The Departed
Theatrical release poster
Directed byMartin Scorsese
Screenplay byWilliam Monahan
Based onInfernal Affairs
by Alan Mak
Felix Chong
Produced by
Starring
CinematographyMichael Ballhaus
Edited byThelma Schoonmaker
Music byHoward Shore
Production
companies
Distributed byWarner Bros. Pictures
Release date
  • September 26, 2006 (2006-09-26) (Ziegfeld Theatre)
  • October 6, 2006 (2006-10-06) (United States)
Running time
151 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$90 million[1]
Box office$291.5 million[1]

The Departed is a 2006 American crime drama film directed by Martin Scorsese and written by William Monahan.[2] It is a remake of the 2002 Hong Kong film Infernal Affairs and is also loosely based on the real-life Boston Winter Hill Gang; the character Colin Sullivan is based on the corrupt FBI agent John Connolly, while the character Frank Costello is based on Irish-American gangster Whitey Bulger.[3][4][5] The film stars Leonardo DiCaprio, Matt Damon, Jack Nicholson, and Mark Wahlberg, with Martin Sheen, Ray Winstone, Vera Farmiga, and Alec Baldwin in supporting roles.

The film takes place in Boston. Irish Mob boss Frank Costello (Nicholson) plants Colin Sullivan (Damon) as a mole within the Massachusetts State Police; simultaneously, the police assign undercover state trooper Billy Costigan (DiCaprio) to infiltrate Costello's crew. When both sides realize the situation, Sullivan and Costigan each attempt to discover the other's identity before they are found out.

The Departed was a critical and commercial success, and won several accolades, including four Oscars at the 79th Academy Awards: for Best Picture, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Film Editing. It became Scorsese's first and, to date, only win for Best Director;[6] Wahlberg was also nominated for Best Supporting Actor. The film also received six nominations at the 64th Golden Globe Awards, six nominations at the 60th British Academy Film Awards, and two nominations at the 13th Screen Actors Guild Awards. DiCaprio was nominated for Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama (also nominated that year in the same category for Blood Diamond), BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role and Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role for his performance.

Plot

In South Boston in 1986, Colin Sullivan is introduced to Irish Mob boss Frank Costello. Twenty years later, Sullivan has been groomed as a mole inside the Massachusetts State Police (MSP) and joins the Special Investigations Unit, led by Captain Ellerby. Another recruit, Billy Costigan Jr., is approached by Captain Queenan and Staff Sergeant Dignam to go undercover and infiltrate Costello's crew. They set up a cover; he serves time in jail on a phony charge and eventually joins Costello's crew. Ellerby informs Special Investigations that only Queenan and Dignam will know their operatives' names and that Costello's crew has stolen computer microprocessors to sell to a Chinese gang. Due to being undercover, Costigan's emotional state declines, but Queenan and Dignam plead with him to keep his cover.

Sullivan begins a romance with police psychiatrist Madolyn Madden, whom Costigan sees professionally as part of his probation. The MSP prepares to catch Costello selling the microprocessors, but the deal takes place off-camera, allowing everyone to escape. Costello realizes there is a rat and tasks Sullivan to uncover his identity; Sullivan asks for information to cross-reference his crew members in the MSP database. Meanwhile, Costigan learns that Costello is an FBI informant, and Costello accuses Costigan of being a rat, which he denies. Costigan shares his discovery with Queenan and warns that Costello is aware of a mole in his crew.

Costigan follows Costello into a theater and witnesses him giving Sullivan an envelope. Queenan instructs Costigan to get a visual ID of Sullivan before making the arrest but Costigan is unable to get a good look at Sullivan's face; Sullivan realizes that he is being followed and prepares to stab Costigan by hiding behind a truck and stabbing him when he walks by but mistakenly kills an Asian restaurant worker and flees the scene. He then realizes that Costigan's picture was captured on a traffic security camera and tries cross-referencing officers but cannot recognize him.

Queenan advises Sullivan to follow Costello to find the MSP mole. Costigan calls Queenan and sets up a meeting but Sullivan has Queenan tailed by another officer by lying to the officer and saying that Queenan may be the informant. Sullivan uses the tail's information on their location to call in Costello's gang. When Costello's men arrive, Queenan helps Costigan escape before confronting them and being thrown from one of the building's windows to his death on the street below. Angered by Queenan's murder, Dignam attacks Sullivan and resigns. Sullivan also learns that Costello is an FBI informant and decides to help the MSP catch him. With Costigan's help, Costello is tailed to a cocaine drop-off, where a gunfight erupts, killing most of Costello's crew including French. Sullivan confronts Costello, who admits to being an FBI informant, and fatally shoots him.

