Developer(s)Grok developers, Zope Developers, Zope Foundation
Initial release2006; 18 years ago (2006)
Stable release
4.0[1] Edit this on Wikidata / 19 December 2023; 31 days ago (19 December 2023)
Written inPython
TypeWeb framework
LicenseZope Public License Edit this at Wikidata

Grok is an open-source web framework based on Zope Toolkit (ZTK) technology. The project was started in 2006 by a number of Zope developers.[2] Its core technologies (Martian, grokcore.component) are also used in other Zope-based projects.[3][4][5]

The primary motive behind Grok is to make the Zope Toolkit technology more accessible and easier to use for newcomers and, at the same time, speed up application development, in accordance with the agile programming paradigm.[6] To achieve this, Grok uses convention-over-configuration instead of using an explicit XML based configuration language (ZCML) as Zope Toolkit and BlueBream do. Grok uses Python code for component configuration, and has many implicit defaults and conventions. Grok is similar in feel to other Python Web frameworks such as TurboGears, Pylons and Django.[7]


  1. ^ "Release 4.0". 19 December 2023. Retrieved 19 January 2024.
  2. ^ "Grok: or what I did on my holiday". Archived from the original on 2008-07-24. Retrieved 2008-08-30.
  3. ^ "Announcing five.grok: Grok on Zope 2!". 26 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-30.
  4. ^ "update repoze.grok release". Archived from the original on 2009-02-07. Retrieved 2008-08-30.
  5. ^ "Dexterity meet Grok". Retrieved 2008-08-30.
  6. ^ "Why Grok?". Archived from the original on 2008-08-24. Retrieved 2008-08-30.
  7. ^ "Competition". Retrieved 2008-08-30.