them. Baxter beats him in a fair fight, so Monk hits him from behind, and a disgusted Cecilia refuses to leave with him. Baxter is accosted by a prostitute and taken to a brothel, but he remains faithful to Cecilia. Shepherd charms and kisses Cecilia, but she turns him down in favor of Baxter.

While Purple Rose producers plan to destroy its copies once they get Baxter back inside, he and Cecilia get engaged as he returns to the theater and takes her into the film. Inside, he defies his pre-written romance and shows Cecilia the film's world, only for Shepherd to arrive at the theater and profess his love for her. The men argue over her and she chooses Shepherd, loving Baxter but preferring to live in the real world.

Baxter reluctantly returns to the film, while Cecilia finally leaves Monk for good, believing she and Shepherd will run away to Hollywood together. He has already left, his seduction a ploy to get Baxter back into the film, though he appears guilty on the return flight. She sits forlornly in the theater watching Top Hat, but the sight of Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire dancing to "Cheek to Cheek" captures her attention and she begins to smile.


Michael Keaton was originally cast as Tom Baxter/Gil Shepherd, as Allen was a fan of his work. Allen later felt that Keaton, who took a pay cut to work with the director, was too contemporary and hard to accept in the period role. The two amicably parted ways after ten days of filming and Daniels replaced Keaton in the role.[5]


Several scenes featuring Tom and Cecilia are set at the Bertrand Island Amusement Park, which closed just prior to the film's production. Many of the outside scenes were filmed in Piermont, New York, a village on the Hudson River about 15 miles north of the George Washington Bridge. Store fronts had false facades reflecting the depression-era setting. It was also filmed at the Raritan Diner in South Amboy, New Jersey. Woody Allen shut down the Kent Theater on Coney Island Avenue in Brooklyn, the neighborhood he grew up in, to film there.

In a rare public appearance at the National Film Theatre in 2001, Woody Allen listed The Purple Rose of Cairo as one of only a few of his films that ended up being "fairly close to what I wanted to do" when he set out to write it.[6] Allen provided more detail about the film's origins in a comment he made a year earlier, during a press junket for Small Time Crooks:

Purple Rose was a film that I just locked myself in a room [to write]...I wrote it and halfway through it didn't go anywhere and I put it aside. I didn't know what to do. I toyed around with other ideas. Only when the idea hit me, a long time later, that the real actor comes to town and she has to choose between the [screen] actor and the real actor and she chooses the real actor and he dumps her, that was the time it became a real movie. Before that it wasn't. But the whole thing was manufactured.[7]


Box office

In its opening weekend, The Purple Rose of Cairo earned $114,095 from three theaters in the United States and Canada. Its total gross in the United States and Canada was $10,631,333.[2]

Critical response

On Rotten Tomatoes, The Purple Rose of Cairo holds an approval rating of 93%, based on 40 reviews, with an average score of 8/10. The website's critics consensus reads "Lighthearted and sweet, The Purple Rose of Cairo stands as one of Woody Allen's more inventive—and enchantingly whimsical—pictures."[8] The film also holds a score of 75 out of 100 on Metacritic, based on seven critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[9]

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film four out of four stars, writing "The Purple Rose of Cairo is audacious and witty and has a lot of good laughs in it, but the best thing about the movie is the way Woody Allen uses it to toy with the very essence of reality and fantasy."[10] Time Out also gave the film favorable appraisal, writing "the star-struck couple, Farrow and Daniels, work wonders with fantastic emotions, while Allen's direction invests enough care, wit and warmth to make it genuinely moving."[11] Vincent Canby of The New York Times wrote some of the most glowing contemporary praise, stating "My admiration for Mr. Allen extends to everyone connected with The Purple Rose of Cairo—all of the actors, including Mr. Daniels, Mr. Aiello, Dianne Wiest and the players within the film within; Stuart Wurtzel, the production designer, and particularly Gordon Willis, the director of photography, who has great fun imitating the look of the movie Cecilia falls in love with, as well as in creating a style fitting to the depressed times that frame the interior film...I'll go out on a limb: I can't believe the year will bring forth anything to equal The Purple Rose of Cairo. At 84 minutes, it's short but nearly every one of those minutes is blissful."[12]


