The Truman Show
Film poster. On the side of the building is a large screen, showing a man laying his head on a pillow, eyes closed and smiling. Digital text above and below the screen state "LIVE" and "DAY 10,909", with the film's title right below it. Text at the top of the image includes the sole starring credit and text at the bottom includes the film's tagline and credits.
Theatrical release poster
Directed byPeter Weir
Written byAndrew Niccol
Produced by
CinematographyPeter Biziou
Edited by
Music by
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release dates
  • June 1, 1998 (1998-06-01) (Los Angeles)
  • June 5, 1998 (1998-06-05) (United States)
Running time
103 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
Budget$60 million[2]
Box office$264.1 million[3]

The Truman Show is a 1998 American psychological comedy-drama film[4] directed by Peter Weir, produced by Scott Rudin, Andrew Niccol, Edward S. Feldman, and Adam Schroeder, and written by Niccol.

The film stars Jim Carrey as Truman Burbank, a man who grows up living an ordinary life that—unbeknownst to him—takes place on a large set populated by actors for a reality television show about him. Its supporting cast includes Laura Linney, Ed Harris, Noah Emmerich, Natascha McElhone, Holland Taylor, Paul Giamatti, and Brian Delate.

Unlike the finished product, Niccol's spec script was more of a science-fiction thriller, with the story set in New York City.[citation needed] Scott Rudin purchased the script and set up production at Paramount Pictures. Brian De Palma was to direct before Weir signed as director, making the film for $60 million—$20 million less than the original estimate. Niccol rewrote the script while the crew was waiting for Carrey to sign. The majority of filming took place at Seaside, Florida, a master-planned community located in the Florida Panhandle.

The Truman Show held its world premiere in Los Angeles on June 1, 1998, and was released in North America on June 5. The film was a financial success, debuting to critical acclaim, and earned numerous nominations at the 71st Academy Awards, 56th Golden Globe Awards, 52nd British Academy Film Awards, and 25th Saturn Awards. The Truman Show has been analyzed as an exploration of simulated reality, existentialism, surveillance, religion, metaphilosophy, privacy, and reality television, and described as a genre-blending work that features elements of dystopian fiction, metafiction, psychological drama, romantic comedy, satire, and social science fiction.


Selected from birth and officially adopted by a television studio following an unwanted pregnancy, Truman Burbank is the unsuspecting star of The Truman Show, a reality television program filmed 24/7 through approximately five thousand hidden cameras and broadcast worldwide. Christof, the show's creator and executive producer, seeks to capture Truman's authentic emotions and give audiences a relatable everyman.

Truman's hometown, Seahaven Island, is set inside an enormous dome so large as to be visible from space, populated by crew members and actors who advertise products to both Truman and the audience to generate revenue for the show. The elaborate set allows Christof to control almost every aspect of Truman's life, including the weather. To prevent Truman from discovering the truth, Christof orchestrates scenarios that curtail his desire for exploration, such as the "death" of his father in a sea storm to instill thalassophobia, and constantly broadcasts messages about the dangers of traveling and the virtues of staying home.

During his college years, Truman, though written to fall in love with and marry fellow student Meryl, develops feelings for Sylvia, an extra. Although Sylvia is fired from the show before she can disclose the truth to Truman, he secretly continues to dream of a life with her outside of his marriage to Meryl and hopes to travel to Fiji, where he is led to believe Sylvia moved. In the real world, Sylvia joins "Free Truman", an activist group that aims to cancel the show and have Truman released.

As the show approaches its 30th anniversary, Truman begins to notice unusual occurrences around him, such as a broken spotlight (labelled Sirius) falling from the sky, a column of rain following only him, a malfunctioning radio channel precisely describing his movements, and the reappearance of his father (who is rushed away by crew members before Truman can confront him). Truman begins questioning his life and realizes that the city somehow revolves around him.

One day, Truman takes Meryl on a surprise road trip in an attempt to leave Seahaven Island. Increasingly implausible disasters block their way. The last disaster is a nuclear plant leak, which closes the road. A police officer whom Truman does not know addresses him by name, and Truman's suspicion is renewed. Truman quickly leaves the car and tries to continue on foot. He is stopped by people in protective gear.

