Wikipedia heliskiihng heliboarding.jpg

Heli-skiing is off-trail, downhill skiing or snowboarding where the skier reaches the top of the mountain by helicopter, instead of a ski lift.

History

In the late 1950s, helicopters were used in Alaska and Europe to access remote terrain. The idea of heliskiing first came from a Canadian geologist Art Patterson. Patterson used helicopters for his works during summer, however, he noticed that during winter time there was no use for the helicopters. Since he was a enthusiastic skier, he thought about using the helicopters to transport skiers to the top of the mountains. He teamed up with Hans Gmoser who was a experienced mountain guide and created a business together. They charged 20$ for their first day of heliskiing, however, due to unfavorable weather conditions and a small Bell 47G-2 helicopter, Patterson decided the business is too risky and withdrew from the venture.[1] However, Gmoser continued in the business idea and in 1965 commercialized the activity in Canada by founding CMH, Canadian Mountain Holidays, a heliskiing company which combined lodging, transport and guiding. The biggest growth in heliskiing was in the 1970s and 1980s, when this type of skiing became widely commercialized. [2]

Safety

Avalanche backpack, probe, shovel and a transceiver
Avalanche backpack, probe, shovel and a transceiver

Heliskiing presents more dangers than conventional slope skiing. Major safety concern while heliskiing is the danger of an avalanche. There are several techniques that increase safety in wild terrain, such as the usage of explosives to intentionally create an avalanche or the more common techniques of avoiding dangerous ski slopes. Another common risk are tree wells. [3] It is standard to use different types of safety equipment, such as avalanche transceivers, probes or shovels, that help to locate and free a person buried under snow. More modern safety equipment is an avalanche airbag, which can be manually triggered when a skier gets into an avalanche. The mechanism located in the skiers backpack then inflates a big airbag around the skiers body, which then lifts the skier to the surface of the avalanche.[4] Another important rule while skiing off trail is to never ski alone, but rather in a group, so in case of an avalanche or other incident there are people who can immediately help the skier. Avalanche safety courses are a common way on how to increase safety, as these courses teach the skier how to read the snow, how to tell which slopes are dangerous and which not, learn how to navigate in terrain, how to predict weather and other skills. [5]

Locations

Most popular heliskiing locations can be found in the European Alps, with the Swiss Zermatt being the most visited location. In Switzerland there are an estimated 15,000 heliskiing flights each year, to 42 landing sites.[6]In Northern America the most popular areas for heliskiing are British Columbia and Alaska. [7] Other popular heliski destinations are Kamchatka in Russia or Hokkaido in Japan. In Turkey, heliskiing is done on the Kaçkar Mountains.[8]Austria allows only one landing site.[9]

Accessibility

There are two main types of heliskiing experience. First one is lodge-based, where skiers live in a lodge in wilderness and do ski trips from there. These packages are usually for 5-7 days and can cost around 10 000$. The second option is day heli-skiing, which includes only one day of skiing without accommodation, most usually available during a typical resort-based ski experience. Equipment such as freeride skis, poles and safety gear is usually included in the price.[10]

Controversy

In 2010 Switzerland's major environmental groups, including the Worldwide Fund for Nature, handed a petition with over 15,000 signatures to the Swiss government, demanding a ban on heliskiing.[6] Heliskiing is banned in Germany and was banned in France in 1985.[11]

Misconceptions

A common misconception is that a skier has to jump off the helicopter while it is still in the air. However, in a typical heli-ski run the helicopter has a predetermined drop-off location where it lands and allows all members to safely exit the helicopter. Another misconception is that skiers jump of cliffs and ski on steep and dangerous slopes. However, in a typical heli-ski run there are small groups of skiers that have their own guides who know routes that have been chosen in advance and test the snowpack to confirm it is safe. The group can usually choose how challenging they want the run to be. [12]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Heliski Beginnings". heliski-history. Retrieved 2022-04-21.
  2. ^ Donahue, Topher (2008). Bugaboo dreams : a story of skiers, helicopters and mountains. Rocky Mountain Books. ISBN 9781771600224. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Heli Skiing Safety | Heliski Risks". www.powderhounds.com. Retrieved 2022-04-19.
  4. ^ "What equipment and kit do you need for heliskiing?". www.heliski.co.uk. Retrieved 2022-04-19.
  5. ^ Backcountry, Cripple Creek. "Safety Considerations for Skiing in the Backcountry". Cripple Creek Backcountry. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  6. ^ a b Foulkes, Imogen. "Pressure grows on Swiss heliskiing". BBC. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  7. ^ "Heli-Skiing: A Skier's Trip of a Lifetime — Is It Extreme or Safe?". www.globalrescue.com. Retrieved 2022-04-21.
  8. ^ "Adrenaline enthusiasts head to Turkiye's Kackar Mountains for heli-skiing fun". Anadolu Agency. 18 January 2022. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  9. ^ "Heliskiing in Austria: Only possible at Ski Arlberg". Snow-Online. Retrieved 2022-04-21.
  10. ^ Olmsted, Larry. "The World's 5 Best Heli-Skiing Trips". Forbes. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  11. ^ "Is Heliskiing illegal in France?". www.heliski.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2021-04-13. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
  12. ^ Ilya (2019-10-17). "How Heli-Skiing Became Popular". Unusual Places. Retrieved 2022-04-26.