The Headline Goal 2010 was a military capability target set by the European Council in June 2004 after the previous Helsinki Headline Goal had been completed in 2003.

The Goal aimed to develop defence areas where the Helsinki Goal had had an "absence of commitment" and to have EU member states "to be able by 2010 to respond with rapid and decisive action ... to the whole spectrum of crisis management operations covered by the Treaty on European Union".[1][2]

The 2010 Goal included 'battle groups', non-permanent combat units which were set up for six months each and consisted of around 1,500 soldiers, and the improvement of air capabilities.[3][1]


  1. ^ a b "The European Security and Defence Policy: from the Helsinki Headline Goal to the EU Battlegroups" (PDF). Europa. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Headline Goal 2010" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 February 2007. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Sicherheits- und verteidigungspolitische Konzepte der EU im Rahmen der ESVP/GSVP. Verschlungene Wege im „semantisch-begrifflichen Irrgarten" der Gemeinsamen Sicherheits- und Verteidigungspolitik (Teil I)". EU-INFOTHEK (in German). Retrieved 21 March 2019.