The next scene has Meryl thanking the police officers who brought them home. Truman questions Meryl's intentions. When Meryl attempts to change the topic by advertising a product, Truman deduces that she is involved in the conspiracy. Meryl tries to leave and backs into the kitchen with Truman following her. Meryl grabs a sharp kitchen utensil and waves it at Truman. Shocked at her behavior, Truman tries to disarm her; Meryl breaks character and calls for help. The front door starts to open, and it's Truman's best friend making a surprise visit. Meryl runs to him. The friend reassures them everything will be okay. Meryl is removed from the show.

Hoping to bring Truman back to a controllable state, Christof properly reintroduces his father to the show under the guise of him having developed amnesia after the boating accident. The show regains its ratings, and Truman seems to return to his routines, though he begins sleeping in his basement. Christof sends Truman's best friend Marlon to visit and discovers that Truman has secretly disappeared through a makeshift tunnel in the basement. Christof temporarily suspends the broadcast for the first time in its history, leading to record viewing numbers.

Christof orders a citywide search for Truman and is soon forced to break the production's day-night cycle to optimize the search. Truman is found sailing away from Seahaven, having conquered his fear of water. Christof resumes the transmission and creates a violent storm in an attempt to capsize Truman's boat. Truman nearly drowns, but his spirit remains unbroken, and he continues to sail until his boat strikes the wall of the dome.

Initially horrified, Truman looks around and finds a staircase leading to an exit door. As he contemplates leaving, Christof speaks to him directly through a speaker system, encouraging him to stay by claiming that there is no more truth in the real world than his artificial one, in which he has nothing to fear. After a moment of reflection, Truman utters his catchphrase: "In case I don't see you... good afternoon, good evening, and good night", bows to his audience, and exits. Viewers around the world celebrate Truman's escape, and Sylvia races to greet him. Christof's supervisors end the program with a shot of the open exit door as viewers decide to see what else is on television.


Though Robin Williams was considered for the role, Weir cast Carrey after seeing him in Ace Ventura: Pet Detective, citing that Carrey's performance reminded him of Charlie Chaplin.[5] Gary Oldman did a test footage for the role, though he understood Niccol's script was the star he had no interest in playing the role.[6] Carrey took the opportunity to proclaim himself as a dramatic actor, rather than being typecast in comedic roles.[7] Carrey, who was then normally paid $20 million per film, agreed to do The Truman Show for $12 million.[8] Carrey also said it was the fastest that he ever accepted a role.[9] Carrey and Weir initially found working together on set difficult (Carrey's contract gave him the power to demand rewrites), but Weir was impressed with Carrey's improvisational skills, and the two became more interactive.[5][failed verification] The scene in which Truman declares "this planet Trumania of the Burbank galaxy" to the bathroom mirror was Carrey's idea.[10]
Linney studied Sears catalogs from the 1950s to develop her character's poses.[11]
Dennis Hopper was originally cast in the role, but he left in April 1997 (during filming) over "creative differences". Harris was a last-minute replacement for him.[8] Hopper later stated that he was fired after two days because Weir and producer Scott Rudin had made a deal that if they did not both approve of Hopper's performance, they would replace him.[12] A number of other actors turned down the role after Hopper's departure.[10] Harris considered making Christof a hunchback, but Weir did not like the idea.[5]
Emmerich has said, "My character is in a lot of pain. He feels really guilty about deceiving Truman. He's had a serious drug addiction for many years. Been in and out of rehab." Very little of this is shown in the finished film, but several deleted scenes depict Louis actively expressing guilt over Truman's situation, and in one sequence, he spots Truman during his escape and purposely says nothing. His name is an amalgamation of two jazz musicians, Louis Armstrong and John Coltrane, and in one scene, he plays the trumpet.[citation needed]


This house in Seaside, Florida, served as Truman's home. The house is owned by the Gaetz family, which include U.S. politicians Don and Matt Gaetz.

