Oliver Martin Johnston Jr.
October 31, 1912
Palo Alto, California, U.S.
|Died||April 14, 2008 (aged 95)|
Sequim, Washington, U.S.
|Other names||Oliver M. Johnston, Jr.|
Oliver M. Johnston
|Years active||1935–1981 (at Disney)|
1982–1993 (book author)
|Known for||One of Disney's Nine Old Men|
Marie E. Johnston
(m. 1943; died 2005)
Oliver Martin Johnston Jr. (October 31, 1912 – April 14, 2008) was an American motion picture animator. He was one of Disney's Nine Old Men, and the last surviving at the time of his death from natural causes. He was recognized by The Walt Disney Company with its Disney Legend Award in 1989. His work was recognized with the National Medal of Arts in 2005.
Johnston was an animator at Walt Disney Studios from 1934 to 1978, and became a directing animator beginning with Pinocchio, released in 1940. He contributed to most Disney animated features, including Fantasia and Bambi. His last full work for Disney came with The Rescuers, in which he was caricatured as one of the film's characters, the cat Rufus. The last film he worked on was The Fox and the Hound. His work includes Mr. Smee (in Peter Pan), the Stepsisters (in Cinderella), the District Attorney (in The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad), and Prince John (in Robin Hood). According to the book The Disney Villain, written by Johnston and Frank Thomas, Johnston also partnered with Thomas on creating characters such as Ichabod Crane (in The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad), Sir Hiss (in Robin Hood), and story consultant in Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland.
Johnston co-authored, with Frank Thomas, the reference book Disney Animation: The Illusion of Life, which contained the 12 basic principles of animation. This book helped preserve the knowledge of the techniques that were developed at the studio. The partnership of Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston is fondly presented in the documentary Frank and Ollie, produced by Thomas' son Theodore, who in 2012 also produced another documentary, Growing up with Nine Old Men, included in the Diamond Edition of the Peter Pan DVD.
Born in Palo Alto, California to Oliver, a Stanford professor, and Florence Johnston, Johnston had two older sisters, Winifred and Florence. Johnston attended Palo Alto High School and Stanford University, where he worked on the campus humor magazine Stanford Chaparral with fellow future animator Frank Thomas, with whom he formed a lifelong friendship. Johnston then transferred to the Chouinard Art Institute in his senior year. Ollie married a fellow Disney employee, ink and paint artist Marie Worthey, in 1943. Marie Johnston died May 20, 2005 at the age of 87.
Ollie's lifelong hobby was live steam trains. Starting in 1949, he built the 4+3⁄4 in (121 mm) gauge La Cañada Valley Railroad, a miniature backyard railroad with three 1:12-scale locomotives at his home in Flintridge, California. The locomotives are now owned by his sons. This railroad was one of the inspirations for Walt Disney to build his own backyard railroad, the Carolwood Pacific Railroad, which inspired the building of the railroad in Disneyland in Anaheim, California. Ollie was a founding Governor of the Carolwood Pacific Historical Society along with his fellow Disney animator and railfan, Ward Kimball. The 1:4-scale Victorian depot from Ollie's backyard was restored and moved to a location near Walt Disney's Carolwood Barn within the Los Angeles Live Steamers Railroad Museum in Griffith Park, Los Angeles.
In the 1960s, Ollie acquired and restored a full-size, 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge Porter steam locomotive originally built in 1901, which he named the Marie E. He also built the Deer Lake Park & Julian Railroad (DLP&J) at his vacation estate in Julian, California in order to run the locomotive with a small gondola and caboose pulled behind it. The Marie E. first ran on the DLP&J in 1968. the DLP&J was 0.5 miles (0.80 km) long and utilized the railroad ties from the defunct Viewliner Train of Tomorrow attraction in Disneyland. Johnston sold the vacation estate and the narrow gauge train in 1993. The engine and its consist were later sold to John Lasseter (of Pixar Studios fame) around 2002. On May 10, 2005, it ran on the Disneyland Railroad during a private early morning event organized by Lasseter to honor Johnston, who was able to take the throttle of the Marie E. one last time. This was the first time that the Walt Disney Company permitted outside railroad equipment to run at any Disney Resort. The engine is still fully operational and presently runs on the Justi Creek Railway, located within the vineyards of Lasseter Family Winery, also owned by Lasseter.