Award Category Subject Result
Academy Awards Best Original Screenplay Woody Allen Nominated
BAFTA Awards Best Film Robert Greenhut and Woody Allen Won
Best Original Screenplay Woody Allen Won
Best Actress Mia Farrow Nominated
Best Special Visual Effects R/Greenberg Associates Nominated
Bodil Awards Best Non-European Film Woody Allen Won
BSFC Awards Best Screenplay Won
Cannes Film Festival FIPRESCI Prize[13] Won
Casting Society of America Artios Award for Best Casting for Feature Film, Comedy Juliet Taylor Nominated
César Awards (1986) Best Foreign Film Woody Allen Won
Fotogramas de Plata Best Foreign Film Won
French Syndicate of Cinema Critics Critics Award for Best Foreign Film Won
Golden Globe Awards Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Robert Greenhut Nominated
Best Screenplay Woody Allen Won
Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Jeff Daniels Nominated
Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical Mia Farrow Nominated
Hochi Film Awards Best Foreign Language Film Woody Allen Won
ALFS Awards Film of the Year Won
Mainichi Film Awards Best Foreign Film Woody Allen Won
NSFC Awards Best Film Robert Greenhut 2nd place
Best Screenplay Woody Allen 2nd place
Writers Guild of America Awards Best Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen Nominated

The film was recognized as one of the "All-Time 100 Best Films" by Time magazine.[14]

American Film Institute Lists


In 1991, Jeff Daniels founded the Purple Rose Theatre Company in his hometown of Chelsea, Michigan. The theatre takes its name from The Purple Rose of Cairo.[18]



  1. ^ "The Purple Rose of Cairo (PG)". British Board of Film Classification. May 8, 1984. Archived from the original on February 4, 2015. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "The Purple Rose of Cairo". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 13, 2022.
  3. ^ Lax, Eric (2007). Conversations with Woody Allen. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. p. 361. ISBN 978-0-3754-1533-3.
  4. ^ Milne, Jeff (2009). Six Degrees of Kevin Bacon: The Complete Guide to the Movie Trivia Game. Jeff Milne. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-6152-8521-4.
  5. ^ Feaster, Felicia. "The Purple Rose of Cairo". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020.
  6. ^ "The Guardian/NFT interview: Woody Allen (II)". The Guardian. September 27, 2001. Archived from the original on June 24, 2006. from The Guardian Unlimited
  7. ^ "Woody Allen: If It's Funny, I do it". Cranky Critic. Archived from the original on December 1, 2005.
  8. ^ "The Purple Rose of Cairo". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved July 23, 2022.
  9. ^ "The Purple Rose of Cairo Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved March 18, 2016.
  10. ^ Ebert, Roger (March 1, 1985). "The Purple Rose of Cairo". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on April 8, 2014. Retrieved April 7, 2014 – via
  11. ^ "The Purple Rose of Cairo". Time Out. 1985. Archived from the original on April 8, 2014. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
  12. ^ Canby, Vincent (March 1, 1985). "Woody Allen's New Comedy, 'Purple Rose of Cairo'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 9, 2014. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
  13. ^ "Festival de Cannes: The Purple Rose of Cairo". Cannes Film Festival. Archived from the original on October 2, 2012. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  14. ^ "The Purple Rose of Cairo (1985) | All-Time 100 Best Films". Time. Archived from the original on May 25, 2005.
  15. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs Nominees" (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 20, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
  16. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions Nominees" (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 17, 2017. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
  17. ^ "AFI's 10 Top 10 Ballot" (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 26, 2017. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
  18. ^ Huschka, Amy (March 11, 2018). "Jeff Daniels to Hollywood: 'If you want me, I'll be in Michigan'". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on April 20, 2019. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  19. ^ Harvey, Adam (2007). The Soundtracks of Woody Allen. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-7864-2968-4.