Andrew Niccol completed a one-page film treatment titled The Malcolm Show in May 1991.[13] The original draft was more in tone of a science fiction thriller, with the story set in New York City.[11] Niccol stated, "I think everyone questions the authenticity of their lives at certain points. It's like when kids ask if they're adopted."[14] In the fall of 1993,[15] producer Scott Rudin purchased the script for slightly over $1 million.[16] Paramount Pictures agreed to distribute. Part of the deal called for Niccol to make his directing debut, though Paramount executives felt the estimated $80 million budget would be too high for him.[17] In addition, Paramount wanted to go with an A-list director, paying Niccol extra money "to step aside". Brian De Palma was under negotiations to direct before he left United Talent Agency in March 1994.[15] Directors who were considered after De Palma's departure included Tim Burton, Sam Raimi, Terry Gilliam, David Cronenberg, Barry Sonnenfeld and Steven Spielberg before Peter Weir signed on in early 1995,[5][18] following a recommendation of Niccol.[14] Bryan Singer wanted to direct but Paramount decided to go with the more experienced Weir.[19]

Weir wanted the film to be funnier, feeling that Niccol's script was too dark, and declaring, "where [Niccol] had it depressing, I could make it light. It could convince audiences they could watch a show in this scope 24/7." Niccol wrote sixteen drafts of the script before Weir considered the script ready for filming. Later in 1995, Jim Carrey signed to star,[11] but because of commitments with The Cable Guy and Liar Liar, he would not be ready to start filming for at least another year.[5] Weir felt Carrey was perfect for the role and opted to wait for another year rather than recast the role.[11] Niccol rewrote the script twelve times,[5] while Weir created a fictionalized book about the show's history. He envisioned backstories for the characters and encouraged actors to do the same.[11]

Weir scouted locations in Eastern Florida but was dissatisfied with the landscapes. Sound stages at Universal Studios were reserved for the story's setting of Seahaven before Weir's wife Wendy Stites introduced him to Seaside, Florida, a "master-planned community" located in the Florida Panhandle. Pre-production offices were immediately opened in Seaside, where the majority of filming took place. The scenes of Truman's house were filmed at a residence owned by the Gaetz family, which included Florida State Senator Don Gaetz and U.S. representative Matt Gaetz.[20] Other scenes were shot at Paramount Studios in Los Angeles, California.[10] Norman Rockwell paintings and 1960s postcards were used as inspiration for the film's design.[21][22] Weir, Peter Biziou and Dennis Gassner researched surveillance techniques for certain shots.[21]

Filming took place from December 9, 1996, to April 21, 1997.[23][24] Its overall look was influenced by television images, particularly commercials: Many shots have characters leaning into the lens with their eyes wide open, and the interior scenes are heavily lit because Weir wanted to remind viewers that "in this world, everything was for sale".[21] Those involved in visual effects work found the film somewhat difficult to make because 1997 was the year many visual effects companies were trying to convert to computer-generated imagery (CGI).[22] CGI was used to create the upper halves of some of the larger buildings in the film's downtown set. Craig Barron, one of the effects supervisors, said that these digital models did not have to look as detailed and weathered as they normally would in a film because of the artificial look of the entire town, although they did imitate slight blemishes found in the physical buildings.[25]


Main article: The Truman Show: Music from the Motion Picture

The Truman Show: Music from the Motion Picture is a soundtrack to the 1998 film of the same name and was composed by Burkhard Dallwitz. Dallwitz was hired after Peter Weir received a tape of his work while in Australia for the post-production.[26] Some parts of the soundtrack were composed by Philip Glass.[27] Philip Glass also appears in the film as an uncredited cameo playing his composition "Truman Sleeps".

Also featured are Frédéric Chopin's second movement (Romanze-Larghetto) from his first piano concerto, performed by the New Symphony Orchestra of London under the direction of Stanisław Skrowaczewski with pianist Arthur Rubinstein, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Rondo alla turca from his Piano Sonata No. 11 in A Major, performed by Wilhelm Kempff; Wojciech Kilar's Father Kolbe's Preaching performed by the Warsaw National Philharmonic Orchestra; as well as the song 20th Century Boy performed by rockabilly band The Big Six.[citation needed]

Although not part of the soundtrack, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Horn Concerto No. 1 and "Love Is Just Around the Corner" by Jackie Davis were also featured in the film.



"This was a dangerous film to make because it couldn't happen. How ironic."

