Babe
Babe ver1.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byChris Noonan
Screenplay by
Based onThe Sheep-Pig
by Dick King-Smith
Produced by
Starring
CinematographyAndrew Lesnie
Edited by
Music byNigel Westlake
Production
company
Distributed byUniversal Pictures
Release date
  • August 4, 1995 (1995-08-04) (United States)
Running time
92 minutes[1]
Countries
  • Australia
  • United States
  • United Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
Budget$30 million
Box office$254.1 million[2]

Babe (also known as Babe the Sheep-Pig in the working title) is a 1995 comedy-drama film directed by Chris Noonan, produced by George Miller and written by both. It is an adaptation of Dick King-Smith's 1983 novel The Sheep-Pig, which tells the story of a farm pig who wants to do the work of a sheepdog. The film is narrated by Roscoe Lee Browne and the main animal characters are played by both real animals and animatronic puppets.

Babe was filmed in Robertson, New South Wales in 1994 and released theatrically on 4 August 1995, going on to become a critical and commercial success, with several Academy Award nominations. A sequel, Babe: Pig in the City, was released on 25 November 1998 and failed to achieve the same success as the original film.[3]

Plot

After being used in "guess the weight" contest at a county fair, orphaned piglet Babe is brought home to the farm of the contest winner, Arthur Hoggett. There he is taken in by Border Collie Fly, her irascible mate Rex and their puppies and befriends a duck named Ferdinand, who wakes people by crowing like a rooster every morning so he will be considered useful and be spared from being eaten.

Dismayed when the Hoggetts buy an alarm clock, Ferdinand persuades Babe to help him destroy it. In doing so they wake Duchess, the Hoggetts' cat, and wreck the house in the ensuing chaos. Rex sternly instructs Babe to stay away from Ferdinand and the house. Seeing Fly saddened when her puppies are put up for sale, Babe lets her adopt him. With the Hoggett's relatives visiting for Christmas, Hoggett decides against choosing Babe for Christmas dinner, remarking a pretext to his wife Esme that Babe may bring a prize for ham at the next county fair. Ferdinand's friend Rosanna is served instead, prompting Ferdinand to escape the farm.

Impressed after seeing Babe sort hens, separating the brown from the white ones, Hoggett takes him to try and herd the sheep. Encouraged by an elder ewe named Maa, the sheep cooperate, but Rex perceives Babe's actions as an insult to sheepdogs. After Fly stands up for Babe, Rex attacks and injures her and bites Hoggett's hand when he tries to intervene; Rex is subsequently chained to the dog house, leaving the sheep herding job to Babe. One morning, Babe scares off a trio of feral dogs attacking the sheep, but Maa is mortally injured, and dies as a result. Hoggett, thinking Babe killed Maa, prepares to shoot him but Fly finds out the truth from the sheep and distracts Hoggett for long enough until Esme informs him about the dogs' attacks on neighboring farms.

When Esme leaves on a trip, Hoggett signs Babe up for a local sheepherding competition. As it is raining the night before, Hoggett lets him and Fly into the house, where he is scratched by Duchess, who in turn is temporarily confined outside as punishment. When she is let back in later, she gets revenge on Babe by revealing that humans consume pigs. After learning from Fly that this is true, Babe runs away and Rex finds him the next morning in a cemetery. Hoggett brings a horrified and demoralized Babe home, where he refuses to eat. Hoggett feeds him from a baby bottle, sings "If I Had Words" and dances a jig for him, restoring Babe's faith in Hoggett's affection.

At the competition, Babe meets the sheep that he will be herding, but they ignore his attempts to speak to them. As Hoggett is criticized by the bemused judges and ridiculed by the public for using a pig instead of a dog, Rex runs back to the farm to ask the sheep what to do. After promising he will treat them better from now on, the sheep disclose to him a secret password. He returns in time to convey the password to Babe, and the sheep now follow his instructions flawlessly. Amid the crowd's acclamation, Babe is unanimously given the highest score. While he sits down next to the farmer, Hoggett praises him with the standard command to sheep dogs that their job is done, "That'll do, Pig. That'll do."

Cast

The puppies were voiced by Ross Bagley, Gemini Barnett, Rachel Davey, Debi Derryberry, Jazzmine Dillingham, Courtland Mead, and Kevin Woods.