When Costigan goes to Sullivan to reveal his undercover status, he notices the envelope Costello used to collect the gang's personal information in order to discover the rat on Sullivan's desk and realizes Sullivan is Costello's mole. Sullivan then erases Costigan's records from police computers. Costigan hands Madden, who has moved in with Sullivan, an envelope and instructs her to open it if something happens to him. Later, she opens a different letter containing tapes Costello made of himself with Sullivan, listens to them, and leaves Sullivan.

Costigan arranges to meet Sullivan on a rooftop, where Queenan died, then arrests him. Costigan calls Trooper Brown, a friend from the academy, to substantiate his identity, but Brown pulls a gun on Costigan when he arrives, unsure who is telling the truth. Costigan says he has evidence tying Sullivan to Costello, and Brown lets him go down the elevator. Upon reaching the lobby, Costigan and Brown are killed by Trooper Barrigan, who reveals himself to be another mole working for Costello, before being shot dead by Sullivan. Sullivan attends Costigan's funeral. When he arrives home, Dignam is waiting (informed by Madolyn and the proof Costigan had her hold on to) and shoots Sullivan in the head, avenging both Queenan and Costigan's deaths. A rat crawls across Sullivan's balcony and disappears.

Cast

Production

Martin Scorsese in 2006, the director of the film
Martin Scorsese in 2006, the director of the film

In January 2003, Warner Bros., producer Brad Grey, and actor/producer Brad Pitt bought the rights to remake the Hong Kong film Infernal Affairs (2002) from Media Asia for $1.75 million.[7][8] William Monahan was secured as a screenwriter, and later Martin Scorsese, who admired Monahan's script, came on board as director.[8][4][9]

In March 2004, United Press International announced that Scorsese would be remaking Infernal Affairs and setting it in Boston, and that Leonardo DiCaprio and Brad Pitt were slated to star.[10] Pitt, tentatively scheduled to play Sullivan, later declined to play the role, saying a younger actor should play the part; he decided to produce the film instead.[9] Scorsese's associate Kenneth Lonergan suggested Matt Damon, who grew up in Boston, for the part of Sullivan, and Scorsese asked Jack Nicholson to play Costello.[4]

Nicholson wanted the film to have "something a little more" than the usual gangster film, and screenwriter Monahan came up with the idea of basing the Costello character on Irish-American gangster Whitey Bulger. This gave the screenplay an element of realism—and an element of dangerous uncertainty, because of the wide-ranging carte blanche the FBI gave Bulger in exchange for revealing information about fellow gangsters.[4] A technical consultant on the film was Tom Duffy, who had served three decades on the Boston Police Department, particularly as an undercover detective investigating the Irish mob.[11][12]

The Departed was officially greenlit by Warner Bros. in early 2005 and began shooting in the spring of 2005.[8] Some of the film was shot on location in Boston. For budgetary and logistical reasons many scenes, in particular interiors, were shot in locations and sets in New York City, which had tax incentives for filmmakers that Boston at the time did not.[4][13]

Analysis

Film critic Stanley Kauffmann said that for The Departed, Scorsese "was apparently concerned with the idea of identity, one of the ancient themes of drama, and how it affects one's actions, emotions, self-knowledge, even dreams." Kaufmann, however, did not find the theme conveyed with particular effectiveness in the film.[14] Film critic Roger Ebert compared Costigan and Sullivan's seeking of approval from those they are deceiving to Stockholm syndrome.[15] Ebert also noted the themes of Catholic guilt.[15]

In the final scene, a rat is seen on Sullivan's window ledge. Scorsese acknowledges that while it is not meant to be taken literally, it somewhat symbolizes the "quest for the rat" in the film and the strong sense of distrust among the characters, much like post-9/11 U.S. The window view behind the rat is a nod to gangster films like Little Caesar (1931), Scarface (1932), and White Heat (1949).[16]

Note the x-shaped structure, as depicted in the film.
Note the x-shaped structure, as depicted in the film.

