Irven Spence
Born
Irven LeRoy Spence

(1909-04-24)April 24, 1909
DiedSeptember 21, 1995(1995-09-21) (aged 86)
OccupationAnimator
Spouse(s)
Alice Amelia Hossfield
(m. 1931; death 1984)
ChildrenDarlene Saurette
(1933–1979)
Parent(s)Charles Harvey Spence
Annie Elizabeth Anderson

Irven LeRoy Spence (April 24, 1909 – September 21, 1995) was an American animator. He is best known for his work on MGM's Tom and Jerry animated shorts. Spence has been credited variously as Irven Spence, Irvin Spence, and Irv Spence.

Career

Spence interest in drawing began in his youth, when he provided cartoons for his high school newspaper (along with classmate William Hanna. Spence's earliest animation work was for Charles B. Mintz's Winkler Pictures, and then for Ub Iwerks, where he worked on the "Flip the Frog" series.[1]

After Iwerks Studio folded in 1936, Spence worked at Leon Schlesinger Productions (after 1944, known as Warner Bros. Cartoons) as an animator in Tex Avery's animation unit. There, he brought an eccentric drawing/animation style to already irreverent animated films. He later moved to Metro Goldwyn Mayer's cartoon department in 1938, starting with the Captain and the Kids cartoons, some of which were directed by Bill Hanna and Friz Freleng. Spence animated for Milt Gross (on the Count Screwloose cartoons), Hugh Harman, and for the Bill Hanna/Joe Barbera unit. Spence also animated Tex Avery's first four cartoons (Blitz Wolf, The Early Bird Dood It!, Dumb-Hounded and Red Hot Riding Hood) following Avery's arrival at the studio in 1942, before moving over to the Hanna/Barbera unit again. Spence's first credit in a Tom and Jerry short was in The Yankee Doodle Mouse (1943), which received an Academy Award for Best Animated Short.

Spence, during his time at MGM, would also directed two live-action spoof films, Rats in Spats in 1941,[2] and Rugged Rangers in 1942.[3] Both films star various staff members who worked in the studio at the time, such as Bill Littlejohn, Pete Burness, Michael Lah, Ray Patterson, Jack Zander, Ed Barge and among others.

Spence would briefly leave the studio in the mid 40's to work for John Sutherland Productions,[4] but later returned in '47. He left MGM again in August 1956 for Animation, Inc.,[5] a commercial production studio, before joining his former bosses at Hanna-Barbera Productions seven years later.[6] He provided animation for many animated television series, including Jonny Quest (1964), Frankenstein Jr. and The Impossibles (1966), and The Pebbles and Bamm-Bamm Show (1971).

In addition to his work for Hanna-Barbera, Spence also worked for Chuck Jones (the 1970 television adaptation of Horton Hears a Who!), DePatie-Freleng Enterprises (Roland and Ratfink, The Ant and the Aardvark), and Ralph Bakshi (Heavy Traffic, Coonskin, Wizards, and the 1978 animated version of The Lord of the Rings). Spence's last animation credit was on Tom and Jerry: The Movie (1992). Spence also conducted a workshop for animators under the auspices of the Association of Motion Picture and TV Producers and Cartoonists Local 839.[7] He received the 1986 Winsor McCay Award from the International Animated Film Society, ASIFA-Hollywood, for his lifetime contributions to the field of animation.

Personal life and death

Spence married Alice Amelia Hossfeld in a Latter Day Saints ceremony on January 15, 1931.[8] He was managing a Standard Oil station in Compton, California at the time. They had one daughter. Alice died in 1984 and Spence remarried. [9] Spence died of a heart attack on September 21, 1995, in Dallas, Texas.[10]

References

  1. ^ AllMovie
  2. ^ "Irv Spence's "Rats In Spats" |". cartoonresearch.com. Retrieved 2021-05-18.
  3. ^ "Irv Spence's "Rugged Rangers" |". cartoonresearch.com. Retrieved 2021-05-18.
  4. ^ "Tom & Jerry in "Solid Serenade" (1946) |". cartoonresearch.com. Retrieved 2021-05-18.
  5. ^ Daily Variety, August 30, 1956, pg. 3
  6. ^ Daily Variety, Sept. 27, 1963, pg. 20
  7. ^ Daily Variety, January 27, 1969
  8. ^ California County Marriage certificate
  9. ^ Living Life Inside the Lines, by Martha Sigall, University Press of Mississippi, 2005
  10. ^ "Irven (Irv) Spence; Animator". Los Angeles Times. September 29, 1995.