The sheep were voiced by Jane Alden, Kimberly Bailey, Patrika Darbo, Michelle Davison, Julie Forsyth, Maeve Germaine, Rosanna Huffman, Carlyle King, Tina Lifford, Genni Nevinson, Linda Phillips, Paige Pollack, and Kerry Walker.

The other character voices were provided by Barbara Harris, Jacqueline Brennan, Doug Burch, Tony Hughes, Linda Janssen, Daamen Krall, Charlie MacLean, Justin Monjo, Antonia Murphy, Neil Ross and Scott Vernon.

Production

Babe is an adaptation of Dick King-Smith's 1983 novel The Sheep-Pig, also known as Babe: The Gallant Pig in the US, which tells the story of a pig raised as livestock who wants to do the work of a sheepdog. The main animal characters are played by a combination of real and animatronic pigs and Border Collies.[4] The breed of pig used was a Large White, which grows rapidly. On account of this, 46 piglets of the required size were used during the course of the filming,[5] as well as the animatronic model for special effects.

The film is divided into six chapters to preserve the storybook-like feel of the original novel (although none of the film's chapters are the same as the book's). The film's mice characters were subsequently added to read the chapters aloud after a test screening in which producer George Miller noted that younger audiences had trouble reading them, needing help from the adults.

After seven years of development,[6] Babe was filmed in Robertson, New South Wales, Australia.[7] The talking-animal visual effects were done by Rhythm & Hues Studios and Jim Henson's Creature Shop. The film was both a box office and critical success, grossing $254 million worldwide and earning seven Oscar nominations, including a win for Best Visual Effects.

According to actor James Cromwell, there was tension on the set between producer George Miller and director Chris Noonan.[8] Noonan later complained, "I don't want to make a lifelong enemy of George Miller but I thought that he tried to take credit for Babe, tried to exclude me from any credit, and it made me very insecure... It was like your guru has told you that you are no good and that is really disconcerting."[9]

Miller shot back, "Chris said something that is defamatory: that I took his name off the credits on internet sites, which is just absolutely untrue. You know, I'm sorry but I really have a lot more to do with my life than worry about that... when it comes to Babe, the vision was handed to Chris on a plate."[10]

Interviewed about the movie in 2020, Cromwell admitted he nearly turned it down, as his character only had about 16 lines. He was persuaded by his friend Charles Keating to take it anyway. Keating told him: "it's a free ticket to Australia, and if the movie tanks, it's not your fault, it's the pig's fault." Cromwell said Noonan wanted him for the part, and won out over Miller, who had wanted to cast an Australian actor. Cromwell's fee was around $50,000. He asked for an increase when he realised the movie was making millions of dollars, but was turned down. Nevertheless, he said "I got a lot out of that film, and it turned my whole life around. I didn't have to audition anymore."[11]

In 1998, a sequel directed by Miller, Babe: Pig in the City, was released. In 2006, a video game of the same name based on the film, was published by Mastertronic for the PlayStation 2.[12]

Music

The musical score for Babe was composed by Nigel Westlake and performed by the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra. Classical orchestral music by 19th-century French composers is used throughout the film, but is disguised in a variety of ways and often integrated by Westlake into his score. The theme song "If I Had Words" (lyrics by Jonathan Hodge), sung by Hoggett near the film's conclusion, is an adaptation of the Maestoso final movement of the Organ Symphony by Camille Saint-Saëns, and was originally performed in 1977 by Scott Fitzgerald and Yvonne Keeley. This tune also recurs throughout the film's score.[13]

There are also brief quotations within the score from Edvard Grieg's Lyric Pieces, Op.71 No. 1. Other music featured is by Léo Delibes, Richard Rodgers, Gabriel Fauré, and Georges Bizet.