Throughout the film, Scorsese uses an "X" motif to foreshadow death in a manner similar to Howard Hawks' film Scarface (1932). Examples include (but are not limited to) shots of cross-beam supports in an airport walkway when Costigan is phoning Sgt. Dignam, the taped windows of the building Queenan enters before being thrown to his death, behind Costigan's head in the elevator before he is shot, and the carpeted hallway floor when Sullivan returns to his apartment before being shot by Dignam at the film's end.[17]

Jim Emerson, writing for RogerEbert.com, noted that Nicholson's character, and possibly Damon's, may be read as latently homosexual. He also notes that the inspiration for Nicholson's character, Bulger, was reportedly bisexual.[18]

Release

The Departed grossed $132.4 million in the United States and Canada and $159 million in other territories for a total gross of $291.5 million, against a production budget of $90 million.[1]

The film grossed $26.9 million in its opening weekend, becoming the third Scorsese film to debut at number one.[19] In the following three weeks the film grossed $19 million, $13.5 million and $9.8 million, finishing second at the box office each time, before grossing $7.7 million and dropping to 5th in its fifth week.[20]

Reception

On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds a 90% approval rating based on 284 reviews, with an average rating of 8.30/10. The website's critics consensus reads, "Featuring outstanding work from an excellent cast, The Departed is a thoroughly engrossing gangster drama with the gritty authenticity and soupy morality we come to expect from Martin Scorsese."[21] Metacritic, which uses a weighted average, assigned the film a score of 85 out of 100 based on 39 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[22] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A–" on an A+ to F scale.[23]

Entertainment Weekly put it on its end-of-the-decade "Best of" list, saying: "If they're lucky, directors make one classic film in their career. Martin Scorsese has one per decade (Taxi Driver in the '70s, Raging Bull in the '80s, Goodfellas in the '90s). His 2006 Irish Mafia masterpiece kept the streak alive."[24]

Roger Ebert gave the film four stars out of four, praising Scorsese for thematically differentiating his film from the original.[15] Online critic James Berardinelli awarded the film four stars out of four, praising it as "an American epic tragedy." He went on to claim that the film deserves to be ranked alongside Scorsese's past successes, including Taxi Driver, Raging Bull and Goodfellas.[25]

Andrew Lau, the co-director of Infernal Affairs, who was interviewed by Hong Kong newspaper Apple Daily, said: "Of course I think the version I made is better, but the Hollywood version is pretty good too. [Scorsese] made the Hollywood version more attuned to American culture." Andy Lau,[26] one of the main actors in Infernal Affairs, when asked how the movie compares to the original, said: "The Departed was too long and it felt as if Hollywood had combined all three Infernal Affairs movies together."[27] Although Lau said the script of the remake had some "golden quotes", he also felt it had a bit too much profanity. He ultimately rated The Departed 8/10 and said that the Hollywood remake is worth a view, though according to Lau's spokeswoman Alice Tam, he felt that the combination of the two female characters into one in The Departed was not as good as the original storyline.[28]

A few critics were disappointed in the film, including J. Hoberman of the Village Voice, who wrote: "Infernal Affairs was surprisingly cool and effectively restrained for HK action, but Scorsese raises the temperature with every ultraviolent interaction. The surplus of belligerence and slur reach near-Tarantinian levels—appropriate as he's staking a claim to QT's turf."[29]

Top ten lists

The film appeared on many critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2006.[30] Carrie Rickey of The Philadelphia Inquirer, Joe Morgenstern of The Wall Street Journal, Ruthe Stein of the San Francisco Chronicle, and Steven Rea of The Philadelphia Inquirer named it one of the top ten films of 2006.[30] Richard Roeper of the Chicago Sun-Times named it the best film of the 2000s.[31]

Accolades

Main article: List of accolades received by The Departed

At the 64th Golden Globe Awards on January 15, 2007, The Departed won one award for Best Director (Martin Scorsese), while being nominated for five other awards including Best Picture, Best Actor (Leonardo DiCaprio), Best Supporting Actor (Jack Nicholson, Mark Wahlberg), and Best Screenplay (William Monahan).[32]

At the 79th Academy Awards on February 25, 2007, The Departed won four Academy Awards: Best Picture (Graham King), Best Director (Martin Scorsese), Best Film Editing (Thelma Schoonmaker), and Best Adapted Screenplay Writing (William Monahan). Mark Wahlberg was also nominated for the Best Supporting Actor award for his performance, but he lost to Alan Arkin for his role in Little Miss Sunshine.[33][34]

The film marked the first time Scorsese won an Oscar after five previous losses.[35] Many felt that he deserved it years earlier for prior efforts.[36] Some have even gone further, calling it a Lifetime Achievement Award for a lesser film.[37] Scorsese himself joked that he won because: "This is the first movie I've done with a plot."[38]

At the 11th Satellite Awards on December 18, 2006, The Departed won awards for Best Ensemble, Motion Picture, Best Motion Picture, Drama, Best Screenplay – Adapted (William Monahan), and Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Leonardo DiCaprio). In 2008, it was nominated for the American Film Institute Top 10 Gangster Films list[39]

