|3:10 to Yuma|
|Directed by||Delmer Daves|
|Screenplay by||Halsted Welles|
|Based on||"Three-Ten to Yuma"|
1953 short story
by Elmore Leonard
|Produced by||David Heilweil|
|Cinematography||Charles Lawton Jr.|
|Edited by||Al Clark|
|Music by||George Duning|
|Color process||Black and white|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
|Box office||$1.85 million (US and Canadian rentals)|
3:10 to Yuma is a 1957 American Western film directed by Delmer Daves, starring Glenn Ford and Van Heflin. Based on a 1953 short story by Elmore Leonard, it is about a drought-impoverished rancher who takes on the risky job of escorting a notorious outlaw to justice. In 2012, it was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
The title song, "The 3:10 to Yuma", was written by George Duning (music) and Ned Washington (lyrics), and sung at the beginning and end of the film by Frankie Laine. He recorded it for Columbia Records in 1957 with the Jimmy Carroll Orchestra and in 1960 with the Johnny Williams Orchestra. It was also recorded by Sandy Denny in 1967, for Island Records. The film was remade in 2007, directed by James Mangold and starring Russell Crowe with Christian Bale.
In the Arizona Territory of the 1880s, struggling rancher Dan Evans and his two sons witness a gang led by notorious outlaw Ben Wade rob a stagecoach. When the stagecoach driver manages to overpower one of the robbers, Wade calmly shoots both men dead. The robbers go to a saloon in Bisbee for drinks. Evans and his sons alert the town marshal of the robbery and the murders; a posse is assembled as Wade, unaware that he has been discovered, instructs his men to ride across the border to safety until he can rejoin them. The posse meets up with Dan and the stagecoach company's representative, Mr. Butterfield, who accompany the lawmen as they head to the saloon. Charlie Prince, Wade's loyal bodyguard and right-hand man, lets Dan enter the saloon when he claims to have business with Wade. While the outlaws are distracted, the marshal arrives and arrests Wade. Charlie is shot in the hand, but escapes on his horse to retrieve the rest of the gang.
The marshal requests two volunteers to escort Wade to Contention City to catch a train, the 3:10 to Yuma, where he can be held for trial. Butterfield offers to pay any volunteer $200, and Dan and a posse member named Alex Potter volunteer their services. The marshal has a man pretending to be Wade placed on a stagecoach leaving town that evening, hoping to mislead Wade's men and buy Dan and Potter some time. Wade is taken to Dan's ranch, where Alice Evans, his wife, learns of her husband's decision. Wade is subsequently moved to Contention City, where Dan and Potter meet Butterfield in a hotel room to wait for the train. Wade tries to bribe Dan into letting him go; Dan's refusal to do so impresses the old outlaw. The local sheriff is out of town, so Butterfield hires five local gunmen to provide security while Wade is taken to the rail station.
The slain stagecoach driver's brother, Bob Moons, arrives and barges into the hotel room seeking revenge. Dan wrestles his gun away, but it goes off. Charlie, having secretly tracked the party to Contention, hears the gunshot and alerts Wade's gang. The gunmen, aware of Wade's reputation, run off, leaving only Dan, Alex, and Butterfield. Alex saves Dan from getting shot by an outlaw on the roof, but Prince shoots him in the back and has his men hang him from the hotel chandelier. Butterfield is horrified and offers to give Dan his money, planning to release Wade. Alice arrives and tries to change her husband's mind, but he is committed to seeing Wade brought to justice. Dan takes Wade out a back door, skillfully moving him across town as the outlaws fire at them.
The outlaws finally catch up to Dan as the train starts to leave. Prince shouts for Wade to drop down so he can shoot Dan. Instead, Wade tells Dan to jump into the passing car, and they leap to safety together. The gang runs after the train, but Dan shoots Prince dead and the rest give up pursuit. Wade explains that he owed Dan a favor for saving his life earlier, and he claims that he has broken out of the Yuma jail before, meaning Dan will be able to claim his reward honestly. Alice sees Dan leave safely on the train as rain pours down on her, breaking the long drought.
David Heilweil brought the story to The Associates and Aldrich, the production company of Robert Aldrich. Halstead Welles did a script. Aldrich sold this to Columbia for $100,000.
When first released in the summer of 1957, the film became popular among audiences and critics alike for its suspense and sharp black-and-white cinematography. Ford received favorable notice for his atypical role as a villain. The following year, 3:10 to Yuma was nominated for the British Academy of Film and Television Arts award for Best Film and the Laurel Award for Top Male Action Star, which went to Van Heflin.
The film caused "Yuma" to enter the lexicon of Cuban slang: Yumas is literally Cuban for Gringos and used to describe American Visitors, while La Yuma is the United States.
A 2007 remake under James Mangold’s direction of Russell Crowe and Christian Bale was critically successful.
A region 1 DVD was released in 2002. A region A/1 Blu-ray DVD of the film was released as part of The Criterion Collection in 2013.
Except that the ending is romantic and incongruous, in the face of what goes on, this is a first-rate action picture—a respectable second section to High Noon.