|Out of Sight|
|Directed by||Steven Soderbergh|
|Screenplay by||Scott Frank|
|Based on||Out of Sight|
by Elmore Leonard
|Edited by||Anne V. Coates|
|Music by||David Holmes|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Box office||$77.7 million|
Out of Sight is a 1998 American crime comedy film directed by Steven Soderbergh and written by Scott Frank, adapted from Elmore Leonard's 1996 novel of the same name. The first of several collaborations between Soderbergh and actor George Clooney, it was released on June 26, 1998.
The film stars Clooney and Jennifer Lopez and co-stars Ving Rhames, Don Cheadle, Dennis Farina, Nancy Allen, Steve Zahn, Catherine Keener, and Albert Brooks. There are also special appearances by Michael Keaton, briefly reprising his role as Ray Nicolette from Quentin Tarantino's Jackie Brown the previous year, and Samuel L. Jackson.
The film received Academy Award nominations for Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Film Editing. It won the Edgar Award for Best Screenplay and the National Society of Film Critics awards for Best Film, Best Director, and Best Screenplay. The film led to a spinoff TV series in 2003 titled Karen Sisco.
A career bank robber, Jack Foley, and a U.S. Marshal, Karen Sisco, are forced to share a car trunk during his escape from a Florida prison. After he completes his getaway, Foley is chased by Sisco while he and his friends—right-hand man Buddy and unreliable associate Glenn—work their way north to Bloomfield Hills, a wealthy northern suburb of Detroit. There they plan to pay a visit to shady businessman Ripley, who bragged to them in prison years before about a cache of uncut diamonds hidden in his home.
Sisco has a dream where she tracks down Foley, but instead of arresting him, they have sex.
Glenn spills the diamond plot to vicious criminal Maurice Miller, who also did time with Jack and Ripley. Maurice then plans to rob Ripley's mansion with his own crew, including Kenneth and White Boy Bob. Maurice and Foley agree to team up on the job and split the earnings. Glenn gets cold feet and ducks out after Maurice forces him to help kill a drug dealer, and Sisco allows him to escape.
Before the robbery, a romantic interlude between Foley and Sisco takes place in a Detroit hotel. The question of whether she is really pursuing Foley to arrest him or for love ends in a showdown during the robbery at Ripley's home and adds to "the fun" Foley claims they are having.
In the course of the heist, White Boy Bob accidentally shoots and kills himself tripping on the stairs, while Foley shoots and kills Kenneth as he attempts to sexually assault Ripley's housekeeper/lover, Midge. Sisco, having followed them to Ripley's home, shoots and kills Maurice, and arrests Foley after he implores her to kill him, telling her to "pretend [he's] someone else". Buddy slips away with some of Ripley's diamonds.
The next morning, Foley is loaded aboard a van to be returned to prison in Florida. Another detainee, Hejira Henry, boards the van and mentions to Foley that he has escaped from prison nine previous times, and was deliberately placed by Sisco in the same van as Foley. Sisco smiles as the van leaves for Florida.
The source novel's origins lie in a picture Leonard saw in the Detroit News of a beautiful young female federal marshal standing in front of a Miami courthouse with a shotgun resting on her hip. Producer Danny DeVito bought the rights to the book after his success with the 1995 film adaptation of Leonard's novel Get Shorty. Steven Soderbergh had made two films for Universal Pictures when executive Casey Silver offered him Out of Sight with George Clooney attached. However, the filmmaker was close to making another project and hesitated to commit. Silver told him, "These things aren't going to line up very often, you should pay attention."
Sandra Bullock was originally considered to play Karen Sisco opposite Clooney. According to Soderbergh, "What happened was I spent some time with [Clooney and Bullock] and they actually did have a great chemistry. But it was for the wrong movie. They really should do a movie together, but it was not Elmore Leonard energy."
The character of Foley appealed to Clooney, who as a boy had considered as heroes the bank robbers in movies, citing "the Cagneys and the Bogarts, Steve McQueen and all those guys, the guys who were kind of bad and you still rooted for them. And when I read this, I thought, 'This guy is robbing a bank but you really want him to get away with it.'"
Soderbergh cites Nicolas Roeg's 1973 film Don't Look Now as the primary influence on how he approached the love scene between Foley and Sisco: "What I wanted to create in our movie was the intimacy of that, the juxtaposition of these two contrasting things ... We had to mix it up and have you feel like you were more in their heads."
Danny DeVito and Garry Shandling were considered for the part of Ripley before Albert Brooks was cast.
The character Ray Nicolette also appears in Leonard's novel Rum Punch, which was being filmed as Jackie Brown when Universal Pictures was preparing to begin production on Out of Sight. After Michael Keaton was cast as the detective Nicolette in Jackie Brown, Universal subsequently cast him for a cameo in the same role in Out of Sight. While Miramax Films owned the rights to the character, due to the fact that Jackie Brown went into production first, director Quentin Tarantino felt it was imperative that Miramax not charge Universal for using the character, allowing the character's appearance without Miramax receiving financial compensation. Nicolette appears in only one brief scene, whereas the character was a much more substantial element of Jackie Brown.
DJ David Holmes was originally hired to write a few sections of the film's theme music. Soderbergh liked what he did so much that he had Holmes score the rest of the film. Holmes spent six weeks working 12- to 17-hour days to finish the score in time for the film's release. He drew upon several influences, including Lalo Schifrin, Quincy Jones, Dean Martin, Miles Davis, Sun Ra, and Willie Bobo.