Home media

The Departed was released by Warner Home Video on DVD in 2007. The film is available in a single-disc full screen (1.33:1), single-disc widescreen (2.40:1) edition, and 2-disc special edition. The second disc contains deleted scenes; a feature about the influence of New York's Little Italy on Scorsese; a Turner Classic Movies profile; and a 21-minute documentary titled Stranger Than Fiction: The True Story of Whitey Bulger, Southie and The Departed[40] about the crimes that influenced Scorsese in creating the film, including the story of James "Whitey" Bulger, upon whom Jack Nicholson's character is based.[41]

Music

Soundtrack

The Departed: Music from the Motion Picture
Soundtrack album by
Various Artists
ReleasedNovember 7, 2006
GenreRock, country, pop
LabelWarner Sunset
ProducerJason Cienkus
Track Listing
No.TitleArtist(s)Length
1."Comfortably Numb"Roger Waters (Feat. Van Morrison & The Band)7:59
2."Sail On, Sailor"The Beach Boys3:18
3."Let It Loose"The Rolling Stones5:18
4."Sweet Dreams"Roy Buchanan3:32
5."One Way Out"The Allman Brothers Band4:57
6."Baby Blue"Badfinger3:36
7."I'm Shipping Up to Boston"Dropkick Murphys2:34
8."Nobody but Me"The Human Beinz2:18
9."Tweedle Dee"LaVern Baker3:10
10."Sweet Dreams (of You)"Patsy Cline2:34
11."The Departed Tango"Howard Shore, Marc Ribot3:32
12."Beacon Hill"Howard Shore, Sharon Isbin2:33
13."Gimme Shelter"The Rolling Stones3:18

Score

The film score for The Departed was written by Howard Shore and performed by guitarists Sharon Isbin, G. E. Smith, Larry Saltzman and Marc Ribot. The score was recorded in Shore's own studio in New York State. The album, The Departed: Original Score, was released December 5, 2006 by New Line, and produced by Jason Cienkus.

Scorsese described the music as "a very dangerous and lethal tango" and cited the guitar-based score of Murder by Contract and the zither in The Third Man as inspiration.[42]