Director Peter Weir on The Truman Show predicting the rise of reality television[10]

In 2008, Popular Mechanics named The Truman Show as one of the 10 most prophetic science fiction films. Journalist Erik Sofge argued that the story reflects the falseness of reality television. "Truman simply lives, and the show's popularity is its straightforward voyeurism. And, like Big Brother, Survivor, and every other reality show on the air, none of his environment is actually real." He deemed it an eerie coincidence that Big Brother made its debut a year after the film's release, and he also compared the film to the 2003 program The Joe Schmo Show: "Unlike Truman, Matt Gould could see the cameras, but all of the other contestants were paid actors, playing the part of various reality-show stereotypes. While Matt eventually got all of the prizes in the rigged contest, the show's central running joke was in the same existential ballpark as The Truman Show."[28] Weir declared, "There has always been this question: Is the audience getting dumber? Or are we filmmakers patronizing them? Is this what they want? Or is this what we're giving them? But the public went to my film in large numbers. And that has to be encouraging."[14]

Ronald Bishop's paper in the Journal of Communication Enquiry suggested The Truman Show showcased the power of the media. Truman's life inspires audiences around the world, meaning their lives are controlled by his. Bishop commented, "In the end, the power of the media is affirmed rather than challenged. In the spirit of Antonio Gramsci's concept of hegemony, these films and television programs co-opt our enchantment (and disenchantment) with the media and sell it back to us."[29][30]

In her essay "Reading The Truman Show inside out" Simone Knox argues that the film itself tries to blur the objective perspective and the show-within-the-film. Knox also draws a floor plan of the camera angles of the first scene.[31]

Psychoanalytic interpretation

An essay published in the International Journal of Psychoanalysis analyzed Truman as

a prototypical adolescent at the beginning of the movie. He feels trapped into a familial and social world to which he tries to conform while being unable to entirely identify with it, believing that he has no other choice (other than through the fantasy of fleeing to a far-way island). Eventually, Truman gains sufficient awareness of his condition to "leave home"—developing a more mature and authentic identity as an adult, leaving his child-self behind and becoming a True-man.[32]

For the 2022 Cannes Film Festival, its official poster pays homage to the film and its final scene with their website stating that "Peter Weir and Andrew Niccol's The Truman Show (1998) is a modern reflection of Plato's cave and the decisive scene urges viewers to not only experience the border between reality and its representation but to ponder the power of fiction, between manipulation and catharsis."[33]

Similarity to Utopia

Parallels can be drawn from Thomas More's 1516 book Utopia, in which More describes an island with only one entrance and only one exit. Only those who belonged to this island knew how to navigate their way through the treacherous openings safely and unharmed. This situation is similar to The Truman Show because there are limited entryways into the world that Truman knows. Truman does not belong to this utopia into which he has been implanted, and childhood trauma rendered him frightened of the prospect of ever leaving this small community. Utopian models of the past tended to be full of like-minded individuals who shared much in common, comparable to More's Utopia and real-life groups such as the Shakers and the Oneida Community.[34] It is clear that the people in Truman's world are like-minded in their common effort to keep him oblivious to reality. The suburban "picket fence" appearance of the show's set is reminiscent of the "American Dream" of the 1950s. The "American Dream" concept in Truman's world serves as an attempt to keep him happy and ignorant.[34]


Originally set for August 8, 1997, the film's theatrical release was pushed back initially to November 14, 1997, and then to the summer of 1998.[35][36] NBC purchased broadcast rights in December 1997, roughly eight months before the film's release.[37] In March 2000, Turner Broadcasting System purchased the rights, and now airs the film on TBS.[38]

Home media

Paramount Home Entertainment released the film on VHS on January 12, 1999,[39] followed by DVD on January 26 that same year,[40] and a "Special Edition" re-release on August 23, 2005.[41] It was later released on Blu-ray on December 30, 2008.[42] A Ultra HD Blu-ray was released on July 4, 2023, in celebration of the film's 25th anniversary.[43][44][45][46][47]


Critical response

On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, The Truman Show holds a 95% approval rating based on 153 reviews, with an average rating of 8.40/10. The website's critics consensus reads, "A funny, tender, and thought-provoking film, The Truman Show is all the more noteworthy for its remarkably prescient vision of runaway celebrity culture and a nation with an insatiable thirst for the private details of ordinary lives."[48] Metacritic, which uses a weighted average, assigned the film a score of 90 out of 100 based on 30 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[49] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B" on an A+ to F scale.[50]

