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House of Nassau-Weilburg
Parent houseHouse of Nassau[1][2]
Founded1344; 680 years ago (1344)
FounderJohn I of Nassau-Weilburg
Current headHenri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (in cognatic line)
Titles
Style(s)His/Her Royal Highness
Estate(s)
Dissolution1985 (in agnatic line)

The House of Nassau-Weilburg, a branch of the House of Nassau, ruled a division of the County of Nassau, which was a state in what is now Germany, then part of the Holy Roman Empire, from 1344 to 1806.

On 17 July 1806, upon the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, the principalities of Nassau-Usingen and Nassau-Weilburg both joined the Confederation of the Rhine. Under pressure from Napoleon, both principalities merged to become the Duchy of Nassau on 30 August 1806, under the joint rule of Prince Frederick August of Nassau-Usingen and his younger cousin, Prince Frederick William of Nassau-Weilburg. As Frederick August had no heirs, he agreed that Frederick William should become the sole ruler after his death. However, Frederick William died from a fall on the stairs at Schloss Weilburg on 9 January 1816 and it was his son William who later became duke of a unified Nassau.

The sovereigns of this house afterwards governed the Duchy of Nassau until 1866. Since 1890, they have reigned over the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

Religion

The first two Grand Dukes of Luxembourg, Adolphe and Guillaume IV, were Protestants, however, the Christian denomination of the house changed after Grand Duke Guillaume IV's marriage to Marie Anne de Braganza, who was Roman Catholic.[2]

Gallery

Sovereigns from the House of Nassau-Weilburg

(Princely) County of Nassau-Weilburg
(Gefürstete) Grafschaft Nassau-Weilburg
1344–1806
Flag of Nassau-Weilburg
Flag
Coat of arms of Nassau-Weilburg
Coat of arms
Nassau-Weilburg as in 1789
Nassau-Weilburg as in 1789
StatusCounty
GovernmentCounty
Historical eraMiddle Ages
Early modern
• Established
1344
• Raised to princely county
1366
• Seized Electoral Trier
    (east of Rhine)
1803
• Merged w. N.-Usingen
    into Nassau
30 August 1806
Preceded by
Succeeded by
County of Nassau
Electorate of Trier
Wied-Neuwied
Wied-Runkel
Duchy of Nassau

Nassau

Counts of Nassau-Weilburg

Princely counts of Nassau-Weilburg

Dukes of Nassau

Grand Dukes of Luxembourg

Main article: List of Grand Dukes of Luxembourg

Henri, Grand Duke of LuxembourgJean, Grand Duke of LuxembourgCharlotte, Grand Duchess of LuxembourgMarie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of LuxembourgWilliam IV, Grand Duke of LuxembourgAdolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

Family Tree[edit]

Family tree of the House of Nassau-Weilburg

Compiled from Wikipedia and these references.[3][4]

For ancestors of the House of Nassau-Weilburg, see House of Nassau#Family Tree

John III
(1441–1480)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg

Louis I
(1473–1523)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Philip III
(1504–1559)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Albert
(1537–1593)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Philip IV
(1542–1602)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
in Saarbrucken

Louis II
(1565–1627)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
in Ottweiler
William
(1570–1597)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
in Weilburg
John Casimir
(1577–1602)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
in Gleiberg
William Louis
(1590–1640)
Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken

John
(1603–1677)
Count of Nassau-Idstein

Counts of Nassau-Idstein
ext.1721
Ernest Casimir
(1607–1655)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
John Louis
(1625–1690)
Count of Nassau-Ottweiler

ext. 1728
Gustav Adolph
(1632–1677)
Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken

ext. 1723
Walrad
(1635–1702)
Count & Prince of Nassau-Usingen

ext. 1816
Frederick
(1640–1675)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
John Ernst
(1664–1719)
Count & Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Charles August
(1685–1753)
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Charles Ernst
(1689–1709)
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau
(1743–1787)
Charles Christian
(1735–1788)
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Frederick William
(1768–1816)
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
William
(1792–1839)
Duke of Nassau

Adolphe
(1817–1905)
Duke of Nassau 1839–1866
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
1890–1905

Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Inoformation of the reigning House of Nassau-Weilburg". luxembourg.public.lu/en/index.html.
  2. ^ a b "Inoformation of the reigning House of Nassau-Weilburg which explicitly states the House of Nassau as its parent house" (PDF). sip.gouvernement.lu/en.html.
  3. ^ Louda, Jiri; Maclagan, Michael (December 12, 1988), "Netherlands and Luxembourg, Table 33", Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (1st (U.S.) ed.), Clarkson N. Potter, Inc.
  4. ^ Hay, Mark Edward (1 June 2016). "The House of Nassau between France and Independence, 1795–1814: Lesser Powers, Strategies of Conflict Resolution, Dynastic Networks". The International History Review. 38 (3): 482–504. doi:10.1080/07075332.2015.1046387. S2CID 155502574.
Royal house —House of Nassau-Weilburg New dynasty partitioned from Cty. of Nassau Ruling house of Nassau-Weilburg 1344–1806 Nassau-Weilburg merged in Ducal Nassau ruled by the House of Nassau-Usingen Preceded byHouse of Nassau-Usingen Ruling house of the Duchy of Nassau 1816–1866 Nassau annexed by Prussia Preceded byHouse of Orange-Nassau Ruling house of Luxembourg 1890–present Succeeded byIncumbent