Angular
Angular full color logo.svg
Developer(s)Google
Initial release2.0 / 14 September 2016; 5 years ago (2016-09-14)[1]
Stable release
14.1.0[2] Edit this on Wikidata / 20 July 2022; 12 days ago (20 July 2022)
Preview release
14.0.0-next.0 / 26 January 2022; 6 months ago (2022-01-26)[3]
RepositoryAngular Repository
Written inTypeScript
PlatformWeb platform
TypeWeb framework
LicenseMIT License
Websiteangular.io

Angular (commonly[citation needed] referred to as "Angular 2+")[4] is a TypeScript-based free and open-source web application framework led by the Angular Team at Google and by a community of individuals and corporations. Angular is a complete rewrite from the same team that built AngularJS.


Differences between Angular and AngularJS

Architecture of an Angular application. The main building blocks are modules, components, templates, metadata, data binding, directives, services, and dependency injection.
Architecture of an Angular application. The main building blocks are modules, components, templates, metadata, data binding, directives, services, and dependency injection.

Google designed Angular as a ground-up rewrite of AngularJS.

History

Naming

The rewrite of AngularJS was called "Angular 2", but this led to confusion among developers. To clarify, the Team announced that separate terms should be used for each framework with "AngularJS" referring to the 1.X versions and "Angular" without the "JS" referring to versions 2 and up.[7]

Version 2

Angular 2.0 was announced at the ng-Europe conference 22–23. October 2014.[8][9] The drastic changes in the 2.0 version created considerable controversy among developers.[10] On April 30, 2015, the Angular developers announced that Angular 2 moved from Alpha to Developer Preview.[11] Angular 2 moved to Beta in December 2015,[12] and the first release candidate was published in May 2016.[13] The final version was released on September 14, 2016.

Version 4

On 13 December 2016 Angular 4 was announced, skipping 3 to avoid a confusion due to the misalignment of the router package's version which was already distributed as v3.3.0.[14] The final version was released on March 23, 2017.[15] Angular 4 is backward compatible with Angular 2.[16]

Angular version 4.3 is a minor release, meaning that it contains no breaking changes and that it is a drop-in replacement for 4.x.x.

Features in version 4.3

Version 5

Angular 5 was released on November 1, 2017.[17] Key improvements in Angular 5 include support for progressive web apps, a build optimizer and improvements related to Material Design.[18]

Version 6

Angular 6 was released on May 4, 2018.[19] This is a major release focused less on the underlying framework and more on the toolchain and on making it easier to move quickly with Angular in the future, like: ng update, ng add, Angular Elements, Angular Material + CDK Components, Angular Material Starter Components, CLI Workspaces, Library Support, Tree Shakable Providers, Animations Performance Improvements, and RxJS v6.

Version 7

Angular 7 was released on October 18, 2018. Updates regarding Application Performance, Angular Material & CDK, Virtual Scrolling, Improved Accessibility of Selects, now supports Content Projection using web standard for custom elements, and dependency updates regarding Typescript 3.1, RxJS 6.3, Node 10 (still supporting Node 8).[20]

Version 8

Angular 8 was released on May 28, 2019. Featuring Differential loading for all application code, Dynamic imports for lazy routes, Web workers, TypeScript 3.4 support, and Angular Ivy as an opt-in preview. Angular Ivy opt-in preview includes:[21]

Version 9

Angular 9 was released on February 6, 2020. Version 9 moves all applications to use the Ivy compiler and runtime by default. Angular has been updated to work with TypeScript 3.6 and 3.7. In addition to hundreds of bug fixes, the Ivy compiler and runtime offers numerous advantages:

Version 10

Angular 10 was released on June 24, 2020.[22]

Version 11

Angular 11 was released on November 11, 2020.[23]

Version 12

Angular 12 was released on May 12, 2021.[24]

Version 13

Angular 13 was released on November 04, 2021[25]

Version 14

Angular 14 was released on June 02, 2022

Future releases

Since v9, the Angular team has moved all new applications to use the Ivy compiler and runtime. They will be working on Ivy to improve output bundle sizes and development speeds.[26]

Each version is expected to be backward-compatible with the prior release. The Angular development team has pledged to do twice-a-year upgrades.