Giving the film a perfect four star score, Roger Ebert compared it to Forrest Gump, claiming that the film had the right balance of comedy and drama. He was also impressed with Jim Carrey's dramatic performance.[51] Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times wrote, "The Truman Show is emotionally involving without losing the ability to raise sharp satiric questions as well as get numerous laughs. The rare film that is disturbing despite working beautifully within standard industry norms."[52] He would name it the best movie of 1998.[53] In June 2010, Entertainment Weekly named Truman one of the 100 Greatest Characters of the Last 20 Years.[54]

James Berardinelli liked the film's approach of "not being the casual summer blockbuster with special effects", and he likened Carrey's "[charismatic], understated and effective" performance to those of Tom Hanks and James Stewart.[55] Jonathan Rosenbaum of the Chicago Reader wrote, "Undeniably provocative and reasonably entertaining, The Truman Show is one of those high-concept movies whose concept is both clever and dumb."[56] Tom Meek of Film Threat said the film was not funny enough but still found "something rewarding in its quirky demeanor".[57]


Award Category Recipient(s) Result
Academy Awards[58] Best Director Peter Weir Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Ed Harris Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Andrew Niccol Nominated
American Comedy Awards Funniest Actor in a Motion Picture (Leading Role) Jim Carrey Nominated
ASCAP Film and Television Music Awards Top Box Office Films Burkhard Dallwitz and Philip Glass Won
Australasian Performing Right Association Awards Best Film Score Burkhard Dallwitz Nominated
Australian Film Institute Awards Best Foreign Film Peter Weir and Scott Rudin Won
Awards Circuit Community Awards Best Motion Picture Scott Rudin, Andrew Niccol,
Edward S. Feldman and Adam Schroeder
Best Director Peter Weir Nominated
Best Actor in a Leading Role Jim Carrey Nominated
Best Actor in a Supporting Role Ed Harris Nominated
Best Actress in a Supporting Role Laura Linney Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Andrew Niccol Won
Best Art Direction Dennis Gassner and Richard L. Johnson Nominated
Best Cinematography Peter Biziou Nominated
Best Film Editing William M. Anderson and Lee Smith Nominated
Best Original Score Burkhard Dallwitz and Philip Glass Won
Best Sound Nominated
Best Visual Effects Nominated
Best Cast Ensemble Nominated
Blockbuster Entertainment Awards Best Actor – Drama Jim Carrey Nominated
Best Supporting Actor – Drama Ed Harris Won
Best Supporting Actress – Drama Laura Linney Nominated
Bogey Awards Won
British Academy Film Awards[59] Best Film Scott Rudin, Andrew Niccol,
Edward S. Feldman and Adam Schroeder
Best Direction Peter Weir Won
Best Actor in a Supporting Role Ed Harris Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Andrew Niccol Won
Best Cinematography Peter Biziou Nominated
Best Production Design Dennis Gassner Won
Best Special Effects Michael J. McAlister, Brad Kuehn,
Craig Barron and Peter Chesney
British Society of Cinematographers[60] Best Cinematography Peter Biziou Nominated
Chicago Film Critics Association Awards[61] Best Film Nominated
Best Director Peter Weir Nominated
Best Actor Jim Carrey Nominated
Best Screenplay Andrew Niccol Nominated
Best Original Score Burkhard Dallwitz Won
Chlotrudis Awards Best Screenplay Andrew Niccol Nominated
Costume Designers Guild Awards Excellence in Costume Design for Film Marilyn Matthews Nominated
Critics' Choice Movie Awards[62] Best Picture Nominated
Dallas–Fort Worth Film Critics Association Awards Best Picture Nominated
Best Actor Jim Carrey Won