In the 1980s and 90s, Johnston served on the advisory board of the National Student Film Institute and often was a presenter at the annual film festival's award ceremonies. Brad Bird paid a tribute to Ollie Johnston with an animated cameo of Johnston in the 2004 Pixar film The Incredibles, as well as a cameo in his 1999 film The Iron Giant, where Johnston played a train engineer. Both cameos also included Frank Thomas.
On November 10, 2005, Ollie Johnston was among the recipients of the prestigious National Medal of Arts, presented by President George W. Bush in an Oval Office ceremony.
The last surviving member of Disney's Nine Old Men, Ollie Johnston died of natural causes on April 14, 2008, at the age of 95.
|1934||Two-Gun Mickey (Shot)||inbetween artist||uncredited|
|1935||Mickey's Garden (Shot)||inbetween artist||uncredited|
|1936||Mickey's Rival||assistant animator||uncredited|
|More Kittens||assistant animator||uncredited|
|1937||Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs||assistant animator||uncredited|
|Little Hiawatha (short)||Animator||uncredited|
|1938||Brave Little Tailor (short)||Animator||uncredited|
|1939||Mickey's Surprise Party (short)||Animator: "Mickey" and "Minnie"||uncredited|
|The Practical Pig (short)||Animator||uncredited|
|The Pointer (short)||Animator: "Mickey looking for Bear"||uncredited|
|1940||Pinocchio||Animator||Pinocchio||Credited as Oliver M. Johnston|
|Fantasia||Animation Supervisor - Segment "The Pastoral Symphony"||Credited as Oliver M. Johnston Jr.|
|1942||Bambi||Supervising Animator||Bambi, Thumper||Credited as Oliver M. Johnston Jr.|
|All Together (short)||Animator||uncredited|
|How to Play Baseball (short)||Animator||uncredited|
|1943||Victory Through Air Power (Documentary)||Animator||Credited as Oliver M. Johnston Jr.|
|Reason and Emotion (Short)||Animator||uncredited|
|The Winged Scourge (Documentary short)||Animator||uncredited|
|Chicken Little (short)||Animator||uncredited|
|1945||The Three Caballeros||Animator||Panchito Pistoles, José Carioca, Donald Duck|
|1946||Make Mine Music||Animator||Peter|
|Song of the South||Directing Animator||Br’er Rabbit, Br’er Fox, Br’er Bear|
|1948||Melody Time||Directing Animator||Johnny Appleseed, Johnny’s Angel, Little Toot|
|1949||The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad||Directing Animator||Angus Macbadger, Rat, Ichabod Crane, Brom Bones, Katrina Van Tassel|
|1950||Cinderella||Directing Animator||Anastasia Tremaine, Drizella Tremaine|
|1951||Alice in Wonderland||Directing Animator||Alice, King Of Hearts|
|1952||Susie the Little Blue Coupe (Short)||Animator|
|1953||Peter Pan||Directing Animator||Wendy Darling, Mr. Smee, Captain Hook|
|Ben and Me (Short)||Animator|
|1955||Lady and the Tramp||Directing Animator||Lady, Jock And Trusty, The Tramp|
|1959||Sleeping Beauty||Directing Animator||Flora, Fauna And Merryweather|
|1961||One Hundred and One Dalmatians||Directing Animator||Pongo, Pertida, Nanny, Dalmatian Puppies|
|1963||The Sword in the Stone||Directing Animator||Merlin, Archimedes|
|1964||Mary Poppins||Animator||The Penguin Waiters|
|1967||The Jungle Book||Directing Animator||Bagheera, Mowgli, Shanti, Baloo|
|1968||Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day (Short)||Animator||Rabbit, Kanga, Roo, Winnie the Pooh and Piglet|
|1970||The Aristocats||Directing Animator||Marie, Toulouse, Abigail And Amelia Gabble, Uncle Waldo|
|1973||Robin Hood||Directing Animator||Robin Hood, Little John, Prince John, Sir Hiss|
|1974||Winnie the Pooh and Tigger Too (Short)||Directing Animator||Pooh and Piglet|
|1977||The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh||Animator|
|The Rescuers||Directing Animator||Miss Bianca and Bernard, Penny, Orville|
|1981||The Fox and the Hound||Supervising Animator||Young Tod, Young Copper|
|1987||The Chipmunk Adventure||Special Thanks|
|1992||Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland||Story Consultant||Credited as Oliver Johnston|
|1995||Frank and Ollie (Documentary)||Himself|
|1999||The Iron Giant||Additional Voices / Animator||Himself|
|2004||The Incredibles||Additional Voices / Special Thanks||Himself|