Cancelled sequel

Although many of the key characters in the film are dead by the movie's end, there was a script written for a sequel. This was ultimately shelved due to the expense and Scorsese's lack of interest in creating a sequel.[43]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d "The Departed (2006)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on August 11, 2011. Retrieved June 22, 2011.
  2. ^ "The Departed (2006) – Martin Scorsese". AllMovie. Archived from the original on February 2, 2019. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  3. ^ Kennedy, Helen (June 23, 2011). "Notorious gangster Whitey Bulger was inspiration for Jack Nicholson's character in 'The Departed'". Daily News. New York City: Tronc. Archived from the original on November 8, 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e Kagan, Jeremy, ed. (2012). "Martin Scorsese, The Departed". Directors Close Up 2: Interviews with Directors Nominated for Best Film by the Directors Guild of America: 2006–2012. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-8108-8391-8. Archived from the original on April 24, 2016. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
  5. ^ "Infernal Affairs vs. the remake, The Departed". Film.com. Archived from the original on October 23, 2013. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  6. ^ "2007". Oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on April 17, 2018. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
  7. ^ Kit, Zorianna; Gardner, Chris (February 3, 2003). "Warners pays to have Affairs". The Hollywood Reporter. Los Angeles, California: Eldridge Industries. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  8. ^ a b c Hayes, Dade (December 14, 2006). "Brad Pitt's role as filmmaker threatens to eclipse his actorly exploits and tabloid profile". Variety. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Archived from the original on November 8, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  9. ^ a b Mitchell, Elvis (February 2007). "Brad Pitt's Great Escape". Interview. New York City: Crystal Ball Media. Archived from the original on November 8, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  10. ^ "Leo DiCaprio, Brad Pitt lead Affairs". United Press International. March 2, 2004. Archived from the original on November 7, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  11. ^ "Departed, The: DiCaprio". emanuellevy.com. Archived from the original on June 16, 2017. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
  12. ^ Roman, Julian (October 2, 2006). "Matt Damon and Leonardo DiCaprio Smell A Rat in 'The Departed'". MovieWeb. Las Vegas, Nevada: Watchr Media. Archived from the original on November 8, 2018. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
  13. ^ Fee, Gayle (November 23, 2009). "Damon to shoot in Massachusetts again?". Boston Herald. Boston, Massachusetts: Digital First Media. Archived from the original on September 17, 2016. Retrieved September 16, 2016 – via mafilm.org.
  14. ^ Kauffmann, Stanley (October 30, 2006). "Themes and Schemes". The New Republic. 235 (18). Archived from the original on February 21, 2020.
  15. ^ a b c Ebert, Roger (July 5, 2007). "Good and evil, in each other's masks". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  16. ^ Topel, Fred (October 5, 2006). "Martin Scorsese Talks The Departed Rat". Canmag. Archived from the original on November 1, 2011. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
  17. ^ Rodriguez, Rene (January 11, 2007). "X marks the spot in 'The Departed'". The Miami Herald. Miami, Florida: McClatchy. Archived from the original on November 26, 2009. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
  18. ^ Emerson, Jim (March 8, 2007). "Brokeback Jack and the gay "Departed"?". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
  19. ^ Gray, Brandon (October 9, 2006). "'Departed' Out-Muscles 'Massacre'". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on November 8, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  20. ^ Gray, Brandon (November 6, 2006). "'Borat' Bombards the Top Spot". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on November 9, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  21. ^ "The Departed (2006)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Archived from the original on August 6, 2019. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  22. ^ "The Departed (2006)". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on March 5, 2019. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  23. ^ "CinemaScore". CinemaScore. Archived from the original on January 19, 2015. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  24. ^ Geier, Thom; Jensen, Jeff; Jordan, Tina (December 11, 2009). "The 100 Greatest Movies, TV Shows, Albums, Books, Characters, Scenes, Episodes, Songs, Dresses, Music Videos, and Trends that Entertained Us Over the Past 10 Years". Entertainment Weekly. No. 1079/1080. New York City: Meredith Corporation. pp. 74–84. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  25. ^ Berardinelli, James. "Review: Departed, The". ReelViews.net. Archived from the original on November 21, 2020. Retrieved October 17, 2009.
  26. ^ "My Infernal Affairs is better than Scorsese's says Lau". The Guardian. London, England: Guardian Media Group. October 10, 2006. Archived from the original on June 5, 2014. Retrieved October 10, 2006.
  27. ^ "Andy Lau comments on The Departed" (in Chinese). October 6, 2006. Archived from the original on December 16, 2006. Retrieved October 6, 2006.
  28. ^ "Andy Lau Gives 'Departed' an 8 Out of 10". October 7, 2006. Archived from the original on December 16, 2006. Retrieved October 7, 2006.
  29. ^ Hoberman, J. (September 26, 2006). "Bait and Switch". The Village Voice. New York City: Voice Media Group. Archived from the original on May 16, 2015. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  30. ^ a b "Metacritic: 2006 Film Critic Top Ten Lists". Metacritic. Archived from the original on December 13, 2007. Retrieved January 8, 2008.
  31. ^ "Roeper's Best Films of the Year". Chicago Sun-Times. January 1, 2010. Archived from the original on April 21, 2010.
  32. ^ "Departed, The". The Golden Globes. Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  33. ^ Waxman, Sharon; Halbfinger, David M. (February 26, 2007). "'The Departed' Wins Best Picture, Scorsese Best Director". The New York Times. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  34. ^ "The 79th Academy Awards". Academy Awards. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  35. ^ "Martin Scorsese – Awards". IMDB. Archived from the original on June 9, 2018. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
  36. ^ "Martin Scorsese Wins Something!". E! Online. February 4, 2007. Archived from the original on June 1, 2010. Retrieved October 17, 2009.
  37. ^ "Scorsese wins Oscar with film that's not his best". MSNBC and Associated Press. MSNBC and NBC Universal. February 27, 2007. Archived from the original on September 19, 2012. Retrieved October 16, 2010.
  38. ^ James Wray and Ulf Stabe (February 4, 2007). "Scorsese takes top DGA honors". Monsters and Critics. Archived from the original on September 6, 2010. Retrieved October 17, 2009.
  39. ^ "AFI's 10 Top 10 Nominees" (PDF). Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2016.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  40. ^ "Stranger Than Fiction: The True Story of Whitey Bulger, Southie and 'The Departed' (Video 2007)". IMDb. April 25, 2007. Archived from the original on February 6, 2016. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
  41. ^ "Extra reveals true inspiration for Scorsese's Departed". The Virginian-Pilot. February 18, 2007. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
  42. ^ Mcknight, Brent. "Martin Scorsese's The Departed Almost Got A Sequel, Here's Why It Didn't Happen". Cinema Blend. Archived from the original on March 23, 2019. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
  43. ^ "Martin Scorsese's The Departed Almost Got A Sequel, Here's Why It Didn't Happen". Cinema Blend. February 27, 2016. Archived from the original on March 23, 2019. Retrieved March 23, 2019.

Further reading