Best Screenplay Andrew Niccol Won
Directors Guild of America Awards[63] Outstanding Directing Peter Weir Nominated
Empire Awards[64] Best Film Nominated
European Film Awards Best Non-European Film Peter Weir Won
Film Critics Circle of Australia Awards Best Foreign Film Won
Florida Film Critics Circle Awards[65] Best Director Peter Weir Won
Fotogramas de Plata Best Foreign Film Won
Golden Globe Awards[66] Best Motion Picture – Drama Nominated
Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Drama Jim Carrey Won
Best Supporting Actor Ed Harris Won
Best Director Peter Weir Nominated
Best Screenplay Andrew Niccol Nominated
Best Original Score Burkhard Dallwitz and Philip Glass Won
Golden Reel Awards Best Sound Editing – Foreign Feature Lee Smith, Karin Whittington, Rick Lisle,
Peter Townend, Tim Jordan, Andrew Plain,
Nicholas Breslin and Maureen Rodbard-Bean
Hugo Awards Best Dramatic Presentation Peter Weir and Andrew Niccol Won
International Monitor Awards Theatrical Release – Color Correction Bryan McMahan Won
Kids' Choice Awards Favorite Movie Actor Jim Carrey Nominated
London Film Critics Circle Awards Film of the Year Won
Director of the Year Peter Weir Won
Screenwriter of the Year Andrew Niccol Won
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards[67] Best Production Design Dennis Gassner Runner-up
Movieguide Awards Grace Award Jim Carrey Won
MTV Movie Awards Best Movie Nominated
Best Male Performance Jim Carrey Won
Nastro d'Argento Best Foreign Director Peter Weir Nominated
Best Male Dubbing Roberto Pedicini (for the dubbing of Jim Carrey) Won
National Board of Review Awards[68] Best Supporting Actor Ed Harris Won
Online Film & Television Association Awards (1998)[69] Best Picture Scott Rudin, Andrew Niccol,
Edward S. Feldman and Adam Schroeder
Best Drama Picture Nominated
Best Director Peter Weir Nominated
Best Actor Jim Carrey Nominated
Best Drama Actor Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Ed Harris Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Andrew Niccol Nominated
Best Cinematography Peter Biziou Nominated
Best Film Editing William M. Anderson and Lee Smith Nominated
Best Production Design Dennis Gassner and Nancy Haigh Nominated
Best Drama Score Burkhard Dallwitz and Philip Glass Won
Best Sound Nominated
Best Ensemble Nominated
Best Drama Ensemble Nominated
Best Titles Sequence Won
Best Cinematic Moment "Truman Decides His Fate After Talking to Christof" Nominated
Online Film & Television Association Awards (2011)[70] Hall of Fame – Motion Picture Won
Online Film Critics Society Awards[71] Best Film Nominated
Best Director Peter Weir Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Ed Harris Nominated
Best Screenplay Andrew Niccol Won
Best Editing William M. Anderson and Lee Smith Nominated
Prêmio Guarani Best Foreign Film Peter Weir Won
Robert Awards Best American Film Peter Weir Won
Satellite Awards[72] Best Art Direction Dennis Gassner Won
Saturn Awards[73] Best Fantasy Film Won
Best Actor Jim Carrey Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Ed Harris Nominated
Best Director Peter Weir Nominated
Best Writing Andrew Niccol Won
Southeastern Film Critics Association Awards[74] Best Picture 3rd Place
Best Director Peter Weir Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Ed Harris Won
Turkish Film Critics Association Awards Best Foreign Film 3rd Place
Valladolid International Film Festival Golden Spike Peter Weir Nominated
Voices in the Shadow Dubbing Festival Best Character Actor Voice Adalberto Maria Merli (for the dubbing of Ed Harris) Won
Writers Guild of America Awards[75] Best Original Screenplay Andrew Niccol Nominated
Young Artist Awards[76] Best Family Feature Film – Drama Nominated