Reception

The film was a box office success, grossing $36.7 million at the box office in Australia[14] and over $254 million worldwide.[2] It also received critical acclaim and was ultimately nominated for seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture,[15] Best Director, Best Supporting Actor for James Cromwell, Best Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published, Best Art Direction and Best Film Editing, winning Best Visual Effects.[16] At the APRA Music Awards of 1996 it won Best Film Score for Westlake's work.[17] In 2006, the American Film Institute named Babe #80 on its list of America's Most Inspiring Movies.[18] On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 97% based on 70 reviews, with a rating average of 8.26/10. The website's critical consensus reads: "The rare family-friendly feature with a heart as big as its special effects budget, Babe offers timeless entertainment for viewers of all ages."[19] Metacritic gave the film a score of 83 based on 16 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim".[20]

Because of its subject being a piglet, Babe was initially banned from Malaysia in order to avoid upsetting or annoying Muslims (who view pigs as haram). The ruling was overturned almost a year later and the film was released direct to video.[21]

When Babe was released in the US, it is reported that "activists around the country staked out movie theatres with flyers documenting the real-life abuses of pigs".[22] The film had a marked effect on the growth of vegetarianism, particularly among the young. It also promoted a more sympathetic view of the intellectual, emotional and social capacities of animals.[23] James Cromwell became an ethical vegan as a result of starring as Farmer Hoggett, saying, "I decided that to be able to talk about this [movie] with conviction, I needed to become a vegetarian."[24] In 1996 he went on to organize a vegetarian dinner for the Los Angeles homeless at a "Compassionate Christmas" event[25] in order to reverse the barnyard view that "Christmas is carnage".

Accolades

Award ceremony Year Category Recipient(s) Result Ref(s)
Academy Awards 1996 Best Picture George Miller, Doug Mitchell and Bill Miller Nominated [26]
Best Director Chris Noonan Nominated
Best Supporting Actor James Cromwell Nominated
Best Adapted Screenplay George Miller and Chris Noonan Nominated
Best Art Direction Art Direction: Roger Ford; Set Decoration: Kerrie Brown Nominated
Best Film Editing Marcus D'Arcy and Jay Friedkin Nominated
Best Visual Effects Scott E. Anderson, Charles Gibson, Neal Scanlan and John Cox Won
Australasian Performing Right Association Awards 1996 Best Film Score Nigel Westlake Won [17]
Australian Cinematographers Society Awards 1996 Cinematographer of the Year Andrew Lesnie Won [27]
British Academy Film Awards 1996 Best Film George Miller, Doug Mitchell, Bill Miller and Chris Noonan Nominated [28]
Best Adapted Screenplay George Miller and Chris Noonan Nominated
Best Editing Marcus D'Arcy and Jay Friedkin Nominated
Best Special Visual Effects Scott E. Anderson, Neal Scanlan, John Cox, Chris Chitty and Charles Gibson Nominated
British Comedy Awards 1996 Best Comedy Film Babe Won [29]
Chlotrudis Awards 1996 Best Movie Babe Nominated [30]
Best Supporting Actor James Cromwell Nominated
Critics' Choice Movie Awards 1996 Best Family Film Babe Won [31]
Film Critics Circle of Australia Awards 1997 Best Director Chris Noonan Won [32]
Best Original Music Nigel Westlake Won
Golden Globe Awards 1996 Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy George Miller and Doug Mitchell Won [33]
London Film Critics' Circle Awards 1996 Film of the Year Babe Won [34]
International Newcomer of the Year Chris Noonan Won [35]
National Society of Film Critics Awards 1996 Best Film Babe Won [36]
New York Film Critics Circle Awards 1995 Best New Director Chris Noonan Won [37]
Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards 1996 Favorite Animal Star Babe the Pig Nominated [38]
Saturn Awards 1996 Best Fantasy Film Babe Won [39]
Best Writing George Miller and Chris Noonan Nominated
Writers Guild of America Awards 1996 Best Adapted Screenplay George Miller and Chris Noonan Nominated [40]

