Kalamaria
Καλαμαριά
Aerial photo of Kalamaria. The stadium of Apollon Kalamarias and the marina of Aretsou are visible.
Aerial photo of Kalamaria. The stadium of Apollon Kalamarias and the marina of Aretsou are visible.
Kalamaria is located in Greece
Kalamaria
Kalamaria
Location within the region
Coordinates: 40°35′N 22°57′E / 40.583°N 22.950°E / 40.583; 22.950
CountryGreece
Geographic region Macedonia
Administrative regionCentral Macedonia
Regional unitThessaloniki
Government
 • MayorChrysa Arapoglou
Area
 • Municipality6.40 km2 (2.47 sq mi)
Highest elevation
35 m (115 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • Municipality
92,238[1]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
551 xx
Area code(s)+30231
Vehicle registrationN
Websitewww.kalamaria.gr http://politismos.kalamaria.gr/

Kalamariá (Greek: Καλαμαριά, Port Side)[2] is among the most densely populated suburbs in Thessaloniki,[3] located about 7 kilometres (4 miles) southeast of the downtown area, with a population of 92,238.[1]

History

The area was first settled by humans in prehistoric times, and remains from that settlement have been found around the Mikro Emvolo cape.

The name Kalamaria was first used in 1083 to denote the area southeast of Thessaloniki, including but not limited to the area of the present-day municipality. During the Byzantine and the Ottoman periods, the area was mostly uninhabited, except for a few fishing lodges.

The first settlement was created in the early 1920s to house Asia Minor refugees from the Greek diaspora in Georgia and Asia Minor, who fled or were forcibly sent to Greece as a result of the Greco-Turkish War. As many as 100,000 refugees relocated to Thessaloniki, primarily to the city's suburbs. Refugees from Asia Minor and East Thrace mainly settled in Kalamaria.[4]

Families homeless following the Campbell pogrom (Campbell was located in nowadays Kalamaria) of 1931. Photo taken somewhere near Aristotelous square.

In 1931, an antisemitic riot, led by National Union of Greece, took place in Camp Campbell, located in nowadays Kalamaria, where a Jewish neighborhood was completely burned, leaving 500 families homeless and one Jewish resident dead.[5][6]

Kalamaria has seen substantial recent growth as part of a population shift from rural and urban areas to suburban areas, particularly to those east of Thessaloniki. Between the 1981 and 2001 censuses, the population of Kalamaria grew by about 36,000 (or 69%). Up until 1943 Kalamaria was part of the Municipality of Thessaloniki. On 1 January 1943 it became an independent administrative unit.

Kalamaria had a population of 14,000 residents as recorded by an inventory in 1947, but this has considerably increased, as shown by the Greek census of 2001 where Kalamaria had a total of 87,255 residents. Kalamaria has the second highest population in the Council of the Town Planning Group of Thessaloniki but also of Northern Greece and ninth in all of Greece.

Though it was originally separated from the main City of Thessaloniki, the municipality has grown so much in the post-war period that the older physical boundaries are virtually non-existent. Nowadays, the border between the two municipalities exists purely for administrative purposes.

Traditionally the areas of Krini and Aretsou had been used as beaches and places for summer baths for the citizens of Thessaloniki, after WWII until the 1980s. The pollution of the Thermaic Gulf made this practice impossible since then.[7]

The total area of the Municipality of Kalamaria covers 6.401 square kilometres (2.47 square miles).[8] About two thirds of the perimeter are 6.5 kilometres (4.0 miles) of coastline. The municipality is separated into 10 geographical districts, which have been given names reminiscent of the refugees' former homelands.

View of the Palataki

Historical population

Year Population
1981 51,676
1991 80,698
2001 87,255
2011 91,279

Sporting teams

Kalamaria has in total 14 sporting teams including Apollon Kalamarias.

Apollon Kalamarias Stadium

Climate

Kalamaria, like much of Thessaloniki metropolitan area lies in a transitional climate zone between semi-arid and temperate climates, classifying as cold semi-arid climate (BSk) according to Köppen climate classification. Kalamaria records 408 mm annual precipitation, evenly spread throughout the year with a slight decrease during the summer months, while the average annual temperature is 17.1 °C. Temperatures in the warmest months rarely (if ever) exceed 40 °C while frost may occur several days per year during the winter months. Thunderstorms are more common during the warmer half of the year. Snowfall is not very common though it occurs almost annually, but it usually does not cause heavy disruption to daily life.

Climate data for Kalamaria 2009–2019
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 9.7
(49.5)
12.6
(54.7)
15.5
(59.9)
20.4
(68.7)
25.7
(78.3)
30.2
(86.4)
32.3
(90.1)
32.3
(90.1)
27.7
(81.9)
21.9
(71.4)
16.9
(62.4)
11.3
(52.3)
21.4
(70.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.5
(43.7)
9.1
(48.4)
11.3
(52.3)
15.4
(59.7)
20.4
(68.7)
24.9
(76.8)
27.2
(81.0)
27.3
(81.1)
23.0
(73.4)
17.8
(64.0)
13.6
(56.5)
8.1
(46.6)
17.1
(62.7)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
6.2
(43.2)
8.0
(46.4)
11.3
(52.3)
16.1
(61.0)
20.5
(68.9)
22.8
(73.0)
22.9
(73.2)
19.1
(66.4)
14.6
(58.3)
11.0
(51.8)
5.3
(41.5)
13.5
(56.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 30
(1.2)
39
(1.5)
49
(1.9)
28
(1.1)
32
(1.3)
36
(1.4)
32
(1.3)
17
(0.7)
37
(1.5)
33
(1.3)
38
(1.5)
37
(1.5)
408
(16.2)
Source: National Observatory of Athens[9]

Transportation

Nea Krini seafront
Marina of Aretsou

The main roads that feed into the municipality are those of Konstantinos Karamanlis Avenue (formerly Nea Egnatia) to the east (which links with the A25 (the Thessaloniki-Chalkidiki motorway)), Taki Ekonomidi Avenue (which links the popular district of Nea Krini with Thessaloniki's city center), Megalou Alexandrou Avenue - the biggest avenue in Thessaloniki and the EO16 which provides the main access from Kalamaria to the airport and the outer south-eastern suburbs of Thessaloniki. Other main road links exist with Thermi, while the southeast end of the Thessaloniki ring road (which bypasses the Thessaloniki Urban Area) lies to the southeast of Kalamaria.

Streets

View of downtown Thessaloniki from Karabournaki. The Thessaloniki Concert Hall is visible

International relations

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Greece

Twin towns — Sister cities

Kalamaria is twinned with:

Partnerships

In addition to this, Kalamaria is partnered with:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Census 2021 GR" (PDF) (Press release). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 2022-07-19. Retrieved 2023-01-09.
  2. ^ "Ιστορία" [History] (in Greek). Municipality of Kalamaria. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  3. ^ Kalamaria Population 2021, worldpopulationreview.com
  4. ^ Iωάννου Γιώργος, Η πρωτεύουσα των προσφύγων, Κέδρος, Αθήνα 1984
  5. ^ See legend of the picture as published by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  6. ^ Aristotle A. Kallis, The Jewish Community of Salonica Under Siege: The Antisemitic Violence of the Summer of 1931, Oxford University Press, 2006
  7. ^ Κάποτε στο Καραμπουρνάκι
  8. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.
  9. ^ "Climate" (in Greek). National Observatory of Athens. 7 March 2023.
  10. ^ "Networks, town twinning and partnerships" (PDF). City of Solna. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-04. Retrieved 2013-08-04.