The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:

Possible sequel show

Screenwriter Andrew Niccol had pitched a sequel show to the Truman Show. This was his pitch:[78][79]

There has been talk of doing a musical – believe it or not – or a series. When it's a different art form, I don't think it takes anything away from the original. In my version of a series, I thought it would be fun, if after Truman walked through the sky, the audience clamored for more (which you sense at the end of the film). I imagine there would be a network with multiple channels all starring a subject born on the show. If I set it in New York City, there would be girl living on the Upper East Side, a boy from Harlem, a kid from Chinatown, etc. Since they are all on their own channel and move in their own circles, they are never meant to meet. But at the end of the first season, the boy from Harlem and the rich girl find themselves drawn to each other. They both sense that the other is acting differently from anyone they've ever met...because for the first time, they've met someone who is not acting! (In the second season, the Network would desperately try to kill off their romance.)

— Andrew Niccol

The Truman Show delusion

Main article: The Truman Show delusion

Joel Gold, a psychiatrist at the Bellevue Hospital Center, revealed that by 2008, he had met five patients with schizophrenia (and had heard of another twelve) who believed their lives were reality television shows. Gold named the syndrome "The Truman Show delusion" after the film and attributed the delusion to a world that had become hungry for publicity. Gold stated that some patients were rendered happy by their disease, while "others were tormented". One traveled to New York to check whether the World Trade Center had actually fallen—believing the 9/11 attacks to be an elaborate plot twist in his personal storyline. Another came to climb the Statue of Liberty, believing that he would be reunited with his high school girlfriend at the top and finally be released from the show.[80]

In August 2008, the British Journal of Psychiatry reported similar cases in the United Kingdom.[81] The delusion has informally been referred to as "Truman syndrome", according to an Associated Press story from 2008.[82]

After hearing about the condition, Andrew Niccol, writer of The Truman Show, said: "You know you've made it when you have a disease named after you."[83]

See also



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  2. ^ "The Truman Show (1998) - Financial Information". The Numbers. Archived from the original on January 5, 2016. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  3. ^ "The Truman Show (1998)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on January 2, 2016. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
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  6. ^ "Twenty Years Later, Everything is the Truman Show". Vanity Fair. June 5, 2018.
  7. ^ Weinraub, Bernard (May 21, 1998). "Director Tries a Fantasy As He Questions Reality". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 13, 2021. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
  8. ^ a b Busch, Anita M. (April 7, 1997). "New Truman villain: Harris". Variety. Archived from the original on March 27, 2017. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
  9. ^ "The Truman Show is the Fastest Jim Carrey Ever Said Yes to a Role". Screen Rant. April 4, 2022.
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  11. ^ a b c d e How's It Going to End? The Making of The Truman Show, Part 1 (DVD). Paramount Pictures. 2005.
  12. ^ "Farewell then Dennis Hopper". Archived from the original on August 5, 2019. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  13. ^ Carver, Benedict (June 22, 1998). "'Truman' suit retort". Variety. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved May 15, 2009.
  14. ^ a b c Johnston, Sheila (September 20, 1998). "Interview: The clevering-up of America". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on July 22, 2009. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
  15. ^ a b Fleming, Michael (March 10, 1994). "SNL's Farley crashes filmdom". Variety. Archived from the original on October 23, 2007. Retrieved March 8, 2008.
  16. ^ Fleming, Michael (February 18, 1994). "TriStar acquires female bounty hunter project". Variety. Archived from the original on July 21, 2009. Retrieved March 8, 2008.
  17. ^ Blackwelder, Rob (August 12, 2002). "S1M0NE'S SIRE". Spliced Wire. Archived from the original on April 12, 2008. Retrieved March 28, 2008.
  18. ^ "The Complexity of Cronenberg". Los Angeles Times. April 22, 1999.
  19. ^ Bernard, Weinraub (July 9, 2000). "An Unusual Choice for the Role of Studio Superhero". The New York Times.
  20. ^ Zak, Dan (February 20, 2018). "Rep. Matt Gaetz wants you to know who he is, and his plan is working". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 13, 2021. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
  21. ^ a b c Rudolph, Eric (June 1998). "This is Your Life". American Cinematographer. Archived from the original on April 21, 2008. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
  22. ^ a b Faux Finishing, the Visual Effects of The Truman Show (DVD). Paramount Pictures. 2005.
  23. ^ "The Truman Show".
  24. ^ "Photos: HISTORIC Florida town of Seaside during the filming of the Truman Show in 1998". The St. Augustine Record. Archived from the original on March 1, 2021. Retrieved June 5, 2021.
  25. ^ Rickitt, Richard (2000). Special Effects: The History and Technique. Billboard Books. pp. 207–208. ISBN 0-8230-7733-0.
  26. ^ Rob Walker (1999). "Burkhard Dallwitz". Archived from the original on October 7, 1999. Retrieved April 9, 2008.
  27. ^ "The Truman Show". Retrieved July 27, 2023.
  28. ^ Sofge, Erik (March 28, 2008). "The 10 Most Prophetic Sci-Fi Movies Ever". Popular Mechanics. Archived from the original on March 31, 2008. Retrieved March 31, 2008.
  29. ^ Bishop, R. (2000). "Good Afternoon, Good Evening, and Good Night: The Truman Show as Media Criticism". Journal of Communication Inquiry. 24 (1): 6–18. doi:10.1177/0196859900024001002. S2CID 144594865.
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