References

  1. ^ "Babe (U)". British Board of Film Classification. August 15, 1995. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Babe (1995)". Boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
  3. ^ Review of Babe: Pig in the City (1998) at Decent Films
  4. ^ Chanko, Kenneth M. (August 18, 1995). "This Pig Just Might Fly | Movies". EW.com. Retrieved May 31, 2010.
  5. ^ Kenneth M. Chanko, "Real pigs steal the scene in Babe", August 18, 1995
  6. ^ "Interview with Chris Noonan", 9 September 1999 Archived September 28, 2013, at the Wayback Machine accessed November 19, 2012
  7. ^ "Robertson – New South Wales – Australia". The Age. Melbourne. April 10, 2008. Retrieved July 20, 2008.
  8. ^ Robinson, Tasha (February 8, 2012). "Interview: James Cromwell". AV Film. Retrieved December 31, 2017.
  9. ^ "Leap of faith". The Sydney Morning Herald. January 26, 2007.
  10. ^ Turner, Brook (September 21, 2007). "Curious George". Kythera-Family.net. Retrieved December 31, 2017.
  11. ^ "James Cromwell Talks 'Babe' At 25 And How He Almost Turned It Down". Forbes. December 18, 2020.
  12. ^ "NEW RANGE HITS EUROPE LIKE A BLAST! OF FRESH AIR". gamesindustry.biz. Mastertronic Group. September 29, 2006. Babe ... PlayStation 2. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  13. ^ Film Score Monthly 53–64, Los Angeles CA 1995, p. 70
  14. ^ "Film Victoria – Australian Films at the Australian Box Office'" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 18, 2011. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  15. ^ Siskel & Ebert week of February 16, 1996 Part 1 on YouTube Part 2 on YouTube
  16. ^ "Reviews:Babe". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. August 4, 1995. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
  17. ^ a b "Winners Prior to 2002". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA) | Australasian Mechanical Copyright Owners Society (AMCOS). Archived from the original on April 14, 2014. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
  18. ^ AFI's 100 Years... 100 Cheers. American Film Institute. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
  19. ^ Babe (1995), retrieved November 2, 2019
  20. ^ "Babe Reviews". Metacritic.
  21. ^ Gogoi, Pallavi (November 5, 2006). "Banning Borat". Businessweek.com. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
  22. ^ Hudson, Laura Elaine (ed.) The Apocalyptic Animal of Late Capitalism, University of California 2008, p. 108 ISBN 9781109061604. Retrieved March 2, 2014
  23. ^ Nobis, Nathan. "The Babe Vegetarians", in Bioethics at the Movies, Johns Hopkins University 2009 pp. 56–70. ISBN 9780801890789.Retrieved March 2, 2014
  24. ^ Smith, Scott, A Pig's Best Friend, Vegetarian Times, November 1998, p. 20. ISSN 0164-8497.
  25. ^ Vegetarian Times, March 1997 p. 24. ISSN 0164-8497.
  26. ^ "The 68th Academy Awards | 1996". Oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  27. ^ George, Sandy (April 28, 2015). "'Lord of the Rings' cinematographer Andrew Lesnie dies aged 59". Screen Daily. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  28. ^ "Film in 1996 | BAFTA". bafta.org. British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  29. ^ "Past Winners – 1996". The British Comedy Awards. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  30. ^ "1996, 2nd Annual Awards". chlotrudis.org. Chlotrudis Society for Independent Film. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  31. ^ "The 1st Critics' Choice Awards Winners and Nominees". bfca.org. Critics Choice Association. Archived from the original on December 12, 2008. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  32. ^ Aveyard, Karina; Moran, Albert; Vieth, Errol (2005). Historical Dictionary of Australian and New Zealand Cinema. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 36. ISBN 0-810-85459-7.
  33. ^ "The 53rd Annual Golden Globe Awards (1996)". goldenglobes.org. Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Archived from the original on July 5, 2011. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  34. ^ "Film of the Year – The winners going back to 1980". criticscircle.org.uk. London Film Critics' Circle. April 12, 2010. Archived from the original on February 19, 2011. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  35. ^ "International Newcomer of the Year". criticscircle.org.uk. London Film Critics' Circle. Archived from the original on August 3, 2007. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  36. ^ Wilmington, Michael (January 14, 1996). "And the winner is…". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  37. ^ Maslin, Janet (December 15, 1995). "'Leaving Las Vegas' Is Voted Best Film by Critics Circle". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 26, 2010. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  38. ^ Mangan, Jennifer (March 28, 1996). "Poll Position". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  39. ^ "1995 – 22nd Saturn Awards". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 17, 2006. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  40. ^ Dutka, Elaine (February 9, 1996). "Writers Guild Nominees Now Wearing the Smiles". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 24, 2021.