Support policy and schedule

All the major releases are supported for 18 months. This consists of 6 months of active support, during which regularly-scheduled updates and patches are released. It is then followed by 12 months of long-term support (LTS), during which only critical fixes and security patches are released.[27]

Supported Angular Versions
Version Status Released Active Ends LTS Ends
^14.0.0 Active Jun 02, 2022 Dec 02, 2022 Dec 02, 2023
^13.0.0 LTS Nov 04, 2021 Jun 02, 2022 May 04, 2023
^12.0.0 LTS May 12, 2021 Nov 12, 2021 Nov 12, 2022

Angular versions v2 to v11 are no longer under support.[28]

Libraries

Angular Material

"Angular Material" redirects here. For the library of the same name for AngularJS 1.x, see AngularJS § AngularJS Material.

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (August 2019)

Angular Material is a UI component library that implements Material Design in Angular.[29]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Angular, version 2: proprioception-reinforcement". blogspot.com. September 14, 2016. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  2. ^ https://github.com/angular/angular/releases/tag/14.1.0.
  3. ^ "angular/CHANGELOG.md". Retrieved 2021-07-28.
  4. ^ "AngularJS and Angular 2+: a Detailed Comparison". 6 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Angular Docs". angular.io.
  6. ^ "What's the difference between AngularJS and Angular?". gorrion.io. September 19, 2017. Retrieved 2018-01-28.
  7. ^ "Angular: Branding Guidelines for AngularJS". Retrieved 2017-03-04.
  8. ^ Coman Hamilton (28 October 2014). "A sneak peek at the radically new Angular 2.0". Retrieved 2015-10-21.
  9. ^ "Ng-Europe schedule".
  10. ^ Coman Hamilton (29 October 2014). "Angular 2.0 announcement backfires". Retrieved 2015-10-21.
  11. ^ @angularjs (30 Apr 2015). "Angular 2 moves from Alpha to Developer Preview! Dev guide and API docs now available at ... angular.io/docs/js/latest" (Tweet). Retrieved 2015-10-21 – via Twitter.
  12. ^ "Angular: Angular 2 Beta". angularjs.blogspot.it. Retrieved 2016-07-13.
  13. ^ "angular/angular". GitHub. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  14. ^ "Ok... let me explain: it's going to be Angular 4.0". angularjs.blogspot.kr. Retrieved 2016-12-14.
  15. ^ "Angular 4.0.0 Now Available". angularjs.blogspot.ca. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
  16. ^ "Angular 4 coming in 2017, to be backwards compatible with Angular 2". react-etc.net. Retrieved 2016-12-14.
  17. ^ Fluin, Stephen. "Version 5.0.0 of Angular Now Available". Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  18. ^ "Angular 5 JavaScript framework delayed". 18 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Version 6.0.0 of Angular Now Available". Retrieved 4 May 2018.
  20. ^ Fluin, Stephen (2018-10-18). "Version 7 of Angular — CLI Prompts, Virtual Scroll, Drag and Drop and more". Angular Blog. Retrieved 2019-06-07.
  21. ^ Fluin, Stephen (2019-02-08). "A plan for version 8.0 and Ivy". Angular Blog. Retrieved 2019-06-07.
  22. ^ "Version 10 of Angular Now Available". 25 June 2020.
  23. ^ "Version 11 of Angular Now Available". 4 December 2020.
  24. ^ Thompson, Mark (2021-05-12). "Angular v12 is now available". Medium. Retrieved 2021-05-17.
  25. ^ Thompson, Mark. "Angular v13 is now Available". Angular Blog. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  26. ^ Fluin, Stephen (6 February 2020). "Version 9 of Angular Now Available — Project Ivy has arrived!". blog.angular.io. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  27. ^ "Angular". angular.io. Retrieved 2019-06-07.
  28. ^ "Angular". angular.io. Retrieved 2022-06-10.
  29. ^ "Angular Material". material.angular.io.