Out of Sight was released on June 26, 1998, in 2,106 theaters and grossed USD 12 million on its opening weekend. It went on to gross $37.5 million domestically and $40.2 million in the rest of the world for a worldwide total of $77.7 million.
Out of Sight received critical acclaim. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a 93% approval rating, based on 91 reviews, with an average rating of 7.90/10. The site's critical consensus reads: "Steven Soderbergh's intelligently crafted adaptation of the Elmore Leonard novel is witty, sexy, surprisingly entertaining, and a star-making turn for George Clooney." On Metacritic, the film has a score of 85 out of 100, based on 30 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim."
Film critic Roger Ebert gave the film three and a half out of four stars and praised Clooney's performance, stating: "Clooney has never been better. A lot of actors who are handsome when young need to put on some miles before the full flavor emerges ... Here Clooney at last looks like a big screen star; the good-looking leading man from television is over with." Janet Maslin of The New York Times praised Lopez's performance, writing, "Ms. Lopez has her best movie role thus far, and she brings it both seductiveness and grit; if it was hard to imagine a hard-working, pistol-packing bombshell on the page, it couldn't be easier here." Andrew Sarris, in his review for The New York Observer, wrote, "For once in a mainstream production, the narrative machinery works on all cylinders without any wasted motion or fatuous rhetoric. They don't make movies like this anymore, in this overcalculated and overtested era." In his review for the Los Angeles Times, Kenneth Turan wrote, "As always with the best of Leonard, it's the journey, not the destination, that counts, and director Soderbergh has let it unfold with dry wit and great skill. Making adroit use of complex flashbacks, freeze frames and other stylistic flourishes, he's managed to put his personal stamp on the film while staying faithful to the irreplaceable spirit of the original."
Entertainment Weekly gave the film a "B+" rating and Owen Gleiberman wrote, "This is Clooney's wiliest, most complex star turn yet. It helps that he's lost the Beverly Hills Caesar cut (he's actually more handsome with his hair swept back), and his performance is slyly two-tiered: Foley is all charming moxie on the surface, a bit clueless underneath." Richard Schickel, in his review for Time, wrote, "What makes this movie work is the kind of cool that made Get Shorty go so nicely: an understanding that life's little adventures rarely come in neat three-act packages, the way most movies now do, and the unruffled presentation of outrageously twisted dialogue, characters and situations as if they were the most natural things in the world." In her review for the L.A. Weekly, Manohla Dargis wrote, "This isn't a profound film, or even an important one, but then it isn't trying to be; it's so diverting and so full of small, satisfying pleasures, you don't realize how good it is until after it's over."
|Academy Awards||Best Screenplay – Based on Material Previously Produced or Published||Scott Frank||Nominated|
|Best Film Editing||Anne V. Coates||Nominated|
|ALMA Awards||Outstanding Actress in a Feature Film in a Crossover Role||Jennifer Lopez||Nominated|
|American Cinema Editors Awards||Best Edited Feature Film||Anne V. Coates||Nominated|
|Artios Awards||Best Casting for Feature Film – Drama||Francine Maisler||Nominated|
|Awards Circuit Community Awards||Best Adapted Screenplay||Scott Frank||Nominated|
|Boston Society of Film Critics Awards||Best Film||Won|
|Best Director||Steven Soderbergh||2nd Place|
|Best Actor||George Clooney||2nd Place|
|Best Screenplay||Scott Frank||Won|
|Critics' Choice Movie Awards||Best Picture||Nominated|
|Dallas–Fort Worth Film Critics Association Awards||Best Picture||Nominated|
|Edgar Allan Poe Awards||Best Motion Picture Screenplay||Scott Frank (screenplay); Elmore Leonard (novel)||Won|
|Golden Trailer Awards||Best Music||Won|
|MTV Movie Awards||Best Female Performance||Jennifer Lopez||Nominated|
|Best Kiss||George Clooney and Jennifer Lopez||Nominated|
|National Society of Film Critics Awards||Best Film||Won|
|Best Director||Steven Soderbergh||Won|
|Best Screenplay||Scott Frank||Won|
|Online Film & Television Association Awards||Best Screenplay – Based on Material from Another Medium||Won|
|Online Film Critics Society Awards||Best Adapted Screenplay||Won|
|Best Editing||Anne V. Coates||Nominated|
|Southeastern Film Critics Association Awards||Best Picture||8th Place|
|Best Adapted Screenplay||Scott Frank||Won|
|Toronto Film Critics Association Awards||Best Director||Steven Soderbergh||Runner-up|
|Turkish Film Critics Association Awards||Best Foreign Film||4th Place|
|Writers Guild of America Awards||Best Screenplay – Based on Material Previously Produced or Published||Scott Frank||Won|
American Film Institute Lists
In later years, Soderbergh would see the film as "a very conscious decision on my part to try and climb my way out of the arthouse ghetto which can be as much of a trap as making blockbuster films." He had just turned down directing Human Nature, written by Charlie Kaufman, to direct Out of Sight. "And I was very aware that at that point in my career, half the business was off limits to me." Clooney said, "Out of Sight was the first time where I had a say, and it was the first good screenplay that I'd read where I just went, 'That's it.' And even though it didn't do really well box office-wise - we sort of tanked again - it was a really good film." Lopez said: "It kind of became a cult classic. It didn't get as much notice when it first came out at the box office but now, years later, so many people told me that was their favorite film. It's crazy."