Irakleia
Ηράκλεια
Irakleia
Irakleia
Location within the region
Coordinates: 41°11′N 23°17′E / 41.183°N 23.283°E / 41.183; 23.283Coordinates: 41°11′N 23°17′E / 41.183°N 23.283°E / 41.183; 23.283
CountryGreece
Administrative regionCentral Macedonia
Regional unitSerres
Government
 • MayorGeorgios Koutsakis (since 2019)
Area
 • Municipality451.5 km2 (174.3 sq mi)
 • Municipal unit195.2 km2 (75.4 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipality
21,145
 • Municipality density47/km2 (120/sq mi)
 • Municipal unit
12,092
 • Municipal unit density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Community
 • Population3,786 (2011)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Vehicle registrationΕΡ
Websitewww.dimosiraklias.gr

Irakleia (Greek: Ηράκλεια, before 1926: Τζουμαγιά - Tzoumagia[2]) is a municipality in the Serres regional unit, Central Macedonia, Greece. Population 21,145 (2011). The seat of the municipality is the town of Irakleia, which was formerly known as "Lower Jumaya" (in Turkish: Barakli Cuma or Cuma-i Zir ("Lower Juma" in Ottoman Turkish); in Bulgarian: Долна Джумая, Dolna Dzhumaya;[3][4] and in Aromanian: Giumaia di-Nghios).[5] "Upper Dzhumaya" is modern Blagoevgrad, located in Bulgaria.[citation needed] In the Serres area, during Ottoman times, Aromanians settled in modern Irakleia. Some Aromanians still live in the city today, with Bulgarian researcher Vasil Kanchov even saying that, as of when he visited the town, the 1250 Aromanians in Irakleia "were the wealthiest of all inhabitants".[5]

Municipality

The municipality Irakleia was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 3 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[6]

The municipality has an area of 451.499 km2, the municipal unit 195.216 km2.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ Name changes of settlements in Greece
  3. ^ D.M.Brancoff. "La Macédoine et sa Population Chrétienne". Paris, 1905, p.104, under the name of Barakli Djoumaia
  4. ^ Ιστορία του Ελληνικού Έθνους. Εκδοτική Αθηνών, Αθήνα 1978. ISBN 960-213-110-1, σελ. 228-229; Map of the Italian Instituto Geografico de Agostini, showing the distribution of schools, churches, monasteries in the Ottoman vilayet of Saloniki
  5. ^ a b The War of Numbers and its First Victim: The Aromanians in Macedonia (End of 19th – Beginning of 20th century)
  6. ^ "ΦΕΚ A 87/2010, Kallikratis reform law text" (in Greek). Government Gazette.
  7. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.